CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017


200 Questions MCQ Test CLAT Past Year Papers (2008-2019) | CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017


Description
This mock test of CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017 for CLAT helps you for every CLAT entrance exam. This contains 200 Multiple Choice Questions for CLAT CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. CLAT students definitely take this CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other CLAT - Past Year Paper 2017 extra questions, long questions & short questions for CLAT on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

Q.  
We shall fail _______ we are industrious.

Solution: Because the word unless is used to introduce only circumstances in which an event you are mentioning will not take place hindi meaning is "yadi nhi" until means "jab tk " applying this word in above sentence seems unfit though means "yadapi" or inspite of something y bhi sentence m perfect nhi lg rha trust your ear by placing this word in blank repeat 2 3 times you will get perfect and suitable answer which is "unless"
QUESTION: 2

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

She stood ______ Amit, but could not utter a single word for quite some time.

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

Kanak is endowed _______ many great qualities.

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

The minister flew ______ the flooded areas in a helicopter.

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

You have played a great role, for _______ your help I possibly would have landed myself into a problem.

Solution: Here, without means - not havingAlthough means - in spite of the fact; evenDespite means - without being affected byAfter means - laterPretty sure option 'B' and 'D' can not fill the gap
If we use despite it will present a sassy behaviour, so 'without' is correct option 'A'
QUESTION: 6

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

The doctor advised him to go ______ several medical tests.

Solution:

C is the correct option.First,we always go "through" medical tests,for obvious reasons this one is right.
There is no any chance of "about" and "into" to be true as they aren't making sense at all and "under" is used for something below.So the appropriate answer must be through.

QUESTION: 7

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

Would anybody ______ a mother have risked her life for the baby?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

The passengers were very happy _______ the friendly and warm treatment.

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

If they want to succeed, they ______ have to work very hard.

Solution: Will is the correct answer, because it is type one condition of if sentences in these type of sentences we use simple present In the if clause and simple Future in result clause..
QUESTION: 10

Direction : Fill in the blank by choosing the most appropriate option.

Sunita decided to set ______ some time every day for prayers.

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Direction for Questions (11 – 15) : Read the given passage carefully and choose the most appropriate option to the questions given below.

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s as a component of the Uruguay Round negotiation. However, it could have been negotiated as part of the Tokyo Round of the 1970s, since negotiation was an attempt at a ‘constitutional reform’ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Or it could have been put off to the future, as the US government wanted. What factors led to the creation of the WTO in the early 1990s? One factor was the pattern of multilateral bargaining that developed late in the Uruguay Round. Like all complex international agreements, the WTO was a product of a series of trade-offs between principal actors and groups. For the United States, which did not want a new organization, the disputed settlement part of the WTO package achieved its longstanding goal of a more effective and more legal dispute settlement system. For the Europeans, who by the 1990s had come to view GATT dispute settlement less in political terms add more as a regime of legal obligations, the WTO package was acceptable as a means to discipline the resort to unilateral measures by the United States. Countries like Canada and other middle and smaller trading partners were attracted by the expansion of a rule-based system and by the symbolic value of a trade organization, both of which inherently support the weak against the strong. The developing countries were attracted due to the provisions banning unilateral measures. Finally, and perhaps most important, many countries at the Uruguay Round came to put a higher priority on the export gains than on the import losses that the negotiation would produce, and they came to associate the WTO and a rule-based system with those gains. This reasoning – replicated in many countries – was contained in U. S. Ambassador Kantor’s defence of the WTO, and it announced to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rule-based environment. A second factor in the creation of the WTO was pressure from lawyers and the legal process. The dispute settlement system of the WTO was seen as a victory of legalists but the matter went deeper than that. The GATT, and the WTO, are contract organizations based on rules, and it is inevitable that an organization creating a further rule will in turn be influenced by legal process. Robert Hudee has written of the ‘momentum of legal development’, but what is this precisely? Legal development can be defined as promotion of the technical legal values of consistency, clarity (or certainty) and effectiveness; these are values that those responsible for administering any legal system will seek to maximize. As it played out in the WTO, consistency meant integrating under one roof the whole lot of separate agreements signed under GATT auspices; clarity meant removing ambiguities about the powers of contracting parties to make certain decisions or to undertake waivers; and effectiveness meant eliminating exceptions arising out of grandfather-rights and resolving defects in dispute settlement procedures and institutional provisions. Concern for these values is inherent in any rule-based system of co-operation, since without these value rules would be meaningless in the first place, therefore, create their own incentive for fulfilment. The moment of legal development has occurred in other institutions besides the GATT, most notably in the European Union (EU). Over the past two decades the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has consistently rendered decisions that have expanded incrementally the EU’s internal market, in which the doctrine of ‘mutual recognition’ handed down in Cassis de Dijon case in 1979 was a key turning point. The court is now widely recognized as a major player in European integration, even though arguably such a strong role was not originally envisaged in the Treaty of Rome, which initiated the current European Union. One means the Court used to expand integration was the ‘teleological method of interpretation’, whereby the actions of member states were evaluated against ‘the accomplishment of the most elementary goals set forth in the Preamble to the (Rome) treaty. The teleological method represents an effort to keep current policies consistent with slated goals, and it is analogous to the effort in GATT to keep contracting party trade practices consistent with slated rules. In both cases legal concerns and procedures are an independent force for further co-operation.
In the large part the WTO was an exercise in consolidation. In the context of a trade negotiation that created a near-revolutionary expansion of international trade rules, the formation of the WTO was a deeply conservative act needed to ensure that the benefits of the new rules would not be lost. The WTO was all about institutional structure and dispute settlement: these are the concerns of conservatives and not revolutionaries, that is why lawyers and legalists took the lead on these issues. The WTO codified the GATT institutional practice that had developed by custom over three decades, and it incorporated a new dispute settlement system that was necessary to keep both old and new rules from becoming a sham. Both the international structure and the dispute settlement system were necessary to preserve and enhance the integrity of the multilateral trade regime that had been built incrementally from the 1940s to the 1990s.

Q.

In the statement ‘... it amounted to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rule-based environment’, it refers to:

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s as a component of the Uruguay Round negotiation. However, it could have been negotiated as part of the Tokyo Round of the 1970s, since negotiation was an attempt at a ‘constitutional reform’ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Or it could have been put off to the future, as the US government wanted. What factors led to the creation of the WTO in the early 1990s? One factor was the pattern of multilateral bargaining that developed late in the Uruguay Round. Like all complex international agreements, the WTO was a product of a series of trade-offs between principal actors and groups. For the United States, which did not want a new organization, the disputed settlement part of the WTO package achieved its longstanding goal of a more effective and more legal dispute settlement system. For the Europeans, who by the 1990s had come to view GATT dispute settlement less in political terms add more as a regime of legal obligations, the WTO package was acceptable as a means to discipline the resort to unilateral measures by the United States. Countries like Canada and other middle and smaller trading partners were attracted by the expansion of a rule-based system and by the symbolic value of a trade organization, both of which inherently support the weak against the strong. The developing countries were attracted due to the provisions banning unilateral measures. Finally, and perhaps most important, many countries at the Uruguay Round came to put a higher priority on the export gains than on the import losses that the negotiation would produce, and they came to associate the WTO and a rule-based system with those gains. This reasoning – replicated in many countries – was contained in U. S. Ambassador Kantor’s defence of the WTO, and it announced to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rule-based environment. A second factor in the creation of the WTO was pressure from lawyers and the legal process. The dispute settlement system of the WTO was seen as a victory of legalists but the matter went deeper than that. The GATT, and the WTO, are contract organizations based on rules, and it is inevitable that an organization creating a further rule will in turn be influenced by legal process. Robert Hudee has written of the ‘momentum of legal development’, but what is this precisely? Legal development can be defined as promotion of the technical legal values of consistency, clarity (or certainty) and effectiveness; these are values that those responsible for administering any legal system will seek to maximize. As it played out in the WTO, consistency meant integrating under one roof the whole lot of separate agreements signed under GATT auspices; clarity meant removing ambiguities about the powers of contracting parties to make certain decisions or to undertake waivers; and effectiveness meant eliminating exceptions arising out of grandfather-rights and resolving defects in dispute settlement procedures and institutional provisions. Concern for these values is inherent in any rule-based system of co-operation, since without these value rules would be meaningless in the first place, therefore, create their own incentive for fulfilment. The moment of legal development has occurred in other institutions besides the GATT, most notably in the European Union (EU). Over the past two decades the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has consistently rendered decisions that have expanded incrementally the EU’s internal market, in which the doctrine of ‘mutual recognition’ handed down in Cassis de Dijon case in 1979 was a key turning point. The court is now widely recognized as a major player in European integration, even though arguably such a strong role was not originally envisaged in the Treaty of Rome, which initiated the current European Union. One means the Court used to expand integration was the ‘teleological method of interpretation’, whereby the actions of member states were evaluated against ‘the accomplishment of the most elementary goals set forth in the Preamble to the (Rome) treaty. The teleological method represents an effort to keep current policies consistent with slated goals, and it is analogous to the effort in GATT to keep contracting party trade practices consistent with slated rules. In both cases legal concerns and procedures are an independent force for further co-operation.
In the large part the WTO was an exercise in consolidation. In the context of a trade negotiation that created a near-revolutionary expansion of international trade rules, the formation of the WTO was a deeply conservative act needed to ensure that the benefits of the new rules would not be lost. The WTO was all about institutional structure and dispute settlement: these are the concerns of conservatives and not revolutionaries, that is why lawyers and legalists took the lead on these issues. The WTO codified the GATT institutional practice that had developed by custom over three decades, and it incorporated a new dispute settlement system that was necessary to keep both old and new rules from becoming a sham. Both the international structure and the dispute settlement system were necessary to preserve and enhance the integrity of the multilateral trade regime that had been built incrementally from the 1940s to the 1990s.

Q. 

What would be the closest reason why WTO was not formed in 1970s?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s as a component of the Uruguay Round negotiation. However, it could have been negotiated as part of the Tokyo Round of the 1970s, since negotiation was an attempt at a ‘constitutional reform’ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Or it could have been put off to the future, as the US government wanted. What factors led to the creation of the WTO in the early 1990s? One factor was the pattern of multilateral bargaining that developed late in the Uruguay Round. Like all complex international agreements, the WTO was a product of a series of trade-offs between principal actors and groups. For the United States, which did not want a new organization, the disputed settlement part of the WTO package achieved its longstanding goal of a more effective and more legal dispute settlement system. For the Europeans, who by the 1990s had come to view GATT dispute settlement less in political terms add more as a regime of legal obligations, the WTO package was acceptable as a means to discipline the resort to unilateral measures by the United States. Countries like Canada and other middle and smaller trading partners were attracted by the expansion of a rule-based system and by the symbolic value of a trade organization, both of which inherently support the weak against the strong. The developing countries were attracted due to the provisions banning unilateral measures. Finally, and perhaps most important, many countries at the Uruguay Round came to put a higher priority on the export gains than on the import losses that the negotiation would produce, and they came to associate the WTO and a rule-based system with those gains. This reasoning – replicated in many countries – was contained in U. S. Ambassador Kantor’s defence of the WTO, and it announced to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rule-based environment. A second factor in the creation of the WTO was pressure from lawyers and the legal process. The dispute settlement system of the WTO was seen as a victory of legalists but the matter went deeper than that. The GATT, and the WTO, are contract organizations based on rules, and it is inevitable that an organization creating a further rule will in turn be influenced by legal process. Robert Hudee has written of the ‘momentum of legal development’, but what is this precisely? Legal development can be defined as promotion of the technical legal values of consistency, clarity (or certainty) and effectiveness; these are values that those responsible for administering any legal system will seek to maximize. As it played out in the WTO, consistency meant integrating under one roof the whole lot of separate agreements signed under GATT auspices; clarity meant removing ambiguities about the powers of contracting parties to make certain decisions or to undertake waivers; and effectiveness meant eliminating exceptions arising out of grandfather-rights and resolving defects in dispute settlement procedures and institutional provisions. Concern for these values is inherent in any rule-based system of co-operation, since without these value rules would be meaningless in the first place, therefore, create their own incentive for fulfilment. The moment of legal development has occurred in other institutions besides the GATT, most notably in the European Union (EU). Over the past two decades the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has consistently rendered decisions that have expanded incrementally the EU’s internal market, in which the doctrine of ‘mutual recognition’ handed down in Cassis de Dijon case in 1979 was a key turning point. The court is now widely recognized as a major player in European integration, even though arguably such a strong role was not originally envisaged in the Treaty of Rome, which initiated the current European Union. One means the Court used to expand integration was the ‘teleological method of interpretation’, whereby the actions of member states were evaluated against ‘the accomplishment of the most elementary goals set forth in the Preamble to the (Rome) treaty. The teleological method represents an effort to keep current policies consistent with slated goals, and it is analogous to the effort in GATT to keep contracting party trade practices consistent with slated rules. In both cases legal concerns and procedures are an independent force for further co-operation.
In the large part the WTO was an exercise in consolidation. In the context of a trade negotiation that created a near-revolutionary expansion of international trade rules, the formation of the WTO was a deeply conservative act needed to ensure that the benefits of the new rules would not be lost. The WTO was all about institutional structure and dispute settlement: these are the concerns of conservatives and not revolutionaries, that is why lawyers and legalists took the lead on these issues. The WTO codified the GATT institutional practice that had developed by custom over three decades, and it incorporated a new dispute settlement system that was necessary to keep both old and new rules from becoming a sham. Both the international structure and the dispute settlement system were necessary to preserve and enhance the integrity of the multilateral trade regime that had been built incrementally from the 1940s to the 1990s.

Q. 

In the method of interpretation of the European Court of Justice:

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s as a component of the Uruguay Round negotiation. However, it could have been negotiated as part of the Tokyo Round of the 1970s, since negotiation was an attempt at a ‘constitutional reform’ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Or it could have been put off to the future, as the US government wanted. What factors led to the creation of the WTO in the early 1990s? One factor was the pattern of multilateral bargaining that developed late in the Uruguay Round. Like all complex international agreements, the WTO was a product of a series of trade-offs between principal actors and groups. For the United States, which did not want a new organization, the disputed settlement part of the WTO package achieved its longstanding goal of a more effective and more legal dispute settlement system. For the Europeans, who by the 1990s had come to view GATT dispute settlement less in political terms add more as a regime of legal obligations, the WTO package was acceptable as a means to discipline the resort to unilateral measures by the United States. Countries like Canada and other middle and smaller trading partners were attracted by the expansion of a rule-based system and by the symbolic value of a trade organization, both of which inherently support the weak against the strong. The developing countries were attracted due to the provisions banning unilateral measures. Finally, and perhaps most important, many countries at the Uruguay Round came to put a higher priority on the export gains than on the import losses that the negotiation would produce, and they came to associate the WTO and a rule-based system with those gains. This reasoning – replicated in many countries – was contained in U. S. Ambassador Kantor’s defence of the WTO, and it announced to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rule-based environment. A second factor in the creation of the WTO was pressure from lawyers and the legal process. The dispute settlement system of the WTO was seen as a victory of legalists but the matter went deeper than that. The GATT, and the WTO, are contract organizations based on rules, and it is inevitable that an organization creating a further rule will in turn be influenced by legal process. Robert Hudee has written of the ‘momentum of legal development’, but what is this precisely? Legal development can be defined as promotion of the technical legal values of consistency, clarity (or certainty) and effectiveness; these are values that those responsible for administering any legal system will seek to maximize. As it played out in the WTO, consistency meant integrating under one roof the whole lot of separate agreements signed under GATT auspices; clarity meant removing ambiguities about the powers of contracting parties to make certain decisions or to undertake waivers; and effectiveness meant eliminating exceptions arising out of grandfather-rights and resolving defects in dispute settlement procedures and institutional provisions. Concern for these values is inherent in any rule-based system of co-operation, since without these value rules would be meaningless in the first place, therefore, create their own incentive for fulfilment. The moment of legal development has occurred in other institutions besides the GATT, most notably in the European Union (EU). Over the past two decades the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has consistently rendered decisions that have expanded incrementally the EU’s internal market, in which the doctrine of ‘mutual recognition’ handed down in Cassis de Dijon case in 1979 was a key turning point. The court is now widely recognized as a major player in European integration, even though arguably such a strong role was not originally envisaged in the Treaty of Rome, which initiated the current European Union. One means the Court used to expand integration was the ‘teleological method of interpretation’, whereby the actions of member states were evaluated against ‘the accomplishment of the most elementary goals set forth in the Preamble to the (Rome) treaty. The teleological method represents an effort to keep current policies consistent with slated goals, and it is analogous to the effort in GATT to keep contracting party trade practices consistent with slated rules. In both cases legal concerns and procedures are an independent force for further co-operation.
In the large part the WTO was an exercise in consolidation. In the context of a trade negotiation that created a near-revolutionary expansion of international trade rules, the formation of the WTO was a deeply conservative act needed to ensure that the benefits of the new rules would not be lost. The WTO was all about institutional structure and dispute settlement: these are the concerns of conservatives and not revolutionaries, that is why lawyers and legalists took the lead on these issues. The WTO codified the GATT institutional practice that had developed by custom over three decades, and it incorporated a new dispute settlement system that was necessary to keep both old and new rules from becoming a sham. Both the international structure and the dispute settlement system were necessary to preserve and enhance the integrity of the multilateral trade regime that had been built incrementally from the 1940s to the 1990s.

Q. 

According to the passage, WTO promoted the technical legal values partly through.

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was created in the early 1990s as a component of the Uruguay Round negotiation. However, it could have been negotiated as part of the Tokyo Round of the 1970s, since negotiation was an attempt at a ‘constitutional reform’ of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Or it could have been put off to the future, as the US government wanted. What factors led to the creation of the WTO in the early 1990s? One factor was the pattern of multilateral bargaining that developed late in the Uruguay Round. Like all complex international agreements, the WTO was a product of a series of trade-offs between principal actors and groups. For the United States, which did not want a new organization, the disputed settlement part of the WTO package achieved its longstanding goal of a more effective and more legal dispute settlement system. For the Europeans, who by the 1990s had come to view GATT dispute settlement less in political terms add more as a regime of legal obligations, the WTO package was acceptable as a means to discipline the resort to unilateral measures by the United States. Countries like Canada and other middle and smaller trading partners were attracted by the expansion of a rule-based system and by the symbolic value of a trade organization, both of which inherently support the weak against the strong. The developing countries were attracted due to the provisions banning unilateral measures. Finally, and perhaps most important, many countries at the Uruguay Round came to put a higher priority on the export gains than on the import losses that the negotiation would produce, and they came to associate the WTO and a rule-based system with those gains. This reasoning – replicated in many countries – was contained in U. S. Ambassador Kantor’s defence of the WTO, and it announced to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rule-based environment. A second factor in the creation of the WTO was pressure from lawyers and the legal process. The dispute settlement system of the WTO was seen as a victory of legalists but the matter went deeper than that. The GATT, and the WTO, are contract organizations based on rules, and it is inevitable that an organization creating a further rule will in turn be influenced by legal process. Robert Hudee has written of the ‘momentum of legal development’, but what is this precisely? Legal development can be defined as promotion of the technical legal values of consistency, clarity (or certainty) and effectiveness; these are values that those responsible for administering any legal system will seek to maximize. As it played out in the WTO, consistency meant integrating under one roof the whole lot of separate agreements signed under GATT auspices; clarity meant removing ambiguities about the powers of contracting parties to make certain decisions or to undertake waivers; and effectiveness meant eliminating exceptions arising out of grandfather-rights and resolving defects in dispute settlement procedures and institutional provisions. Concern for these values is inherent in any rule-based system of co-operation, since without these value rules would be meaningless in the first place, therefore, create their own incentive for fulfilment. The moment of legal development has occurred in other institutions besides the GATT, most notably in the European Union (EU). Over the past two decades the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has consistently rendered decisions that have expanded incrementally the EU’s internal market, in which the doctrine of ‘mutual recognition’ handed down in Cassis de Dijon case in 1979 was a key turning point. The court is now widely recognized as a major player in European integration, even though arguably such a strong role was not originally envisaged in the Treaty of Rome, which initiated the current European Union. One means the Court used to expand integration was the ‘teleological method of interpretation’, whereby the actions of member states were evaluated against ‘the accomplishment of the most elementary goals set forth in the Preamble to the (Rome) treaty. The teleological method represents an effort to keep current policies consistent with slated goals, and it is analogous to the effort in GATT to keep contracting party trade practices consistent with slated rules. In both cases legal concerns and procedures are an independent force for further co-operation.
In the large part the WTO was an exercise in consolidation. In the context of a trade negotiation that created a near-revolutionary expansion of international trade rules, the formation of the WTO was a deeply conservative act needed to ensure that the benefits of the new rules would not be lost. The WTO was all about institutional structure and dispute settlement: these are the concerns of conservatives and not revolutionaries, that is why lawyers and legalists took the lead on these issues. The WTO codified the GATT institutional practice that had developed by custom over three decades, and it incorporated a new dispute settlement system that was necessary to keep both old and new rules from becoming a sham. Both the international structure and the dispute settlement system were necessary to preserve and enhance the integrity of the multilateral trade regime that had been built incrementally from the 1940s to the 1990s.

Q. 

The most likely reason for the acceptance of the WTO package by nations was that:

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Direction : In each of the following sentences, some part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence, you will find four ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the most appropriate option given in each of the sentences given below that is the best version than the underlined part of the sentence.

Q. 

Two valence states of uranium, one with a deficit of four electrons and the other one with a deficit of six occurs in nature and contributes to the diversity of uranium’s behaviour.

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Direction : In each of the following sentences, some part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence, you will find four ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the most appropriate option given in each of the sentences given below that is the best version than the underlined part of the sentence.

Q.

Initiative and referendum, is a procedure that allows voters to propose and pass laws as well as to repeal them.

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Direction : In each of the following sentences, some part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence, you will find four ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the most appropriate option given in each of the sentences given below that is the best version than the underlined part of the sentence.

Q.

Plausible though it sounds, the weakness of the hypothesis is that it does not incorporate all relevant facts.

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Direction : In each of the following sentences, some part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence, you will find four ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the most appropriate option given in each of the sentences given below that is the best version than the underlined part of the sentence.

Q.

Many of them chiselled from solid rock centuries ago the mountainous regions are dotted with hundreds of monasteries:

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Direction : In each of the following sentences, some part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence, you will find four ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the most appropriate option given in each of the sentences given below that is the best version than the underlined part of the sentence.

Q.

During her lecture, the speaker tried to clarify directional terms, for not everyone in attendance was knowledgeable that winds are designed by the direction from which they come.

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution: Interrogation (also called questioning) is interviewing as commonly employed by law enforcement officers, military personnel, and intelligence agencies with the goal of eliciting useful information. Interrogation may involve a diverse array of techniques, ranging from developing a rapport with the subject to outright torture.
QUESTION: 28

Choose the correct spellings in options given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

Choose the correct spellings in options given below

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Choose the correct spellings in options given below

Solution: A moratorium is a delay or suspension of an activity or a law. In a legal context, it may refer to the temporary suspension of a law to allow a legal challenge to be carried out.
QUESTION: 31

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

Q. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 32

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

Solution:
QUESTION: 33

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

Solution:
QUESTION: 34

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

Solution:
QUESTION: 35

In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part

 

Solution: At this stage of civilisation, when many nations are brought in to close and vital contact for good and evil, it is essential, as never before, that their gross ignorance of one another should be diminished, that they should begin to understand a little of one another's historical experience and resulting mentality. It is the fault of the English to expect the people of other countries to react as they do, to political and international situations. Our genuine goodwill and good intentions are often brought to nothing, because we expect other people to be like us. This would be corrected if we knew the history, not necessarily in detail but in broad outlines, of the social and political conditions which have given to each nation its present character.
QUESTION: 36

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

 

Solution:
QUESTION: 37

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

 

Solution:
QUESTION: 38

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.
 

Solution: Instead of may, could should be in the sentence
QUESTION: 39

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

 

Solution:
QUESTION: 40

Directions : In each of the following sentences four words or phrases are underlined. If there is any mistake with regard to grammar or usage, it is in the underlined part only. Identify the incorrect part.

Solution:
QUESTION: 41

Direction : Choose the most appropriate option.

Q. 

Juno is the name of a:

Solution: Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting the planet Jupiter. It was built by Lockheed Martin and is operated by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on August 5, 2011 (UTC), as part of the New Frontiers program,[6] and entered a polar orbit of Jupiter on July 5, 2016 (UTC), to begin a scientific investigation of the planet.After completing its mission, Juno will be intentionally deorbited into Jupiter's atmosphere
QUESTION: 42

Who has been selected for 2016 BC Roy Award?

Solution: Dr P Raghu Ram, President of Association of Breast Surgeons of India (ABSI), has been selected for the prestigious 2016 Dr B C Roy National award for outstanding service in the eld of socio-medical relief. This is the highest award that is bestowed upon a Medical person practicing in India & would be conferred by Hon’ble President of India on July 1, 2017 on Doctors’ Day. It is claimed that he is the youngest surgeon ever from the Telugu states (Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) to have been selected for this award. The award recognises DrRam’s signicant contribution towards improving the delivery of breast health care in India and equally creating the much needed awareness about importance of early detection of breast cancer in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh through a number of initiatives
QUESTION: 43

The first country to have announced euthanasia of a child is:

Solution: The country's parliament passed a bill legalizing euthanasia on 20 February 2008 in the first reading with 30 of 59 votes in favour. On 19 March 2009, the bill passed the second reading, making Luxembourg the third European Union country, after the Netherlands and Belgium, to decriminalise euthanasia.
QUESTION: 44

The Japanese Prime Minister who offered ‘sincere and everlasting condolences’ to the people of the United States for killing more than 2,400 soldiers in the attack on Pearl harbour was:

Solution:
Japanese PM Shinzo Abe has visited the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, where he offered "sincere and everlasting condolences" to the victims of Japan's attack on the base 75 years ago.
"We must never repeat the horrors of war again, this is the solemn vow the people of Japan have taken," he said.
Mr Abe was accompanied by US President Barack Obama, making the visit the first by the leaders of both countries.
Japan devastated much of the base, killing more than 2,400 Americans.

QUESTION: 45

In terms of steel production in the world during 2015 – 2016, India stood at:

Solution:
QUESTION: 46

According to the Survey Report released by Transparency International during March 2017 on India, the most corrupt are

Solution:
India was ranked 81st among 180 countries in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2017 released by NGO
Transparency International. India has dropped by two ranks from 79th slot in CPI 2016. It scored 40 on the scale
CPI ranks countries on a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean) based on their perceived levels of corruption in the public sector. The index is compiled by using data of World Bank, World Economic Forum (WEF) and other institutions
QUESTION: 47

Among the following who was crowned as ‘Miss Supernational’ during 2016?

Solution: Mangaluru girl Srinidhi Shetty was crowned Miss Supranational 2016 at a grand ceremony in Krynica Zdroj, Poland on Friday. She also won the title of Miss Asia-Oceania. Venezuela's Valeria Vespoli was placed second followed by Suriname's Jaleesa Pigot.
QUESTION: 48

Japan is threatening to drag India to W.T.O on issues relating to the export of its:

Solution:
QUESTION: 49

COIN, a software programme developed by J. P. Morgan supports:

Solution:

D is the correct option. a software programme developed by J. P. Morgan -It was called Coin and is based on blockchain-based technology. It will enable instantaneous transfer of payments between institutional clients.

QUESTION: 50

Which of the following country enacted a law during August 2016 providing for the right to register the marriages of Hindus?

Solution:
QUESTION: 51

The first elected civilian President in Myanmar is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 52

Among the following professors of Indian origin who has received Knighthood for the work as a co-inventor of next generation DNA Sequencing called Solexa Sequencing is?

Solution: Mr. Shankar Balasubramanian is an India origin British professor of Chemistry and DNA expert at Cambridge University.He got Knighthood for the work as a co-inventor if next gen.DNA sequencing described as the most transformational advance in biology and medicine for decades. Solexa sequencing ---It is an individual genome to be sequenced in a day or two at a cost of less than 1,000 pounds.Sequencing the human genome took years of work and cost billions
QUESTION: 53

Which court has stayed the execution of death sentence of Kulbhushan Jadhav in May 2017?

Solution:
QUESTION: 54

World’s longest rail tunnel is about:

Solution: The new Gotthard Base Tunnel is the longest rail tunnel in the world at 57km and is emblematic of Switzerland's pioneering spirit which remains bright even 100 years after the construction of the Gotthard mountain route. Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) is proud to operate the longest railway tunnel in the world.
QUESTION: 55

The Hubble telescope of NASA is located in

Solution: Edwin Hubble, for whom the Hubble Telescope is named, used the largest telescope of his day in the 1920s at the Mt. Wilson Observatory near Pasadena, Calif., to discover galaxies beyond our own. Hubble, the observatory, is the first major optical telescope to be placed in space, the ultimate mountaintop.
QUESTION: 56

The first Commercial Court and Commercial Disputes Resolution Centre was inaugurated at

Solution:

B is the correct option.India's first Commercial Court and Commercial Disputes Resolution Centre has been opened at Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh.

QUESTION: 57

As on 31st January 2016, the highest number of law colleges were present in:

Solution:
QUESTION: 58

The bowler who has claimed the fastest 250 wickets in Cricket test matches is:

Solution:

A is the correct option.Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest bowler to reach 250 wickets in Tests.
The Indian spinner surpassed Australian legend Dennis Lillee's record by taking just 45 matches to reach the landmark. He achieved the milestone in his 37th Test match.

QUESTION: 59

The top destination for domestic tourists in India for the past three consecutive years has been:

Solution:

A is the correct option.Tamil Nadu bagged the top spot as the country's most popular tourist destination among foreign and domestic tourists for the past three consecutive years.
The majority of the tourists are from Bangladesh followed by the US and the UK.

QUESTION: 60

Name the President elect of France who is likely to take the oath on 14 May 2017.

Solution:
QUESTION: 61

With the development of Terahertz (THz) transmitter, it is expected to be faster than 5G mobile networks by:

Solution:

B is the correct option. Scientists from Japan have developed terahertz (THz) transmitter technology, a next generation system which can transmit digital data over 10 times faster than 5G mobile networks.

QUESTION: 62

India’s third largest trading partner during 2016 is

Solution:
QUESTION: 63

The first country in the world to have begun shutting down the entire Frequency Modulation (FM) radio network to be replaced by Digital Audio Broadcasting is:

Solution:

A is the correct option.Norway  became the first country in the world to begin shutting down its entire FM (Frequency Modulation) radio network and replacing it with digital radio — a move that is being closely monitored by other European nations.

QUESTION: 64

The Happiness Index Department or a Wing has been established in the states of:

Solution:

B is the correct option.Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have become the first Indian states to set up ‘Happiness Department’. The new department will work to ensure happiness in the lives of common people on the lines of Bhutan. It will map and define parameters of happiness and efficiency and would chalk out directives/guidelines for coordination between departments in the direction of spreading happiness in the state. Bhutan is the only country in the world that measures its progress through the Gross Happiness Index (GHI).

QUESTION: 65

Volvo has launched the world’s largest bus that can carry up to:

Solution:

C is the correct option.Volvo had launched the world's largest bus chassis at the FetransRio exhibition in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Volvo is a leading supplier of buses for high passenger capacity transport systems, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). The new biarticulated chassis, Gran Artic 300, is 30 meter and can carry up to 300 passengers.

QUESTION: 66

Donald Trump is _____________ President of the United States.

Solution: Donald John Trump is the 45th President of the United States of America. Don't have any explanation to it.
QUESTION: 67

The 2016 Nobel Peace Prize was won by the President of :

Solution: 2016 Nobel Peace Prize. The 2016 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the President of Colombia Juan Manuel Santos "for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people."
QUESTION: 68

The World Bank has cut India’s GDP growth for 2016 – 2017 to:

Solution: World Bank has reduced its India GDP growth forecast to 7% for 2017-18 from 7.2%, blaming disruptions caused by demonetisation and GST
QUESTION: 69

Solar Impulse–2 is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 70

The Union Cabinet has recently approved the setting up of a Permanent Tribunal for resolving:

Solution:
QUESTION: 71

Which country 3D – Printed a home of 37 sq.mts?

Solution:

C is the correct option. The 37 sq mts 3 D printed home is in Russia. World first family to live in a 3-D printed home is a French family.

QUESTION: 72

'World’s longest-all women Non-stop flight’ from New Delhi to San Francisco covering 14,500 kms was operated by:

Solution:
Air India on Monday said it flew the “world’s longest” all-women-operated flight from Delhi to San Francisco.
The flight, which travelled a distance of around 14,500 kilometre in close to 17 hours, was operated as part of International Women’s Day celebrations.
The non-stop Delhi-San Francisco flight took off from the national capital on March 6.
“This year for the first time, on the world’s longest non-stop flight, entire flight operations from cockpit crew to cabin crew, check-in staff, doctor, customer care staff, ATC (air traffic control) and the entire ground handling... were handled by women,” Air India said in a release.
Air India CMD Ashwani Lohani said it was a historic flight and “the longest operated by all-women crew”. “The airline has immense respect for women and it is a symbol of women empowerment,” he added.
The flight was under the command of Kshamta Bajpayee and Shubhangi Singh, along with First Officers Ramya Kirti Gupta and Amrit Namdhari.
QUESTION: 73

Which country offered asylum seekers 1,200 Euros to leave by withdrawing their application for protection?

Solution:

B is the correct option. Germany
Migrants will be offered financial incentives of up to €1,200 (£1,000) each to leave Germany and withdraw their application for protection, with a lower amount of €800 (£700) if they choose to depart after being refused asylum.

QUESTION: 74

During 2017, which SAARC country has notified the Right to Information Act ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 75

Highest number of open prisons in India as on 2015 are in

Solution:
QUESTION: 76

India’s voting rights at the International Monetary Fund increased from 2.3 % to

Solution:

The correct option is B as rate has been increased upto 2.6%

QUESTION: 77

Which of the following individuals was called a ‘deceptive actor’ by China’s foreign ministry during March 2017?

Solution:
QUESTION: 78

‘Scorpion kick’ is a phrase used in

Solution:
Kabaddi is an explosive, high-contact sport where players have to constantly think on their feet. Survival is paramount, and raiders and defenders are armed with multiple weapons to counter the opposition.
Also known as the ‘Scorpion kick’ for its late sting. Derived from martial arts, it needs the raider to kick backwards. The raider bends down on one knee, snaps the other leg back towards an opponent’s chest or face, and usually has his hands on the mat ready to spring back to the mid-line. It’s an important weapon in a raider’s arsenal because it lets them go on a surprise attack while maintaining distance from the defenders. In Pro Kabaddi, Jaipur Pink Panthers’ Jasvir Singh, who is one of the shortest players in the League, has stung many a defender with it.
QUESTION: 79

Immediately before Antonio Guterres was appointed the U.N Secretary General in October 2016, he was

Solution:
QUESTION: 80

How many billionaires India has lost since demonetization on November 8, 2016?

Solution:
QUESTION: 81

The world’s first artificial intelligence lawyer, a robot, is named as:

Solution:

The correct option is C as The world’s first robot lawyer named ‘ROSS’.

QUESTION: 82

Till the end of 2016, the total number of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in India is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 83

India emerged as ___________ largest holder of the U.S Government Securities at the end of 2016:

Solution:
QUESTION: 84

Prithvi Defence Vehicle is

Solution:

D is the correct option.Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) mission has been developed by indigenously by DRDO. It is a two-stage missile and both stages are powered by solid propellants. It is intended to replace the existing Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) in PAD/Advanced Air Defence (AAD) combination.

QUESTION: 85

Which shoe company in the United States of America has won an IPR dispute against China recently for using their logo?

Solution:
QUESTION: 86

Among the following, who has won the maximum number of titles?

Solution:
QUESTION: 87

NASA rediscovered India’s lunar spacecraft that was lost in the space during the past eight years known as:

Solution:
QUESTION: 88

Who called the immigration the ‘Trojan horse of Terrorism’?

Solution:
QUESTION: 89

The first statue of a woman in Parliament Square in England is that of:

Solution:
QUESTION: 90

Among the following M.L.As who was disqualified by the Governor during January 2017 under Article 192 of the Constitution for undertaking government contracts?

Solution:
QUESTION: 91

Direction : Choose the most appropriate option.

Q. 

Keerthi’s father gave him some money to buy books. He spent half of the money equally to buy books and entertaining his friends. Whatever amount left with him, he deposited half in his savings account and gave Rs. 5 to a poor person as charity. Finally, Keerthi was left with Rs. 20 which he returned to his father. What amount did his father give him initially?

Solution: Let Keerthi have Rs. 4P. He bought books for half the amount, i.e. for Rs. 2P. 

Half of the amount left with him, i.e. half of Rs. 2P, i.e. Rs P were deposited in saving account. 

Given, P = 20+5 = 25, hence 4P = 100.

So, answer is b) Rs 100
QUESTION: 92

Praveen has Rs. 4,662 in the form of 2, 5 and 10 rupee notes. If these notes are in the ratio of 3:5:8, the number of five rupees notes with him is:

Solution: Let the number of notes of 2, 5 and 10 be 3P, 5P and 8P respectively. Then, as given, (2*3P) + (5*5P) + (10*8P) = 6P+25P+80P = 4662. 111P = 4662. That is: P = 42. Hence 5P = 210. Option (3) is the answer.
QUESTION: 93

A train ‘X’ leaves station ‘A’ at 3 p.m and reaches station ‘B’ at 4.30 p.m., while another train ‘Y’ leaves station ‘B’ at 3.00 p.m and reaches station ‘A’ at 4.00 p.m. These two trains cross each other at:

Solution:
Train A takes = 1.5 hours to go from A to B
Train B takes = 1 hour to go from A to B
Let distance between AB = 3 kms
Speed of train from A = 2 km/hr
Speed of train from B = 3 km/hr
Time taken by trains to meet = 3 / (2 + 3) = 0.6 hrs i.e. 36 minutes after 3
QUESTION: 94

The difference between simple interest and compound interest at the same rate for rupees 5,000 for two years is rupees 98. The rate of interest is:

Solution: Yes , it will be 14% because - 
the formula to calculate the diff. between CI and SI for 2 yrs is 
P*(R/100)2 = difference .
so , in this case, 
5000(R/100)2=98 
on further solving , we get r2=196 and hence r = 14
QUESTION: 95

Gold and copper are as heavy as water by 19 and 9 times respectively. The ratio in which these two metals be mixed so that the mixture is 17 times as heavy as water is:

Solution: Apply alligation that is 9. 19 17 2. 8=1:4=4:1
QUESTION: 96

There are two urns. One contains two white balls and four red balls, the other contains three white and nine red balls. All balls are of the same shape and size. From each urn, one ball is drawn. What is the probability of getting both the balls of the same colour?

Solution:
QUESTION: 97

Two men and seven boys can do a work in 14 days. Three men and eight boys can do the same work in 11 days. Further eight men and six boys can do three times the amount of this work in:

Solution:
Let one man’s one day work be x
Let one boy’s one day work be y
2x+7y=1/14 ... (1)
3x + 8y = 1 /11 ... (2)
Equating (1) & (2), x = 1 / 77 and y = 1/ 154
Hence, the days taken to complete by 8 men and 6 boys

3 times the work can be completed by 8 men and 6 boys =  3 * 7 = 21 days.
QUESTION: 98

A piece of cloth costs rupees 75. If the piece is four meters longer and each meter costs rupees 5 less, the cost remains unchanged. What is the length of the piece?

Solution:
QUESTION: 99

A man rows to a place 45 k.ms distant and back in 12 hours. He realises that he can row 5 k.ms downstream in the same time as 3 k.ms against the stream. The velocity of the stream is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 100

In an office, 1/3 of the workers are Men, ½ of the men are married and 1/3 of the married men have children. If ¾ of the women are married and 2/3 of the 2/3 of the married women have children, then the part of workers without children are:

Solution:
QUESTION: 101

Taps ‘A’ and ‘B’ can fill a tank in 37 ½ minutes and 45 minutes respectively. Both taps are opened and after some time tap ‘B’ is turned off. The tank is filled completely in exactly 30 minutes, if tap ‘B’ is turned off after:

Solution:
QUESTION: 102

A boat travels upstream from A to B and back from B to A in 5 hours. The speed of the boat in still water is 8 km/hour and the speed of the current is 4 km/hour. Then, the distance from A to B is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 103

Age of father 10 years ago was three times the age of his son. After 10 years, father’s age is twice that of his son. The ratio of their present ages is:

Solution:
Let the ages of father and son 10 years ago be 3x and x years respectively.
Then, (3x + 10) + 10 = 2[(x + 10) + 10]
3x + 20 = 2x + 40
x = 20.
Required ratio = (3x + 10) : (x + 10) = 70 : 30 = 7 : 3.
QUESTION: 104

A clock was set correct at 12 O’ clock. It loses 10 minutes per hour. What will be the angle between the hour and minute hands of the clock after one hour?

Solution:
The clock loses 10 minutes per hour
Here, the clock shows only 50 minutes for 60 minutes( in 1 hour)
The watch show the time 12 : 50, after 1 hour
Formula ,To find the angle between hour hand and minutes at H hours M minutes =30H – 11/2 M
The angle between the two hands of the clock after 1 hour
=30 * 12 – 11/2 * 50
= 360 degree - 11*25
=360 degree – 275 degree = 85 degree
QUESTION: 105

A trader sells rice at a profit of 20% and uses weights which are 10% less than the correct weight. The total gain earned by him is:

Solution:
Let the cost price of item be 100 Rs / kg.
So he weighs 0.9 kg whose cost price is 90 Rs.
So take profit of 20 % of 100, So he sells at 120 Rs.
Net profit = 120-90 = 30.
Gain % = (30/90) * 100 = 33.33%
QUESTION: 106

The average weight of three men ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ is 75 kgs. Another man ‘A’ joins the group and the average weight now becomes 80 kgs. If another person ‘B’ whose weight is 5 kgs more than ‘A’ replaces ‘X’, then the average weight of ‘Y’, ‘Z’, ‘A’ and ‘B’ will be 85 kgs. What is the weight of ‘X’?

Solution:
A + B + C = 3 x 84 = 252 ....(i)
A + B + C + D = 4 x 80 = 320 ...(ii)
From eq. (ii) - (i)
D = ( 320 - 252 ) = 68 

From question E = D + 3
⇒ E =( 68 + 3 ) = 71 

Now , B + C + D + E = 4 x 79 = 316 
∴ B + C + D = 316 – 71 = 245 
So , A = 320 - 245 = 75 kg .
QUESTION: 107

‘A’ and ‘B’ complete a work in 12 days, ‘B’ and ‘C’ in 8 days and ‘C’ and ‘A’ in 16 days. ‘A’ left after working for 3 days. In how many days more will ‘B’ and ‘C’ finish the remaining work?

Solution:
QUESTION: 108

A vessel contains a mixture of milk and water in the ratio of 5:3 respectively. How much of the mixture must be siphoned off and replaced with water, so that the mixture may be half milk and half water?

Solution:
Final fraction of milk = initial fraction of milk * (1 – fraction of mixture taken out)n

Where ‘n’ is the number of times process is done

Thus, 1/2 = 5/8 * ( 1 – f )1

i.e. 1 – f = 4/5

i.e. f = 1/5
QUESTION: 109

A can do a piece of work in 8 days and B alone can do the same work in 10 days. A and B agreed to do the work together for Rs. 720. With the help of C, they finished the work in 4 days. How much C is to be paid?

Solution:
QUESTION: 110

The Banker ’s discount on a sum of money for 18 months is Rs. 600 and the true discount on the same sum for 3 years is Rs. 750/-. The rate percentage is:

Solution: Banker’s discount (BD) for 1.5 years = Rs 600

i.e. BD for 3 years = Rs 1200

True Discount (TD) for 3 years = Rs 750

Sum = (BD * TD)/ (BD – TD) = (1200 *  750)/450 = Rs 2000

Thus, Rs 1200 is the SI on Rs 2000 for 3 years

Or, Rs 400 is the SI on Rs 2000 for 1 year

i.e. Rate = (400/2000) * 100 = 20%
QUESTION: 111

Direction : Question consists of legal proposition(s)/ principle(s) (hereinafter referred to as ‘principle’) and facts. Such principles may or may not be true in the real and legal sense, yet you have to conclusively assume them to be true for the purposes of this Section. In other words, in answering these questions, you must not rely on any principle except the principles those are given herein below for every question. Further, you must not assume any facts other than those stated in the question. The objective of this section is to test your interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability, even if the ‘most reasonable conclusion’ arrived at may be absurd or unacceptable for any other reason. It is not the objective of this section to test your knowledge of law.
Therefore, to answer a question, principle is to be applied to the given facts and to choose the most appropriate option.

Q. 

Principle: The concept of natural justice is against bias and for the right to a fair hearing. While the term natural justice is often retained as a general concept, and it has largely been replaced and extended by the general ‘duty to act fairly’.

Fact: ‘X’, a male employee of a company was dismissed by the employer just on the basis of a complaint by ‘Y’, a female employee of the company that ‘X’ was trying to be too friendly with her and often requested her to accompany him to the canteen.

Is the dismissal of ‘X’ valid?

Solution:
QUESTION: 112

Principle: Ownership in property consists of right to possess, right to use, right to alienate and right to exclude others. Sale is complete when property gets transferred rom the seller to the buyer on sale.
Facts: ‘A’ sold his car to ‘B’. After this, ‘B’ requested ‘A’ to keep the car in his care on behalf ‘B’ for one month. ‘A’ agreed.

Solution:
QUESTION: 113

Principle: Every agreement, by which any party is restricted absolutely from enforcing his right in respect of any contract, by the usual legal proceedings in the ordinary Tribunals, is void to that extent. The law also provides that nobody can confer jurisdiction to a civil court by an agreement between parties.

Facts: A and B entered into a valid contract for rendering certain service. A clause in the contract was that in case of any dispute arose out of the contract; it shall be referred to for Arbitration only. Is the contract valid?

Solution:
QUESTION: 114

Principle: It is a case of fraud where a party to a contract knows or believes a fact to be true, but conceals it actively from the other party with a view to induce that person to enter into the contract.

Facts: While taking a life insurance policy, in reply to questions by the insurance company during the inquiry into his proposal, Zameer deliberately concealed the fact of his medical treatment for a serious ailment, which he had undergone only a few weeks ago.

Solution:
QUESTION: 115

Principle: Contract is a written or spoken agreement, with specific terms between two or more persons or entities in which there is a promise to do something in return for a valuable benefit known as consideration. Such an agreement is intended to be enforceable by law. A unilateral contract is one in which there is a promise to pay or give other consideration in return for actual performance.

Facts: A Toilet Soap Manufacturing Company in India in order to promote the sale of their product, published an advertisement in all the Newspapers on January 1, 2017 that the Company has kept a model ignition key of an Audi A3 Car. The advertisement also stated that whoever gets the said key before December 31, 2017 from a soap bar will be gifted with the Audi A3 Car. Mr. Martin, a foreigner who came to India as a Tourist who was staying in a Hotel found a Key similar to same Car Ignition Key. Mr. Martin brought this matter to the notice of the Hotel Manager. The Manager informed Mr. Martin about the Company’s advertisement on January 1, 2017. Mr. Martin wants to claim the Car. Will he succeed?

Solution:
QUESTION: 116

Principle: When a person who has made a promise to another person to do something does not fulfill his promise, the other person becomes entitled to receive, from the person who did not fulfill his promise, compensation in the form of money.

Facts: ‘X’ made a promise to ‘Y’ to repair his car engine. ‘Y’ made the payment for repair. After the repair, ‘Y’ went for a drive in the same car. While driving the car, ‘Y’ met with an accident due to bursting of a tyre.

Solution:
QUESTION: 117

Principle: In criminal law, misappropriation is the intentional, illegal use of the property or funds of another person for one's own use or other unauthorized purpose, particularly by a public official, a trustee of a trust, an executor or administrator of a dead person's estate or by any person with a responsibility to care for and protect another's assets. Embezzlement is misappropriation when the funds involved have been lawfully entrusted to the embezzler. On the contrary, theft is the illegal taking of another person's property or services without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.

Facts: A went for swimming at the Municipal Swimming Pool. A handed over all his valuables, including some cash to X, the guard on duty for safe custody, as notified by the Municipality. After swimming for an hour, A came out and searched for X. He found another guard on duty and that guard informed A that X had gone home after completing his shift and did not hand over anything to be given to A. A registered a complaint with the police. X was traced but he told the police that he sold all the valuables and the entire cash was used for drinking liquor. What offence, if any, was/were committed by X?

Solution:
QUESTION: 118

Principle: Under the Employees Compensation Act, 1923, an employer is liable to pay compensation to his workmen for injuries sustained by them by an accident arising out of and in the course of employment.

Facts: M, the Manager of SRK Industries asked his secretary S to submit a report at the Government Labour Office. ‘S’ submitted the report as directed. On his way back S met one of his class mates. He then decided to have a cup of tea together on a way side restaurant. Sometime later, ‘S’ got a message from his office to report back as it was long time since he left the office. ‘S’ rushed back on his Motor Cycle. On his way back a Truck which was coming from a side road hit ‘S’. He was admitted in a nearby hospital with multiple injuries. He claims compensation under the Employees Compensation Act from his employer.

Solution:
QUESTION: 119

Principle: If a party to a contract agrees to it under undue influence of any other party then the party under the undue influence may refuse to perform in accordance with the agreement.

Facts: A, a rich youngster became a member of a religious group and soon he was appointed by P the head of the group as his personal secretary. As per the rules of the group, all officials and staff of the group were supposed to stay in the group’s official premises itself. Some days later, A was asked by P to execute a Gift deed in favour of P, in which it was mentioned that all immovable properties in his name are being gifted to P. A was unwilling to execute the deed, but he was forcefully restrained by P and his body guards in P’s office and made A sign the gift deed. Soon after this A left the group and refused to hand over the property as agreed to in the gift deed. Is A’s action valid?

Solution:
QUESTION: 120

Principle: Penal laws provide that whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man or woman, shall be punished for rape.

Facts: A Police Officer found a man engaged in carnal intercourse with an animal. The Police Officer arrested the man and produced him before the Court.

Solution: The principle says that ' Carnal intercourse a/g the order of nature with any MAN/WOMAN , shall be punished for rape' there is no mention about punishment for engaging in Carnal intercourse with an ANIMAL. So the court will not punish the man.
QUESTION: 121

Principle: According to law, a person who find goods belonging to another and takes them into his custody, is subject to the same responsibility as a bailee. Bailee is a person or party to whom goods are delivered for a purpose, such as custody or repair, without transfer of ownership. The finder of the goods legally can sell the goods found by him under certain circumstances including the situation that the owner refuses to pay the lawful charges of the finder.

Facts: P, a college student, while coming out of a Cricket stadium found a necklace, studded with apparently precious diamonds. P kept it for two days thinking that the owner would notify it in a local newspaper. Since he did not notice any such notification, P published a small classified advertisement in a local newspaper. In two days’ time, P was contacted by a film actor claiming that it was her Necklace and requested P to return it to her. P told her that she should compensate him for the advertisement charges then only he would return it otherwise he will sell it and make good his expenses. The film star told P that she had advertised in a national newspaper about her lost Necklace which was lost somewhere in the Cricket Stadium. The advertisement was published for three consecutive days incurring a large expenditure for her. Mentioning all this she refuses to pay P and claims the Necklace back. Which among the following is the most appropriate answer to this?

Solution:
QUESTION: 122

Principle: A violation of a legal right of someone, whether results in a legal injury or not, gives rise to an action in tort for compensation. At the same time, an action by someone, which results in some loss or damage to somebody else is not actionable, if there is no violation of a right of that somebody.

Facts: AB Coaching Centre was a popular CLAT coaching academy with several good trainers. A lot of aspirants used to attend its coaching classes from all over and was making good profit. This was going on for the past several years. During a session, T, one of the very good and popular trainers of ABCC, had some difference of opinion with the owner of ABCC and left the coaching centre. In August 2016, T started another Entrance Coaching Centre closer to ABCC which resulted in a substantial drop in its students and huge financial loss. The owner of ABCC wants to file a case against T for the loss sustained by ABCC. What do you think is the right legal position?

Solution:

A is the correct answer by straightward applicability of the principle. T has not violated any of ABCC’s legal rights though they sustained some financial loss , and is not  legally bound to compensate ABCC.

QUESTION: 123

Principle: An offer made by one party when accepted by another makes it a contract.

Transactions:

1. P offered to sell his house for Rs. 20 lakhs to R; R told P that he was interested to buy a house for 15 lakhs only.
2. C was looking for a house for not more than 25 lakhs; P informed C that his house was available for 20 lakhs.
3. K wanted to buy some old furniture; L told K that he would sell his furniture for Rs. 10, 000.
4. R advertised to sell his old car for a price of Rs. Three lakhs; S found the advertisement and offered to buy it for Rs. 2 lakhs 50 thousand; R agrees to sell it to S.

Which among the above is actually a contract?

Solution:
QUESTION: 124

Principle: Every agreement, of which the object or consideration is opposed to public policy, is void. An agreement which has the tendency to injure public interest or public welfare is one against public policy. What constitutes an injury to public interest or public welfare would depend upon the times and the circumstances.

Facts: ‘A’ promises to obtain for ‘B’ an employment in the public service, and ‘B’ promises to pay rupees 5,00,000/- to ‘A’.

Solution: Answer is A,as he is offering him 5,00,000 rs as a bribe ,and bribe is not legal ,so the contract is void.
QUESTION: 125

Principle: According to the law of trade unions in India, no suit or other legal proceeding shall be maintainable in any civil court against any registered trade union or any officer or member thereof in respect of any act done in contemplation or in furtherance of a trade dispute.

Facts: Soloman, the Secretary of a registered Trade Union took a loan from a Bank for the higher education of his daughter. Soon after completing the course she was married to an NRI Engineer. Solomon did not repay the loan. The Bank demanded the payments from Soloman and warned him that the Bank will take suitable legal action against him.
Identify the legal position in this regard.

Solution:
QUESTION: 126

Principle: When a person makes such a statement which lowers other person's reputation in the estimation of other persons, is liable for committing defamation.

Facts: 'A' writes a letter to 'B' in which he uses abusive language against 'B' and also states that 'B' is a dishonest person. 'A' put the letter in a sealed envelope and delivered it to 'B'.

Solution: For a defamation situation the presence of third person is must, and here only A and B knows what's there in the envelope there's no involvement of any third party. And hence, A has not committed any defamation.
QUESTION: 127

Principle: Nothing is an offence which is done in the exercise of the right of private defence.

Facts: ‘A’, under the influence of madness, attempts to kill ‘B’. ‘B’ to save his life kills ‘A’.

Solution:
QUESTION: 128

Principle: An agreement, the terms of which are not certain, or capable of being made certain, is void.

Facts: Sunder agreed to take Bhola’s penthouse on rent for three years at the rate of rupees 12, 00, 000/- per annum provided the house was put to thorough repairs and the living rooms were decorated according to contemporary style.

Solution:
QUESTION: 129

Principle: A master shall be liable for the fraudulent acts of his servants committed in the course of employment. However, the master and third parties must exercise reasonable care in this regard.

Facts: Rahul was a door to door salesman with United Manufacturing Company (the Company). The Company was manufacturing Water Purifiers. Rahul, along with the Company’s products, used to carry Water Purifiers manufactured by his Cousin in a local Industrial Estate. He used to sell the local product at a lower rate giving the impression to the buyers that he is offering a discount on the Company’s product. The Company Management detected the fraudulent activity of Rahul and dismissed him from service. Rahul still continued to carry on with his activity of selling the local product pretending that he was still a salesman of the Company. Several customers got cheated in this process. The fraud was noticed by the Company when the customers began to complain about the product. The customers demanded the Company to compensate their loss.

Solution:
QUESTION: 130

Principle: According to law, a person is deemed to have attained the age of majority when he completes the age of 18 years, except in the case of a person where a guardian of a minor’s person or property has been appointed under the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 or where the superintendence of a minor’s property is assumed by a Court of Wards. Indian law expressly forbids a minor from entering into a contract.
Hence, any contract entered into by a minor is void-ab-initio regardless of whether the other party was aware of his minority or not. Further, though a minor is not competent to contract, nothing in the Contract Act prevents him from making the other party bound to the minor.

Facts: Lal executed a promissory note in favour of Gurudutt, aged 16 years stating that he would pay Gurudutt a sum of Rs. 2 Lakhs when he attains the age of majority. On attaining the age of 18, Gurudutt demanded the amount from Lal, who refused to pay.
Gurudutt wants to take legal action against Lal. Identify the most appropriate legal position from the following:

Solution:
QUESTION: 131

Principle: Section 34 of Indian Penal Code provides that ‘When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner as if it were done by him alone.’

Facts: Three vagabonds, Sanju, Dilbag and Sushil decided to commit burglary. In the night, Sushil opened the lock and they broke into a rich man’s house when the entire family was on a pilgrimage. Sanju had gone to that house earlier in connection with some cleaning job. There was only a servant lady in the house. Hearing some sounds from the master bed room, the servant switched on the lights and went up to the room from where she heard the sound. Noticing that the servant was going to cry for help, Sanju grabbed her and covered her mouth with his hands and dragged her into the nearby room. The other two were collecting whatever they could from the room. When they were ready to go out of the house, they looked for Sanju and found him committing rape on the servant. They all left the house and the servant reported the matter to the police and identified Sanju. Subsequently, all three were arrested in connection with the offences of house breaking, burglary and rape. Identify the legal liability of the three.

Solution: Only Sanju is liable for rape as this was not done with common intention of all .They just came with intention of burglary but he committed rape individually hence just he is the culprit.
QUESTION: 132

Principle: Assault is causing bodily injury to another person by use of physical force.

Facts: Rustum while entering into compartment of a train raised his fist in anger towards a person Sheetal, just in front of him in the row, to get way to enter into the train first, but did not hit him. Rustum has:

Solution: Straightforward from the principle, it says that assault is causing bodily injury to another person.
And here Sheetal did not get any harm so Rustum has not committed assault.
QUESTION: 133

Principle: According to Sec. 2 of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, ‘Industrial dispute means any dispute or difference between employers and employers or between employers and workmen or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with the employment or non-employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of labour of any person’.

Facts: The employees of DK Enterprises met the management and requested half a day leave to allow them to celebrate a lunar eclipse, which was going to happen two days later. The management refused the request. Does this situation amount to an ‘industrial dispute’?

Solution:
QUESTION: 134

Principle: When a person falsifies something with the intent to deceive another person or entity is forgery and is a criminal act. Changing or adding the signature on a document, deleting it, using or possessing the false writing is also considered forgery. In the case of writing/painting to fall under the definition, the material included must have been fabricated or altered significantly in order to represent something it is actually not.

Facts: David made a living traveling from city to city, selling paintings that he claimed were done by great artists. Since the artists’ signatures were in place, many people fell for them and purchased the paintings. One of these artists saw three of his alleged paintings in a City gallery containing his name. He knew these were not his works and he complained to the police. Police traced David and initiated legal proceedings. Is David guilty of any offence?

Solution:

The principle says that “In the case of writing/painting to fall under the definition, the material included must have been fabricated or altered significantly in order to represent something it is actually not.” David is guilty of forgery as the addition of the signature was with an intention to make people believe that those were the paintings of the great artists.

QUESTION: 135

Principle: The Constitution of India guarantees certain fundamental rights to its citizens. The Constitution also provides that these rights cannot be taken away by state even by a law. For violation of this, the person adversely affected by the law may approach the High Court or the Supreme Court for the issuance of an appropriate writ.
One of these rights includes the freedom to form association that implies the right to join an association or not to join such an association.

Facts: Owing to some industrial disturbances created by XATU, one of the several trade unions in AB Chemicals (Pvt) Ltd., the Company issued a circular to all its employees that as far as possible the employees may disassociate with XATU. Navin is an employee of AB Chemicals and the current General Secretary of XATU. Aggrieved by this circular, which affected the fundamental rights of his and other members of the Union, approaches the High Court of the state for a relief. Identify the most reasonable legal proposition.

Solution:
QUESTION: 136

Principle: When a person interferes with peaceful possession of another person without the permission of the person in possession of those premises, commits trespass to land.

Facts: 'T' just walked over the land of 'P' to reach his house as it was a short cut. 'P' had displayed a notice that it is not a thoroughfare. 'P' did not cause any damage to the land.

Solution:
QUESTION: 137

Principle: A contract would be invalid and unlawful, if the contract is for an immoral or illegal purpose.

Facts: P, was a young and helpless widow, living on the pavement. R, a neighbour gave her a house, registered in her name, on the condition that she should allow R to keep his smuggled goods and drugs in her house. After the registration was done, according to the condition in the contract, R’s agents went to keep some packets in her house, she refused. R told her the condition under which the house was given to her. She still refused. Is P justified in her action?

Solution:
QUESTION: 138

Principle: When a person falsifies something with the intent to deceive another person or entity is forgery and is a criminal act. Changing or adding the signature on a document, deleting it, using or possessing the false writing is also considered forgery. In the case of writing to fall under the definition, the material included must have been fabricated or altered significantly in order to represent something it is actually not.

Facts: John was a publisher of ancient books and papers. In one of his books on the World Wars, he gave photograph of some letters written by famous historic personalities.
A researcher in history noted that in the pictures of some of the letters printed in the book, John had added some words or sentences in his own handwriting to give completeness to the sentences, so that the readers will get a clear picture of the writer’s intention. The researcher challenges the originality of those pictures and claims that the book containing the forged letters should be banned. Examine the validity of the researcher’s demand.

Solution:
QUESTION: 139

Principle: Whoever takes away with him any minor less than sixteen years of age if a male, or less than eighteen years of age if a female, out of the custody of parents of such minor without the consent of such parents, is said to commit no offence.

Facts: ‘A’, a man, took away a girl below sixteen years to Mumbai without informing the parents of the girl.

Solution:
QUESTION: 140

Principle: Acceptance of a proposal must be absolute and unqualified.

Facts: ‘A’ made a proposal to sell his motorcycle to ‘B’ for rupees 25,000/-. ‘B’ agreed to buy it for rupees 24,000/-. ‘A’ sold his motorcycle to ‘C’ for 26,000/- the next day. ‘B’ sues ‘A’ for damages.

Solution:
QUESTION: 141

Principle: A person is said to do a thing fraudulently, if he does that thing with intent to defraud, but not otherwise.

Facts: 'A' occasionally hands over his ATM card to 'B' to withdraw money for 'A'. On one occasion 'B' without the knowledge of 'A', uses 'A's ATM card to find out the balance in 'A's account, but does not withdraw any money.

Solution:
QUESTION: 142

Principle: Where one of the parties to a contract was in a position to dominate the decision of the other party, the contract is enforceable only at the option of the party who was in a position to dominate the decision of the other party.

Facts: A doctor asked his patient to make a payment of rupees Ten Lakh for treatment of his fever. The patient paid an amount of rupees Five Lakh and promised to pay the remaining amount after the treatment. After treatment the patient recovered from fever.
The doctor demanded the remaining amount from the patient. The patient refused to pay.

Solution:
QUESTION: 143

Principle: Negligence is actionable in law. In simple terms, negligence is the failure to take proper care over something.

Facts: A, a doctor, conducted a hysterectomy sincerely on B and left a small cotton swab inside the abdomen. As a consequence of which B developed some medical problems and had to undergo another surgery. Is A liable?

Solution: The doctor owes a duty of care to B and leaving a cotton swab in the abdomen is a negligent act even if he did the operation sincerely. Hence the answer is option B
QUESTION: 144

Principle: When a person consented to an act to be done by another, he cannot claim any damages resulting from doing that act, provided the act done is the same for which consent is given.

Facts: 'P' submitted a written consent to a surgeon 'S' for undergoing a surgical operation for removal of appendicitis. The surgeon while doing surgery also removed the gall bladder of 'A':

Solution:
QUESTION: 145

Principle: There are legal provisions to give authority to a person to use necessary force against an assailant or wrong-doer for the purpose of protecting one’s own body and property as also another’s body and property when immediate aid from the state machinery is not readily available; and in so doing he is not answerable in law for his deeds.

Facts: X, a rich man was taking his morning walk. Due to the threat of robbers in the locality, he was carrying his pistol also. From the opposite direction, another person was coming with a ferocious looking dog. All of a sudden, the dog which was on a chain held by the owner, started barking at X. The owner of the dog called the dog to be calm.
They crossed each other without any problem. But suddenly, the dog started barking again from a distance. X immediately took out his pistol. By seeing the pistol the dog stopped barking and started walking with the owner. However, X shot at the dog which died instantly. The owner of the dog files a complaint against X, which in due course reached the Magistrate Court. X pleads the right of private defence. Decide.

Solution:

Straightway applying the principle statement to the given facts, there was no imminent danger to X as the dog stopped barking and was walking with the owner. Hence, shooting it amounted to excessive use of the right of private defence and hence liable for killing the dog.

QUESTION: 146

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q. 

Perincuriam

Solution:
QUESTION: 147

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Autrefois convict

Solution:
QUESTION: 148

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Lex loci

Solution:
QUESTION: 149

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Lis pendens

Solution:
QUESTION: 150

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Faux pas

Solution:
QUESTION: 151

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Bona vacantia

Solution:
QUESTION: 152

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

In pari delicto

Solution:
QUESTION: 153

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Pari passu

Solution:
QUESTION: 154

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

‘Jus Gentium’ means:

Solution:
QUESTION: 155

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

‘Punctum Temporis’ means:

Solution:
QUESTION: 156

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Turpis arbiter’ means:

Solution:
QUESTION: 157

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Caveat venditor

Solution:
QUESTION: 158

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

‘Sine die’ means:

Solution:
QUESTION: 159

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Animus posssidendi’ means:

Solution:
QUESTION: 160

Legal phrases are followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Q.

Malus animus

Solution: