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All questions of Union Territories and Special Areas for UPSC CSE Exam

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Consider the following statements: 
1. The constitution does not contain any separate provisions for the administration of acquired territories. 
2. There is no uniformity in the administrative system of the Union Territories even while they belong to a one category.
Q. Which of these is/are true? 
  • a)
    Only 1 
  • b)
    Only 2 
  • c)
    Both 
  • d)
    None of the above
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Both the statements are correct.
Even though all the union territories belong to one category, there is no uniformity in their administrative system. Every union territory is administered by the President acting through an administrator appointed by him. An administrator of a union territory is an agent of the President and not head of state like a governor.
 

Consider the following statements. 
1. 'Territory of India' is a wider expression than the 'Union of India' as the later includes only states while the former includes not only the states but also union territories and territories that may be acquired by the Government of India at any future time. 
2. India can acquire foreign territories according to the modes recognized by international law.
3. Parliament can establish new states that were not a part of the Union of India.
Q. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
  • a)
    1 and 2 only 
  • b)
    2 and 3 only 
  • c)
    1 and 3 only 
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Juhi Basak answered
Territory of India vs Union of India

Territory of India
- Includes not only states but also union territories and territories that may be acquired by the Government of India at any future time.

Union of India
- Includes only states.

India's Acquisition of Foreign Territories
- India can acquire foreign territories according to the modes recognized by international law.

Parliament's Power to Establish New States
- Parliament can establish new states that were not a part of the Union of India.

Overall, all three statements are correct. The 'Territory of India' is a wider expression that encompasses not only states but also union territories and territories that may be acquired in the future. India can acquire foreign territories according to international law. Additionally, Parliament has the power to establish new states that were not originally part of the Union of India.

Which of the following regions were integrated by referendum in India? 
1. Hyderabad 
2. Junngadb 
3. Sikkim 
4. Nagaland
Select the correct answer using the codes below,
  • a)
    2 and 3 only
  • b)
    1 and 4 only 
  • c)
    1,2 and 3 only 
  • d)
    3 and 4 only
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Deepa Iyer answered
Hyderabad was integrated using police action whereas Junagadh and Sikkim (Sikkim later in 1974) through a referendum. An instrument of accession integrated Kashmir. Nagaland was part of Indian Union later separated from Assam.

Consider the following about the Parliament's power to reorganize the States? 
1. A State reorganization bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President. 
2. The Home Minister must send the bill to the Governor concerned for his ratification. 
3. If a state legislature unanimously opposes reorganization of the state concerned, the bill is sent to the Supreme Court for a review.
Q. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
  • a)
    1 only 
  • b)
    1 and 2 only 
  • c)
    2 and 3 only 
  • d)
    None of the above
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Rhea Mishra answered
Parliament's Power to Reorganize States:

1. Introduction of State reorganization bill: A State reorganization bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President. This means that the President must approve the bill before it can be introduced in the Parliament.

2. Sending the bill to Governor: After the bill is introduced in the Parliament, the Home Minister must send the bill to the Governor concerned for his ratification. The Governor must approve the bill before it can be passed by the Parliament.

3. Supreme Court's Review: If a state legislature unanimously opposes reorganization of the state concerned, the bill is sent to the Supreme Court for a review. This means that if the state legislature does not agree with the reorganization plan, the matter is referred to the Supreme Court for a final decision.

Correct Answer: Option A (1 only)

Explanation: The statement "A State reorganization bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President" is correct. However, the statement "The Home Minister must send the bill to the Governor concerned for his ratification" is not correct. The bill is sent to the Governor for his views and not for his ratification. The statement "If a state legislature unanimously opposes reorganization of the state concerned, the bill is sent to the Supreme Court for a review" is also not correct. The bill can still be passed by the Parliament even if the state legislature opposes it. However, the Supreme Court can be approached if there is a dispute regarding the reorganization plan.

Consider the following statements.
1. Article 244 in Part X of the Constitution envisages a special system of administration for certain areas designated as 'scheduled areas' and tribal areas'.
2. The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration and control of Tribal areas in any state except the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram'.
Which of these statements is/are correct?
  • a)
    1 Only
  • b)
    2 Only
  • c)
    Both of them
  • d)
    None of them
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Vijay Kumar answered
The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes in any state except the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram'. The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, on the other hand, deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

The boundary commission headed by Radcliff demarcated
  • a)
    Provincial areas of Bihar and Assam post-Bengal Partition 1905 
  • b)
    Boundaries between the two Dominions of India and Pakistan 
  • c)
    Burmese Enclaves in the north-eastern frontier of India 
  • d)
    North-west frontier of India post-Soviet invasion
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Meera Singh answered
  • The Radcliffe Line was published on 17 August 1947 as a boundary demarcation line between India and Pakistan.
  • Pakistan included the provinces of West Punjab, Sind, Balochistan, East Bengal, North-Western Frontier Province and the district of Sylhet in Assam.
  • The then India took the help of a referendum to establish the total geographical area of Pakistan. The referendum in the North-Western Frontier Province and Sylhet was in favour of Pakistan.

JVP committee (Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallahbhai Patel, Pattabhi Sitaramayya) is associated with
  • a)
    Integration of princely stales with India 
  • b)
    Reorganization of states on linguistic basis 
  • c)
    Reservation concerns for minority communities 
  • d)
    Regressive religious provisions in colonial Indian laws
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Stuti Dey answered
The JVP Committee

The JVP Committee refers to a committee that was formed in 1927 by three prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, and Pattabhi Sitaramayya. The key objective of the committee was to address the issue of reorganizing the Indian states on linguistic basis.

Reorganization of States on Linguistic Basis

The JVP Committee's primary focus was on linguistic reorganization of the states in India. The committee recognized that language played a crucial role in shaping the identity of a region and the people living in it. The committee felt that reorganizing the states on linguistic basis would help in preserving the cultural identity of different regions, promote national unity, and improve governance.

The committee's recommendations were based on the idea that each state should have a dominant language. The states were to be reorganized in a way that the people speaking the same language were brought together. The committee proposed that the reorganization of states should be done along linguistic lines, and the creation of new states should be based on the linguistic identity of the people.

Impact of JVP Committee Recommendations

The recommendations made by the JVP Committee were not immediately implemented. However, they set the stage for the reorganization of states on linguistic basis, which was eventually implemented in 1956 with the States Reorganization Act. The act created linguistic states based on the recommendations of the JVP Committee.

The reorganization of states on linguistic basis had a significant impact on the political and social landscape of India. It helped in strengthening the regional identities and gave a voice to the people who had been marginalized for a long time. The linguistic reorganization of states also helped in improving governance by making the administration more accessible to the people.

Conclusion

The JVP Committee played a crucial role in shaping the political and social landscape of India. The committee's recommendations paved the way for the reorganization of states on linguistic basis, which was a significant step towards preserving the cultural identity of different regions and promoting national unity. The JVP Committee's legacy continues to influence Indian politics even today, and its recommendations remain relevant in the present context.

Consider the following statements. 
1. Manipur and Tripura were Union Territories (UTs) that later gained statehood. 
2. Meghalaya was initially declared as an 'autonomous state' by a constitutional amendment, which later gained full statehood. 3. Sikkim gained Indian statehood before Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh gained statehood.
Q. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
  • a)
    1 and 2 only 
  • b)
    2 and 3 only 
  • c)
    3 only 
  • d)
    1, 2 and 3
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Suyash Saha answered

Explanation:

1. Manipur and Tripura were Union Territories (UTs) that later gained statehood:
- Manipur and Tripura were initially part of the Union Territories of India.
- They later gained statehood through the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, which came into effect on January 21, 1972.
- This act elevated both Manipur and Tripura to full-fledged states within the Indian Union.

2. Meghalaya was initially declared as an 'autonomous state' by a constitutional amendment, which later gained full statehood:
- Meghalaya was granted autonomy through the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution in 1970.
- It was initially declared as an autonomous state within the state of Assam.
- Meghalaya later achieved full statehood on January 21, 1972, along with Manipur and Tripura.

3. Sikkim gained Indian statehood before Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh gained statehood:
- Sikkim was a protectorate of India until it became the 22nd state of the Indian Union on May 16, 1975, through the 36th Amendment of the Indian Constitution.
- Nagaland gained statehood on December 1, 1963, under the State of Nagaland Act, 1962.
- Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged state on February 20, 1987, through the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986.

Therefore, statement 1 is correct as Manipur and Tripura were UTs that gained statehood, statement 2 is correct as Meghalaya was initially an autonomous state before gaining full statehood, and statement 3 is incorrect as Sikkim gained statehood before Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Hence, the correct answer is option 'A'.

Consider the following statements.
1. The executive power of a state extends to the scheduled areas therein
2. The governor has a special responsibility regarding such areas
3. He has to submit a report to the president regarding the administration of such areas, annually or whenever so required by the president
Which of these statements is/are correct?
  • a)
    1 and 2 Only
  • b)
    2 and 3 Only
  • c)
    1 and 3 Only
  • d)
    All of them
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Vijay Kumar answered
The executive power of a state extends to the scheduled areas therein. But the governor has a special responsibility regarding such areas. He has to submit a report to the president regarding the administration of such areas, annually or whenever so required by the president. The executive power of the Centre extends to giving directions to the states regarding the administration of such areas.

Consider the following statements.
  1. The president is empowered to declare an area to be a scheduled area.
  2. He can also increase or decrease its area, alter its boundary lines, rescind such designation or make fresh orders for such designation on an area in consultation with the governer of the state concerned.
Which of these statements is/are incorrect?
  • a)
    1 Only
  • b)
    Neither of them
  • c)
    2 Only
  • d)
    Both of them
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Neither of the statements is incorrect. Both statements describe the powers of the president to declare an area as a scheduled area and make changes to its boundaries or designation in consultation with the governor of the concerned state. These powers are usually granted to the president under the legal framework of a country, such as the Constitution or specific legislation, to protect and promote the welfare of marginalized or tribal populations living in these areas.

Article 3 of the Constitution authorizes the Parliament to 
1. Increase or diminish the area of any state 
2. Merge a state and Union Territory to form a new state 
3. Grant special status to the newly created weak states 
Q. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
  • a)
    1 and 2 only 
  • b)
    2 and 3 only 
  • c)
    1 and 3 only 
  • d)
    All of the above
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Sleepy Classes answered
Article 3 authorizes the Parliament to
 (a) form a new state by separation of territory from any state or by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state 
(b) increase the area of any state 
(c) diminish the area of any state 
(d) alter the boundaries of any state and 
(e) alter the name of any state.

Consider the following statements.
1. Each state having scheduled areas has to establish a tribes advisory council to advise on welfare and advancement of the scheduled tribes
2. It is to consist of 20 members, three-fourth of whom are to be the representatives of the scheduled tribes in the state legislative assembly
Which of these statements is/are correct?
  • a)
    Both 1 and 2
  • b)
    2 Only
  • c)
    1 Only
  • d)
    None of them
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Vikram Verma answered
Statement 1 is referring to the provisions of the Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, which applies to the administration of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes in certain states. As per the Fifth Schedule, each state having scheduled areas has to establish a tribes advisory council to advise on the welfare and advancement of the scheduled tribes in the state.
Statement 2 is also correct. As per the provisions of the Fifth Schedule, the tribes advisory council is to consist of 20 members, two-thirds of whom are to be the representatives of the scheduled tribes in the state legislative assembly. The remaining one-third members are to be nominated by the governor of the state from among persons who, in his opinion, have knowledge of the matters relating to the welfare and advancement of the scheduled tribes in the state.

How many Election Commissioners are in the Election Commission?
  • a)
    3
  • b)
    4
  • c)
    5
  • d)
    6
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Utkarsh Joshi answered
There are 3 commissioners in the election commission which includes one Chief Election Commissioner and two other Election Commissioners.

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