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General Awareness Test- 1 - CAT MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test - General Awareness Test- 1

General Awareness Test- 1 for CAT 2024 is part of CAT preparation. The General Awareness Test- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus.The General Awareness Test- 1 MCQs are made for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for General Awareness Test- 1 below.
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General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 1

What is a carbon footprint?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 1

Carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of a particular individual, organization, or community.

It is usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

Important Points:

  • Carbon footprint is the sum of all emissions of CO2 (carbon dioxide), which were induced by all activities in a given time frame.

  • Usually, a carbon footprint is calculated for the time period of a year.

Hence, the correct option is (C).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 2

French Open is related to which of the following games?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 2
  • The French Open is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France, beginning in late May each year.
  • The Grand Slam Tournaments are called the majors. They are the four most important annual tennis events.
  • The four Grand Slams are US Open, French Open, Australian Open, and Wimbledon.
  • The French Open is also called Roland Garros and is conducted around late May to early June.
  • Australian Open is held in mid-January, Wimbledon in June-July, and US-open in August-September.
  • The Wimbledon is conducted on grass courts, Australian and US Open are held in hard courts, French on clay.
  • The Grand Slam tournaments are conducted by the International Tennis Federation. Neither Association of Tennis Professionals nor Women Tennis Association have their roles in Grand Slam.

Hence, the correct option is (B).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 3

On which river is the Bhakra Nangal Dam situated?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 3
  • Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Satluj River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir.
  • The father of Bhakra Nangal dam is Sir Chaudhari Chhotu Ram.
  • He conceived the Bhakhra Dam way back in 1923, to rid the farmers of the so-called economic plague-spots of erstwhile Punjab state.
  • He was also the originator of the concept of compensating the farmer for at least the expenses incurred by him on farming, the concept has now evolved into ‘Minimum Support Price’.
  • Born on November 24, 1881, in the village of Garhi Sampla, Rohtak, Sir Chhotu Ram was graduated from St Stephen’s College, Delhi in 1905 with a distinction in Sanskrit.
  • Hence, the correct option is (A).
General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 4

The protocol which decided to completely phase out CFC is known as :

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 4

The Montreal Protocol:

  • The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (the Montreal Protocol) is an international agreement made in 1987.
  • The Montreal Protocol is widely considered the most successful environment protection agreement. It sets out a mandatory timetable for the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances like CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons).

Hence, the correct option is (B).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 5

Which of the following statements is/are not correct?

  1. As per the provisions of the Constitution, the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.

  2. A censure motion must state the reason for its adoption.

  3. A no-confidence motion must set out the grounds on which it is based.

  4. If a no-confidence motion is passed by the Lok Sabha, the Council of Ministers is bound to resign.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 5
  • Article 75 of the constitution states that the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People.
  • Collective responsibility means that the entire Council of ministers is a team that sinks or swims together.
  • So if the Lok Sabha passes a no-confidence motion against the Council of ministers then all have to resign. So Statement 1 is correct.
  • Censure motion is moved against the Council of Ministers, a group of ministers, or as individual ministers for the failure to perform duties.
  • The censure motion is usually moved by the opposition party against the ruling party or any of its ministers for failing to act in a certain matter.
  • The censure motion must be specific and self-explanatory, stating the reasons for its adoption. So Statement 2 is correct.
  • It can be moved only in the Lok Sabha and not in the Rajya Sabha.
  • No leave of the House is required for moving a censure motion but it must specify the charges against the government for which it is moved.
  • If the censure motion is passed, the Council of ministers is bound to seek the confidence of the Lok Sabha as early as possible.

Hence, the correct option is (C).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 6

The famous Khajuraho Group of Monuments was constructed by the ________.

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 6
  • Chandela rulers established their religious capital in Khajuraho.
  • The Chandelas of Jejakabhukti was a royal dynasty in Central India.
  • Nannuka was the founder of the Chandela dynasty of India.
  • They ruled much of the Bundelkhand region (then called Jejakabhukti) between the 9th and the 13th centuries.
  • The Chandelas are well known for their art and architecture, most notably for the temples at their original capital Khajuraho.

Hence, the correct option is (B).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 7

In the context of the Internet, what is the full form of MAN?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 7
  • MAN is Metropolitan Area Network and is used to connect two or more LANs in a common geographic area: say a city or a group of buildings.
  • MANs can span in the range of 5 to 50 kilometers in diameter.
  • MANs usually are not owned by a single organization, they are owned by an association of users or by a single network provider who sells the service to the users.
  • It interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or region larger than that covered by even a large local area network (LAN) but smaller than the area covered by a wide area network (WAN).

Hence, the correct option is (B).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 8

Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) scheme is suspended for two years to boost the funding available for the COVID-19 fight. Before this, MPLADS funds were utilized for which of the following?

  1. Purchase of Ambulances for sick/injured animals in Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks.

  2. Purchase of books for schools, colleges, and public libraries belonging to Central, States, UTs, and Local Self-Government.

  3. Helping poor families with the marriage of their first daughter

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 8
  • Works that will serve a greater public purpose and not the purpose of few individuals need to be recommended.
  • MPs can only recommend it, but District Authorities have the ultimate power to sanction it.
  • Key priority sectors: Drinking water facility, education, electricity facility, non-conventional energy resources, healthcare and sanitation, irrigation facilities, railways, roads, pathways and bridges, sports, agriculture and allied activities, self-help group development, urban development.
  • Works not permitted: construction of office and residential buildings for public and private agencies, land acquisition or paying compensation, naming assets after individuals, grants or loans to state/central relief fund, assets for individual benefits, works on lands belonging to religious groups, marriages, execution of works in unauthorized colonies.
  • Other works permitted: construction of railway halt station, providing CCTV camera in strategic locations, installation of bio-digesters at stations, schools, hospitals, provision for fixed weighing scale machines for farmers, installation of rainwater harvesting systems in public spaces, construction of shelters for skill development.

Hence, the correct option is (A).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 9

When can the Parliament make laws on the subjects mentioned in the State List?

  1. When Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by simple majority.

  2. During National Emergency.

  3. When the legislation of a state passes a resolution requesting the Parliament.

  4. To implement international agreements.

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 9

Parliament cannot make legislation on the subjects mentioned in the State list during normal times. However, the constitution empowers parliament to make laws on any matter in-state list under 5 extraordinary circumstances:

  • When Rajya Sabha passes a resolution, and such resolution is supported by two-thirds of the members present and voting. So, statement 1 is wrong.

  • It remains in force for 1 year and it can be renewed any number of times but not exceeding one year at a time.

  • This provision does not restrict the power of a state legislature to make laws on the same matter.

  • During National Emergency. So, statement 2 is correct.

  • Laws become inoperative on the expiration of six months after the emergency has ceased to operate.

  • When the legislature of 2 or more states passes resolutions requesting the parliament to enact laws in the state list. So, statement 3 is incorrect.

  • To implement international agreements, Parliament can make laws on any matter of the state list. So, statement 4 is correct.

  • When President's rule is imposed in a state, parliament becomes empowered to make laws with respect to any matter in the state list.

Hence, the correct option is (C).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 10

Free trade with Britain led to de-industrialization in (up to 1880s) India due to which of the following reasons?

  1. Free trade was only one-sided as Indian goods were still charged with heavy levies.

  2. Indian handmade goods were at disadvantage competing with machine-based British goods.

  3. Indian goods were never popular in the western market and Indian weavers had thrived only on the Indian market.

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 10
  • While import to India was free, Indian goods were charged at very high duty (like 66.5% on muslin) in Britain. So, statement 1 is correct.
  • Industrial Revolution in England made the cost of foreign goods cheaper. So, statement 2 is correct.
  • Inspite of higher prices Indian goods (especially muslin, silk, etc.) were very popular in England. So, statement 3 is NOT correct.

Hence, the correct option is (C).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 11

Which of the following publications was started by Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan in 1928?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 11
  • In Peshawar, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan’s educational and social reform work among the Pathans had politicized them.
  • Gaffar Khan also called Badshah Khan and Frontier Gandhi had started the first Pushto political monthly Pukhtoon.
  • Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan formed a clan of non-violent revolutionaries, the Khudai Khidmatgars (known as Red Shirts), who played an active role in the movement
  • Young India was a weekly paper or journal in English published by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi from 1919 to 1931.
  • Hence, the correct option is (B).
General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 12

Which one of the following is the mascot for the Khelo India Winter Games 2024?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 12
  • The mascot for the 2024 Khelo India Winter Games is the snow leopard, named “Sheen-e She” or “Shan” in the Ladakh region.
  • The mascot was chosen to reflect the region’s biodiversity and tradition. The games will be held in Ladakh from February 2–6, and in Gulmarg, Jammu and Kashmir from February 21–25.
  • The mascot symbolizes the spirit of the games and highlights the need to conserve this endangered species.

Hence, the correct option is (C).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 13

What is the meaning of "Incineration" in the waste disposal method?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 13
  • Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of waste materials. Incineration and other high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as "thermal treatment".
  • Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas, and heat. The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste and may take the form of solid lumps or particulates carried by the flue gas. The flue gases must be cleaned of gaseous and particulate pollutants before they are dispersed into the atmosphere. In some cases, the heat that is generated by incineration can be used to generate electric power.
  • Incineration with energy recovery is one of several waste-to-energy technologies such as gasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion. While incineration and gasification technologies are similar in principle, the energy produced from incineration is high-temperature heat whereas combustible gas is often the main energy product from gasification. Incineration and gasification may also be implemented without energy and materials recovery.

Hence, the correct option is (A).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 14

Mahatma Gandhi worked as an editor in which of the following newspapers?

A. Indian Opinion

B. The Leader

C. Independent

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 14
  • Mahatma Gandhi worked as an editor in Indian Opinion.
  • The newspaper existed between 1903 and 1915 and was a tool to fight racial discrimination and win civil rights for the Indian immigrant community in South Africa.
  • The newspaper was published in English & Gujarati and for a short period in Hindi & Tamil.
  • The other newspapers associated with Mahatma Gandhi are Navjeevan, Young India, and Harijan.
  • The Leader was founded by Madan Mohan Malviya and C.Y. Chintamani was the editor.

Hence, the correct option is (D).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 15

Which of the following routes was selected by C. Rajaji for the Salt Satyagraha March?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 15
  • As part of the Civil Disobedience Movement, Gandhi launched the Salt Satyagraha.
  • He undertook the Dandi March in 1930.
  • C. Rajagopalachari became the TNCC president in April 1930.
  • Authorized by TNCC and AICC to direct the Salt Satyagraha in Tamil Nadu, Rajaji undertook the famous Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha March.
  • He selected the route from Tiruchirappalli to Vedaranyam in Thanjavur district.
  • The March began on Tamil New Year’s Day (13th April).
  • The March reached Vedaranyam on 28 April 1930.
  • Two days later Rajagopalachari was arrested for breaking the salt laws.

Hence, the correct option is (A).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 16

Which of the following countries share the longest international border with India?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 16
  • India's longest border is with Bangladesh and the shortest border is with Afghanistan.
  • It shares a 3488 km long border with China along with Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • India- Nepal border is a porous 1051-kilometer border along with the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim.
  • India and Bhutan share a 699-kilometer border along with West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • India shares a 3323-kilometer border with Pakistan via Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.
  • India shares a 4096 km long border with Bangladesh via West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, and Tripura.
  • India shares a 1643 km long border with Myanmar along with Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland.
  • India shares 106 km of border with Afghanistan along with Ladakh.
  • Indian states share one or more International borders or the coastline except for Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Delhi, Haryana, and Telangana.

Hence, the correct option is (A).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 17

Consider the following statements with reference to Indian Councils Act, 1861

1. Legislative councils had no control over the budget.

2. Legislative councils could discuss the executive action.

3. Secretary of state could disallow legislation.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 17
  • Provisions under Indian Councils Act, 1861
  • The 1861 Act marked an advance in that the principle of representatives of non-officials in legislative bodies became accepted; laws were to be made after due deliberation, and as pieces of legislation they could be changed only by the same deliberative process.
  • Law-making was thus no longer seen as the exclusive business of the executive.
  • The portfolio system introduced by Lord Canning laid the foundations of cabinet government in India, each branch of the administration having its official head and spokesman in the government, who was responsible for its administration.
  • The Act by vesting legislative powers in the Governments of Bombay and Madras and by making provision for the institution of similar legislative councils in other provinces laid the foundations of legislative devolution.
  • The councils could not discuss important matters and no financial matters at all without the previous approval of the government.
  • They had no control over the budget.

Hence, the correct option is (C).

General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 18

Which country ranked first in the Henley Passport Index 2024

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 18
  • The Henley Passport Index ranks nations based on the strength of their passports.
  • In 2024, France leads the list, with its passport granting visa-free access to 194 countries.
General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 19

Who is expected to visit New Delhi on 28 March 2024 for a two-day official visit, following an invitation from the External Affairs Minister?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 19
  • The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, H. E. Dmytro Kuleba, will be arriving in New Delhi on 28 March 2024 for a two-day official visit at the invitation of the External Affairs Minister.
  • While visiting, Foreign Minister Kuleba will participate in several activities, such as official discussions with the External Affairs Minister and Deputy NSA to talk about cooperation between their countries on shared regional and global matters. He will also meet with members of the business community.
General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 20

Bhavani Devi, who was seen in the news, is associated with which sports?

Detailed Solution for General Awareness Test- 1 - Question 20
  • Bhavani Devi recently became the first Indian fencer to win medal in Asian Championships. The Asian fencing championships was held in Wuxi, China.
  • Bhavani Devi is 29 years old. Earlier in Tokyo Olympics, she was the first Indian fencer to ever compete at an Olympics.
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