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Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture

Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture below.
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Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 1

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

SOURCE A : Primitive Subsistence Farming

This type of farming is still practised in few pockets of India. Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown. It is a 'slash and burn' agriculture. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. This type of shifting allows Nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this type of agriculture is low as the farmer does not use fertilisers or other modern inputs. It is known by different names in different parts of the country.

SOURCE B : Commercial Farming

Plantation is also a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. All the produce is used as raw material in respective industries. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc., are important plantation crops. Tea in Assam and North Bengal coffee in Karnataka are some of the important plantation crops grown in these states. Since the production is mainly for market, a well-developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Primitive Subsistence farming depends on:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 1
Primitive subsistence type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 2

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

SOURCE A : Primitive Subsistence Farming

This type of farming is still practised in few pockets of India. Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown. It is a 'slash and burn' agriculture. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. This type of shifting allows Nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this type of agriculture is low as the farmer does not use fertilisers or other modern inputs. It is known by different names in different parts of the country.

SOURCE B : Commercial Farming

Plantation is also a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. All the produce is used as raw material in respective industries. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc., are important plantation crops. Tea in Assam and North Bengal coffee in Karnataka are some of the important plantation crops grown in these states. Since the production is mainly for market, a well-developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

When the ____________ decreases, the farmers clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 2
Soil fertility decline occurs when the quantities of nutrients removed from the soil in harvested products exceed the quantities of nutrients being applied. In this situation, the nutrient requirements of the crop are met from soil reserves until these reserves cannot meet crop demands.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 3

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

SOURCE A : Primitive Subsistence Farming

This type of farming is still practised in few pockets of India. Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown. It is a 'slash and burn' agriculture. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. This type of shifting allows Nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this type of agriculture is low as the farmer does not use fertilisers or other modern inputs. It is known by different names in different parts of the country.

SOURCE B : Commercial Farming

Plantation is also a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. All the produce is used as raw material in respective industries. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc., are important plantation crops. Tea in Assam and North Bengal coffee in Karnataka are some of the important plantation crops grown in these states. Since the production is mainly for market, a well-developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

______ crop is grown in Commercial farming:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 3
Plantations are a type of commercial farming where single crop of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton are grown. Large amount of labour and capital are required.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 4

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

SOURCE A : Primitive Subsistence Farming

This type of farming is still practised in few pockets of India. Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown. It is a 'slash and burn' agriculture. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. This type of shifting allows Nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this type of agriculture is low as the farmer does not use fertilisers or other modern inputs. It is known by different names in different parts of the country.

SOURCE B : Commercial Farming

Plantation is also a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. All the produce is used as raw material in respective industries. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc., are important plantation crops. Tea in Assam and North Bengal coffee in Karnataka are some of the important plantation crops grown in these states. Since the production is mainly for market, a well-developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

In commercial farming, we used:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 4
In a commercial system, farmers use inputs such as irrigation, chemical fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, and high-yielding varieties of seeds, etc. Some of the major commercial crops grown in different parts of India are Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, and Groundnut, etc.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 5

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

U SOURCE A : Wheat

This is the second most important cereal crop. It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly-distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.

SOURCE B :

Rice It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

How much annual rainfall is required for Wheat?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 5
The amount of rainfall required for wheat cultivation varies between 30 cm and 100 cm. The major wheat lands of the temperate regions have an annual rainfall of 38 cm to 80 cm. The spring wheat region of Canadian Prairies only receives around 46 cm of rainfall, but it comes in the early summers when the wheat is growing.

Wheat is also grown in areas having lesser amount of rainfall, i.e., 25 cm. This has been done by adopting dry farming method. Also where irrigation facil­ities are available, wheat is cultivated in dry lands also.

Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 6

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

U SOURCE A : Wheat

This is the second most important cereal crop. It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly-distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.

SOURCE B : Rice

It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

What is climatic conditions required for Rice?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 6
Rice crop needs a hot and humid climate. It is best suited to regions which have high humidity, prolonged sunshine and an assured supply of water. The average temperature required throughout the life period of the crop ranges from 21 to 37º C. Maximum temp which the crop can tolerate is 40º C to 42º C.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 7

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

U SOURCE A : Wheat

This is the second most important cereal crop. It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly-distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.

SOURCE B : Rice

It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Wheat growing zones in India :

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 7
There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 8

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follows:

U SOURCE A : Wheat

This is the second most important cereal crop. It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly-distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.

SOURCE B : Rice

It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

_________ is the largest producer of Rice.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 8
The world's largest rice producers by far are China and India. Although its area harvested is lower than India's, China's rice production is greater due to higher yields because nearly all of China's rice area is irrigated, whereas less than half of India's rice area is irrigated.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 9

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Mahatma Gandhi declared Vinoba Bhave as his spiritual heir. He also participated in Satyagraha as one of the foremost satyagrahis. He was one of the votaries of Gandhi’s concept of gram swarajya. After Gandhi's martyrdom, Vinoba Bhave undertook padyatra to spread Gandhiji’s message that covered almost the entire country. Once, when he was delivering a lecture at Pochampally in Andhra Pradesh, some poor landless villagers demanded some land for their economic well-being. Vinoba Bhave could not promise it to them immediately but assured them to talk to the Government of India regarding provision of land for them if they undertook cooperative farming. Suddenly, Shri Ram Chandra Reddy stood up and offered 80 acres of land to be distributed among 80 landless villagers. This act was known as ‘Bhoodan’. Later he travelled and introduced his ideas widely all over India. Some zamindars, owners of many villages, offered to distribute some villages among the landless. It was known as Gramdan. However, many land-owners chose to provide some part of their land to the poor farmers due to the fear of land ceiling act. This Bhoodan-Gramdan movement initiated by Vinoba Bhave is also known as the Bloodless Revolution.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Who declared Vinoba Bhave as his spiritual heir?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 9
Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982) was widely regarded as Gandhi's spiritual heir. The Mahatma appointed Vinoba to be a “Satyagraha of one” in 1940. He is best known for the Bhoodan (land grant) movement that he launched after Gandhi's passing.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 10

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Mahatma Gandhi declared Vinoba Bhave as his spiritual heir. He also participated in Satyagraha as one of the foremost satyagrahis. He was one of the votaries of Gandhi’s concept of gram swarajya. After Gandhi's martyrdom, Vinoba Bhave undertook padyatra to spread Gandhiji’s message that covered almost the entire country. Once, when he was delivering a lecture at Pochampally in Andhra Pradesh, some poor landless villagers demanded some land for their economic well-being. Vinoba Bhave could not promise it to them immediately but assured them to talk to the Government of India regarding provision of land for them if they undertook cooperative farming. Suddenly, Shri Ram Chandra Reddy stood up and offered 80 acres of land to be distributed among 80 landless villagers. This act was known as ‘Bhoodan’. Later he travelled and introduced his ideas widely all over India. Some zamindars, owners of many villages, offered to distribute some villages among the landless. It was known as Gramdan. However, many land-owners chose to provide some part of their land to the poor farmers due to the fear of land ceiling act. This Bhoodan-Gramdan movement initiated by Vinoba Bhave is also known as the Bloodless Revolution.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

The act done by Shri Ram Chandra Reddy was called _________ .

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 10
Suddenly, Shri Ram Chandra Reddy stood up and offered 80 acres of land to be distributed among 80 landless villagers. This act was known as 'Bhoodan'. Later he travelled and introduced his ideas widely all over India.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 11

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Mahatma Gandhi declared Vinoba Bhave as his spiritual heir. He also participated in Satyagraha as one of the foremost satyagrahis. He was one of the votaries of Gandhi’s concept of gram swarajya. After Gandhi's martyrdom, Vinoba Bhave undertook padyatra to spread Gandhiji’s message that covered almost the entire country. Once, when he was delivering a lecture at Pochampally in Andhra Pradesh, some poor landless villagers demanded some land for their economic well-being. Vinoba Bhave could not promise it to them immediately but assured them to talk to the Government of India regarding provision of land for them if they undertook cooperative farming. Suddenly, Shri Ram Chandra Reddy stood up and offered 80 acres of land to be distributed among 80 landless villagers. This act was known as ‘Bhoodan’. Later he travelled and introduced his ideas widely all over India. Some zamindars, owners of many villages, offered to distribute some villages among the landless. It was known as Gramdan. However, many land-owners chose to provide some part of their land to the poor farmers due to the fear of land ceiling act. This Bhoodan-Gramdan movement initiated by Vinoba Bhave is also known as the Bloodless Revolution.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Some zamindars, owners of many villages, offered to distribute some villages among the landless. What was it known as?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 11
Some zamindars, owners of many villages offered to distribute some villages among the landless. It was known as Gramdan.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 12

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Mahatma Gandhi declared Vinoba Bhave as his spiritual heir. He also participated in Satyagraha as one of the foremost satyagrahis. He was one of the votaries of Gandhi’s concept of gram swarajya. After Gandhi's martyrdom, Vinoba Bhave undertook padyatra to spread Gandhiji’s message that covered almost the entire country. Once, when he was delivering a lecture at Pochampally in Andhra Pradesh, some poor landless villagers demanded some land for their economic well-being. Vinoba Bhave could not promise it to them immediately but assured them to talk to the Government of India regarding provision of land for them if they undertook cooperative farming. Suddenly, Shri Ram Chandra Reddy stood up and offered 80 acres of land to be distributed among 80 landless villagers. This act was known as ‘Bhoodan’. Later he travelled and introduced his ideas widely all over India. Some zamindars, owners of many villages, offered to distribute some villages among the landless. It was known as Gramdan. However, many land-owners chose to provide some part of their land to the poor farmers due to the fear of land ceiling act. This Bhoodan-Gramdan movement initiated by Vinoba Bhave is also known as the Bloodless Revolution.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Where did Vinoba Bhave delivered his lecture for villagers well- being?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 12

After Gandhiji's martyrdom, Vinoba Bhave undertook padyatra to spread Gandhiji's message that covered almost the entire country. Once, when he was delivering a lecture at Pochampalli in Andhra Pradesh, some poor landless villagers demanded some land for their economic well-being.

Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 13

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture. It is also an important beverage crop introduced in India initially by the British. Today, most of the tea plantations are owned by Indians. The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes require warm and moist frost free climate all through the year. Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves. Tea is a labour-intensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour. Tea is processed within the tea garden to restore its freshness. Major tea producing states are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Apart from these, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura are also tea-producing states in the country. In 2015 India was the second largest producer of tea after China.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Who introduced tea cultivation in India?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 13
An intrinsic part of daily life today, tea was introduced formally to Indians by the British. The origin of tea in India is owed to the British who intended to overthrow China's monopoly on tea, having found that Indian soil was eminently suitable to cultivate these plants.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 14

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture. It is also an important beverage crop introduced in India initially by the British. Today, most of the tea plantations are owned by Indians. The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes require warm and moist frost free climate all through the year. Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves. Tea is a labour-intensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour. Tea is processed within the tea garden to restore its freshness. Major tea producing states are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Apart from these, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura are also tea-producing states in the country. In 2015 India was the second largest producer of tea after China.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Which of the following states is the largest producer of tea?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 14
India has the world's largest area under tea and it produces 28.3 percent of the world's production. At present, India is the fourth largest producer of tea after Kenya, China and Sri Lanka. Assam is the largest producer of tea contributing 53.2% of the total area and 51% of the tea produced in India.
Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 15

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows:

Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture. It is also an important beverage crop introduced in India initially by the British. Today, most of the tea plantations are owned by Indians. The tea plant grows well in tropical and subtropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes require a warm and moist frost free climate all through the year. Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves. Tea is a labour-intensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour. Tea is processed within the tea garden to restore its freshness. Major tea producing states are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Apart from these, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura are also tea-producing states in the country. In 2015 India was the second largest producer of tea after China.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Which of the following countries was the largest production of tea in 2015?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 15
Answer:
Largest Tea Producer in 2015:
- The largest producer of tea in 2015 was China.
- China surpassed India and became the leading tea producer in the world.
- China has a long history of tea cultivation and is renowned for its wide variety of teas.
Explanation:
- The given passage mentions that in 2015, India was the second largest producer of tea after China.
- This implies that China was the leading tea producer in that year.
- The passage does not provide any information about the tea production of the other countries mentioned in the options (USA, Sri Lanka).
- Therefore, the correct answer is option C: China.
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