Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1)


25 Questions MCQ Test Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters | Indian Constitution - MCQ Online Test (1)


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QUESTION: 1

The preamble is useful in constitutional interpretation because

Solution:

Explanation:

The Preamble declares that it is the people of India who had enacted, adopted and given the Constitution to themselves. Thus, sovereignty lies ultimately with the people. It also declares the ideals and aspirations of the people that need to be achieved.

QUESTION: 2

The most essential feature of the Parliamentary form of Government is the

Solution:

 

 

QUESTION: 3

Which Constitution has inspired the Indian concepts of Rule of law, Parliamentary system and law- making procedure?

Solution:

Explanation:

We have borrowed following features from the British Constitution:

  • Parliamentary form of government
  • The idea of single citizenship
  • The idea of the Rule of law
  • Institution of Speaker and his role
  • Lawmaking procedure
  • Procedure established by Law
QUESTION: 4

Which of the following have not been borrowed from Australian Constitution:

Solution:

Answer: b

Explanation:

Emergency provisions u/a 356 have been taken from Weimar Constitution of Germany.

 

QUESTION: 5

The chairman of the Drafting Committee was

Solution:

Answer: b

QUESTION: 6

Which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides that “It shall be the duty of the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance”?

Solution:

Answer: c

Explanation:
Article 355 states, “It shall be the duty of the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the government of every State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution”.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following is not a ground to discriminate against any citizen

Solution:

Answer: b

Explanation: Article 15 of the constitution is about ‘Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.’

1) The State shall not  iscriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, and place of birth or any of them.

2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to

  1. access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or

  2. the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.

3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.

4) Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

5) Nothing in this article or in sub-clause (g) of clause (1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision,by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause (1) of article 30.

QUESTION: 8

Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?

Solution:

Answer: d

Explanation: Tenth Schedule contains Anti-Defection provisions for Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures (which were added by 52nd Constitution Amendment Act in 1985).

QUESTION: 9

According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?

Solution:

Answer: c

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements:

  1. National Development Council is not an organ of the NITI Commission.
  2. The Economic and Social Planning is kept in the Concurrent List in the Constitution of India.
  3. The Constitution of India prescribes that Panchayats should be assigned the task of preparation of place for economic development and social justice.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

Solution:

NDC is not an ‘organ’ of NITI commission. It is an advisory body that approves the Five year plans. Economic and social planning is under Concurrent list. Constitution provides voluntary provisions for devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchayats to prepare plans for economic development and social justice.

QUESTION: 11

 

The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the States are submitted to which among the following?

Solution:

Article 151. Audit Reports :-
(1) The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the president, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.
(2) The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of a State shall be submitted to the Governor of the State, who shall cause them to be laid before the Legislature of the State.

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following special powers have been conferred on the Rajya Sabha by the Constitution of India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The constituent Assembly was set up in:

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Which of the following is / are the function / functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?

  1. Preparation of agenda for Cabinet Meetings
  2. Secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees
  3. Allocation of financial resources to the Ministries

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, who shall be the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

‘Economic Justice’ as one of the objectives of the Indian Constitution has been provided in          

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

In the context of India, which of the following principles is/are implied institutionally in the parliamentary government?

  1. Members of the Cabinet are Members of the Parliament.
  2. Ministers hold the office till they enjoy confidence in the Parliament.
  3. Cabinet is headed by the Head of the State.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

Solution:

Features of parliamentary government include Nominal and real executives. President is head of the state and PM is head of the government. Art. 74 provides for council of ministers headed by PM who is head of government. Hence Statement 3 is incorrect. Thus Answer A is right.

QUESTION: 20

Consider the following statements

  1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the Lok Sabha only.
  2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the Legislature of all the States of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Choose the correct code:

Solution:

An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament. The Bill must then be passed in each House by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting.

If the amendment seeks to make any change in any of the provisions mentioned in the provision to article 368, it must be ratified by the Legislatures of not less than one-half of the States. Each usually has the long title "An Act further to amend the Constitution of India".

QUESTION: 21

Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India have a bearing on Education?

  1. Directive Principles of State Policy
  2. Rural and Urban Local Bodies
  3. Fifth Schedule
  4. Sixth Schedule
  5. Seventh Schedule

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Solution:

The correct option is Option B.

Directive principle of state policy Article 45 states that the state shall endeavour to promote free education until they attain 14 years within ten years from the commencement of constitution .Education is included in 7th schedule as concurrent list.73rd and 74 th amendment gave rights to panchayats and municipalities to administer educational institutions.

QUESTION: 22

According to the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following?

  1. The Recommendations of the Union Finance Commission
  2. The Report of the Public Accounts Committee
  3. The Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General
  4. The Report of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Consider the following statements:
The Parliamentary Committee on Public Accounts

  1. consists of not more than 25 Members of the Lok Sabha
  2. Scrutinizes appropriation and finance accounts of the Government
  3. Examines the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Which of the following are associated with ‘Planning’ in India?

  1. The Finance Commission
  2. The National Development Council
  3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development
  4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development
  5. The Parliament

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are not the members of that House.
  2. While the nominated members of the two Houses of the Parliament have no voting right in the presidential election, they have the right to vote in the election of the Vice President.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

Explanation: Vice-President is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

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