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All questions of Important Lists: India for SSC CHSL Exam

Who won the Nobel Prize 2020 in Literature?
  • a)
    Bob Dylan
  • b)
    Kazuo Ishiguro
  • c)
    Peter Handke
  • d)
    Louise Glück
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Dia Mehta answered
Louise Glück won the Nobel Prize in Literature 2020 for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal. 
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Who was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize?
  • a)
    Mother Teresa
  • b)
    Shirin Ebadi
  • c)
    Marie Curie
  • d)
    Elizabeth H. Blackburn
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Dia Mehta answered
Marie Curie was the first women to win a Nobel Prize. She is the only woman so far who has bagged two Nobel Prizes-- Nobel Prize in Physics (1903) and Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1911). 

Which of the following fields was not included in the Nobel Prize category at the time the Nobel Prizes were first established?
  • a)
    Medicine 
  • b)
    Economics
  • c)
    Physics
  • d)
    Literature
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Pallavi reddy answered
Introduction:
The Nobel Prizes were established by the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish inventor, engineer, and industrialist, in 1895. These prizes are awarded annually in various fields to individuals or organizations that have made significant contributions to humanity. While several fields were included in the Nobel Prize category from the beginning, one field was not initially included.

Explanation:
The Nobel Prizes were established in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. However, the field of Economics was not included in the Nobel Prize category at the time the prizes were first established. The reasons behind this omission are as follows:

1. Alfred Nobel's will: In his will, Alfred Nobel did not mention Economics as one of the fields for which the prizes should be awarded. He specifically mentioned the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. Thus, the initial establishment of the Nobel Prizes did not include Economics.

2. Later addition: The Sveriges Riksbank (the central bank of Sweden) established the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 1968. This prize is commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics. It was not one of the original Nobel Prizes but was established later to commemorate Alfred Nobel's legacy and contribution to economics.

3. Distinctive nature of economics: Economics is a distinct field that focuses on the study of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. It has its own set of theories, methodologies, and contributions to society. While Alfred Nobel recognized the importance of various fields, he did not specifically include economics in his will.

4. Recognition of economic contributions: The establishment of the Nobel Prize in Economics allowed for the recognition of individuals or organizations that have made significant contributions to the field of economics. This prize has since become highly prestigious and is awarded alongside the other Nobel Prizes.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the field of Economics was not initially included in the Nobel Prize category when the prizes were first established. It was later added with the establishment of the Nobel Prize in Economics by the Sveriges Riksbank. This addition allowed for the recognition of outstanding contributions to the field of economics, alongside the other Nobel Prizes.

Name the youngest Laureate who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. 
  • a)
    Malala Yousafzai
  • b)
    Arthur Ashkin
  • c)
    James P. Allison
  • d)
    Yoshinori Ohsumi
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Eshaan Kapoor answered
Malala Yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Laureate who received the Peace Prize in 2014 at the age of just 17 years for her struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.

Who won the Nobel Prize in Physics 2020?
  • a)
    Arthur Ashkin, Arthur Ashkin and Donna Strickland 
  • b)
    Rainer Weiss, Barry
  • c)
    Barish and Kip S. ThorneC. Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez
  • d)
    James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Eshaan Kapoor answered
The first half of Nobel Prize in Physics 2020  has been presented to Roger Penrose for discovering that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity while the other half is jointly shared by Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for discovering supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy. 

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