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31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1


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25 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 | 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 for NEET 2022 is part of Biology Class 11 preparation. The 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 below.
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31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 1

The plant hormone used to destroy weeds in a field is:   [2021]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 1

2, 4-D, widely used to kill dicotyledonous weeds, does not affect mature monocotyledonous plants.

They help to initiate rooting in stem cuttings, an application widely used for plant propagation. Auxins promote flowering e.g. in pineapples. They help to prevent fruit and leaf drop at early stages but promote the abscission of older mature leaves and fruits.
In most higher plants, the growing apical bud inhibits the growth of the lateral (axillary) buds, a phenomenon called apical dominance. Removal of shoot tips (decapitation) usually results in the growth of lateral buds (Figure 15.11). It is widely applied in tea plantations, hedge-making. Can you explain why?

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 2

The process of growth is maximum during :    [2020]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 2

Period of growth characterized by the number of cells increasing at an exponential rate.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 3

It takes very long time for pineapple plants to produce flowers. Which combination of hormones can be applied to artificially induce flowering in pineapple plants throughout the year to increase yield?   [2019]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 3

Synthetic auxins like NAA and 2, 4-D are often employed for inducing flowering in pineapple, Ethylene also stimulates Powering in pineapple and related plants. Hence, both auxin and ethylene can be applied artificially to induce flowering in pineapple plants throughout the year to increase yield.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 4

The pineapple which under natural conditions is difficult to blossom has been made to produce fruits throughout the year by application of [NEET Kar. 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 4

Plants which are difficult to flower can be made to do so by spraying them with 2, 4,  –D (2, 4 – dichlorophenoxy acetic acid) and NAA (napthalene acetic acid) which are synthetic auxins, e.g., litchi, pineapple.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 5

During seed germination its stored food is mobilized [NEET 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 5

Gibberellins stimulate the synthesis of α-amylase and proteases enzyme in germinating grains of cereals. They are involved in the conversion of starch into sugar. The proteases convert an inactive β-amylase to the active form. The active β-amylase and α-amylase together digest starch to glucose which is mobilized to meet the metabolic demands of embryo. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 6

Which one of the following is not used for ex-situ plant conservation ? [NEET 2013]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 6

Shifting or Jhum cultivation contributes to deforestation. Ex-situ conservation is a biodiversity conservation method in which threatened animals and plants are taken out of their natural habitat and placed in protected and carring environment zoological parks, botanical gardens, wildlife safari parks, seed banks and gene banks.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 7

Vernalization stimulates flowering in [2012M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 7

Carrot is a biennial plant which flowers in the second season.  Vernalization is the subjection of seeds or seedlings to low temperature in order to hasten plant development and flowering. Vernalization is commonly used for crop plants such as winter rye and is possible because the seeds and buds of many plants require cold in order to break dormancy. Winter cereals are therefore sown in the autumn for flowering the following year. However, if germinating seeds are artificially vernalized they can be sown in the spring for flowering the same year. Biennial plants, such as carrot (Daucus carota), will remain in their non - flowering rosette form until subjected to cold treatment.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 8

Which one of the following generally acts as an antagonist to gibberellins? [2012M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 8

Gibberellins & ABA are antagonistic with each other. ABA counteracts many effects of gibberellins like induction of hydrolases and alpha- amylases in barley seedlings.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 9

Through their effect on plant growth regulators, what do the temperature and light control in the plants? [2012M]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 9

Flowering is induced by light and temperature.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 10

Coiling of garden pea tendrils around any support is an example of: [2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 10

The coiling of garden pea tendrils around any support is an example of thigmotropism. Thigmotropism is the growth movement in response to touch. The stems and tendrils of the climbers are positively thigmotrophic in their response.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 11

Phototropic curvature is the result of uneven distribution of: [2010]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 11

Phototrophic curvature is the result of uneven distribution of auxin. The experiments conducted by Charles Darwin concluded that the tip of coleoptile of canary grass contain auxin that causes the bending of the entire coleoptile towards the light source.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 12

Which one of the following acids is a derivative of carotenoids ? [2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 12

Abscisic acid (ABA), also known as abscisin II and dormin, is a plant hormone. It functions in many plant developmental processes, includsing bud dormancy. Abscisic acid is a derivative of carotenoids. It was called “abscisin II” originally because it was thought to play a major role in abscission of fruits. At about the same time another group was calling it “dormin” because they thought it had a major role in bud dormancy. The name abscisic acid (ABA) was coined by a compromise between the two groups.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 13

One of the synthetic auxin is: [2009]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 13

NAA is a synthetic auxins. Some of the most  widely used weed killers are synthetic auxins. Synthetic auxin analogs include 1–naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 2, 4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4,5- T).

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 14

Senescence as an active developmental cellular process in the growth and functioning of a flowering plant, is indicated in [2008]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 14

Senescence is not confined only to whole plant,it may be limited to a particular organ such as leaf and flower or cells such as phloem and xylem. Abscission is natural shedding of leaves,foliage branches,fruits floral parts etc. According to Leopold (1967) abscission is a senescence phenomenon. Senescence as an active developmental cellular process in the growth and functioning of a flowering plant,is indicated in leaf abscission. 

So, the correct answer is 'Leaf abscission.'

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 15

“Foolish seedling’’ disease of rice led to the discovery of [2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 15

The effect of gibberellins had been known in Japan since early 1800 where certain rice plants were found to suffer from bakane or bakanae (foolish seedling) disease. Such rice plants were thin, pale green, spindle-shaped, longer by 50% than the healthy plants, and were sterile.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 16

Which one of the following pairs, is not correctly matched? [2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 16

Gibberllic acid stimulates cell growth of leaves and stem causing their expansion, elongation respectively and leaf fall is controlled by ABA.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 17

Opening of floral buds into flowers, is a type of [2007]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 17

Opening of floral buds into flowers, is a type of autonomic movement of water which is due to epinasty.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 18

How does pruning help in making the hedge dense?[2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 18

When an apical bud is present on a plant, it suppresses  the growth of axillary buds, this is called apical dominance. When in pruning apical bud is cut off the axillary buds start growing & hedge become dense

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 19

Treatment of seed at low temperature under moist conditions to break its dormancy is called [2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 19

Treatment of seed at low temperature under moist conditions to break dormancy is called stratification. 

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 20

An enzyme that can stimulate germination of barley seeds is [2006]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 20

a-amylase enzyme stimulates the germination of barley seed.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 21

Cell elongation in internodal regions of the green plants takes place due to [2004]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 21

Gibberellins induces elongation of internodes.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 22

One set of a plant was grown at 12 hours day and 12 hours night period cycles and it flowered while in the other set night phase was interrupted by flash of light and it did not produce flower. Under which one of the following categories will you place this plant?[2004]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 22

Short day plants require long uninterrupted dark period for flowering. They will not produce flower if night was interrupted by flash of light.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 23

Anthesis is a phenomenon which refers to [2004]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 23

 Anthesis is the period during which a flower is fully open and functional. It may also refer to the onset of that period

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 24

Plants deficient of element zinc, show its effect on the biosynthesis of plant growth hormone [2003]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 24

 Zinc is one of the component of Auxin.

31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 25

Differentiation of shoot is controlled by [2003]

Detailed Solution for 31 Years NEET Previous Year Questions: Plant Growth & Development - 1 - Question 25

Ratio of cytokinins to auxins controls differentiation. If both of these are present in equal quantities, the cells divide but fail to differentiate. If there is more cytokinin than auxin, shoot buds develop. If there is more auxin than cytokinin, roots develop.

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