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All questions of Various Security Forces and their Mandate for UPSC CSE Exam

What is the primary function of the National Security Guard (NSG)?
  • a)
    To protect sensitive installations and banks.
  • b)
    To conduct peacekeeping operations in conflict zones.
  • c)
    To provide security during elections in India.
  • d)
    To deal with anti-terrorist activities and hostage rescue.
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Tanishq Roy answered
The primary function of the National Security Guard (NSG) is to deal with anti-terrorist activities and hostage rescue. It is an elite counter-terrorism unit that operates under the Ministry of Home Affairs in India. The NSG was established in 1984 as a response to the growing threat of terrorism in the country. Let us explore the various aspects of NSG's role and functions in detail.

1. Counter-terrorism operations:
The NSG is primarily tasked with conducting counter-terrorism operations in India. It is responsible for neutralizing and containing terrorist threats, including acts of violence, hostage situations, hijackings, and attacks on vital installations. The NSG undergoes rigorous training in specialized tactics, techniques, and procedures to effectively handle such situations.

2. Hostage rescue:
One of the key functions of the NSG is to carry out hostage rescue operations. In case of a hostage situation, the NSG deploys its highly trained commandos to safely rescue the hostages while minimizing casualties. The commandos are equipped with advanced weapons, surveillance equipment, and communication systems to execute such operations with precision and speed.

3. VIP security:
The NSG also provides security cover to VIPs (Very Important Persons) who face significant security threats. It ensures the safety and protection of high-ranking government officials, diplomats, and other dignitaries during their visits or public events. The NSG's expertise in counter-terrorism and specialized security measures makes it an ideal choice for VIP protection.

4. Training and capacity building:
Apart from its operational role, the NSG is actively involved in training and capacity building. It conducts specialized training programs for other law enforcement agencies, both within India and abroad. The NSG imparts knowledge and skills in areas such as counter-terrorism, bomb disposal, tactical operations, and crisis management, thereby enhancing the overall capabilities of the security forces.

5. International cooperation:
The NSG also collaborates with international counterparts in the field of counter-terrorism. It engages in information sharing, joint exercises, and capacity building programs with other countries to strengthen global efforts against terrorism. Such cooperation helps in the exchange of best practices and fosters greater coordination in dealing with transnational threats.

In conclusion, the National Security Guard (NSG) plays a crucial role in countering terrorism and ensuring the security of the nation. Its primary functions include conducting anti-terrorist activities, rescuing hostages, providing VIP security, training and capacity building, and fostering international cooperation. The NSG's specialized and highly trained commandos make it a formidable force in combating terrorism and safeguarding national interests.
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What is the unique feature of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) mentioned in the text?
  • a)
    It primarily conducts counter-terrorism operations.
  • b)
    It is responsible for guarding the Indo-China border.
  • c)
    It provides security to public sector undertakings.
  • d)
    It is a compensatory cost force.
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
The unique feature of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) mentioned in the text is that it is a compensatory cost force, which means it provides security services to cover its own costs through consultancy services and other means.

What was one of the major recommendations of the National Police Commission (NPC) as mentioned in the text?
  • a)
    Gradual phasing out of all recruitment except at the IPS level.
  • b)
    Allowing political interference in police work.
  • c)
    Reduction of the sanctioned strength of the police force.
  • d)
    Elimination of judicial inquiry for custodial rape and deaths.
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Suresh Reddy answered
One of the major recommendations of the National Police Commission (NPC) mentioned in the text was the gradual phasing out of all recruitment except at the IPS (Indian Police Service) level. This recommendation aimed to improve the quality of recruitment within the police force.

Which of the following is NOT a problem associated with the Indian police system mentioned in the text?
  • a)
    Lack of police accountability.
  • b)
    Overrepresentation of women in the police force.
  • c)
    Politician-police-criminal nexus.
  • d)
    Inadequate resources for the police.
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Suresh Reddy answered
The text does not mention overrepresentation of women in the police force as a problem. In fact, it states that there is a lack of adequate representation of women in the police force, with women forming under 7% of the force.

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