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30 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism

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Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 1

How many languages are accepted in Indian constitution ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 1

The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 languages, which have been referred to as scheduled languages and given recognition, status and official encouragement. In addition, the Government of India has awarded the distinction of classical language to Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Sanskrit, Tamil and Telugu.

 

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 2

Which one of the following is a fundamental right ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 2

According to Article 18: Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 3

The right provided by constitution are called ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 3

The section on Fundamental Rights has often been referred to as the ‘conscience’ of the Indian Constitution. Fundamental Rights, protect citizens against the arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the State.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 4

In which year Bengal was divided into two parts?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 4

The decision to partition the state of Bengal was announced by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India in July 1905. This partition came into effect in October 1905 and divided the Muslim majority of eastern Bengal from the Hindu majority of the western part of the state.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 5

 Dictatorship is a government in which      

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 5

In a dictorship form of rule, the power of government is entirely held by a single person who is called a dictator and his decision is usually the ultimate and he can suppress any other group or press. So he is not tolerant of any opposing group and there is no freedom of speech and press. Since it is the rule by a dictator who is imposing his superiority over the others in terms of might and power, people cannot choose their new leader by voting.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 6

Who was nominated as a permanent president of constitutional assembly?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 6

Sachchidanand Sinha was elected the temporary Speaker of the Constituent Assembly. But later the permanent speaker of the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 7

Muslim league demand for ________ constitutional assembly.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 7
Muslim League Demand for a Constitutional Assembly
The Muslim League demanded a separate nation for Muslims in India and played a significant role in the creation of Pakistan. As part of their struggle for a separate homeland, the Muslim League demanded a constitutional assembly. The details of their demand and the reasons behind it are as follows:
1. Objective of the Demand:
- The Muslim League demanded a constitutional assembly to ensure the representation and rights of Muslims in the process of framing a constitution for an independent India.
- They wanted a separate assembly where Muslim representatives could actively participate and safeguard the interests of the Muslim community.
2. Representation:
- The demand for a constitutional assembly was made to ensure fair representation for Muslims in the decision-making process.
- The Muslim League believed that a separate assembly would allow Muslim representatives to voice their concerns and protect the rights of Muslims effectively.
3. Protection of Minority Rights:
- The Muslim League argued that a separate constitutional assembly would be necessary to protect the rights and interests of Muslims, who were a minority in India.
- They feared that in a united India, the majority Hindu population might dominate the decision-making process, leading to the marginalization of Muslims.
4. Creation of Pakistan:
- The demand for a separate constitutional assembly was closely linked to the idea of creating Pakistan.
- The Muslim League believed that a separate Muslim state was necessary to safeguard the political, economic, and social rights of Muslims, and a constitutional assembly would be essential for the governance of this new nation.
In conclusion, the Muslim League demanded a constitutional assembly to ensure fair representation, protect minority rights, and facilitate the creation of Pakistan as a separate nation for Muslims. This demand was crucial in shaping the political landscape of the Indian subcontinent and ultimately led to the establishment of Pakistan as an independent country.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 8

Constitution was made in:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 8

The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days to be precise) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India. During this period, it held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 9

Secularism is added in constitution by the amendment of :

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 9
Secularism in the Constitution
The amendment that added secularism to the constitution is the 42nd Amendment.
Explanation:
Here is a detailed explanation of the amendment and its significance:
1. 42nd Amendment:
- The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of India was enacted in 1976.
- It was introduced during the period of the Emergency and brought about several changes to the Constitution.
- One of the key changes made by this amendment was the addition of the word "secular" to the Preamble of the Constitution.
- The Preamble, which serves as an introductory statement and reflects the basic philosophy and values of the Constitution, now explicitly states that India is a secular nation.
2. Significance of the 42nd Amendment:
- The inclusion of secularism in the Preamble highlights the commitment of the Indian state to the principle of religious neutrality.
- It ensures that the state does not favor or discriminate against any particular religion or religious group.
- Secularism in the Indian context means equal respect and treatment for all religions, as well as non-interference by the state in religious matters.
- It upholds the principle of religious freedom and protects the rights of individuals to practice and propagate their religion.
3. Other Amendments:
- The other options provided in the question (62nd, 47th, and 73rd Amendments) did not specifically add secularism to the Constitution.
- The 62nd Amendment introduced provisions related to the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies.
- The 47th Amendment dealt with the incorporation of the Directive Principles of State Policy into the Constitution.
- The 73rd Amendment focused on decentralization and empowered local self-government bodies in rural areas.
In conclusion, secularism was added to the Constitution of India through the 42nd Amendment. This amendment played a significant role in emphasizing the secular nature of the Indian state and upholding religious freedom and equality for all citizens.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 10

After 42th amendment the first line of Indian preamble is "we people of India _______.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 10

The correct answer is D: All of these.
Explanation:
The 42nd amendment to the Indian Constitution was passed in 1976. This amendment made several changes to the original text of the Constitution, including the addition of three words to the preamble.
The first line of the Indian preamble now reads "We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic."
Here is a breakdown of the options:
A: Sovereign - This term emphasizes the independent and self-governing nature of India.
B: Secularism - This term signifies that India is a secular country, where people have the freedom to practice any religion and the state does not favor any particular religion.
C: Democratic - This term indicates that India follows a democratic form of government, where power is vested in the hands of the people.
D: All of these - This option is correct because after the 42nd amendment, all three terms (sovereign, secular, and democratic) were added to the first line of the Indian preamble.
So, the correct answer is D: All of these.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 11

Secularism means ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 11
Secularism means:
- State neutrality: Secularism implies that the state does not favor or promote any particular religion over others. It treats all religions equally and does not give any special concern to any particular religion.
- Separation of religion and state: Secularism advocates for the separation of religious institutions and the state. It ensures that the government does not interfere in religious matters and vice versa.
- Religious freedom: Secularism guarantees the freedom to practice and express one's religion without any discrimination or persecution. It allows individuals to have their own beliefs and protects their right to worship as they choose.
- Equality: Secularism promotes equality among individuals of different religions or those who do not follow any religion. It ensures that all citizens are treated fairly and have equal opportunities, irrespective of their religious beliefs.
- Pluralism: Secularism recognizes and respects the diversity of religions and beliefs within a society. It encourages dialogue, understanding, and cooperation among various religious communities.
- Secular education: Secularism advocates for an education system that is not influenced by any religious doctrine. It promotes critical thinking, rationality, and the teaching of multiple perspectives on religion.
- Non-discrimination: Secularism opposes any form of discrimination based on religious beliefs. It upholds the principle of non-discrimination and protects individuals from religious intolerance or prejudice.
Overall, secularism aims to create a society where individuals have the freedom to practice their religion or choose not to follow any religion, while ensuring that the state remains neutral and treats all its citizens equally.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 12

Right to freedom of religion is written in :

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 12

The Constitution of India guarantees the right to freedom of religion to not only individuals but also religious groups in India. This is enshrined in Articles 25 to 28. 

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 13

According to act 28, which type of education is resisted in state educational institution?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 13

1) No religion instruction shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds

2) But, Nothing in part or full shall apply to an educational institution which has been established under any endowment or trust which requires that religious instruction shall be imparted in such institution even if the institution is is administered by the State govt

3) No person attending any educational institution recognised by the State or receiving aid out of State funds shall be required to take part in any religious instruction that may be imparted in such institution or to attend any religious worship that may be conducted in such institution or in any premises attached thereto unless such person or, if such person is a minor, his guardian has given his consent thereto Cultural and Educational Rights

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 14

In which country Non-Muslim are not allowed?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 14

The two holiest cities of Islam, Mecca and Medina, are in Saudi Arabia. For many reasons, non-Muslims are not permitted to enter the holy cities although some Western non-Muslims have been able to enter, disguised as Muslims.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 15

How many language are mentioned in the 8th schedule?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 15

The 22 languages which are listed in the Eighth Schedule are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 16

Which of the following is/are included in Right to Freedom of Religion?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 16

Freedom of religion is the right of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance. It is generally recognized to also include the freedom to change religion or to not follow any religion (sometimes referred to as “freedom from religion”).

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 17

Non-interference in religion means:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 17

Noninterference: This means that in order to respect the sentiments of all religions and not interfere with religious practices, the State makes certain exceptions for particular religious communities.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 18

Is India a secular country? 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 18

India does not establish any one religion as the official religion. It also does not confer any privilege or favour on any particular religion, Nor does it punish or discriminate against people on; the basis of religion they follow. The Indian Constitution says that every person has a. right to profess, practice and propagate the religion as he or she believes in and every religions group or sect is free to manage its religions affairs.

That’s why Indian Government cannot compel any person to pay in taxes for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religions institutions. India cannot compel anyone to take part in any religions instructions or to attend any religions worship.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 19

India constitution mandates that Indian state is a :

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 19

The Indian Constitution mandates that the Indian State be secular. Only a secular State can realise its objectives to ensure the following: One religious community does not dominate another.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 20

Does Indian constitution grants the right to freedom of religious communities to set up their own school & colleges?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 20

The Indian Constitution grants the right to religious communities to set up their own schools and colleges. It also gives them financial aid on a non preferential basis.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 21

In which year, France passed a law banning students from wearing any conspicuous religious signs or symbols?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 21

The proposed French law banning Islamic headscarves and other visible religious symbols in state schools would violate the rights to freedom of religion and expression, Human Rights Watch said today.
The French Law Banning Religious Symbols in Public Schools. In 2004, the French Senate gave the final approval for a bill prohibiting the wearing of conspicuous religious symbols in public schools.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 22

Coercion means:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 22

Coercion means the action or practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats.For example, pointing a gun at someone's head or holding a knife to someone's throat is an actual physical threat.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 23

Democracy means:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 23
Democracy is for the people by the people and of the people. So option A states the same rule of people. Because people elect their representatives by their votes and these representatives rules by their behalf.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 24

Scared book of Muslim is:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 24
Scared book of Muslim is:
- The scared book of Muslims is the Kuran.
Explanation:
The scared book of Muslims is called the Kuran. It is the central religious text of Islam and is considered by Muslims to be a revelation from God. The Kuran is believed to have been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years through angel Gabriel. It is written in Arabic and is divided into chapters called Surahs. The Kuran covers various aspects of life including faith, worship, morality, and guidance for personal and societal conduct. It is regarded as the ultimate source of guidance for Muslims and is recited, studied, and memorized by millions of Muslims around the world. The Kuran is considered to be a complete guide for Muslims, providing them with spiritual, moral, and practical guidance in their daily lives. It is highly revered and respected by Muslims and is considered to be the literal word of God.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 25

Our unity lies in our ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 25

Our unity lies in our diversity.
Unity in diversity means oneness in the varieties. .Unity in diversity focuses on the existence of unity even after lots of differences of cultural, social, physical, linguistic, religious, political, ideological, psychological, etc.

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 26

Tunisia was a colony of _____ earlier.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 26

Correct option is C. France

Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 27

India constitution guarantees ______to every citizen of the Country.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 27
India Constitution Guarantees Fundamental Rights to Every Citizen of the Country
The Constitution of India, adopted on 26th November 1949, guarantees several fundamental rights to every citizen of the country. These rights are essential for the protection and well-being of individuals and ensure their freedom and dignity. Here is a detailed explanation of the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution:
1. Right to Equality:
- The Constitution ensures that all individuals are equal before the law and prohibits discrimination based on religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
- It guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and prohibits untouchability.
2. Right to Freedom:
- This right includes freedom of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, freedom to form associations or unions, freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India, and freedom to reside and settle in any part of the country.
- It also ensures protection from arbitrary arrest and detention and safeguards against exploitation.
3. Right against Exploitation:
- The Constitution prohibits trafficking in human beings, forced labor, and child labor.
- It also prohibits employment of children in hazardous industries.
4. Right to Freedom of Religion:
- Every individual has the right to practice, profess, and propagate any religion of their choice.
- The Constitution ensures freedom of conscience and the right to manage religious affairs.
5. Cultural and Educational Rights:
- The Constitution grants individuals the right to protect their language, script, and culture.
- It also guarantees the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
6. Right to Constitutional Remedies:
- This right empowers citizens to move to the courts for the enforcement of their fundamental rights.
- It ensures that individuals have access to justice and can seek redressal for any violation of their rights.
In conclusion, the Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental rights to every citizen of the country. These rights are crucial for safeguarding individual liberties, promoting equality, and ensuring social justice. They form the foundation of a democratic and inclusive society, empowering citizens to lead a life of dignity and freedom.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 28

Separation of religion from the state means ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 28
Secularism is a belief system that rejects religion, or the belief that religion should not be part of the affairs of the state or part of public education.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 29

‘Eid’ is a festival of?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 29
Explanation:
The festival of 'Eid' is primarily celebrated by Muslims.
Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Eid:
- Eid is an Arabic word that means "festival" or "feast."
- It is a significant religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide.
- There are two main types of Eid: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
2. Eid al-Fitr:
- Eid al-Fitr, also known as the "Festival of Breaking the Fast," marks the end of Ramadan.
- Ramadan is the holy month of fasting observed by Muslims.
- It is a joyous celebration that begins with a special prayer called Salah al-Eid.
- Muslims gather in mosques or open spaces to offer prayers and listen to sermons.
- They also visit family and friends, exchange gifts, and share meals together.
- It is a time of forgiveness, gratitude, and spreading happiness.
3. Eid al-Adha:
- Eid al-Adha, also known as the "Festival of Sacrifice," commemorates the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God.
- Muslims around the world sacrifice animals, such as sheep, goats, or cows, to remember Ibrahim's devotion.
- The meat from the sacrificed animal is divided into three parts: one-third is shared with family and friends, one-third is given to the needy, and one-third is kept for personal consumption.
- Muslims also gather for prayer, listen to sermons, and engage in acts of charity during this festival.
4. Cultural Significance:
- Eid is not only a religious festival but also holds cultural significance.
- It strengthens the bond between family members, friends, and the community.
- It fosters a sense of unity, compassion, and generosity.
- Muslims dress in traditional attire, decorate their homes, and prepare special dishes for the occasion.
- It is a time of joy, celebration, and reflection on the values of Islam.
Conclusion:
- In conclusion, Eid is a festival celebrated primarily by Muslims.
- It is an important religious and cultural observance that promotes unity, gratitude, and compassion within the Muslim community and beyond.
Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 30

Separation of same religion from the state in democratic societies is because of ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 30
It is important to separate religion from the State in democratic societies is because we also need to protect the freedom of individuals to exit from their religion, embrace another religion or have the freedom to interpret religious teachings differently.
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