# NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 5

## 200 Questions MCQ Test NABARD Manager - Mock Tests & Previous Year Papers | NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 5

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Attempt NABARD Grade A Phase I Test 5 | 200 questions in 120 minutes | Mock test for Banking Exams preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study NABARD Manager - Mock Tests & Previous Year Papers for Banking Exams Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Solution:

QUESTION: 2

Solution:

QUESTION: 3

### Eight people, viz P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, and W are sitting in a straight line facing North. Each of them belongs to different cities, viz Patna, Ranchi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Goa, Manali, Mysore, and Jaipur but not necessarily in the same order.   (i) V sits third to the right of the person who belongs to Goa. The person who belongs to Jaipur sit second to the right of V. P and T are immediate neighbours of each other. Neither P nor T belongs to Goa or Jaipur. Neither P nor T is an immediate neighbor of V.  (ii) W sits third to the right of the person who belongs to Patna. Neither P nor T belongs to Patna. W does not belongs to Jaipur.  (iii) Only two people sit between T and the person who belongs to Mysore. The person who belongs to Ranchi sit on the immediate left of S.  (iv) Only one person sits between T and Q. R sits second to left of one who belongs to Mysore.  (v) T does not belongs to Kanpur.  (vi) The one who belongs to Manali sits at the extreme end of the line. Q. Which of the following is true regarding S?

Solution:

QUESTION: 4

Eight people, viz P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, and W are sitting in a straight line facing North. Each of them belongs to different cities, viz Patna, Ranchi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Goa, Manali, Mysore, and Jaipur but not necessarily in the same order.

(i)V sits third to the right of the person who belongs to Goa. The person who belongs to Jaipur sit second to the right of V. P and T are immediate neighbours of each other. Neither P nor T belongs to Goa or Jaipur. Neither P nor T is an immediate neighbor of V.

(ii) W sits third to the right of the person who belongs to Patna. Neither P nor T belongs to Patna. W does not belongs to Jaipur.

(iii) Only two people sit between T and the person who belongs to Mysore. The person who belongs to Ranchi sit on the immediate left of S.

(iv) Only one person sits between T and Q. R sits second to left of one who belongs to Mysore.

(v) T does not belongs to Kanpur.

(vi) The one who belongs to Manali sits at the extreme end of the line.

Q. How many people sit between R and the person who belongs to Ranchi?

Solution:

QUESTION: 5

Eight people, viz P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, and W are sitting in a straight line facing North. Each of them belongs to different cities, viz Patna, Ranchi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Goa, Manali, Mysore, and Jaipur but not necessarily in the same order.

(i)V sits third to the right of the person who belongs to Goa. The person who belongs to Jaipur sit second to the right of V. P and T are immediate neighbours of each other. Neither P nor T belongs to Goa or Jaipur. Neither P nor T is an immediate neighbor of V.

(ii) W sits third to the right of the person who belongs to Patna. Neither P nor T belongs to Patna. W does not belongs to Jaipur.

(iii) Only two people sit between T and the person who belongs to Mysore. The person who belongs to Ranchi sit on the immediate left of S.

(iv) Only one person sits between T and Q. R sits second to left of one who belongs to Mysore.

(v) T does not belongs to Kanpur.

(vi) The one who belongs to Manali sits at the extreme end of the line.

Q. Who among the following is sitting at extreme ends of the line?

Solution:

QUESTION: 6

Directions

In each of the questions below, some statements are given followed by some conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the following conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Give answer.

Statements: Some flower are plant.

All plant are trees.

Some trees are not forest.

Conclusions: I. some forest are flower.

II. some forest are plant.

III. some trees are flower.

Solution:

QUESTION: 7

Directions

In each of the questions below, some statements are given followed by some conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the following conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Give answer.

Statements: Some flower are plant.

All plant are trees.

Some trees are not forest.

Conclusions: I. some forest are flower.

II. some forest are plant.

III. some trees are flower.

Solution:

QUESTION: 8

Directions

In each of the questions below, some statements are given followed by some conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the following conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Give answer.

Statements: Some flower are plant.

All plant are trees.

Some trees are not forest.

Conclusions: I. some forest are flower.

II. some forest are plant.

III. some trees are flower.

Solution:

QUESTION: 9

Directions

In each of the questions below, some statements are given followed by some conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the following conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Give answer.

Statements: Some flower are plant.

All plant are trees.

Some trees are not forest.

Conclusions: I. some forest are flower.

II. some forest are plant.

III. some trees are flower.

Solution:

QUESTION: 10

Directions

In each of the questions below, some statements are given followed by some conclusions. You have to consider the statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the following conclusions logically follows from the given statements. Give answer.

Statements: Some flower are plant.

All plant are trees.

Some trees are not forest.

Conclusions: I. some forest are flower.

II. some forest are plant.

III. some trees are flower.

Solution:

QUESTION: 11

Directions

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Atul is 13m to the north of Jyoti . Atul is 5m to the east of Dheeraj. Dheeraj is 6m to the north of Saurabh. Priya is 2m west of Saurabh. Priya is 7m north of Suraj. Nisha is 7m east of Suraj.

Q. How far is Atul from Nisha?

Solution:

Jyoti and Nisha standing at same position

QUESTION: 12

Directions

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Atul is 13m to the north of Jyoti . Atul is 5m to the east of Dheeraj. Dheeraj is 6m to the north of Saurabh. Priya is 2m west of Saurabh. Priya is 7m north of Suraj. Nisha is 7m east of Suraj.

Q. How far is Atul from Nisha?

Solution:

QUESTION: 13

In a class of 25 students, a girl is ranked 10th. When two girls joined, her rank was dropped by one. What is her new rank from the end?

Solution:

Total number of girls after 2 new girls joined=27
Since, the rank of the girl dropped by 1, it became 11.
Her new rank from the end=27-11+1=17

QUESTION: 14

Directions

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments a ‘strong’ argument is and which a ‘weak’ argument is.

Statement: Should there be a complete ban on extracurricular activities in college.

Arguments:

I. No, there is nothing wrong in participating in extracurricular activities in college.

II. Yes, Students are giving their more time to extracurricular activities in college.

Solution:

Argument I is weak because it lacks a proper reason. Argument II explains the reason for ban on extracurricular activities so Argument II is strong. Hence it follows only

QUESTION: 15

Directions

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments a ‘strong’ argument is and which a ‘weak’ argument is.

Statement: Should there be a complete ban on extracurricular activities in college.

Arguments:

I. No, there is nothing wrong in participating in extracurricular activities in college.

II. Yes, Students are giving their more time to extracurricular activities in college.

Solution:

Argument I is not strong due to word ‘only’. Argument II is also not strong because it is baseless. Hence, both arguments do not follow.

QUESTION: 16

Directions

1. Nine people (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) are sitting around a round table facing the center, not necessarily in the same order. Among them are 4 married couples and 1 pair of siblings. One of the siblings is unmarried. Each person has a different hobby (Singing, travelling, painting, gardening, trekking, sketching, photography, cooking, Reading), not necessarily in the same order.

2. The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male.

3. F sits to the immediate left of her brother who likes cooking.

4. A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

5. G’s wife sits second to his right. No male likes reading or photography.

6. The one who likes reading sits to the immediate left of C’s sister and is married to E who likes trekking.

7. Both the immediate neighbours of only B and C are of opposite gender to B and C respectively. Gender of B is opposite to C.

8. D likes reading and sits second to the right of B, who likes painting.

9. The wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Q. Who among the following likes travelling?

Solution:

From 1, 3, 6, 8, 5

From 7, C is a male and B’s gender is opposite to C, thus B is a female. From 4, A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

So far, we know, F is the sister of C and since I is the wife of C, and one of the siblings is unmarried, F is unmarried.

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking

From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening i.e. A likes gardening

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A (-), gardening

D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

Case 1:

OR

Case 2:

We know that, F is the sister of C and is the unmarried female and there are 4 married couples. Thus, there must be four men and 5 women at the table. In case I, The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a male (to complete the number of males)

Case

The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a female (to complete the number of females) From 5, G’s wife sits second to his right. Also, From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Case II: NO FEMALE LEFT for gardening, hence case II discarded

We know that D is married to E and E likes trekking. Thus

QUESTION: 17

Directions

1. Nine people (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) are sitting around a round table facing the center, not necessarily in the same order. Among them are 4 married couples and 1 pair of siblings. One of the siblings is unmarried. Each person has a different hobby (Singing, travelling, painting, gardening, trekking, sketching, photography, cooking, Reading), not necessarily in the same order.

2. The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male.

3. F sits to the immediate left of her brother who likes cooking.

4. A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

5. G’s wife sits second to his right. No male likes reading or photography.

6. The one who likes reading sits to the immediate left of C’s sister and is married to E who likes trekking.

7. Both the immediate neighbours of only B and C are of opposite gender to B and C respectively. Gender of B is opposite to C.

8. D likes reading and sits second to the right of B, who likes painting.

9. The wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Q. Which among the following is not a husband wife pair?

Solution:

From 1, 3, 6, 8, 5

From 7, C is a male and B’s gender is opposite to C, thus B is a female. From 4, A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

So far, we know, F is the sister of C and since I is the wife of C, and one of the siblings is unmarried, F is unmarried.

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking

From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening i.e. A likes gardening

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A (-), gardening

D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

Case 1:

OR

Case 2:

We know that, F is the sister of C and is the unmarried female and there are 4 married couples. Thus, there must be four men and 5 women at the table. In case I, The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a male (to complete the number of males)

Case

The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a female (to complete the number of females) From 5, G’s wife sits second to his right. Also, From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Case II: NO FEMALE LEFT for gardening, hence case II discarded

We know that D is married to E and E likes trekking. Thus

QUESTION: 18

Directions

1. Nine people (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) are sitting around a round table facing the center, not necessarily in the same order. Among them are 4 married couples and 1 pair of siblings. One of the siblings is unmarried. Each person has a different hobby (Singing, travelling, painting, gardening, trekking, sketching, photography, cooking, Reading), not necessarily in the same order.

2. The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male.

3. F sits to the immediate left of her brother who likes cooking.

4. A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

5. G’s wife sits second to his right. No male likes reading or photography.

6. The one who likes reading sits to the immediate left of C’s sister and is married to E who likes trekking.

7. Both the immediate neighbours of only B and C are of opposite gender to B and C respectively. Gender of B is opposite to C.

8. D likes reading and sits second to the right of B, who likes painting.

9. The wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Q.  If the hobbies of husbands and wives are exchanged, what will be the hobby of the one sitting third to the right of C?

Solution:

From 1, 3, 6, 8, 5

From 7, C is a male and B’s gender is opposite to C, thus B is a female. From 4, A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

So far, we know, F is the sister of C and since I is the wife of C, and one of the siblings is unmarried, F is unmarried.

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking

From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening i.e. A likes gardening

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A (-), gardening

D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

Case 1:

OR

Case 2:

We know that, F is the sister of C and is the unmarried female and there are 4 married couples. Thus, there must be four men and 5 women at the table. In case I, The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a male (to complete the number of males)

Case

The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a female (to complete the number of females) From 5, G’s wife sits second to his right. Also, From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Case II: NO FEMALE LEFT for gardening, hence case II discarded

We know that D is married to E and E likes trekking. Thus

QUESTION: 19

Directions

1. Nine people (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) are sitting around a round table facing the center, not necessarily in the same order. Among them are 4 married couples and 1 pair of siblings. One of the siblings is unmarried. Each person has a different hobby (Singing, travelling, painting, gardening, trekking, sketching, photography, cooking, Reading), not necessarily in the same order.

2. The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male.

3. F sits to the immediate left of her brother who likes cooking.

4. A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

5. G’s wife sits second to his right. No male likes reading or photography.

6. The one who likes reading sits to the immediate left of C’s sister and is married to E who likes trekking.

7. Both the immediate neighbours of only B and C are of opposite gender to B and C respectively. Gender of B is opposite to C.

8. D likes reading and sits second to the right of B, who likes painting.

9. The wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Q. Which husband is sitting farthest from his wife when counting in anti clockwise direction (starting from the husband)?

Solution:

From 1, 3, 6, 8, 5

From 7, C is a male and B’s gender is opposite to C, thus B is a female. From 4, A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

So far, we know, F is the sister of C and since I is the wife of C, and one of the siblings is unmarried, F is unmarried.

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking

From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening i.e. A likes gardening

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A (-), gardening

D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

Case 1:

OR

Case 2:

We know that, F is the sister of C and is the unmarried female and there are 4 married couples. Thus, there must be four men and 5 women at the table. In case I, The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a male (to complete the number of males)

Case

The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a female (to complete the number of females) From 5, G’s wife sits second to his right. Also, From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Case II: NO FEMALE LEFT for gardening, hence case II discarded

We know that D is married to E and E likes trekking. Thus

QUESTION: 20

Directions

1. Nine people (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) are sitting around a round table facing the center, not necessarily in the same order. Among them are 4 married couples and 1 pair of siblings. One of the siblings is unmarried. Each person has a different hobby (Singing, travelling, painting, gardening, trekking, sketching, photography, cooking, Reading), not necessarily in the same order.

2. The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male.

3. F sits to the immediate left of her brother who likes cooking.

4. A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

5. G’s wife sits second to his right. No male likes reading or photography.

6. The one who likes reading sits to the immediate left of C’s sister and is married to E who likes trekking.

7. Both the immediate neighbours of only B and C are of opposite gender to B and C respectively. Gender of B is opposite to C.

8. D likes reading and sits second to the right of B, who likes painting.

9. The wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Q. Whose spouse sits second to the left of the one who likes trekking?

Solution:

From 1, 3, 6, 8, 5

From 7, C is a male and B’s gender is opposite to C, thus B is a female. From 4, A’s husband likes singing and he sits to the immediate right of the female who likes painting.

So far, we know, F is the sister of C and since I is the wife of C, and one of the siblings is unmarried, F is unmarried.

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking

From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening i.e. A likes gardening

C (+) X I (-)

A’s husband (+), Singing X A (-), gardening

D (-), Reading X E (+), trekking The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

The one who likes photography sits second to the left of a male and no male likes photography, possible positions are:

Case 1:

OR

Case 2:

We know that, F is the sister of C and is the unmarried female and there are 4 married couples. Thus, there must be four men and 5 women at the table. In case I, The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a male (to complete the number of males)

Case

The one sitting to the immediate right of the one who likes photography should be a female (to complete the number of females) From 5, G’s wife sits second to his right. Also, From 9, wife of the one who sits to the immediate left of D likes gardening. I is married to C, likes photography and sits to the immediate left of the one who likes sketching.

Case II: NO FEMALE LEFT for gardening, hence case II discarded

We know that D is married to E and E likes trekking. Thus

QUESTION: 21

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on it. Some of the words have been highlighted in bold to help you locate them while answering the questions.

As prolonged drought and extreme temperatures have taken their terrible toll on food crops in recent years, nations have tended to focus on regional episodes, such as a single drought-afflicted state or region. Now, scientists have assessed the global scale of food crop disasters for the first time — and the news is not good.

In a new study, researchers from Canada and the United Kingdom estimate that cereal harvests — including rice, wheat and maize — decreased by an average of 9 to10 percent during droughts and heat waves between 1964 and 2007, with the worst effects seen in North America, Europe, and Australia and its neighboring islands. Furthermore, the impact has grown larger in recent years. With climate change likely to exacerbate extreme weather and make it more common in the future, the study is perhaps the most comprehensive examination yet of the historic impact of extreme weather on global crop production.

The findings from the new research may help guide agricultural priorities in international disaster risk reduction, as well as adaptation efforts. "We can avoid a worsening food-security situation if we invest in adapting our crops to these extremes immediately, and especially if we step up and make solid commitments to avoid further climate change," saidCorey Lesk, of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Manhattan and first author of the study.

Lesk and his colleagues found that the average impact of recent droughts — those between 1985 and 2007 — was a 13.7 percent loss, which is 7 percent greater than the 6.7 percent impact during droughts that occurred earlier, between 1964 and 1984. The reasons for this are not clear.

"We found that the average impact of drought disasters on crops has gotten worse," Lesk said. "But it is still debated whether droughts themselves have gotten more severe, so another explanation could be that crops have gotten more susceptible to drought over the decades. That could mean, speculatively, that we're already on the wrong path with regard to adapting our crops to a changing climate.

"The thinking is that, if crop responses to drought have gotten bigger, but there is no clear signal that the droughts have gotten worse, then that supports the alternative explanation that crops themselves have gotten more sensitive," he added. "And if they have gotten more sensitive already, that bodes ill for future crop performance in a world of worse droughts."

The researchers found that production losses due to droughts were associated with a reduction in both harvested area and yields, whereas extreme heat mainly decreased yields.Harvested area refers to the planted cropland area that is harvested in a given year. "It takes time, energy and money to harvest crops from a field, and if crops are severely enough damaged, then farmers may choose not to harvest at all," Lesk said. "You could call this a 'total crop failure,' and it shows up in the data as a drop in harvested area. Yield is the mass of grain harvest per unit area harvested — in other words, the productivity of the crops on an area basis. If a crop fails completely and is not harvested, then it doesn't end up in the yield calculations, so you have to consider both metrics to get a full picture."The scientists concluded that droughts caused partial and total damage to crops, resulting in drops in both yield and harvested area. Heat waves, in contrast, only resulted in yield declines.

Q. How according to the passage can we prevent deterioration of food security condition?

A. Working towards making our crops adaptable to the extreme weather conditions as soon as possible.

B. Improving Natural Ecology

C. Increasing green cover by planting trees in abundance so that only positive climate change occurs.

D. Vowing to prevent more climate change

Solution:

According to the passage only A and D are the correct answers.

“We can avoid a worsening food-security situation if we invest in adapting our crops to these extremes immediately, and especially if we step up and make solid commitments to avoid further climate change," saidCorey Lesk, of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Manhattan and first author of the study

QUESTION: 22

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on it. Some of the words have been highlighted in bold to help you locate them while answering the questions.

As prolonged drought and extreme temperatures have taken their terrible toll on food crops in recent years, nations have tended to focus on regional episodes, such as a single drought-afflicted state or region. Now, scientists have assessed the global scale of food crop disasters for the first time — and the news is not good.

In a new study, researchers from Canada and the United Kingdom estimate that cereal harvests — including rice, wheat and maize — decreased by an average of 9 to10 percent during droughts and heat waves between 1964 and 2007, with the worst effects seen in North America, Europe, and Australia and its neighboring islands. Furthermore, the impact has grown larger in recent years. With climate change likely to exacerbate extreme weather and make it more common in the future, the study is perhaps the most comprehensive examination yet of the historic impact of extreme weather on global crop production.

The findings from the new research may help guide agricultural priorities in international disaster risk reduction, as well as adaptation efforts. "We can avoid a worsening food-security situation if we invest in adapting our crops to these extremes immediately, and especially if we step up and make solid commitments to avoid further climate change," saidCorey Lesk, of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Manhattan and first author of the study.

Lesk and his colleagues found that the average impact of recent droughts — those between 1985 and 2007 — was a 13.7 percent loss, which is 7 percent greater than the 6.7 percent impact during droughts that occurred earlier, between 1964 and 1984. The reasons for this are not clear.

"We found that the average impact of drought disasters on crops has gotten worse," Lesk said. "But it is still debated whether droughts themselves have gotten more severe, so another explanation could be that crops have gotten more susceptible to drought over the decades. That could mean, speculatively, that we're already on the wrong path with regard to adapting our crops to a changing climate.

"The thinking is that, if crop responses to drought have gotten bigger, but there is no clear signal that the droughts have gotten worse, then that supports the alternative explanation that crops themselves have gotten more sensitive," he added. "And if they have gotten more sensitive already, that bodes ill for future crop performance in a world of worse droughts."

The researchers found that production losses due to droughts were associated with a reduction in both harvested area and yields, whereas extreme heat mainly decreased yields.Harvested area refers to the planted cropland area that is harvested in a given year. "It takes time, energy and money to harvest crops from a field, and if crops are severely enough damaged, then farmers may choose not to harvest at all," Lesk said. "You could call this a 'total crop failure,' and it shows up in the data as a drop in harvested area. Yield is the mass of grain harvest per unit area harvested — in other words, the productivity of the crops on an area basis. If a crop fails completely and is not harvested, then it doesn't end up in the yield calculations, so you have to consider both metrics to get a full picture."The scientists concluded that droughts caused partial and total damage to crops, resulting in drops in both yield and harvested area. Heat waves, in contrast, only resulted in yield declines.

Q.  What according to the passage is true about yield?

Solution:

The researchers found that production losses due to droughts were associated with a reduction in both harvested area and yields, whereas extreme heat mainly decreased yields.

QUESTION: 23

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on it. Some of the words have been highlighted in bold to help you locate them while answering the questions.

As prolonged drought and extreme temperatures have taken their terrible toll on food crops in recent years, nations have tended to focus on regional episodes, such as a single drought-afflicted state or region. Now, scientists have assessed the global scale of food crop disasters for the first time — and the news is not good.

In a new study, researchers from Canada and the United Kingdom estimate that cereal harvests — including rice, wheat and maize — decreased by an average of 9 to10 percent during droughts and heat waves between 1964 and 2007, with the worst effects seen in North America, Europe, and Australia and its neighboring islands. Furthermore, the impact has grown larger in recent years. With climate change likely to exacerbate extreme weather and make it more common in the future, the study is perhaps the most comprehensive examination yet of the historic impact of extreme weather on global crop production.

The findings from the new research may help guide agricultural priorities in international disaster risk reduction, as well as adaptation efforts. "We can avoid a worsening food-security situation if we invest in adapting our crops to these extremes immediately, and especially if we step up and make solid commitments to avoid further climate change," saidCorey Lesk, of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Manhattan and first author of the study.

Lesk and his colleagues found that the average impact of recent droughts — those between 1985 and 2007 — was a 13.7 percent loss, which is 7 percent greater than the 6.7 percent impact during droughts that occurred earlier, between 1964 and 1984. The reasons for this are not clear.

"We found that the average impact of drought disasters on crops has gotten worse," Lesk said. "But it is still debated whether droughts themselves have gotten more severe, so another explanation could be that crops have gotten more susceptible to drought over the decades. That could mean, speculatively, that we're already on the wrong path with regard to adapting our crops to a changing climate.

"The thinking is that, if crop responses to drought have gotten bigger, but there is no clear signal that the droughts have gotten worse, then that supports the alternative explanation that crops themselves have gotten more sensitive," he added. "And if they have gotten more sensitive already, that bodes ill for future crop performance in a world of worse droughts."

The researchers found that production losses due to droughts were associated with a reduction in both harvested area and yields, whereas extreme heat mainly decreased yields.Harvested area refers to the planted cropland area that is harvested in a given year. "It takes time, energy and money to harvest crops from a field, and if crops are severely enough damaged, then farmers may choose not to harvest at all," Lesk said. "You could call this a 'total crop failure,' and it shows up in the data as a drop in harvested area. Yield is the mass of grain harvest per unit area harvested — in other words, the productivity of the crops on an area basis. If a crop fails completely and is not harvested, then it doesn't end up in the yield calculations, so you have to consider both metrics to get a full picture."The scientists concluded that droughts caused partial and total damage to crops, resulting in drops in both yield and harvested area. Heat waves, in contrast, only resulted in yield declines.

Q.  Which of the following statements regarding harvested area and yield can be inferred from the passage?

A. Yield is inversely proportional to harvested area.

B. Yield is not calculated in case of total crop failure

C. While presenting the data, in case of total crop failure, the area harvested is shown as an escalation in the data.

Solution:

"It takes time, energy and money to harvest crops from a field, and if crops are severely enough damaged, then farmers may choose not to harvest at all," Lesk said. "You could call this a 'total crop failure,' and it shows up in the data as a drop in harvested area.Yield is the mass of grain harvest per unit area harvested — in other words, the productivity of the crops on an area basis. If a crop fails completely and is not harvested, then it doesn't end up in the yield calculations, so you have to consider both metrics to get a full picture."

QUESTION: 24

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on it. Some of the words have been highlighted in bold to help you locate them while answering the questions.

As prolonged drought and extreme temperatures have taken their terrible toll on food crops in recent years, nations have tended to focus on regional episodes, such as a single drought-afflicted state or region. Now, scientists have assessed the global scale of food crop disasters for the first time — and the news is not good.

In a new study, researchers from Canada and the United Kingdom estimate that cereal harvests — including rice, wheat and maize — decreased by an average of 9 to10 percent during droughts and heat waves between 1964 and 2007, with the worst effects seen in North America, Europe, and Australia and its neighboring islands. Furthermore, the impact has grown larger in recent years. With climate change likely to exacerbate extreme weather and make it more common in the future, the study is perhaps the most comprehensive examination yet of the historic impact of extreme weather on global crop production.

The findings from the new research may help guide agricultural priorities in international disaster risk reduction, as well as adaptation efforts. "We can avoid a worsening food-security situation if we invest in adapting our crops to these extremes immediately, and especially if we step up and make solid commitments to avoid further climate change," saidCorey Lesk, of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Manhattan and first author of the study.

Lesk and his colleagues found that the average impact of recent droughts — those between 1985 and 2007 — was a 13.7 percent loss, which is 7 percent greater than the 6.7 percent impact during droughts that occurred earlier, between 1964 and 1984. The reasons for this are not clear.

"We found that the average impact of drought disasters on crops has gotten worse," Lesk said. "But it is still debated whether droughts themselves have gotten more severe, so another explanation could be that crops have gotten more susceptible to drought over the decades. That could mean, speculatively, that we're already on the wrong path with regard to adapting our crops to a changing climate.

"The thinking is that, if crop responses to drought have gotten bigger, but there is no clear signal that the droughts have gotten worse, then that supports the alternative explanation that crops themselves have gotten more sensitive," he added. "And if they have gotten more sensitive already, that bodes ill for future crop performance in a world of worse droughts."

The researchers found that production losses due to droughts were associated with a reduction in both harvested area and yields, whereas extreme heat mainly decreased yields.Harvested area refers to the planted cropland area that is harvested in a given year. "It takes time, energy and money to harvest crops from a field, and if crops are severely enough damaged, then farmers may choose not to harvest at all," Lesk said. "You could call this a 'total crop failure,' and it shows up in the data as a drop in harvested area. Yield is the mass of grain harvest per unit area harvested — in other words, the productivity of the crops on an area basis. If a crop fails completely and is not harvested, then it doesn't end up in the yield calculations, so you have to consider both metrics to get a full picture."The scientists concluded that droughts caused partial and total damage to crops, resulting in drops in both yield and harvested area. Heat waves, in contrast, only resulted in yield declines.

Q. The droughts have gotten more severe which is the reason behind the damage of the crops.

This statement is

Solution:

"We found that the average impact of drought disasters on crops has gotten worse," Lesk said. "But it is still debated whether droughts themselves have gotten more severe, so another explanation could be that crops have gotten more susceptible to drought over the decades. That could mean, speculatively, that we're already on the wrong path with regard to adapting our crops to a changing climate.

QUESTION: 25

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on it. Some of the words have been highlighted in bold to help you locate them while answering the questions.

As prolonged drought and extreme temperatures have taken their terrible toll on food crops in recent years, nations have tended to focus on regional episodes, such as a single drought-afflicted state or region. Now, scientists have assessed the global scale of food crop disasters for the first time — and the news is not good.

In a new study, researchers from Canada and the United Kingdom estimate that cereal harvests — including rice, wheat and maize — decreased by an average of 9 to10 percent during droughts and heat waves between 1964 and 2007, with the worst effects seen in North America, Europe, and Australia and its neighboring islands. Furthermore, the impact has grown larger in recent years. With climate change likely to exacerbate extreme weather and make it more common in the future, the study is perhaps the most comprehensive examination yet of the historic impact of extreme weather on global crop production.

The findings from the new research may help guide agricultural priorities in international disaster risk reduction, as well as adaptation efforts. "We can avoid a worsening food-security situation if we invest in adapting our crops to these extremes immediately, and especially if we step up and make solid commitments to avoid further climate change," saidCorey Lesk, of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Manhattan and first author of the study.

Lesk and his colleagues found that the average impact of recent droughts — those between 1985 and 2007 — was a 13.7 percent loss, which is 7 percent greater than the 6.7 percent impact during droughts that occurred earlier, between 1964 and 1984. The reasons for this are not clear.

"We found that the average impact of drought disasters on crops has gotten worse," Lesk said. "But it is still debated whether droughts themselves have gotten more severe, so another explanation could be that crops have gotten more susceptible to drought over the decades. That could mean, speculatively, that we're already on the wrong path with regard to adapting our crops to a changing climate.

"The thinking is that, if crop responses to drought have gotten bigger, but there is no clear signal that the droughts have gotten worse, then that supports the alternative explanation that crops themselves have gotten more sensitive," he added. "And if they have gotten more sensitive already, that bodes ill for future crop performance in a world of worse droughts."

The researchers found that production losses due to droughts were associated with a reduction in both harvested area and yields, whereas extreme heat mainly decreased yields.Harvested area refers to the planted cropland area that is harvested in a given year. "It takes time, energy and money to harvest crops from a field, and if crops are severely enough damaged, then farmers may choose not to harvest at all," Lesk said. "You could call this a 'total crop failure,' and it shows up in the data as a drop in harvested area. Yield is the mass of grain harvest per unit area harvested — in other words, the productivity of the crops on an area basis. If a crop fails completely and is not harvested, then it doesn't end up in the yield calculations, so you have to consider both metrics to get a full picture."The scientists concluded that droughts caused partial and total damage to crops, resulting in drops in both yield and harvested area. Heat waves, in contrast, only resulted in yield declines.

Q.  What is meaning of the phrase “bodes ill” as used in the passage?

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

Directions

India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June. The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied. But there is little doubt that the demonetisation exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity. While the GST-related “inventory deaccumulation” that one of the Chief Statisticians referred to may well be reversed in the current quarter as companies across sectors gain comfort with the new tax regime, it is still doubtful whether demand for industrial output is going to attain any meaningful strength. The Reserve Bank of India last month said that its industrial outlook survey had “revealed a waning of optimism in Q2 about demand conditions across parameters and especially on capacity utilisation, profit margins and employment.” A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%. This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign. With capacity utilisation expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

While expressing concern about the slower-than-expected expansion, the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period in order to pump prime the economy through increased capital spending by the government. The risks of fiscal loosening are of course manifold, especially at a juncture when several State governments have either announced or are contemplating large-scale farm loan waivers, which would push up interest rates and crowd out fresh lending. Still, there is a thin sliver of a silver lining in the GDP data. The services sector continues to remain buoyant. Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year. The civil aviation sector saw passenger traffic soaring by 15.6%, and construction activity, a provider of jobs, also ticked up by 2%. The Finance Minister has his task cut out: to find ways to restore momentum before the tailwinds of low inflation and affordable energy prices start reversing direction.

India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June. The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied. But there is little doubt that the demonetisation exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity. While the GST-related “inventory deaccumulation” that one of the Chief Statisticians referred to may well be reversed in the current quarter as companies across sectors gain comfort with the new tax regime, it is still doubtful whether demand for industrial output is going to attain any meaningful strength. The Reserve Bank of India last month said that its industrial outlook survey had “revealed a waning of optimism in Q2 about demand conditions across parameters and especially on capacity utilisation, profit margins and employment.” A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%. This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign. With capacity utilisation expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

While expressing concern about the slower-than-expected expansion, the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period in order to pump prime the economy through increased capital spending by the government. The risks of fiscal loosening are of course manifold, especially at a juncture when several State governments have either announced or are contemplating large-scale farm loan waivers, which would push up interest rates and crowd out fresh lending. Still, there is a thin sliver of a silver lining in the GDP data. The services sector continues to remain buoyant. Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year. The civil aviation sector saw passenger traffic soaring by 15.6%, and construction activity, a provider of jobs, also ticked up by 2%. The Finance Minister has his task cut out: to find ways to restore momentum before the tailwinds of low inflation and affordable energy prices start reversing direction.

The aim of the passage is

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Directions

India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June. The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied. But there is little doubt that the demonetisation exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity. While the GST-related “inventory deaccumulation” that one of the Chief Statisticians referred to may well be reversed in the current quarter as companies across sectors gain comfort with the new tax regime, it is still doubtful whether demand for industrial output is going to attain any meaningful strength. The Reserve Bank of India last month said that its industrial outlook survey had “revealed a waning of optimism in Q2 about demand conditions across parameters and especially on capacity utilisation, profit margins and employment.” A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%. This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign. With capacity utilisation expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

While expressing concern about the slower-than-expected expansion, the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period in order to pump prime the economy through increased capital spending by the government. The risks of fiscal loosening are of course manifold, especially at a juncture when several State governments have either announced or are contemplating large-scale farm loan waivers, which would push up interest rates and crowd out fresh lending. Still, there is a thin sliver of a silver lining in the GDP data. The services sector continues to remain buoyant. Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year. The civil aviation sector saw passenger traffic soaring by 15.6%, and construction activity, a provider of jobs, also ticked up by 2%. The Finance Minister has his task cut out: to find ways to restore momentum before the tailwinds of low inflation and affordable energy prices start reversing direction.

Q. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about the service sector?

Solution:

“Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year.”

QUESTION: 28

Directions

India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June. The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied. But there is little doubt that the demonetisation exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity. While the GST-related “inventory deaccumulation” that one of the Chief Statisticians referred to may well be reversed in the current quarter as companies across sectors gain comfort with the new tax regime, it is still doubtful whether demand for industrial output is going to attain any meaningful strength. The Reserve Bank of India last month said that its industrial outlook survey had “revealed a waning of optimism in Q2 about demand conditions across parameters and especially on capacity utilisation, profit margins and employment.” A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%. This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign. With capacity utilisation expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

While expressing concern about the slower-than-expected expansion, the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period in order to pump prime the economy through increased capital spending by the government. The risks of fiscal loosening are of course manifold, especially at a juncture when several State governments have either announced or are contemplating large-scale farm loan waivers, which would push up interest rates and crowd out fresh lending. Still, there is a thin sliver of a silver lining in the GDP data. The services sector continues to remain buoyant. Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year. The civil aviation sector saw passenger traffic soaring by 15.6%, and construction activity, a provider of jobs, also ticked up by 2%. The Finance Minister has his task cut out: to find ways to restore momentum before the tailwinds of low inflation and affordable energy prices start reversing direction.

What measure is considered as an option in the passage to boost momentum?

Solution:

“the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period”

QUESTION: 29

Directions

India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June. The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied. But there is little doubt that the demonetisation exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity. While the GST-related “inventory deaccumulation” that one of the Chief Statisticians referred to may well be reversed in the current quarter as companies across sectors gain comfort with the new tax regime, it is still doubtful whether demand for industrial output is going to attain any meaningful strength. The Reserve Bank of India last month said that its industrial outlook survey had “revealed a waning of optimism in Q2 about demand conditions across parameters and especially on capacity utilisation, profit margins and employment.” A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%. This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign. With capacity utilisation expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

While expressing concern about the slower-than-expected expansion, the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period in order to pump prime the economy through increased capital spending by the government. The risks of fiscal loosening are of course manifold, especially at a juncture when several State governments have either announced or are contemplating large-scale farm loan waivers, which would push up interest rates and crowd out fresh lending. Still, there is a thin sliver of a silver lining in the GDP data. The services sector continues to remain buoyant. Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year. The civil aviation sector saw passenger traffic soaring by 15.6%, and construction activity, a provider of jobs, also ticked up by 2%. The Finance Minister has his task cut out: to find ways to restore momentum before the tailwinds of low inflation and affordable energy prices start reversing direction.

Q. Find the word from the given options which has its meaning most opposite to the word pegging as used in the passage.

Solution:

pegging means hanging or attaching, opposite is detaching.

QUESTION: 30

Directions

India’s economy continues to decelerate with the government’s estimate for first-quarter gross domestic product pegging growth at a 13-quarter low of 5.7% in April-June. The reasons for the protracted slowdown — a slide of five straight quarters from 9.1% in March 2016 — are many and varied. But there is little doubt that the demonetisation exercise combined with the uncertainty around the July 1 adoption of the new indirect tax regime served to significantly dampen economic activity. While the GST-related “inventory deaccumulation” that one of the Chief Statisticians referred to may well be reversed in the current quarter as companies across sectors gain comfort with the new tax regime, it is still doubtful whether demand for industrial output is going to attain any meaningful strength. The Reserve Bank of India last month said that its industrial outlook survey had “revealed a waning of optimism in Q2 about demand conditions across parameters and especially on capacity utilisation, profit margins and employment.” A look at the sector-specific trends shows that manufacturing expansion in gross value added (GVA) terms has slackened to a near stall at 1.2%. This, from 5.3% in Q4 of the last fiscal and 10.7% a year earlier, is a far from heartening sign. With capacity utilisation expected to weaken this quarter, according to the RBI, and with surveys suggesting that consumer sentiment has deteriorated steadily in August, the auguries for a demand rebound are far from promising.

While expressing concern about the slower-than-expected expansion, the Finance Minister has acknowledged that the challenge before the government now is to work out both policy and investment measures to boost momentum. One option would be to suspend the fiscal road map for a limited period in order to pump prime the economy through increased capital spending by the government. The risks of fiscal loosening are of course manifold, especially at a juncture when several State governments have either announced or are contemplating large-scale farm loan waivers, which would push up interest rates and crowd out fresh lending. Still, there is a thin sliver of a silver lining in the GDP data. The services sector continues to remain buoyant. Quarterly GVA across this broad swathe that encompasses trade, hotels, transport, communication and broadcasting accelerated to 11.1%, from 6.5% in the fourth quarter, faster than the 8.9% posted in the corresponding period last year. The civil aviation sector saw passenger traffic soaring by 15.6%, and construction activity, a provider of jobs, also ticked up by 2%. The Finance Minister has his task cut out: to find ways to restore momentum before the tailwinds of low inflation and affordable energy prices start reversing direction.

Q.  Find the word from the given options which has its meaning most similar to the word protracted as used in the passage.

Solution:

Protracted means stretched/lingering.

QUESTION: 31

Directions

In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:

The United Nations ______31_____ the global population will reach more than 9 billion by 2050, and, by some estimates, agricultural output will have to increase by 50 percent to feed all of those mouths. So is it possible to do it organically?Modern farming methods _______32______ on maximizing crop yields with the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which put off a surplus of nitrogen that turns into greenhouse gases or finds its way into waterways. ________33______ in industrial farming methods are often credited with helping the food supply keep pace with a growing population, but it’s also given rise to ________34______ about the negative environmental and health effects caused by chemically enhanced crops.Organic farming does away with synthetic crop treatments, _______35______ them with natural methods that are deemed healthier and safer for the environment. However, the knock on organic farming has been that yields are lower, and it wouldn’t be possible to feed the world with food that’s suitable to sell at Whole Foods. But that might not be true.

Q. Choose the word that appropriately fits into blank numbered 31.

Solution:
QUESTION: 32

Directions

In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:

The United Nations ______31_____ the global population will reach more than 9 billion by 2050, and, by some estimates, agricultural output will have to increase by 50 percent to feed all of those mouths. So is it possible to do it organically?Modern farming methods _______32______ on maximizing crop yields with the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which put off a surplus of nitrogen that turns into greenhouse gases or finds its way into waterways. ________33______ in industrial farming methods are often credited with helping the food supply keep pace with a growing population, but it’s also given rise to ________34______ about the negative environmental and health effects caused by chemically enhanced crops.Organic farming does away with synthetic crop treatments, _______35______ them with natural methods that are deemed healthier and safer for the environment. However, the knock on organic farming has been that yields are lower, and it wouldn’t be possible to feed the world with food that’s suitable to sell at Whole Foods. But that might not be true.

Q.  Choose the word that appropriately fits into blank numbered 32.

Solution:
QUESTION: 33

Directions

In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:

The United Nations ______31_____ the global population will reach more than 9 billion by 2050, and, by some estimates, agricultural output will have to increase by 50 percent to feed all of those mouths. So is it possible to do it organically?Modern farming methods _______32______ on maximizing crop yields with the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which put off a surplus of nitrogen that turns into greenhouse gases or finds its way into waterways. ________33______ in industrial farming methods are often credited with helping the food supply keep pace with a growing population, but it’s also given rise to ________34______ about the negative environmental and health effects caused by chemically enhanced crops.Organic farming does away with synthetic crop treatments, _______35______ them with natural methods that are deemed healthier and safer for the environment. However, the knock on organic farming has been that yields are lower, and it wouldn’t be possible to feed the world with food that’s suitable to sell at Whole Foods. But that might not be true.

Q.  Choose the word that appropriately fits into blank numbered 33.

Solution:
QUESTION: 34

Directions

In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:

The United Nations ______31_____ the global population will reach more than 9 billion by 2050, and, by some estimates, agricultural output will have to increase by 50 percent to feed all of those mouths. So is it possible to do it organically?Modern farming methods _______32______ on maximizing crop yields with the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which put off a surplus of nitrogen that turns into greenhouse gases or finds its way into waterways. ________33______ in industrial farming methods are often credited with helping the food supply keep pace with a growing population, but it’s also given rise to ________34______ about the negative environmental and health effects caused by chemically enhanced crops.Organic farming does away with synthetic crop treatments, _______35______ them with natural methods that are deemed healthier and safer for the environment. However, the knock on organic farming has been that yields are lower, and it wouldn’t be possible to feed the world with food that’s suitable to sell at Whole Foods. But that might not be true.

Q.  Choose the word that appropriately fits into blank numbered 34.

Solution:
QUESTION: 35

Directions

In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:

The United Nations ______31_____ the global population will reach more than 9 billion by 2050, and, by some estimates, agricultural output will have to increase by 50 percent to feed all of those mouths. So is it possible to do it organically?Modern farming methods _______32______ on maximizing crop yields with the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which put off a surplus of nitrogen that turns into greenhouse gases or finds its way into waterways. ________33______ in industrial farming methods are often credited with helping the food supply keep pace with a growing population, but it’s also given rise to ________34______ about the negative environmental and health effects caused by chemically enhanced crops.Organic farming does away with synthetic crop treatments, _______35______ them with natural methods that are deemed healthier and safer for the environment. However, the knock on organic farming has been that yields are lower, and it wouldn’t be possible to feed the world with food that’s suitable to sell at Whole Foods. But that might not be true.

Q.  Choose the word that appropriately fits into blank numbered 35.

Solution:
QUESTION: 36

Directions

Which of the phrases from the options given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and there is no correction required mark option (5), i.e. 'No Correction Required' as the answer.

Q. When we entered the party , everyone around was all decked for and looking beautiful

Solution:

Decked up –getting ready in a special way

QUESTION: 37

Directions

Which of the phrases from the options given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and there is no correction required mark option (5), i.e. 'No Correction Required' as the answer.

Q.  The boss had asked her to do the work on an urgent basis , but she put in the work and left.

Solution:

Put off – delaying something because you don’t wish to.

QUESTION: 38

Directions

Which of the phrases from the options given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and there is no correction required mark option (5), i.e. 'No Correction Required' as the answer.

Q. After the allegations , the CEO should step up from his position.

Solution:
QUESTION: 39

Directions

Which of the phrases from the options given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and there is no correction required mark option (5), i.e. 'No Correction Required' as the answer.

Q. The MNC recently roped in a new head of the HR department.

Solution:

Rope in – bring on someone to help

QUESTION: 40

Directions

Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and there is no correction required mark (5) as the answer.

Q. I was offered a good position outside my hometown but I turned down the offer.

Solution:

Turn down – to reject / refuse

QUESTION: 41

Directions

Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as whole.

Q. The puzzle that we _________ today was quite a hard _______ to crack.

Solution:

We can always ‘solve’ a puzzle and therefore comment that it was a hard ‘nut’ to crack . (as famously used)

QUESTION: 42

Directions

Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as whole.

Q. One of my most__________ possessions is a ___________ leather wallet that used to belong to my late grandfather.

Solution:

Option 1 -Good cannot be used with ‘most’, therefore ruled out ; Option 2 –something that is tacky may not be special; Option 4- Great again cannot be used with ‘most’ . Option 3 will be the best option as ‘prized’ depicts the importance of the thing which is now ‘battered’ as it belonged to someone old enough,but is special.

QUESTION: 43

Directions

Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as whole.

Q. During her research, Seema __________ dozens of objects that she couldn’t include in the book, but also couldn’t ________.

Solution:

We reject something that is offered to us, therefore option 1 ruled out; we cannot experience an object, therefore, option 2 is also ruled out;

Hence, Optn 3 fits best- Seema encountered/came across dozens of objects which she couldn’t include but also not ignore, as she may have liked it.

QUESTION: 44

Directions

Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as whole.

Q. The tone of the government officer was ___________ ,  so  I preferred to leave the place rather than __________ myself  in the argument.

Solution:

A tone of any person can’t be friendly or good in an argument, therefore optns 1) & 4) already ruled out.

Aggressive and belligerent are synonyms but we ‘usually’ indulge ourselves in something good and ‘embroil’ in a conflict or argument. Hence, optn 3 suits best.

QUESTION: 45

Directions

Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as whole.

Q. People these days , do not pay attention to accident victims showing an  _______ behaviour , rather than ___________ for help.

Solution:

The tone of the sentence is negative so the words sympathetic & empathetic don’t fit ;
We always offer help not ask, when we are trying to help someone thus, optn 4 doesn’t fir. Hence , optn 2 fits the best.

QUESTION: 46

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).

Q. 1) Losing a charismatic tiger

2) in its prime of a hit-and-run accident

3) is an irony, given that it is one

4) of the most protected species.

5) No error;

Solution:

Replace ‘of’ with ‘to’. ‘Losing to’ is an idiom meaning to yielded or give up in defeat.

Losing a charismatic tiger in its prime to a hit-and-run accident is an irony, given that it is one of the most protected species.

QUESTION: 47

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).

Q.1) Through the globe, golf’s most stunning

2) designs use the topography of the coastline

3) to create some of the most

4) visually stunning and challenging layouts.

5) No error

Solution:

Replace ‘through’ with ‘Across’. When moving from one side to another while surrounded by something, we use through. We use across when something touches or stretches from one side to another Across the globe, golf’s most stunning designs use the topography of the coastline to create some of the most visually stunning and challenging layouts.

QUESTION: 48

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).

Q. 1) Descending to a sunken vessel

2) in the depths of the ocean would

3) a powerful feeling, a thrill that

4) only wreck lovers know best.

5) No error

Solution:

Descending to a sunken vessel in the depths of the ocean is a powerful feeling, a thrill that only wreck lovers know best.

QUESTION: 49

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).

Q. 1) The story is that

2) more than 150 years

3) before, an ill-fated ship sank

4) with all its passengers on board.

5) No error

Solution:

Replace BEFORE with AGO. Ago is used with a past tense and a time expression to count back from the present. Before is used with a past perfect tense to count back from a past moment The story is that more than 150 years ago, an ill-fated ship sank with all its passengers on board.

QUESTION: 50

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).

Q. 1) It would have been a travesty of

2) justice if the newspaper and the reporter

3) who break the story were treated as accused

4) in the case where the charges include cheating under impersonation.

5) No error

Solution:

Replace BREAK with BROKE as same tense should be used throughout the sentence. PAST tense is being used throughout. Thus, broke will be used instead of break.

It would have been a travesty of justice if the newspaper and the reporter who broke the story were treated as accused in the case where the charges include cheating under impersonation.

QUESTION: 51

Directions

Rearrange the following six sentences a, b, c, d, e and f in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky.

b) It heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

d) Is it a plane?

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival around this time of the year.

f) No, wait!

Q. Which is the FIRST sentence of the paragraph?

Solution:

d f a c e b

INTRODUCTION - QUESTION

d) Is it a plane?

f) No, wait! ELABORATION of the answer

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky

REASON

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival(The one mentioned previously) around this time of the year.

b) It (The festival) heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

QUESTION: 52

Directions

Rearrange the following six sentences a, b, c, d, e and f in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky.

b) It heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

d) Is it a plane?

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival around this time of the year.

f) No, wait!

Q. Which is the SIXTH (LAST) sentence of the paragraph?

Solution:

d f a c e b

INTRODUCTION - QUESTION

d) Is it a plane?

f) No, wait! ELABORATION of the answer

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky

REASON

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival(The one mentioned previously) around this time of the year.

b) It (The festival) heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

QUESTION: 53

Directions

Rearrange the following six sentences a, b, c, d, e and f in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky.

b) It heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

d) Is it a plane?

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival around this time of the year.

f) No, wait!

Q. Which is the FOURTH sentence of the paragraph?

Solution:

d f a c e b

INTRODUCTION - QUESTION

d) Is it a plane?

f) No, wait! ELABORATION of the answer

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky

REASON

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival(The one mentioned previously) around this time of the year.

b) It (The festival) heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

QUESTION: 54

Directions

Rearrange the following six sentences a, b, c, d, e and f in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky.

b) It heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

d) Is it a plane?

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival around this time of the year.

f) No, wait!

Q. Which is the SECOND sentence of the paragraph?

Solution:

d f a c e b

INTRODUCTION - QUESTION

d) Is it a plane?

f) No, wait! ELABORATION of the answer

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky

REASON

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival(The one mentioned previously) around this time of the year.

b) It (The festival) heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

QUESTION: 55

Directions

Rearrange the following six sentences a, b, c, d, e and f in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph; then answer the questions given below them.

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky.

b) It heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

d) Is it a plane?

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival around this time of the year.

f) No, wait!

Q. Which is the THIRD sentence of the paragraph?

Solution:

d f a c e b

INTRODUCTION - QUESTION

d) Is it a plane?

f) No, wait! ELABORATION of the answer

a) It’s a kite delightfully gliding in the sky

REASON

c) And if you attend the annual International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad, you’ll know that flying kites is not a mere hobby restricted to kids.

e) Since 1989, the Gujarat State Government has been organizing the festival(The one mentioned previously) around this time of the year.

b) It (The festival) heralds the arrival of spring, and the whole State is in a festive mood.

QUESTION: 56

Directions

In questions given below, a part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, option 5 is the answer.

Q. He was stunned for seeing me waiting for him and told me that I looked very angry.

Solution:

Since WAS is used, past tense will be used. Hence STUNNED will be used. STUNNED TO SEE or STUNNED BY SEEING is the correct usage. He was stunned to see me waiting for him and told me that I looked very angry.

QUESTION: 57

Directions

In questions given below, a part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, option 5 is the answer.

Q. He believed that an efficiency and integrity of the administration was important to get policies and programmes implemented in the right spirit.

Solution:

He believed that the efficiency and integrity of the administration was important to get policies and programmes implemented in the right spirit.

QUESTION: 58

Directions

In questions given below, a part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, option 5 is the answer.

Q. The complete of education marking a turning point in the life of every individual.

Solution:

The completion of education marks a turning point in the life of every individual

QUESTION: 59

Directions

In questions given below, a part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, option 5 is the answer.

Q. Opportunity for employment is being created increasingly by our developing plan are implemented.

Solution:

Opportunity for employment is being created increasingly as our development plans are implemented.

QUESTION: 60

Directions

In questions given below, a part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, option 5 is the answer.

Q. Guru Gobind Singh said it was our duty to come to the defence of all those who were threatened through no fault of their own.

Solution:

Guru Gobind Singh said it was our duty to come to the defence of all those who were threatened through no fault of their own.

QUESTION: 61

What is Internet television  (or  online television)?

Solution:
QUESTION: 62

IM stands for:

Solution:
QUESTION: 63

Integrated software package generally include all EXCEPT a:

Solution:
QUESTION: 64

The primary application suite on the market is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 65

. A document can be published to the web if it converted to -

Solution:
QUESTION: 66

Advanced word processing features include all EXCEPT of:

Solution:
QUESTION: 67

When someone receives a letter that appears to be personally addressed with customized paragraphs, yet you know it was not generated individually, it probably came from a word processor with

Solution:
QUESTION: 68

Software designed to be used by several people simultaneously is known as:

Solution:
QUESTION: 69

What do you call the memory  that stores recently-used information in a place where it can be accessed extremely fast?

Solution:
QUESTION: 70

What do you call the other computers on a network that can access the database of the server?

Solution:
QUESTION: 71

Which of the following hardware can provide Firewall security?

Solution:

A firewall is a layer of security between your home network and the Internet. Since a router is the main connection from a home network to the Internet, the firewall function is merged into this device.

QUESTION: 72

A software  firewall can help protect your computer but at the same time can cause issues with your ..........................

Solution:
QUESTION: 73

Speech-recognition software is most popular for:

Solution:
QUESTION: 74

Web pages are saved in ..........................format.

Solution:
QUESTION: 75

A form of digital paper that looks and feels somewhat like real paper is known as:

Solution:
QUESTION: 76

What is EDI?

Solution:
QUESTION: 77

What is API?

Solution:
QUESTION: 78

What is Android?

Solution:
QUESTION: 79

What do you call a situation in which a site owner host ads of another company for a commission for every lead generated and products sold through the links on their sites?

Solution:
QUESTION: 80

What do you call the free software that is supported by advertisements & sits as toolbars on users desktop or work in conjunction with users Web browser?

Solution:
QUESTION: 81

World Consumer Rights Day is observed on:

Solution:

Theme for this year- Making digital market place fairer

QUESTION: 82

Which of the following state recently banned use of plastic?

Solution:

The Maharashtra government has decided to ban the use of plastic from "Gudi Padva", the Maharashtrian New Year which was on 18th March. The ban would cover the production, use, storage, sale, distribution, import and transportation of plastic.

QUESTION: 83

Recently Government of India and Asian Development Bank signed a \$ _____ million loan agreement for railway infrastructure.

Solution:

The Centre and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed a loan agreement to the tune of USD 120 million for railway infrastructure. It will be used for the completion of works for double-tracking and electrification of railway tracks along high-density corridors. This is the part of the \$ 500 mn multi-trance financing facility for railway sector agreed in 2011.

QUESTION: 84

The Rohigyan refugee is crisis frequently in news. They are a persecuted minority in the Rakhine province of:

Solution:

Rohigyans are an ethnic (Bengladeshi origin) and religious minorities (muslims) living in the Rakhine province of Myanmar. Myanmar does not consider them as their citizens and often discriminate the population. Recently Myanmar government launched a crackdown on Rohigyan insurgents and within few days around 4,00,000 (our of 1 million) rohigyans fled their home to nearby Bangladesh (some to India as well) as refugees.

QUESTION: 85

Recently FIFA lifted a three decade ban on ____ allowing it to host international matches?

Solution:

FIFA has lifted its three-decade ban on Iraq hosting international football. It allowed the cities of Arbil, Basra and Karbala to host international football matches. Iraq will host Qatar and Syria for a friendly tournament starting on March 21 in Basra

QUESTION: 86

Which city tops the list in the quality governance survey called Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems (ASICS)?

Solution:

Pune came on top in the fifth edition of the Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems (ASICS). Thiruvananthapuram has dropped to 3rd position which had topped the survey for last two years. Kolkata is at 2nd spot. Bengaluru is at the bottom among 23 cities surveyed across 20 states.

QUESTION: 87

Recently Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) in cooperation with ____ launched the trail of India’s first hydrogen fuel cell bus.

Solution:

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd and Tata Motors have launched the trial demonstration of the country’s first hydrogen fuel cell bus. The bus was flagged off during the 47th Foundation Day Function of Indian Oil R&D held recently

QUESTION: 88

Which of the following state has emerged as top performer in the implementation of MGNREGA scheme?

Solution:
QUESTION: 89

In 2016-17 India had a record good grain production of:

Solution:

In 2017-18, India achieved a record food grain production of 275 MT and fruit and vegetable production of 300 MT. India ranks second in the production of both Rice *110 MT in 2016-17) and wheat (98 MT) after China. In fruit and vegetable also, India ranks second after China.

QUESTION: 90

11th World Hindi Conference will be held in:

Solution:

President Ram NathKovind inaugurated a Hindu Secretariat in Mauritius and launched its Logo. 11th World Hindi Conference is going to be held in Mauritius in August 2018

QUESTION: 91

Name the country which recently abolished two-terms limit for President?

Solution:

China's Parliament abolished the decades-old two-term limit for the President. This will allow current President Xi Jinping to remain as the country's leader for life

QUESTION: 92

Centre formed Mahanadi Water Dispute Tribunal to resolve water dispute between:

Solution:

The Centre has constituted a three-member Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal to adjudicate the dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh over sharing the river's water. Supreme Court Judge AM Khanwilkar will be the Chairman of the tribunal, with Justice Ravi Ranjan of the Patna High Court and Justice Indermeet Kaur Kochhar of the Delhi High Court being the other two members.

QUESTION: 93

Which country co-chaired India in the first summit of International Solar Alliance (ISA) held in New Delhi?

Solution:

The first summit of International Solar Alliance (ISA) will be held in New Delhi tomorrow. It will be co-chaired by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting French President Emmanuel Macron.

QUESTION: 94

Recently popular physicist Stephen Hawking passed away. Which of the following is a book written by him?

Solution:

‘A Brief History of Time’ was written by Stephen Hawkings which sold more than 10 million copies and was translated into 40 different languages. Other books authored by him- The Theory of Everything, The Grand Design, The Universe in a Nut Shell etc. ‘Sapines’ is written by Yuval Noah Harari

Asapscience- Mitchell Moffit
The Power of Habit- Charles Duhigg
Being Mortal- AtulGawande

QUESTION: 95

A new plant species 'DrypetesKalamii’ has been named after former President Dr. APJ Kalam has been found in:

Solution:

Scientists from the Botanical Survey of India have identified a new plant species named ‘DrypetesKalamii’ in West Bengal. It was discovered in Buxa and Jaldapara national parks in West Bengal.

QUESTION: 96

Who is the new brand ambassador of Uber in India?

Solution:

Uber has signed on ViratKohli, captain of the Indian Cricket team, as its first brand ambassador in India. This is for the first time that Uber has signed any brand ambassador across the Asia Pacific region. Last month it had named footballer Mohamed Salah as the brand ambassador for the Egypt market.

QUESTION: 97

World Ocean Summit 2018 was held in:

Solution:

5th Edition of The World Ocean Summit 2018 was held in Riviera Maya, Mexico from 7th to 9th March.

QUESTION: 98

What was the theme of International Women's Day 2018?

Solution:
QUESTION: 99

Winter Paralympics 2018 recently concluded in:

Solution:

The 2018 Winter Paralympics started in PyeongChang (South Korea) from 9th March. 48 different nations, plus a neutral Paralympic athletes team consisting of Russian competitors amounting to a record 567 athletes participated in the event.

QUESTION: 100

Which Indian architect has received Pritzker Architecture Prize, the Nobel prize equivalent for architecture?

Solution:

BalkrishnaDoshi, the legendary Indian architect has been bestowed with Pritzker Architecture Prize, the Nobel equivalent for the field. He is the first Indian to receive the honour. He designed IIM- Ahmadabad, Bengaluru, Lucknow, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Tagore Memorial Hall etc.

QUESTION: 101

Directions

What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following number series?

61                           48                           ?                              35                           87                 22

Solution:

61 – 13 = 48
48 + 26 = 74
74 – 39 = 35
35 + 52 = 87
87 – 65 = 22

QUESTION: 102

Directions

What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following number series?

31                           16.5                        18                           ?                              60.5                        154.25

Solution:

31 × 0.5 + 1 = 16.5
16.5 × 1 + 1.5 = 18
18 × 1.5 + 2 = 29
29 × 2 + 2.5 = 60.5
60.5 × 2.5 + 3 = 154.25

QUESTION: 103

Directions

What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following number series?

5               11           32                  65                  ?          389

Solution:

5 × 2 + 1 = 11
11 × 3 - 1 = 32
32 × 2 + 1 = 65
65 × 3 – 1 = 194
194 × 2 + 1 = 389

QUESTION: 104

Directions

In each of the following questions, a question is followed by information given in three statements. You have to study the question along with the statement and decide the information given in which of the statements is necessary to answer the question.

Q. What is the profit percent or loss percent incurred in the transaction?

I. 5% discount is given on the marked price.

II. Cost price is 10% more than the marked price.

III. Selling price of the article is Rs. 22,800

Solution:

From (I) & (III)

MP = 22,800×100/95 = Rs. 24,000 ………...(i)

From (II),

CP = 24,000 × 110/100 = Rs. 26,400 …………(ii)

From (i) and (ii),

∴ Loss % = (26400- 22800)/26400× 100 = 13.6% approx.

QUESTION: 105

Directions

In each of the following questions, a question is followed by information given in three statements. You have to study the question along with the statement and decide the information given in which of the statements is necessary to answer the question.

Q. What is the present age of mother?

I. The difference between the ages of mother and daughter is 45 years.

II. The present age of daughter is 1/4thof the present age of the mother.

III. The sum of the ages of mother and daughter is 75 years.

Solution:

From (II),
Let the mother’s age be x and daughter’s age be (x )/4.

From (I) &(II),
x - (x )/4 = 45 (3x )/4 = 45 ∴x = 60 years.

From (II) & (III),
x + (x )/4 = 75 (5x )/4 = 75 ∴x = 60 years.

From (I) & (III),
x-y = 45 and x+y = 75
By solving will get the value of x i.e. the answer.

QUESTION: 106

Directions

In each of the following questions, a question is followed by information given in three statements. You have to study the question along with the statement and decide the information given in which of the statements is necessary to answer the question.

Q. What is the cost of fencing a rectangular plot?

I. The length of the plot is thrice its breadth.

II. The cost of fencing is Rs. 16 per metre.

III. Ratio between breadth and length of the plot is 1 : 3.

Solution:

Since, we don’t know either the perimeter or the length or breadth of the rectangular plot, even all the statements togetherare not sufficient to answer the question.

QUESTION: 107

Directions

Study the following line graph carefully and answer the questions given below:

Given line graph shows the number of patients suffering from Dengue (in thousands) in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in different years.

Q. What is the difference between the number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh in 2015 and 2016 together and that from Madhya Pradesh in 2013 and 2014 together? (In thousands)

Solution:

Number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh in 2015 = 250

Number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh in 2016 = 230

Total = 250 + 230 = 480

Number of patients of Dengue in Madhya Pradesh in 2013 = 200

Number of patients of Dengue in Madhya Pradesh in 2014 = 135

Total = 200 + 135 = 335

Required answer = 480 – 335 = 145

QUESTION: 108

Directions

Study the following line graph carefully and answer the questions given below:

Given line graph shows the number of patients suffering from Dengue (in thousands) in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in different years.

Q. What is the ratio of the total number of patients of Dengue in Madhya Pradesh in 2013, 2014 and 2016 together to the total number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh in the same years?

Solution:

Number of patients of Dengue in Madhya Pradesh in 2013, 2014 and 2016 = 200 + 135 + 210 = 545

Number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh in 2013, 2014 and 2016 = 80 + 160 + 230 = 570

Required ratio = 545:570 = 109:114

QUESTION: 109

Directions

Study the following line graph carefully and answer the questions given below:

Given line graph shows the number of patients suffering from Dengue (in thousands) in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in different years.

Q. If in the year 2018 the number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh increases by 20% from the previous year and that of Madhya Pradesh increases by 30%, then what will be the ratio of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh to Madhya Pradesh in the year 2018?

Solution:

QUESTION: 110

Directions

Study the following line graph carefully and answer the questions given below:

Given line graph shows the number of patients suffering from Dengue (in thousands) in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in different years.

Q.  The number of patients of Dengue in 2013 is approximately what percent of the total number of patients of Dengue in Madhya Pradesh in all the years?

Solution:

QUESTION: 111

Directions

Study the following line graph carefully and answer the questions given below:

Given line graph shows the number of patients suffering from Dengue (in thousands) in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in different years.

Q.  The average number of patients of Dengue in Uttar Pradesh in all the given years is approximately what percent more or less than the average of the number of patients of Dengue in Madhya Pradesh in all the year given years?

Solution:

QUESTION: 112

Directions

Study the table and answer the given questions.

Data regarding the number of orders placed from five different Online Shopping companies in the year 2017.

Q. What is the average of the orders who were delivered by Myntra, Amazon and Flipkart?

Solution:

QUESTION: 113

Directions

Study the table and answer the given questions.

Data regarding the number of orders placed from five different Online Shopping companies in the year 2017.

Q. What is the difference between the total number of orders who were not delivered by Jabong and Myntra together and that of who were not delivered by Flipkart and Snap deal together?

Solution:

QUESTION: 114

Directions

Study the table and answer the given questions.

Data regarding the number of orders placed from five different Online Shopping companies in the year 2017.

Q. The number of order who were not delivered by Jabong is approximately what percent less than that order who were not delivered by Amazon?

Solution:

QUESTION: 115

Directions

Study the table and answer the given questions.

Data regarding the number of orders placed from five different Online Shopping companies in the year 2017.

Q.  What is the ratio of the number of order placed who were not delivered by Myntra and Flipkart together to that who were ordered by Amazon and Snap deal together?

Solution:

Number of order placed who were not delivered by Myntra and Flipkart together = 45% of 345600 + 30% of 965600 = 445200

Number of order who were ordered by Amazon and Snap deal together = 62% of 876500 + 60% of 567300 = 883810

Required ratio = 445200:883810 = 44520:88381

QUESTION: 116

One bag contains 5 yellow hats and 4pink hats. Another bag contains 3 yellow hats and 7pink hats. If one hat is drawn from each bag, what is the probability that one hat is yellow and another hat is pink?

Solution:

QUESTION: 117

6 boys and 8 girls can do a piece of work in 12 days. 7 boys and 11 girls can do the same piece of work in 10 days. In how many days can 2 boys and 6 girls complete the same piece of work, working together?

Solution:

QUESTION: 118

Anju deposited two parts of a sum of Rs. 30,000 in different banks at the rate of 15% per annum and 12% per annum respectively. In one year she got Rs. 4140 as the total interest. What was the amount deposited at the rate of 12% per annum?

Solution:

QUESTION: 119

L and M entered into a partnership by investingRs. 15,000 and Rs. 10,000 respectively. After 3 months, L withdrew Rs. 3,000, while M invested Rs. 4,000 more. After 3 months more, N joins the business with a capital of Rs. 18,000. After a year, they obtained a profit of Rs. 27,800. By what amount does the profit of M exceeds the share of N?

Solution:

QUESTION: 120

The boys and girls in a college are in the ratio 4:3. If 15% of the boys and 22% of the girls are adults, the percentage of students who are not adults is-

Solution:

QUESTION: 121

What is the % of contribution of Service sector to GVA of India for the year 2017-18?

Solution:

Highest share of all the sectors in contribution to GDP in India

QUESTION: 122

As per the economic survey 2017-18, Moody’s Investors Service rating for India has been upgraded from investment grade of BAA3 To ____

Solution:

The decision to upgrade the ratings is underpinned by Moody's expectation that continued progress on economic and institutional reforms will, over time, enhance India's high growth potential and its large and stable financing base for government debt, and will likely contribute to a gradual decline in the general government debt burden over the medium term.

QUESTION: 123

Women Farmers day OR International rural women’s day is observed on

Solution:

The first International Day of Rural Women was observed on October 15, 2008. This day recognizes the role of rural women, including indigenous women, in enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security and eradicating rural poverty. The idea of honoring rural women with a special day was put forward at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, in 1995.

QUESTION: 124

World food day is celebrated on

Solution:

World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.

QUESTION: 125

Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 increases the maternity leave to _____from existing 12 weeks.

Solution:

The Maternity Benefit Act 1961 protects the employment of women during the time of her maternity and entitles her of a ‘maternity benefit’ – i.e. full paid absence from work – to take care for her child. The act is applicable to all establishments employing 10 or more persons.

QUESTION: 126

As per ‘Women in Politics 2017’ report, highest representation women in state assemblies is in ________

Solution:

Among state assemblies, highest representation of women is in Bihar, Haryana and Rajasthan at 14% each

QUESTION: 127

Crop insurance scheme introduced to provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases is

Solution:

PRADHAN MANTRI FASAL BIMA YOJANA (PMFBY) OBJECTIVES:

- - To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.

- - To stabilise the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming.

- - To encourage farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices.

- - To ensure flow of credit to the agriculture sector.

QUESTION: 128

NITI aayog has calculated the annual per family to be ____ after initial meeting with general insurers, for NHPS

Solution:

The recommendations putforth were a premium of Rs 1100-1200/- apprx. Post budget session but after the initial meetings, it was calculated to be Rs 1082. However, insurers are pegging the actual premium to be 2500/- citing sustainability of the scheme.

QUESTION: 129

The RSBY, a project under the Ministry of Labour and Employment has been transferred to _____from April 1, 2015

Solution:

RSBY was launched in early 2008 and was initially designed to target only the Below Poverty Line (BPL) households, but has been expanded to cover other defined categories of unorganised workers, as well.

Since 1st April, 2015, the Scheme Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) has been transferred to Ministry of Health & Family Welfare on “as is where is” basis. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare is administering and implementing the scheme through a decentralized implementation structure at the State level.

QUESTION: 130

On 5th January, 2015, GoI launched the _______ scheme to provide LED bulbs to domestic consumers with a target to replace 770 million incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs by March, 2019

Solution:

Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All. Energy efficiency assumes significance for the nation in the current environment of shortages and concerns over climate change. Lighting itself accounts for about 20% of the total electricity consumption in India. GoI, on 5th January, 2015 launched the Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All(UJALA) to provide LED bulbs to domestic consumers with a target to replace 770 million incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs by March, 2019.

Till March 20, 2018, 29.28 cr LED bulbs have been distributed.

QUESTION: 131

__________ Scheme was launched to provide last mile connectivity and electricity connection to every household.

Solution:

SAUBHAGYA (Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna)a new scheme was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 25th September, 2017. Under Saubhagya free electricity connections to all households (both APL and poor families) in rural areas and poor families in urban areas will be provided. There are around 4 Crore un-electrified households in the country and they are targeted for providing electricity connections by December 2018. Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) has been designated as nodal agency for the Saubhagya scheme

QUESTION: 132

______ was launched to promote survival, protection and education of girl child.

Solution:

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)-launched in 2015 is a tri-ministerial, convergent effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development and to monitor effective enforcement of Pre-Conception & Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act.

It expansion has proposed outlay of Rs.1132.5 crore. It will cover all the 640 districts (as per census 2011) of the country to have a deeper positive impact on Child Sex Ratio (CSR). Currently the scheme is being implemented in select 161 districts have low CSR.

QUESTION: 133

____launched in April 2016 with an aim to help farmers with better price discovery and provide facilities for smooth marketing of their produce.

Solution:

National Agriculture Market (NAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities. The Portal provides a single window service for all APMC related information and services.

NAM, a unified market through online trading platform, both, at State and National level and promotes uniformity, streamlining of procedures across the integrated markets.

QUESTION: 134

_______is a result of expansion of the schemes of Ministry of Women and Child development under the umbrella scheme “Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women” ESPECIALLY FOR THE EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL WOMEN.

Solution:

Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra (PMMSK) Scheme was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on 22 Nov., 2017 for a period of 3 years i.e 2017-18 to 2019-2020.. PMMSK Scheme will empower rural women through community participation to create an environment in which they realize their full potential.

QUESTION: 135

The Supreme Court of India declared the instant triple talaq or divorce as unconstitutional and arbitrary in a landmark judgment, on

Solution:

In a split verdict the three of five judges said that this practice of saying talaq three times in one sitting or over phone, email etc. is the violation of Muslim women’s right to equality and against gender justice, India, now joining the league of 22 muslim countries who have already banned the same citing as arbitrary.

QUESTION: 136

The Naxal movement started on 25 May 1967 in Naxalbari village of W.B.by

Solution:

Jangal Santhal a village head revolted and the movement became violent over non-payment of land revenue. In 1967 CPI {M} split into CPI {M-L} this movement spread quickly to less developed areas and states.

Other than land and its use and distribution the other factor which has contributed to this movement is caste factor. Districts and States covered now are 5 districts of Odisha,14 districts of Jharkhand, 5 districts of Bihar, 10 districts of Andhra Pradesh, 10 districts of Chhattisgarh, 8 districts of Madhya Pradesh, 2 districts of Maharashtra and 8 districts of West Bengal

QUESTION: 137

Which of the following is true regarding the historical aspect of Bhima Koregaon which was in news recently

Solution:

The outcome of the battle is seen as a victory of the dalits against the injustices perpetuated by the Brahminical Peshwas. Vijay Sthamb - The East India Company erected the Vijay Sthamb (victory pillar) in memory of the battle and it includes the names of the Mahar soldiers.

Current conflict - The 200th anniversary of the Bhima-Koregaon battle was commemorated recently on Jan 1. Dalits increasingly regard the pillar as a symbol of renewed political aspiration. The denunciation of the Peshwas is being related with Mahars' social and political marginalisation in contemporary times. This is driving the Hindutva forces to doubt the conspicuous politicisation of Dalits. The resulted in the clash and violence during the anniversary and led to the death of one.

QUESTION: 138

As per the economic survey, 2017-18, one of the following state is not declared as open defecation state

Solution:

Eight States and two Union Territories i.e. Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Chandigarh have been declared as ODF completely

QUESTION: 139

____is the apex institution for financing, facilitating and mobilizing funds from other sources and promoting the economic development activities of the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes living below double the poverty line.

Solution:

NSFDC was setup by the Govt. of India on February 08,1989 with the name National Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC) . It was incorporated as a fully owned Government of India Company under Section 5 of the Companies Act, 1956 (Now, a section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013).

It provides financial assistance for income generating schemes for the target group through state Channelising Agencies (SCAs) which are nominated by respective State/UT Government and other Channelising Agencies with whom NSFDC has signed Agreement.

QUESTION: 140

Which of the following schemes is not under NATIONAL SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME (NSAP)

Solution:

The NSAP was launched with effect from 15th August, 1995 as a 100 per cent Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the aim to provide social assistance benefit to poor households in the case of old age, death of primary breadwinner and maternity.

QUESTION: 141

Sex ratio in India, as per census, 2011 is

Solution:
QUESTION: 142

Human Development Index is calculated using

Solution:

The human development index, or HDI, measures the quality of life in different countries on a scale from zero to one. The United Nations Development Program created the HDI to determine how countries help their citizens develop as human beings. For the year, 2017, India ranks 131, Norway being the topper.

QUESTION: 143

Credit control measures adopted by RBI in India is referred to as

Solution:

Monetary policy refers to the credit control measures adopted by the central bank of a country. In case of Indian economy, RBI is the sole monetary authority which decides the supply of money in the economy. The instruments of monetary policy are of two types:

1. Quantitative, general or indirect (CRR, SLR, Open market operations, bank rate, repo rate, reverse repo rate) 2. Qualitative, selective or direct (change in the margin money, direct action, moral suasion)

QUESTION: 144

The long term objective of National population policy of India is

Solution:

Government of India launched the National Population Policy in 2000 to improve quality of lives of people of India and to provide them with equal opportunities to be productive individual of society. India launched its first programme to emphasize the need for family planning in 1952 and became the first country in the world to do so.

It affirms the commitment of government (to reduce/stabilize the population) by voluntary and informed choice and consent of citizens while availing of reproductive health care services, and continuation of the target free approach in administering family planning services.

QUESTION: 145

India has adopted ______________ as its economic system

Solution:
QUESTION: 146

Which of the following sector is the largest employer in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 147

As per census 2011, which state contributes highest rural population in India

Solution:
QUESTION: 148

The first five year plan of India, 1951-56, accorded top priority to which sector (by investing 44.6% of the total plan budget on this sector)

Solution:
QUESTION: 149

Which of the following is not a dimension of financial inclusion index, in India

Solution:
QUESTION: 150

India’s first financial inclusion Index introduced in the year 2013 to guage the progress of financial inclusion is

Solution:
QUESTION: 151

RBI, India’s central banking Institution was found in the year

Solution:
QUESTION: 152

Which of the following is the data provider for measuring the progress of Financial Inclusion in India

Solution:
QUESTION: 153

According to Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) exercise that started in 2011 the total number of rural households in India are apprx.

Solution:
QUESTION: 154

The net value of GDP after deducting depreciation from GDP is

Solution:
QUESTION: 155

After independence, the first significant step taken by the Government of India in the field of education was the appointment of the University Education Commission in 1948 under the Chairmanship of