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CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022)


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66 Questions MCQ Test CAT Mock Test Series | CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022)

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CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 1

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. The author would most likely agree with which of the following statements about corporate response to working with minority subcontractors?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 1 Refer to the lines, ‘The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no let up anticipated in the next decade.’ This links that the situation is predicted to be better in the coming times. Hence, option (3) can be inferred.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 2

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. It can be inferred from the passage that, compared with the requirements of law, the percentage goals set by “some Federal and local agencies” are

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 2 Refer to the lines, ‘Indeed, some federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises’. Hence, option (2) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 3

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. The passage suggests that the failure of a large business to have its bids for subcontracts result quickly in orders might cause it to

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 3 Refer to the lines, ‘The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids.’ Hence, option (1) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 4

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. The passage supplies information that would answer which of the following questions?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 4 Refer to the lines, ‘First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them.’ Hence, option (4) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 5

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author’s assertion that, in the 1970s, corporate response to Federal requirements was substantial?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 5 The 1.1billion represented the same percentage of total corporate spending in 1977 as did 1.1 billion represented the same percentage of total corporate spending in 1977 as did 77 million in 1972
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 6

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. The author implies that a minority-owned concern that does the greater part of its business with one large corporate customer should

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 6 Refer to the lines, ‘Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent’. Hence, option (3) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 7

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. According to the passage, civil rights activists maintain that one disadvantage under which minority-owned businesses have traditionally had to labour is that they have-

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 7 Refer to the lines, ‘But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as ‘fronts’ with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures’. Hence, option (3) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 8

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Recent years have brought minority-owned businesses in the United States unprecedented opportunities—as well as new and significant risks. Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons, why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business’, is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies. Now Congress, in apparent agreement, has required by law that businesses awarded Federal contracts of more than $500,000 do their best to find minority subcontractors and record their efforts to do so on forms filed with the government. Indeed, some Federal and local agencies have gone so far as to set specific percentage goals for apportioning parts of public works contracts to minority enterprises.

Corporate response appears to have been substantial. According to figures collected in 1977, the total of corporate contracts with minority businesses rose from $77 million into $1.1 billion in 1977. The projected total of corporate contracts with minority businesses for the early 1980s is estimated to be over 53 billion per year with no letup anticipated in the next decade. Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too. First, minority firms risk expanding too fast and overextending themselves financially, since most are small concerns and, unlike large businesses, they often need to make substantial investments in new plants, staff, equipment, and the like in order to perform work subcontracted to them. If, thereafter, their subcontracts are for some reason reduced, such firms can face potentially crippling fixed expenses.

The world of corporate purchasing can be frustrating for small entrepreneurs who get requests for elaborate formal estimates and bids. Both consume valuable time and resources, and a small company’s efforts must soon result in orders, or both the morale and the financial health of the business will suffer.

A second risk is that White-owned companies may seek to cash in on the increasing apportionments through formation of joint ventures with minority-owned concerns. Of course, in many instances there are legitimate reasons for joint ventures; clearly, White and minority enterprises can team up to acquire business that neither could acquire alone. But civil rights groups and minority business owners have complained to Congress about minorities being set up as “fronts” with White backing, rather than being accepted as full partners in legitimate joint ventures.

Third, a minority enterprise that secures the business of one large corporate customer often runs the danger of becoming—and remaining—dependent. Even in the best of circumstances, fierce competition from larger, more established companies makes it difficult for small concerns to broaden their customer bases: when such firms have nearly guaranteed orders from a single corporate benefactor, they may truly have to struggle against complacency arising from their current success.

Q. The primary purpose of the passage is to-

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 8 Refer to the lines, ‘Promising as it is for minority businesses, this increased patronage poses dangers for them, too…..’. The passage clearly discusses the situation in USA for minority enterprises. Hence option (2) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 9

Five jumbled up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph.

Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer:

  1. There is a dark side to academic research, especially in India, and at its centre is the phenomenon of predatory journals.

  2. But in truth, as long as you pay, you can get anything published.

  3. In look and feel thus, they are exactly like any reputed journal.

  4. They claim to be indexed in the most influential databases, say they possess editorial boards that comprise top scientists and researchers, and claim to have a rigorous peer-review structure.

  5. But a large section of researchers and scientists across the world are at the receiving end of nothing short of an academic publishing scam.


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 9 The given collection of statements focuses on predatory journals. The author begins by mentioning the subject {Statement 1} in a grim tone. He highlights the kind of claims that these journals state: presence in 'influential databases', quality 'editorial boards' and a 'rigorous peer-review structure' {Statement 4}. On the surface, 'they are exactly like any reputed journal' {Statement 3}. However, the ground reality is starkly different: paying money allows you to publish anything in such predatory journal {Statement 2}. Hence, arrangement 1432 forms a coherent paragraph with predatory journals as the centre of attention.

Statement 5 deviates from this subject. Although the topic seems to be about academic publishing, the focus is no longer on predatory journals, but instead, it becomes a bit broader. Since there is a mismatch in scope, we discern Statement 5 as the odd one out

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 10

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer:

  1. The work is more than the text, for the text only takes on life, when it is realized and furthermore the realization is by no means independent of the individual disposition of the reader.

  2. The convergence of text and reader brings the literary work into existence and this convergence is not to be identified either with the reality of the text or with the individual disposition of the reader.

  3. From this polarity it follows that the literary work cannot be completely identical with the text, or with the realization of the text, but in fact must lie halfway between the two.

  4. The literary work has two poles, which we might call the artistic and th


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 10 A brief reading of the sentences shows that the paragraph must be about the interplay of the artistic and aesthetic in determining the impact of artistic work. 4 properly introduces these two components and builds a foundation for further discussion. 3 refers to the polarity mentioned in 4, and then asserts that neither of the two components alone suffices to determine the value of a work. 2 builds on this assertion and says that the convergence of the two brings the literary work into existence. 1 then further talks about the matter saying that the realization aspect further depends upon the individual disposition of the reader. Thus 4321 is a coherent paragraph.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 11

Five jumbled up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph.

Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer:

  1. The legal status of resources mined in space remains ambiguous; and while the market for asteroid minerals is currently nonexistent, this is likely to change as technical hurdles diminish.

  2. Outer space is a commons, and all of it is open for exploration, however, space law developed in the 1950s and 60s is state centric and arguably ill-suited to a commercial future.

  3. Laws adopted by the US and Luxembourg are first steps, but they only protect firms from competing claims by their compatriots; a Chinese company will not be bound by US law.

  4. Critics say the US is conferring rights that it has no authority to confer; Russia in particular has condemned this, citing the US’ disrespect for international law.

  5. At issue now is commercial activity, as private firms—rather than nation states — look to space for profit.


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 11 A brief reading of the sentences suggests that the paragraph is about the inadequacy of laws about commercial activities in space in the wake of rapid technological developments in the same field. All sentences, other than 4, talk about this inadequacy or highlight why the laws are inadequate. Option 4 is out of context here, as it talks about the US disrespecting international law. It does not relate to the inadequacy of space law for commercial activities, and hence, is the answer.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 12

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer:

  1. In the central nervous systems of other animal species, such a comprehensive regeneration of neurons has not yet been proven beyond doubt.

  2. Biologists from the University of Bayreuth have discovered a uniquely rapid form of regeneration in injured neurons and their function in the central nervous system of zebrafish.

  3. They studied the Mauthner cells, which are solely responsible for the escape behaviour of the fish, and previously regarded as incapable of regeneration.

  4. However, their ability to regenerate crucially depends on the location of the injury.


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 12 A preliminary read gives us a crude idea about the subject: regeneration of neurons in zebrafish. The discovery is introduced in Statement 2 {'a uniquely rapid form of regeneration in injured neurons and their function in the central nervous system of zebrafish.'} Additional information is presented in statement 3 {what kind of cells were studied? how has the status quo changed?}. Statement 4 presents further clarification concerning the zebrafish {location of the injury is an essential variable} and Statement 1 transitions into an opinion about the regeneration phenomena in other animal species. Hence, arrangement 2341 forms a coherent paragraph.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 13

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer:

  1. A popular response is the exhortation to plant more trees.

  2. It seems all but certain that global warming will go well above two degrees—quite how high no one knows yet.

  3. Burning them releases it, which is why the scale of forest fires in the Amazon basin last year garnered headlines.

  4. This is because trees sequester carbon by absorbing carbon dioxide.


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 13 The given collection of statements appears to correlate trees and global warming. Statements 4 and 3 form a logical block since they emphasise the significance of trees. The author states that trees help in reducing carbon dioxide while burning trees leads to the release of carbon dioxide {'it' in statement 3 refers to carbon dioxide}. Statements 2 and 1 form a pair since 2 introduces a general belief and 1 mentions a 'popular response' to the same. People respond to the news about the increase in temperatures (due to global warming) by suggesting that we should plant more trees. The statement pair 4-3 then justifies this familiar exhortation. Hence, the correct arrangement is 2143.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 14

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. The primary purpose of the passage is to-

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 14 Refer to the lines, ‘ We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them’. This clearly spells out the central idea. Hence, option (1) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 15

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. In the context of the author’s discussion of regulating change, which of the following could be most probably regarded as a ‘strong referee’ in the United States?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 15 Refer to the lines, ‘ The nonstarters were considered the………an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines’. Only a federal court judge will have an authority to call things at halt. Hence, option (3) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 16

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised “a piece of the action” is

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 16 Refer to the last para, lines, ‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action”, as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability.’ The author talks about the meager changes that have happened. Hence, option (2) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 17

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about the economic market

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 17 Refer to the lines, ‘Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea……………. versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status’ quo defended or attacked’. This idea hence has been used to glorify the traditional thinking of America. Hence, option (2) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 18

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. Which of the following best expresses the author’s main point?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 18 The last para states that the reforms have largely been an eye wash. Hence, option (4) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 19

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. According to the passage, ‘Old World’ values were based on

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 19 Refer to the lines, ‘Fascination…….system on property’. Hence option (2) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 20

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. The author sets off the word ‘Reform’ with quotation marks in order to

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 20 Refer to the lines, ‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race……. America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability.’ Clearly the author is indicating that only superficial changes have happened. Hence, option (4) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 21

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. Which of the following metaphors could the author most appropriately use to summarise his own assessment of the American economic system?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 21 The author is of the view that despite a lot of hue and cry not much has reform has happened. Hence option (3) will be the best metaphor as although the course of the treadmill keeps moving but no changes happen in the surrounding environment.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 22

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness; our ‘opennes’s is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the ‘Old World’ categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a ‘status quo’ defended or attacked. The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only ‘station’ was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who want a touch of instability and change in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; an authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered ‘starting lines. ’‘Reform’ in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, “a piece of the action,” as it were, for the disenfranchised. There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk no stable industrial workforce of the people who actually make the system work.

There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer). There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system’s failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

Q. The passage contains information that would answer which of the following questions?

I. What techniques have industrialists used to manipulate a free market?

II. In what ways are ‘New World’ and ‘Old World’ economic policies similar?

III. Has economic policy in the United States tended to reward independent action?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 22 Refer to the lines, ‘But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change’. This clearly answers III. Hence by elimination (3) is correct.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 23

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

How many really suffer as a result of labour market problems? This is one of the most critical yet contentious social policy questions. In many ways, our social statistics exaggerate the degree of hardship. Unemployment does not have the same dire consequences today as it did in the 1930s when most of the unemployed were primary breadwinners, when income and earnings were usually much closer to the margin of subsistence, and when there were no countervailing social programmes for those failing in the labour market. Increasing affluence, the rise of families with more than one wage earner, the growing predominance of secondary earners among the unemployed, and improved social welfare protection have unquestionably mitigated the consequences of joblessness.

Earnings and income data also overstate the dimensions of hardship. Among the millions with hourly earnings at or below the minimum wage level, the overwhelming majority are from multiple-earner, relatively affluent families. Most of those counted by the poverty statistics are elderly or handicapped or have family responsibilities which keep them out of the labour force, so the poverty statistics are by no means an accurate indicator of labour market pathologies. Yet there are also many ways our social statistics underestimate the degree of labour-market-related hardship. The unemployment counts exclude the millions of fully employed workers whose wages are so low that their families remain in poverty. Low wages and repeated or prolonged unemployment frequently interact to undermine the capacity for self-support. Since the number experiencing joblessness at same time during the year is several times the number unemployed in any month, those who suffer as a result of forced idleness can equal or exceed average annual unemployment, even though only a minority of the jobless in any month really suffer.

For every person counted in the monthly unemployment tallies, there is another working part-time because of the inability to find full-time work, or else outside the labour force but wanting a job. Finally, income transfers in our country have always focused on the elderly, disabled, and dependent, neglecting the needs of the working poor, so that the dramatic expansion of cash and in-kind transfers does not necessarily mean that those failing in the labour market are adequately protected.

As a result of such contradictory evidence, it is uncertain whether those suffering seriously as a result of labour market problems number in the hundreds of thousands or the tens of millions, and, hence, whether high levels of joblessness can be tolerated or must be countered by job creation and economic stimulus. There is only one area of agreement in this debate that the existing poverty, employment, and earnings statistics are inadequate for one their primary applications, measuring the consequences of labour market problems.

Q. The author uses “labour market problems” in lines 1-2, to refer to which of the following?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 23 Refer to para 1. The author deals with the various aspects of the inadequate jobs providing fruitful income.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 24

Direction: Read the following passages given below and answer the questions given at the end of each passage.

How many really suffer as a result of labour market problems? This is one of the most critical yet contentious social policy questions. In many ways, our social statistics exaggerate the degree of hardship. Unemployment does not have the same dire consequences today as it did in the 1930s when most of the unemployed were primary breadwinners, when income and earnings were usually much closer to the margin of subsistence, and when there were no countervailing social programmes for those failing in the labour market. Increasing affluence, the rise of families with more than one wage earner, the growing predominance of secondary earners among the unemployed, and improved social welfare protection have unquestionably mitigated the consequences of joblessness.

Earnings and income data also overstate the dimensions of hardship. Among the millions with hourly earnings at or below the minimum wage level, the overwhelming majority are from multiple-earner, relatively affluent families. Most of those counted by the poverty statistics are elderly or handicapped or have family responsibilities which keep them out of the labour force, so the poverty statistics are by no means an accurate indicator of labour market pathologies. Yet there are also many ways our social statistics underestimate the degree of labour-market-related hardship. The unemployment counts exclude the millions of fully employed workers whose wages are so low that their families remain in poverty. Low wages and repeated or prolonged unemployment frequently interact to undermine the capacity for self-support. Since the number experiencing joblessness at same time during the year is several times the number unemployed in any month, those who suffer as a result of forced idleness can equal or exceed average annual unemployment, even though only a minority of the jobless in any month really suffer.

For every person counted in the monthly unemployment tallies, there is another working part-time because of the inability to find full-time work, or else outside the labour force but wanting a job. Finally, income transfers in our country have always focused on the elderly, disabled, and dependent, neglecting the needs of the working poor, so that the dramatic expansion of cash and in-kind transfers does not necessarily mean that those failing in the labour market are adequately protected.

As a result of such contradictory evidence, it is uncertain whether those suffering seriously as a result of labour market problems number in the hundreds of thousands or the tens of millions, and, hence, whether high levels of joblessness can be tolerated or must be countered by job creation and economic stimulus. There is only one area of agreement in this debate that the existing poverty, employment, and earnings statistics are inadequate for one their primary applications, measuring the consequences of labour market problems.

Q. Which of the following is the principal topic of the passage?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 24 Refer to the lines, ‘There is only one area of agreement in this debate—that the existing poverty, employment, and earnings statistics are inadequate for one of their primary applications, measuring the consequences of labour market problems.’ This suggests option (4).
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 25

x_ p _ y _ _ pzy _ _ pzy

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 25 The series is xypzy/ xypzy/ xypzy. Thus, the pattern ' xypzy' is repeated.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 26

Which one will replace the question mark?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 26

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 27

Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it :

The number of students who joined and left the school in the beginning of year for six years, from 1993 to 1998.

Initial strength of the school in 1992 to 1500.

Q. For which of the following years, the percentage rise / fall in number of students left from the previous year is the highest?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 27 From the graph's inclination, it is clear that the percentage rise / fall is maximum in the year 1997 w.r.t. previous year.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 28

Study the following graph carefully to answer the given questions :

Human Resource Index of an Organisation for the given years.

Q. In which year is the percentage increase the highest from its previous year?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 28 In 1997 Percentage increase from the previous year.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 29

Study the following graph carefully to answer the given questions :

Human Resource Index of an Organisation for the given years.

Q. What is the percentage increase from 1993 to 1999?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 29 Required percentage increase

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 30

Ramesh, Suresh and Mahesh are three people who belong to three different tribes of people. The three tribes are known as knights (those who always speak the truth), Knaves(who always lie) and Alters(those who alternatively speak the truth and lie). Ramesh said that Suresh is not an alter. Mahesh said that Ramesh is an alter.

Who is the Knight?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 30 Since we only have 3 people, we can list down the possible cases. Let T denote the knights, L denote the knaves, and A denotes the alters.

Then possible arrangements are

TLA, TAL, ATL, ALT, LAT, LTA

Ramesh said that Suresh is not an alter, so we can remove the cases TAL and LTA. This is because if Ramesh is a knight then Suresh can not be an alter and if Ramesh is a knave than Suresh is an alter. So we have 4 cases left which are TLA, ATL, ALT, LAT

Mahesh says that Ramesh is an alter, so using this statement we can rule out cases LAT and ATL.

So we have two cases which are left these are TLA and ALT

From these cases, Ramesh can either be a knight or an alter, Suresh is a knave and Mahesh can also be either knight or an alter.

So we cannot determine that who is the knight and who is alter. Hence correct option is cannot be determined.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 31

Study the following graph to answer the given questions: Production of two companies A & B over the years:

Q. For company A, in which year is the percentage increase / decrease in the production from the previous year the highest?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 31 From the graph's slope, it is obvious that the maximum % increase is in the year 1996,1. e., 166.67%
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 32

Study the following graph carefully to answer the given questions :

Human Resource Index of an Organisation for the given years.

Q. What is approximate average for the given years?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 32 Average = (50 + 75 + 70 + 100 + 200 + 200 + 225) / 7 ≈ 130
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 33

Study the following graph carefully to answer the given questions :

Human Resource Index of an Organisation for the given years.

Q. The index in 1998 was what percent of that in 1996?


CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 34

Study the following graph to answer the given questions: Production of two companies A & B over the years:

Q. What is the difference in the total production of the two companies for the given years?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 34 Required difference = 58 - 31 = 2700000
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 35

Study the following graph to answer the given questions: Production of two companies A & B over the years:

For company A, what is the percent decrease in production from 1994 to 1995?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 35 Required percentage decrease

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 36

Which of the following diagrams correctly represents Sea, Island, Mountain

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 36 Island is a part of sea. But, mountain is entirely different.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 37

Which of the following diagrams correctly represents Engineer, Doctor, People

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 37 Both engineer and doctor are people. But, both of them are different from each other.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 38

WYB, XUD, YQF, ...

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 38 Divide each member of series in this way: B D F H and so on (one gap) in ascending order, Y U Q M and so on (three gap) in descending order, WX Y Z and so on (no gap) in ascending order
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 39

On what date of February 2007 did Friday fall?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 39 For this find the day of 1.2.2007

1600 + 400 years has 0 odd days

From 2001 to 2006 there are 1 leap year +5 ordinary years

So number of odd days = 1 × 2 + 5 × 1 = 2 + 5 = 7 = 1 week = 0 odd day

Now from 1.1.2007 to 1.2.2007 number of days = 32 = 4 weeks +4 odd days = 4 odd days

So, total number of odd days =4, so 1.2.2007 will be Thursday

Now Friday will be on 2.2.2007

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 40

Study the following graph carefully to answer these questions:

Annual dividend offered by two companies over the years

Q. An amount of Rs. 18000 was invested in Company A in 1997. After one year the same amount was re-invested for one more year. What was the total dividend received at the end of two years?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 40 Total dividend = 18000 × (20/100 + 15/100) = Rs. 6, 300
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 41

Study the following graph carefully to answer these questions:

Annual dividend offered by two companies over the years

Q. In the year 1999, Suraj invested Rs. 56,000 in Company B. How much more or less dividend would he received has the amount been invested in Company A?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 41 From the graph it is obvious that Suraj will get less dividend in 1999 from company A than from B.

Required less amount = 3% of 56,000 = Rs. 1, 680

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 42

Which of the following diagrams correctly represents Thieves, Criminals, Lawyers

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 42 All thieves are criminals. But, lawyers are entirely different.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 43

Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it :

The number of students who joined and left the school in the beginning of year for six years, from 1993 to 1998.

Initial strength of the school in 1992 = 1500

Q. How many students were there in the school during the year 1996?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 43 No.of students in 1996 = 1550 + (450 - 300) = 1700
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 44

On what dates of April, 2001 did Tuesday fall?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 44

We shall find the day on 1st April, 2001.

1st April, 2001 = (2000 years + Period from 1.1.2001 to 1.4.2001)

Odd days in 1600 years = 0

Odd days in 400 years = 0

Jan. Feb. March April

(31 + 28 + 31 + 1) = 91 days 0 odd days.

Total number of odd days = (0 + 0 + 0) = 0

On 1st April, 2001 it was Sunday.

In April, 2001 Wednesday falls on

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 45

A tank has two pipes connected with it, one inlet and the other an outlet pipe. The outlet pipe can empty the tank in 7 hours, when the inlet pipe is closed. When the tank is full, and the inlet pipe is also open the tank is emptied in 12 hours. If the inlet pipe's inflow into the tank is at the rate of 5 liters per hour, then what is the capacity of the tank?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 45 Let 'c' be the total capacity of the tank.

Thus c/7 equals to the empty rate of the outlet pipe in per hour units.

5 litres/hour is the inflow rate, thus in 12 hours inflow equals 60 litres of inflow of water.

So, to empty the tank in 12 hours, when both the pipes are open, the pipe needs to effectively drain (x + 60) litres of water.

So, we get x/7 = (x + 60)/12

12x = 7x + 420

x = 84

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 46

What is the area of a plane figure bounded by circle centered at origin having radius unity and the points of the lines represented by Max (x, y) = 1 where Max denotes Maximum of the two numbers x & y where x, y > 0?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 46 Since x, y>0 thus we are talking of area in first quadrant only.

By definition the lines max, (x, y) = 1 means x = 1 and y £ 1 or y = 1 and x £ 1

Required area is shaded area as shown in the figure

= Area of square - Area of semicircle = 1 - (π/4) sq. units

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 47

Boto and Saha were drinking at a bar. Boto drinks at a rate of 15 ml/sec, and Saha drinks at a rate of 10 ml/sec. They both drank for 30 seconds. After 30 seconds Saha had to attend a call and could not drink for 20 seconds. Boto drank for 10 seconds alone without Saha's company. For how long in total should Saha drink to match the consumption of Boto?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 47 In total Boto drank for 40 seconds.

Total consumption by Boto = (15 X 40) ml = 600ml

Before the call Saha consumed (30 X 10) ml = 300ml

He needs to consume 300 ml more.

Time taken by Saha = 30 seconds + (300/10) seconds = 60 seconds = 1 minute.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 48

You walk upwards on an upwards moving escalator, with a speed of 1 step/ second. After 50 steps you are at the upper floor. You turn around and run downwards on the same escalator, with a speed of 5 steps/ second. After 125 steps you are back at the bottom landing of the escalator. How many steps are there in the escalator, when it stands still?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 48 Let N = no. of steps in escalator (when escalator is stand-still), and E = Speed of the escalator

When walking upwards on the escalator, Speed = 1 step/ second. Number of steps taken = 50

N / (E + 1) = 50/1... (1)

When walking downwards on the escalator, Speed = 5 step/ second, but now he is running against the direction of the escalator, Number of steps taken = 125

N/ (5 - E) = 125/5 ... (2)

Solving (1) by (2) , we get E = 1 and N = 100 steps.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 49

The interior angles of a polygon are in A.P., such that the smallest angle is 120 degrees, and the common difference is of 5 degrees. Find the number of sides in the polygon?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 49 Sum of the interior angles of a polygon is = (2n - 4)*π/2

or (n - 2) * 180 degrees

Also since the angles are in A.P., sum of the interior angles is (n/2)[2a + (n - 1)d]

= (n/2)[2 * 120 + (n - 1) * 5]

So (n/2)[2 * 120 + (n - 1) * 5] = (n - 2) * 180

or (n/2)[240 + 5n - 5] = (n - 2) * 180

On solving we get 2 possible values of n = 9, 16.

But if n =16, the 16th interior angle will assume a value of 120 +15 * 5 = 195 > 180, which is not possible. Interior angle of a polygon is always less than 180 degrees.

Hence number of sides of the polygon (n) = 9.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 50

What can be the maximum number of acute angles in a heptagon, which has all its interior angles less than 160 degrees?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 50 A heptagon has a total of 7 angles, of which 'x' are acute, and remaining (7 - x) are greater than 90 degrees. The sum of the 7 interior angles is at most 90x. The sum of the angles for a heptagon, with 7 sides is = (2.7 - 4)* 90 = 900 degrees. Thus the sum of the remaining angles is more than (900 - 90x).

But each of the remaining (7 - x) angles, must also be less than 160 degree. Hence the sum of these (7 - x) angles will be less than 160(7 - x).

Thus, we get the following inequality,

900 - 90x < 160(7 - x)

or 70x < 220

or x < 22/7(3.14)

Thus the maximum number of acute angles possible is 3.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 51

The number 1 x 2 x 3... 10 when expressed in base 12 will end with how many zeros?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 51 The number 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 x 7 x 8 x 9 x 10 = 28 x 34 x 52 x 7

Largest power of 12 = 4[ 34 x 28 = 124]

Hence, the number will end with 4 zeros in base 12

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 52

The number of positive integers less than 175 that are relatively prime to 3, 5, 7 is?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 52 The number of positive integers less than 175 that are divisible by 3 = 58 [175/3]

The number of positive integers less than 175 that are divisible by 5 = 34 [175/5]

The number of positive integers less than 175 that are divisible by 7 = 24 [175/7]

Therefore the number of positive integers less than 175 that are relatively prime to 7 = 174 – 24 = 150

The number of positive integers less than 175 that are relatively prime to 5 and 7 = 150 – 34 + 4

[because 35, 70, 105 and 140 are included in the numbers relatively prime to 7] = 120

The number of positive integers less than 175 that are relatively prime to 3, 5 and 7 = 120 – 58 + 8 + 10 [because 21, 42, 63, 84, 105, 126, 147, 168 are included in the numbers relatively prime to 7. And 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 120, 135, 150, 165 are included in relatively prime to 5] = 80

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 53

How many 3 element subsets of set X = {1, 2, 3....20} can be formed such that the product of the 3 numbers in the subset is divisible by 4?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 53 Total number of subsets with 3 elements = 20C3 = 1140

Total number of subsets = total number of subsets where the product of 3 numbers in the subset divisble by 4 + total number of subsets where the products of 3 numbers in the subset is not divisble by 4

We shall find the total number of subsets where the products of 3 numbers in the subset is not divisble by 4

For the given set, product of 3 three numbers is not divisble in 2 cases:

Case 1: when all the three numbers are odd

Case 2: when two numbers are odd and third number is a even number which is not a multple of 4

Case 1: In the given set, there are 10 odd numbers

The number of ways where all the three numbers are odd = 10C3 = 120

Case 2: There are 5 even numbers in the given set which are not multiples of 4.

The number of ways where two numbers are odd and a even number which is not multiple of 4 = 10C2 X 5C1 = 225

Total = 120 + 225 = 345

Hence, the total number of subsets where the product of 3 numbers in the subset divisble by 4 = 1140 – 345 = 795

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 54

How many factors of 840 are multiples of 5 but not of 8?


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 54 840 = 23 x 31 x 51 x 71

The required factor should

not contain 23 and must contain 5.

The numbers of ways of using 2 are 20, 21, 22

The numbers of ways of using 3 are 30, 31

The number of ways of using 5 is 51

The numbers of ways of using 7 are 70, 71

Hence required number of factors = 3 x 2 x 1 x 2 = 12

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 55

The number of groups of three or more distinct numbers that can be chosen from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 so that the groups always include 3 and 5, while 7 and 8 are never included together is


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 55 The possible arrangements are of the form

35 _ Can be chosen in 6 ways.

35 _ _ We can choose 2 out of the remaining 6 in 6C2 = 15 ways. We remove 1 case where 7 and 8 are together to get 14 ways.

35 _ _ _We can choose 3 out of the remaining 6 in 6C3 = 20 ways. We remove 4 cases where 7 and 8 are together to get 16 ways.

35 _ _ _ _We can choose 4 out of the remaining 6 in 6C4 = 15 ways. We remove 6 case where 7 and 8 are together to get 9 ways.

35 _ _ _ _ _ We choose 1 out of 7 and 8 and all the remaining others in 2 ways.

Thus, total number of cases = 6+14+16+9+2 = 47.

Alternatively,

The arrangement requires a selection of 3 or more numbers while including 3 and 5 and 7, 8 are never included together. We have cases including a selection of only 7, only 8 and neither 7 nor 8.

Considering the cases, only 7 is selected.

We can select a maximum of 7 digit numbers. We must select 3, 5, and 7.

Hence we must have ( 3, 5, 7) for the remaining 4 numbers we have

Each of the numbers can either be selected or not selected and we have 4 numbers :

Hence we have _ _ _ _ and 2 possibilities for each and hence a total of 2*2*2*2 = 16 possibilities.

SImilarly, including only 8, we have 16 more possibilities.

Cases including neither 7 nor 8.

We must have 3 and 5 in the group but there must be no 7 and 8 in the group.

Hence we have 3 5 _ _ _ _.

For the 4 blanks, we can have 2 possibilities for either placing a number or not among 1, 2, 4, 6. = 16 possibilities But we must remove the case where neither of the 4 numbers are placed because the number becomes a two-digit number.

Hence 16 - 1 = 15 cases.

Total = 16+15+16 = 47 possibilities

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 56

Amal purchases some pens at ₹ 8 each. To sell these, he hires an employee at a fixed wage. He sells 100 of these pens at ₹ 12 each. If the remaining pens are sold at ₹ 11 each, then he makes a net profit of ₹ 300, while he makes a net loss of ₹ 300 if the remaining pens are sold at ₹ 9 each. The wage of the employee, in INR, is


Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 56 Let the number of pens purchased be n. Then the cost price is 8n. The total expenses incurred would be 8n + W, where W refers to the wage.

Then SP in the first case = 12 × 100 + 11 × (n - 100)

Given profit is 300 in this case: 1200 + 11n - 1100 - 8n - W = 300 ⇒ 3n - W = 200

In second case: 1200+9n-900-8n-W=-300 (Loss). ⇒ W - n = 600.

Adding the two equations: 2n = 800 n = 400.

Thus W = 600 + 400 = 1000

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 57

In a triangle, the lengths of two larger sides are 10 and 9 respectively. If the angles are in A.P., the length of the third side can be

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 57 Let the angles be A, B, and C (A < B < C). Since they arc in A.P. we get 2B = A + C.

Also A + B + C = 180 degrees . So angle B = 60 degrees . So b = 9 and c = 10. Applying Cosine

Rule -

Cos B= (c2 + a2 - b2)/2ca

⇒ 1/2 = (100 - 81 + a2)/20a.

On simplification a = 5±√6

Hence the correct option is (4)

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 58

The school running track has six lanes, each a metre wide. The track is rectangular in shape with curved edges in the form of quarter circle, if the race starts along the straight side of the rectangle, then how far forward should the runner in the outside lane start if the runners are to complete a one lap race fairly? (Take π = 22/7)

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 58

Consider the figure shown below. The six tracks are shown.

It can be clearly seen that the quarter circles at the edges increase the length of a track.

Let us assume the radius of the quarter circle for the first track to be 'r'.

Since the width of the track is 1m so. the radius of the sixth track would be 'r + 6'.

So the difference of the four edges for first and sixth track is, 2πr (r + 6 - r).

Or, it is 12πm. Hence the runner in outside lane should start 12π m ahead.

Hence the correct option is 2.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 59

In triangle ABC, angle ABC is a right angle. The length of segment BD = 8 cm, BE = 6 cm, AE = 10 cm and CD = 10 cm. Find the area of quadrilateral BDOE.

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 59 Let OP and OQ be perpendiculars on AB and BC respectively, and

Let OP = x cm and OQ = y cm. So BQ = x cm CQ = (18-x)cm

And BP = y cm AE = (16-y) cm

Now ∆APO and ∆ABD are similar

Similarly ΔOCQ and ΔECB arc similar

So

Solving these two equations we get

y = OQ = 4cm

area of BEOD = area of ΔBEC - area of ΔCOD

Hence the correct option is (3)

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 60

There is a question statement which is followed by two statements A and B. You have to decide whether the information provided in the two statements is sufficient for answering the question.

What is the sum of square of all the roots of the equation x4 + ax3 + cx2 +dx + e?

(A) e = 89

(B) All the roots are integers.

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 60 Clearly individual statements alone are not sufficient. Combining both we observe that the product of all the roots is 89. Also roots are integers and 89 is prime number hence one of the root will surely be 89 and rest of the four roots will be 1 or -1. Therefore sum of squares of all the roots = 892 + 4x12 = 7925.
CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 61

The Simple Interest on a particular sum of money when invested for 4 years at 7% per annum is thrice the Compound Interest generated on Rs. 1800, when invested for 2 years at 10% per annum. Find the amount that was invested in the Simple Interest scheme.

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 61 CI = 1800(1.1)2 - 1800 = 2178 - 1800 = 378

SI = P*4*7/100 = 0.28P = 378*3 = 1134

Principal = 1134/0.28 = Rs. 4050

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 62

Find the ratio of the compound interest received on a certain principal, if parked for 4 years at 12% p.a. rate of interest, compounded half yearly to the simple interest that can be received if the same sum is invested for 6 years at 9% per annum

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 62 Let the Principal amount be P

CI = P (1+ 0.06)8 - P (4 years constitute 8 half year periods)

= P [(1.06)8 - 1]

= P [1.5938 - 1] = P*0.5938

SI = (P * 9 * 6)/ 100 = 0.54P

Ratio= 0.5938P/0.54P = 0.5938/0.54 = 1.1

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 63

A family has 4 earning members P, Q, R, S. In 2011 their respective shares in the total income was 25%, 35%, 10%, 30% respectively. They spend 40% of the total income and save the remaining. In 2012 P's salary went up by 20%, Q's salary increased 20% and R's salary decreased by 10% and S's salary decreased by 20%. In 2012 what percent of total family income should they spend to save same amount as in 2011?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 63 Let the total salary of the family be 100

In 2011 the family saved = 100 - 40 = 60

Total income in 2012 = (25*1.2) + (35*1.2) + (10*0.9) + (30*0.8) = 105

In order to save 60, they have to spend = 105 - 60 = 45.

Required % = 45/105 * 100 = 200/7 = 42.8%

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 64

Consider two numbers

N1 = 1! x 2! x 3! x ..... x 100!

N2 = 1 + 2 + 3 +..+500

And, k = N1/N2

Which of the following number should be multiplied with K so as to yield an integral value?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 64 The given three numbers are,

N1 = 11 × 21 × 31 × 1001

N2 = 1 + 2 + 3 + …+ 500

And,

k = n1/N2

= 167 × 3 × 25 × 10. Here, 3 × 25 × 10 will be cut off when N2 divides N1. As 167 is a prime, 100! will not have any multiple of 167 and hence K should multiplied by 167 or a multiple of 167 to yield an integral value. Thus the correct option is 3

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 65

Four octagonal die (each having faces 1-8) are thrown together. What is the total number of ways in which the sum of the numbers obtained on the dice is 25?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 65 Let the four die yield values of a, b, c and d.

Thus a + b + c + d = 25

Now let us take the complement of the values obtained in each throw, such that we subtract the value obtained from the maximum value, which is 8.

Thus we get (8 - a') + (8 - b') + (8 - c') + (8 - d') = 25

or a' + b' + c' + d' = 7

Where a', b', c', d' ≤ 8

Thus number of ways of arranging is (n + r - 1)C(r - 1) = (7 + 4 - 1)C(4 - 1) = 10C3 = 120.

CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 66

Which of the following is a perfect square?

Detailed Solution for CAT Mock Test - 14 (09/10/2022) - Question 66 The digital sum of a perfect square is always 1, 4, 7 or 9.

Take option(a)158357036

Digital sum = 1 + 5 + 8 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 0 + 3 + 6 = 38 = 3 + 8 = 11 = 1 + 1 = 2

Take option(b)488200049

Digital sum = 4 + 8 + 8 + 2 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 4 + 9 = 35 = 3 + 5 = 8

Take option (c) 4841654724

Digital sum = 4 + 8 + 4 + 1 + 6 + 5 + 4 + 7 + 2 + 4 = 45 = 4 + 5 = 9

Take option (d) 1984314334

Digital sum = 1 + 9 + 8 + 4 + 3 + 1 + 4 + 4 + 3 + 4 = 41 = 4 + 1 = 5

Hence option (c)

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