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Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1)


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25 Questions MCQ Test Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters | Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1)

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Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 1

The preamble is useful in constitutional interpretation because

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 1

Explanation:

The Preamble declares that it is the people of India who had enacted, adopted and given the Constitution to themselves. Thus, sovereignty lies ultimately with the people. It also declares the ideals and aspirations of the people that need to be achieved.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 2

Which among the following Union Territory had a Judicial Commissioner’s Court?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 2

Before Goa, Daman and Diu became part of India, a Tribunal the Relacao was highest court in these territories. In 1963, this Tribunal the Relacao was abolished and a court of judicial commissioner was established under Goa Daman and Diu (Judicial Commissioner’s Court) Regulation 1963. The Judicial Commissioner’s Court was the highest court of appeal and revision for the Union Territory. In 1981, the parliament passed High Court of Bombay (Extension of Jurisdiction to Goa Daman and Diu) Act, 1981 act to extend the Jurisdiction of High Court at Bombay to Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu and abolish the then existing court of Judicial Commissioner.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 3

Which Constitution has inspired the Indian concepts of Rule of law, Parliamentary system and law- making procedure?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 3

Explanation:

We have borrowed following features from the British Constitution:

  • Parliamentary form of government
  • The idea of single citizenship
  • The idea of the Rule of law
  • Institution of Speaker and his role
  • Lawmaking procedure
  • Procedure established by Law
Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 4

Which of the following have not been borrowed from Australian Constitution:

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 4

Answer: b

Explanation:

Emergency provisions u/a 356 have been taken from Weimar Constitution of Germany.

 

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 5

The chairman of the Drafting Committee was

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 5

Answer: b

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 6

Which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides that “It shall be the duty of the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance”?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 6

Answer: c

Explanation:
Article 355 states, “It shall be the duty of the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the government of every State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution”.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 7

Which of the following is not a ground to discriminate against any citizen

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 7

Answer: b

Explanation: Article 15 of the constitution is about ‘Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.’

1) The State shall not  iscriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, and place of birth or any of them.

2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to

  1. access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or

  2. the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.

3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.

4) Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

5) Nothing in this article or in sub-clause (g) of clause (1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision,by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause (1) of article 30.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 8

Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 8

Answer: d

Explanation: Tenth Schedule contains Anti-Defection provisions for Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures (which were added by 52nd Constitution Amendment Act in 1985).

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 9

According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 9

Answer: c

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 10

Consider the following statements:

  1. National Development Council is not an organ of the NITI Commission.
  2. The Economic and Social Planning is kept in the Concurrent List in the Constitution of India.
  3. The Constitution of India prescribes that Panchayats should be assigned the task of preparation of place for economic development and social justice.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 10

NDC is not an ‘organ’ of NITI commission. It is an advisory body that approves the Five year plans. Economic and social planning is under Concurrent list. Constitution provides voluntary provisions for devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchayats to prepare plans for economic development and social justice.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 11

The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the States are submitted to which among the following?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 11

Article 151. Audit Reports :-
(1) The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the president, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.
(2) The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of a State shall be submitted to the Governor of the State, who shall cause them to be laid before the Legislature of the State.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 12

Which of the following special powers have been conferred on the Rajya Sabha by the Constitution of India?

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 13

The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 14

The constituent Assembly was set up in:

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 15

The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 16

Which of the following is / are the function / functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?

  1. Preparation of agenda for Cabinet Meetings
  2. Secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees
  3. Allocation of financial resources to the Ministries

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 17

Under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, who shall be the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both? 

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 18

‘Economic Justice’ as one of the objectives of the Indian Constitution has been provided in          

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 19

In the context of India, which of the following principles is/are implied institutionally in the parliamentary government?

  1. Members of the Cabinet are Members of the Parliament.
  2. Ministers hold the office till they enjoy the confidence of Lok Sabha.
  3. Cabinet is headed by the Head of the State.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 19

Features of parliamentary government include Nominal and real executives. President is head of the state and PM is head of the government. Art. 74 provides for council of ministers headed by PM who is head of government. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect. Thus Answer A is right.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 20

Consider the following statements

  1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the Lok Sabha only.
  2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the Legislature of all the States of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Choose the correct code:

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 20

An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament. The Bill must then be passed in each House by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting.

If the amendment seeks to make any change in any of the provisions mentioned in the provision to article 368, it must be ratified by the Legislatures of not less than one-half of the States. Each usually has the long title "An Act further to amend the Constitution of India".

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 21

Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India have a bearing on Education?

  1. Directive Principles of State Policy
  2. Rural and Urban Local Bodies
  3. Fifth Schedule
  4. Sixth Schedule
  5. Seventh Schedule

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 21

The correct option is Option B.

Directive principle of state policy Article 45 states that the state shall endeavour to promote free education until they attain 14 years within ten years from the commencement of constitution .Education is included in 7th schedule as concurrent list.73rd and 74 th amendment gave rights to panchayats and municipalities to administer educational institutions.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 22

According to the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following?

  1. The Recommendations of the Union Finance Commission
  2. The Report of the Public Accounts Committee
  3. The Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General
  4. The Report of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 23

Consider the following statements:
The Parliamentary Committee on Public Accounts

  1. consists of not more than 25 Members of the Lok Sabha
  2. Scrutinizes appropriation and finance accounts of the Government
  3. Examines the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 24

Which of the following are associated with ‘Planning’ in India?

  1. The Finance Commission
  2. The National Development Council
  3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development
  4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development
  5. The Parliament

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 25

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are not the members of that House.
  2. While the nominated members of the two Houses of the Parliament have no voting right in the presidential election, they have the right to vote in the election of the Vice President.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 25

Explanation: Vice-President is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

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