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Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings


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25 Questions MCQ Test General Science(Prelims) by IRS Divey Sethi | Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings for Class 9 2022 is part of General Science(Prelims) by IRS Divey Sethi preparation. The Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 9 exam syllabus.The Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings MCQs are made for Class 9 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings below.
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Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 1

Which of the following is not a compound -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 1

"For iron sulfide, two elements (sulfur and iron) are heated together so that they form the compound iron sulfide. Although iron sulfide contains both sulfur and iron, it is not a mixture: it is a pure substance. Both the sulfur and the iron have 'given up' their individual properties to become a compound.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 2

Which of the following is not a mixture -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 2

Steam is water, which is a compound, the Hydrogen and Oxygen are chemically bonded. In a mixture they are not chemically bonded.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 3

Brass contains -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 3

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, in proportions which can be varied to achieve varying mechanical and electrical properties. It is a substitutional alloy: atoms of the two constituents may replace each other within the same crystal structure. In contrast, bronze is an alloy of copper and tin.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 4

Which of the following is not a chemical change-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 4

Boiling of water is a physical change
Boiling of water produce water vapors. Chemically the water and water vapors composed of H2O molecules. Here the change in physical state occurred. During this conversion The liquid is changed in to gas. On cooling these water vapors condensed into water. Hence it is a reversible reaction.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 5

Which of the following is a liquid metal-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 5

Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at normal temperatures and pressure. Because of the behavior of the valence electrons, mercury has a low melting point, is a poor electrical and thermal conductor and doesn't form diatomic mercury molecules in the gas phase.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 6

Which of the following is not a pure substance -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 6

Blood is not a pure substance. Blood is made up of many different components like cells, salts, proteins, water, etc.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 7

Which of the following can be classified as a 'Substance' -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 7

Ice and liquid water are the same substance. H2O Though ice water is a mixture of both solid and liquid it is a pure substance, based on the molecular structure of its components .

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 8

Which of the following gives a true solution in water-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 8

True Solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in which substance dissolved (solute) in solvent has the particle size of less than 10-9 m or 1 nm. Simple solution of sugar in water is an example of true solution. Particles of true solution cannot be filtered through filter paper and are not visible to naked eye.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 9

Which of the following statements is not correct-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 9

Compound is a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture. A compound is always homogeneous (uniform). Compounds cannot be separated by physical means. Separating a compound requires a chemical reaction. The properties of a compound are usually different than the properties of the elements it contains.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 10

Which of the following statements is not true -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 10

A colloid is a heterogeneous mixture where the size of solute particles is intermediate between those in true solution and in suspensions.

They cannot be separated from the mixture by the process of filtration.

But they can be separated by a special technique called as Centrifugation.

Centrifugation method is used for separating suspended particles of substances from a liquid in which the mixture is rotated at high speed in a centrifuge.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 11

Which of the following is the second most abundant metal in the earth's crust ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 11

Iron is one of the most common and cheapest of all metals and accounts for over 5 percent of the Earth's crust, making it fourth on the list of abundant elements. Iron combined with carbon makes steel. There is archaeological evidence that humans have used iron for thousands of years.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 12

Which of the following will show Tyndall effect-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 12

Tyndall effect is shown by colloidal solution. Here milk and starch solution are colloids therefore milk and starch solution will show Tyndall effect.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 13

When a beam of light is passed through a true solution, it gets-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 13

Particle size of true solution is very less due to which it don't scatter the light therefore path of beam of light is not visible through a true solution.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 14

Camphor can be purified by-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 14

The processes proposed heretofore for the purification of ordinary camphor are of a physical or chemical kind: to the first belong the processes based on sublimation, on fractional condensation and on crystallization from aromatic solvents; to the second belong the processes using nitric acid as solvent for the impurities. Whilst the latter give no satisfactory results, those of a physical kind reach their aim, but only after costly and repeated operations.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 15

Carbon burns in oxygen to form carbon dioxide. The properties of carbon dioxide are-

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 16

A mixture of common salt and water can be separated by-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 16

Evaporation: A solid substance dissolved in a solvent can be separated by the process of evaporation. The dissolved substance is left as a solid residue after the solvent has evaporated. The solvent itself cannot be recovered by this method. Common salt is obtained from sea water by evaporation. Sea water. Trapped in shallow lakes called lagoons, is subjected to the heat of the sun. Water evaporation leaving behind salt as a solid. If any impurities are present in the dissolved solid, they would still be present after it’s recovered after its recovery by evaporation.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 17

The process of cooling a hot, concentrated solution of a substance to obtain crystal is called -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 17

Crystallisation: When a hot, concentrated solution of a substance is allowed to cool slowly, crystals of pure solid are formed, while impurities remain dissolved in the solvent. This process is called Crystallisation. The crystals can be separated by filtration. An impure sample of compound, like copper sulphate or alum, can be purified by crystallization.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 18

A solution in which more quantity of solute can be dissolved without raising its temperature is called -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 18

Unsaturated Solution: An unsaturated solution is one in which you can dissolve more quantity of solute at a given temperature.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 19

Colloidal particles can be normally seen by-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 19

The particle size of colloidal solution is intermediate between that of a true mixture and suspension i.e. between 1 - 1000nm. Colloidal particles are small enough and cannot be seen by naked eyes. These can be seen through a microscope. So, the correct answer is (c).

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 20

A mixture of alcohol and water can be separated by -

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 20

To separate a mixture of alcohol (ethanol) and water, you can use a process known as fractional distillation. This technique relies on the fact that the compounds in the mixture have different boiling points. Since ethanol boils at a lower temperature (78.5 degrees Celsius, or 173.3 degrees Fahrenheit) than water, the alcohol vaporizes while most of the water remains a liquid. A good distillation column will produce a mixture of 95 percent alcohol and 5 percent water. This ratio represents the most pure form of ethanol possible with distillation and is widely accepted as an industry standard.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 21

Males of honey bee colony are called :-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 21

There are three types of honey bees within a hive: the queen, the workers, and the drones. A queen bee is the only female bee in the hive that gets to reproduce. Worker bees are all female, and are all offspring of the queen. But there are males in the hive called drones.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 22

Main sugar present in the honey is :-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 22

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation:- D-Fructose (levulose or fruit sugar) is the sweetest of all sugars. It is found in honey, corn syrup, and in the fruit and other parts of plants. It is much sweeter than sucrose (cane sugar).

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 23

Cattle feed should contain :-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 23

Cattle diet varies from one period to another period. Generally the diet of cattle includes 15-10% of roughage and rest of them includes concentrate and other materials.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 24

 Emulsion is a colloidal solution of liquid in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 24

Emulsion is a colloidal solution of liquid in liquid.

Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 25

Plants providing nectar and pollen to the honey bee collectively called :-

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Matter in our Surroundings - Question 25

The quality and taste of honey depends upon the flora, pasturage or orchards available for the nector and pollen collection. Pasturage/orchard flora of honey bees include a variety of flowering plants such as mango (aam), coconut (narial), almond (badam), tamarind (imli), ber, Berseem, litchi, cotton,shishame,apple,mahua,coriander,cashew,coffee,rubber plants,guava,sunflower,neem etc. 

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