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Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1


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15 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 10 | Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1

Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 for Class 10 2023 is part of Science Class 10 preparation. The Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2023 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 below.
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Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 1

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: A geneticist crossed a pea plant having violet flowers with a pea plant having white flowers, he got all violet flowers in the first generation.

Reason: White colour gene is not passed on to the next generation.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 1 The gene for violet flowers is dominant over the gene for white flowers so that

only the violet gene is expressed as violet flowers in the first generation.

Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 2

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Learning a skill such as dance and music is an acquired trait.

Reason (R): Acquired traits develop in the lifetime of an individual and do not pass to the progeny.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 2 Trails which develop in the lifetime of an individual and do not pass to the progeny are called acquired traits. Learning a skill such as dance/music/loss of body parts/weight etc are examples of acquired traits.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 3

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Mendel chose a number of varieties of garden pea as plant material for his experiments.

Reason (R): Garden pea has well defined characters and is bisexual.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 3 Mendel chose garden pea as plant material for his experiment because garden pea plants were easily available / they grow in one season / fertilization was easy.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 4

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Traits like eye colour or height are inherited traits.

Reason (R): Inherited traits are not transferred from parents to young ones.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 4 Eye colour and height are genetically inherited traits, as these are expressed by genes. Inherited traits are the traits which are transferred from parents to young ones. Acquired traits are the characters that are acquired by the individual during its lifetime. These traits cannot be inherited. For example, if a wrestler develops large muscles due to his training program that does not mean it will be passed on to his offspring.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 5

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): In humans, males play an important role in determining the sex of the child.

Reason (R): Males have two X chromosomes.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 5 Sex of a child is dependent on the type of the male gamete that fuses with the female gamete. Human beings possess 23 pairs of chromosomes. Out of these, 22 pairs are known as autosomes, while the remaining one pair comprises sex chromosomes (XX in females and XY in males). At the time of fertilisation, the egg cell fuses with the sperm cell, resulting in the formation of the zygote. If the egg cell carrying an X chromosome fuses with the sperm carrying an X chromosome, the resulting child would be a girl. If the egg cell carrying an X chromosome fuses with the sperm carrying a Y chromosome, the resulting child would be a boy.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 6

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Wings of butterfly and wings of bat are analogous organs.

Reason (R): Analogous organs have different origin and structural plan but same function.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 6 Wings of butterfly and wings of bat though they perform similar function, they have different origin/basic structure. Hence, they are known as analogous organs.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 7

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Fossils are remains of dead organisms.

Reason (R): It is helpful in the study of evolution.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 7 Fossils are remains of hard parts of the dead organisms in the strata of earth. It help in tracing evolutionary pathways.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 8

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Speciation is the process of formation of a new species from a pre-existing one.

Reason (R): Mutation plays a role in speciation.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 8 Speciation is an evolutionary process by which new species arise. One of the factors that lead to speciation is mutation.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 9

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Evolution is called organic evolution.

Reason : Evolution involves the living organisms.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 9 Evolution is called organic evolution, because it involves the living organisms.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 10

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Forelimbs o f vertebrates are homologous organs.

Reason : Analogous organs have the same origin but different functions.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 10 Forelimbs of vertebrates are homologous organs. Analogous organs have different origins but show similar appearance.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 11

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Among the primates, chimpanzees are the closest relative of the present day humans.

Reason : The banding pattern in the autosome number 3 and 6 of man and chimpanzee is remarkably similar.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 11 The banding pattern seen on stained chromosomes from humans and chimpanzees show striking similarities which indicates that they have evolutionary relationships (cytogenetic evidence).
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 12

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Speciation is the process of formation of a new species from a pre-existing one.

Reason : Mutation plays a role in speciation.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 12 Speciation is an evolutionary process by which new species arise. One of the factors that lead to speciation is mutation.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 13

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Changes in non-reproductive tissues can be passed on the DNA of the germ cells.

Reason : Inherited traits include the traits developed during the lifetime of an individual that cannot be passed on to its propeny.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 13

The assertion is true, but the reason is false.

Changes in non-reproduced tissues, also known as somatic changes, can indeed be passed on to the DNA of germ cells through a process called epigenetic inheritance. Epigenetic changes are changes to the way that genes are expressed, rather than changes to the actual genes themselves, and can be caused by a variety of environmental and lifestyle factors. These changes can be passed on to future generations through the DNA of germ cells, such as eggs and sperm.

However, inherited traits are not limited to traits developed during the lifetime of an individual. Inherited traits can also include traits that are present at birth and that are passed down from parent to offspring through the DNA of germ cells.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

4 Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.

Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 14

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Mendel chose a number of varieties of garden pea as plant material for his experiments.

Reason : Garden pea has well defined characters and was bisexual.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 14 Mendel chose garden pea as plant material for his experiment because garden pea plants were easily available/they grow in one season/fertilization was easy.
Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 15

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : The establishment of reproductive isolations in an event of biological significance.

Reason : In the absence of reproductive isolation species can merge into a single population.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Heredity & Evolution - 1 - Question 15

Reproductive isolation refers to the situation where different species may live in the same area, but properties of individuals prevent them from interbreeding. The things which stop species or groups of organisms reproducing sexually are called isolating mechanisms.

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