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Who was the architect of German unification?
between 1860 and 1890. By waging series of war, he united the German states.
The Chancellor of Prussia and leading architect for the unification of Germany who believed in the policy of 'Blood and Iron' was ________.
used force methods.
Who believed that the traditional institutions like the Monarchy and the Church should be preserved?
The spirit of Conservatism drove European governments after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. Conservatives believed that established, traditional institutions of state and society-the Church, social hierarchies, property and family-should be preserved. They also realised that modernisation could strengthen conventional institutions like the monarchy and a return to the society of the pre-revolutionary days was not required.
Which parts of Europe witnessed the growth of industrial production and trade?
Central and Western parts of Europe witnessed the growth of industrial production and trade. It was considered as the First Industrial Revolution. The industrial revolution in Europe didn't happen overnight but only spread over the continent very gradually. It caused, unusually high growth in the population which set in around the middle of the 18th century and produced a gigantic reservoir of workers.
The Napoleonic Code of 1804 _______.
In Galicia, the aristocracy spoke ______.
Napoleon abolished _______ system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues.
The aristocracy in the Alpine region was predominantly ______ speaking.
_______ played an important role in creating the idea of the nation.
1. Romanticism was a cultural movement that believed in emotions, intuitions and mystical feelings over reason and science.
2. Romantics like Johann Gottfried Herder believed that German culture was alive among the ordinary people- das Volk. The idea of the nation was popularised through the folk culture of songs, poetry, and dance.
3. Local culture was also sought to reach a large population of illiterate people. The language was also essential as a nationalist identity.
Who is the Prophet of the unification of Italy?
Mazzini is called 'Prophet of Italian Unication'. He established the Young Italy movement. He preached that Italian unification could only be possible with foreign help, and Austria is the biggest obstacle to unification.
When was the customs union or Zollvere in form?
Artists of the time of the French Revolution personified Liberty as a female figure.
To the west, the bulk of the land was cultivated by _______ and _______.
To the west, the bulk of the land was cultivated by Tenants and Small owners, towards the west they were indulged in farming whereas, the case with eastern and central Europe People were engaged in non-agricultural jobs with transport and communications.
The ______ were years of great economic hardship in Europe.
(i). There was an enormous increase in population all over Europe.
(ii) There were more seekers of jobs than employment.
(iii). People migrated from rural areas to the cities to live in overcrowded slums.
At the time when Sorrieu created the image, the German peoples did not yet exist as a
Napoleon's administrative measures had created a confederation of _____ states of the German-speaking regions.
If a nation is ______, that means the people constituting the nation are the source of all power and authority.
If a nation is Sovereign, the people constituting the nation are the source of all power and authority. A sovereign nation is a nation that has one centralised government that can govern a specific geographic area.
The ________ comprised the majority of the population in European society.
Who were admitted in the Frankfurt Parliament as observers?
Where did the Frankfurt Parliament convene?