Which of the following does not have unit as square meters?
R.C. Chajja is measured in m3 while D.P.C, Form works and Concrete Jaffries is measured in m2 .
Mastic asphalt is generally used for:
Mastic asphalt is a mixture of a bitumen binder, stone filler and mineral powder heated and mixed in the hot state. Mastic asphalt has wet consistency as it contains a larger quantity of the binder compared to the common contractible asphalt.
The characteristic features of the mastic road asphalt mix are the following properties:
1. High frost resistance
2. resistant to salt water (salt) and chemicals
3. increased strength, abrasion resistance and heat resistance
4. waterproof (does not absorb moisture and does not swell out due to lack of pores)
The estimated value of a built-up property at the end of its useful life without being dismantled is its:
Scrap Value: Scrap Value is the sell value of dismantled materials of an asset at the end of it’s useful life. Scrap Value is counted in the calculation of depreciation of a property, generally @10% of the cost of the Structure.
Salvage value: Salvage Value is the Estimated Value of an asset without dismantling it at the end of it’s useful life.
Book Value: Book value is the amount shown in the account book after allowing necessary depreciations. The book value of a property at a particular year is the original cost minus the amount of depreciation allowed per year and will be gradually reduced year to year and at the end of the utility period of the property, the book value will be only scrap value.
Market Value: The market value of a property is the amount which can be obtained at any particular time from the open market if the property is put for sale. The market value will differ from time to time according to demand and supply.
The measurement of longitudinal section survey is done on which basis?
The longitudinal section survey is done linearly in Surveying, While Transverse section survey is done on the basis of area.
In general, while computing volume of earthwork, the volume computed by the prismoidal formula will be compared to that calculated by trapezoidal formula.
Volume by Prismoidal is given by:
Volume by Trapezoidal is given by:
By comparing the both it is clear that volume calculated by prismoidal is greater than by trapezoidal formula for same cross section.
Pick up the correct statement from the following:
There are four main stages in the project for a work, namely,
1. Administrative approval
2. Expenditure sanction
3. Technical sanction
4. Appropriation or re-appropriation of funds
For every work (excluding repairs) initiated by, or connected with, the requirements of another department, it is first necessary to obtain the concurrence of the department concerned to the proposals. The formal acceptance by the department concern is termed “administrative approval” of the work. Expenditure sanction means the concurrence of the Government to the expenditure proposed in cases where this is necessary. Appropriation or re-appropriation represents the allotment of a particular sum of money to meet expenditure on a specified object.
The estimated value of the work excluding the amount for contingencies, work charged establishment, tool and plants, is called Work value. The actual expenditure involved to complete a work including incidental, establishment and travelling charges, is called actual cost.
The Brick work is not measured in m3 in case of
Brickwork generally measured in m3 unless specified. Brickwork one brick thick (20 cm) or less shall be measured in separately in m2. While Brick work in arches, Reinforced brick work is measured in m3.
Berms are provided in canals if these are
Berm is the horizontal distance left at ground level between the toe of the bank and the top edge of cutting. The purpose of providing Berm to help the channel to attain regime conditions, they protect the banks from erosion due to wave action. Berms are to be provided in all cuttings when the depth of cutting is more than 3 meters.
The standard width of asbestos cement corrugated sheet is
According to IS 13008 : 1990, The overall width of asbestos cement corrugated sheet is 1.015 meter (-5 to + 10 mm tolerance).
The useful part of liveable area of a building is known as
Carpet area the covered area of the usable spaces of rooms at any floor. It is measured between walls to walls within the building and is the sum of the actual areas of the rooms where you can carpet. Carpet area means the area of the property where you can lay your carpet, measured wall to wall. This is the actual area which you can call your personal space and you should be really concerned about while buying a property.
Circulation area is the floor area of verandah, passages, staircase, balconies etc. which are used for movement of persons using the building.
Plinth area is the covered built-up area measured at the floor level of any storey or at the floor level of the basement. Plinth area is also called as built-up area and is the entire area occupied by the building including internal and external walls. Plinth area is generally 10-20% more than carpet area.
What is the unit of measuring cornice?
The methods and units of measurements for civil construction works are mainly categorised for their nature, shape and size and for making payments to the contractor. The principle of units of measurements normally consists the following:
1. Single units work like doors, windows, trusses etc., are expressed in numbers.
2. Works consists linear measurements involve length like cornice, fencing, hand rail, bands of specified width etc., are expressed in running metres (RM)
3. Works consists areal surface measurements involve area like plastering, white washing, partitions of specified thickness etc., and are expressed in square meters (m2)
The cross-section areas of three sections of an embankment at an interval of 40 m are 10 square metres, 15 square metres and 35 square metres. Calculate the quantity of earthwork for the embankment. Use prismoidal method.
Prismoidal formula is given by:
V = h/3[a1 +an + 4[a2 + a4 +…. an-2] +2[a3 + a5 +…. an-1]
h = 40 m
a1 = 10 m2
a3 = 35 m2
a2 = 15 m2
V = 1400 m3
When the width is 10 sq.m in plan area and excavation exceeding 1.5 m with depth not exceeding 30 cm, it is termed as?
Surface excavation is required to be done when the width is 10 m2 in plan area and excavation exceed 1.5 m with depth not exceeding 30 cm.
As width is very large compared to depth, so surface excavation is done.
The slope of the outlet of P-trap below the horizontal is kept.
In most homes, there is a P-trap installed under the sinks in the bathroom and kitchens. A P-trap is a plumbing fixture that has several purposes. It traps debris that has drained from the sink and prevents it from forming a clog deep within the plumbing system and to stops sewer gases from passing in to the home. The slope of the outlet of “P trap” below the horizontal is kept at 14°.
The above figure represents plan and section of an excavation layout. The volume of earthwork in excavation of foundation trench is
Volume of excavation= perimeter × area
Perimeter = 4 + 4 + 2(6 - 2 × 0.8) = 16.8 m
Area = 0.8 × 0.6 = 0.48 m2; Hence volume = 16.8 × 0.48 = 8.064 m3.
The following document contains detailed description of all items of work excluding their quantities, along with the current rates:
Tender is an offer to execute some specified work or to supply some specified article at certain rates. While inviting tender the bill of quantities, detailed specifications, conditions of contract and plans and drawings are supplied.
Schedule of rates is a list of rates of various items of works to facilitate the preparation of estimates and to serve as a guide in setting rates in connection with contract agreement.
If ‘i' is the rate of interest expressed in decimal and ‘n’ is the number of years, then coefficient of annual sinking find, Ic is
Co-efficient of annual sinking is
Modular bricks are of nominal size 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm and 30% of the volume is lost in mortar between joints. Then what is the required number of modular bricks per cubic meter of brickwork?
Nominal size (Modular brick) = 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm
Actual size (Modular brick) = 19 cm × 9 cm × 9 cm
Mortar required for 1 m3 brickwork =
= 0.2305 m3
Volume of Mortar lost b/w joints = 30%
Volume (set Mortar)
Actual volume of brickwork = 1 – 0.29655 = 0.70035 m3
No. of modular bricks
Which of the following tax generally not applicable to residential building is:
Plywood is obtained by gluing wooden sheets at a pressure of:
Plywood is obtained by gluing wooden sheets at a pressure of 100 to 150 N/cm2 and a temperature of 100 to 130 degrees Celsius.
Plywood is made up of three or more thin layers of wood. These layers are bonded together with an adhesive.