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All questions of Mitigation Strategies for UPSC CSE Exam

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Sustainable Development Goal Index is launched by which of the following organisations?
  • a)
    Greenpeace International
  • b)
    United Nations Environment Program
  • c)
    Sustainable Development Solutions Network
  • d)
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
  • The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Index and Dashboard report is released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and Bertelsmann Stiftung.
  • The index assesses the performance of countries towards achieving the ambitious SDGs. It ranks countries based on their performance across the 17 SDGs.

The National mission for sustainable agriculture has identified 10 key dimensions for adaptation and mitigation. Which of the following are not included in the list?
1. Improved Crop Seeds, Livestock and Fish Culture
2. Water Efficiency
3. Carbon emission reduction
4. Improved Farm Practices
5. Avoiding chemical fertilizer
6. Agricultural Insurance
Select the correct code given below:
  • a)
    1, 2, 3 & 4
  • b)
    3 & 5 only
  • c)
    1, 2, 4 & 6
  • d)
    3 & 4 only
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Utkarsh Joshi answered
  • NMSA derives its mandate from Sustainable Agriculture Mission which is one of the eight Missions outlined under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
Ten key dimensions encompassing Indian agriculture namely;
  • Improved crop seeds,
  • livestock and fish cultures’,
  • ‘Water Use Efficiency’,
  • ‘Pest Management’,
  • ‘Improved Farm Practices’,
  • ‘Nutrient Management’,
  • Agricultural insurance’,
  • ‘Credit support’,
  • ‘Markets’,
  • ‘Access to Information’ and ‘Livelihood diversification’.

Which of the following components are included in the Environmental Rule of Law proposed by UNEP?
(1) Law should be consistent with fundamental rights
(2) Law should be inclusively developed and fairly effectuated
(3) Law should bring forth accountability
(4) Law should incorporate principles of environmental management
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
  • a)
    1, 2, and 3 only
  • b)
    2, 3, and 4 only
  • c)
    1, 3, and 4 only
  • d)
    1, 2, 3 and 4
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Utkarsh Joshi answered
Following the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, many countries made efforts to enact environmental laws. However, poor implementation of environmental laws is widespread across nations. UNEP released its first-ever global assessment of environmental laws titled “Environmental Rule of Law” in 2019 for more robust environmental governance.

Consider the following statements regarding the Paris Agreement reached at COP 21:
1. It agrees to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
2. The pre-industrial levels mentioned in the agreement marks the period between 1850 and 1900.
3. It is a non-binding agreement.
4. The agreement calls on nations to establish a new collective quantified goal of at least $100 billion a year in climate-related financing.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
  • a)
    1, 2, and 3 only
  • b)
    3 and 4 only
  • c)
    1, 2, and 4 only
  • d)
    1, 2, 3 and 4
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
  • Statement 1 is incorrect: Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: The preindustrial levels mentioned in the agreement marks the period before 1850- 1900 as industrialization in Europe started around the mid-18th century which came in full bloom all over the world during the 1850-1900 period.

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