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Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4


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15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 for UPSC 2022 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 below.
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Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 1

Which of the following are the devices through which representation for minorities can be secured?
1. Cumulative Vote system
2. First-part-the-post system
3. Direct democracy
4. Proportional Representation
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 1

B is the correct option.
Cumulative voting is a type of voting system that helps strengthen the ability of minority shareholders to elect a director. It is a voting system used by organizations that allow shareholders to vote proportionately to the number of shares they hold.
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. This differs from the majority of currently established democracies, which are representative democracies.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 2

Which one among the following is regarded as a civil right?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 2

The adoption of so-called "right to work" legislation in Michigan, of all places, represents an historic setback for organized labor. First, Republicans went after public employees in the birthplace of public unions, Wisconsin. And now they have taken the fight to private employee unions in the cradle of modern industrial unionism. Conservatives are right that, if they can win in Michigan, they can win almost anywhere.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 3

In India, partyless democracy was first advocated by

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 3

In India partyless democracy was first advocated by Jai Prakash Narayan. Jayaprakash Narayan (11 October 1902 - 8 October 1979), widely known as JP Narayan, Jayaprakash or Lok Nayak (Hindi for The People's Hero) was an Indian independence activist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the opposition to Indira Gandhi in the 1970s and for giving a call for peaceful total revolution.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 4

Which one of the following is a serious limitation of the Rule of Law in the UK?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 4

The Rule of Law is an important contribution of the British Constitution. It means that in the eyes of the law all persons, whether big or small, the highest government official or ordinary citizen, a big capitalist or a poor man, are equal. It also means that in the eyes of law, there is no privileged class.The parliament only discusses the outlines and the main principles of the Bills and passes them. The responsibility for framing detailed rules and regulations lies with the cabinet or the executive. This system is called Delegated Legislation. The ministers, with the help of their permanent secretaries, make many rules and regulations for every law.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 5

In which of the following country, the local bodies are in central Jurisdiction?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 5

In France, the central government is far more powerful than it is in the United States. The U.S., after all, is a federal institution; the central government in Washington has the final say in any legal matters it wishes to legislate upon, but a large amount of power is delegated to state and local authorities. Indeed, the U.S. Constitution has even devolved certain powers to state and local authorities that the federal government cannot touch.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 6

A candidate forfeits his security money if he does not get:

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 6

The deposit made by a candidate shall be returned if the following conditions are satisfied:-

(i) the candidate is not shown in the list of contesting candidates, that is to say, either his nomination was rejected or after his nomination was accepted, he withdrew his candidature;or

(ii) he dies before the commencement of the poll; or

(iii) he is elected; or

(iv) he is not elected but gets more than 1/6th of the total no.of valid votes polled by all the candidates at the election.

N.B (1) If the candidate has polled exactly 1/6th of the total number of valid votes

polled by all the candidates, the deposit will not be refunded.

(2) if the candidate was elected, the deposit will be refunded even if he did not poll more than 1/6th of the total valid votes polled by all the candidates.

Deposit returnable in one constituency only at general elections.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 7

Constitutional amendments have to be  referred to the state as well as the people for their approval before being accepted in which one of the following countries?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 7

constitutional amendment is a modification of the constitution of a polity, organization or other type of entity. Amendments are often interwoven into the relevant sections of an existing constitution, directly altering the text. Conversely, they can be appended to the constitution as supplemental additions (codicils), thus changing the frame of government without altering the existing text of the document. Australia and Ireland provide examples of constitutions requiring that all amendments are first passed by the legislature before being submitted to the people; in the case of Ireland, a simple majority of those voting at the electorate is all that is required, whereas a more complex set of criteria must be met in Australia (a majority of voters in a majority of states is also necessary). Switzerland has procedure similar to that of Australia.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 8

In the United States pressure groups make concerted efforts to influence

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 8

Pressure group, body, organized or unorganized, that actively seeks to promote its particular interests within a society by exerting pressure on public officials and agencies. Pressure groups direct their efforts toward influencing legislative and executive branches of government, political parties, and sometimes general public opinion.

A major area of concentration for pressure groups in the United States is the Congress, which may draw up legislation affecting the interests of the group (see lobbying ). Through promises of financial support or of votes by interest group members at the next election, the organization hopes to persuade certain legislators, especially appropriate committee chairmen, to endorse favorable legislation. This is one of the reasons that incumbents, regardless of party, receive the preponderance of campaign funds.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 9

In which of the following countries, speaker continues to remain and behave as a party man?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 9

Speakers of the USA continue to remain and behave as a party man.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 10

When did the British pass a law making it an offence to preach nationalism?

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 10
  • The politics of the moderate nationalists were founded on the belief that British rule could be reformed from within. But the spread of knowledge regarding political and economic questions gradually undermined this belief.

  • The nationalist writers and agitators blamed British rule for the poverty of the people. Politically conscious Indians were convinced that the purpose of British rule was to exploit India economically, that is, to enrich England at the cost of India.

  • The nationalists realized that India could make little progress in the economic field unless British imperialism was replaced by a government controlled and run by the Indian people.

  • In 1898, a law was passed making it an offence to excite "feelings of disaffection" towards the foreign government.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 11

'General will' means

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 11

General will, in political theory, a collectively held will that aims at the common good or common interest. The general will is central to the political thought of the Swiss-born French political philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau and an important concept in modern republican thought. Rousseau distinguishes the general will from the particular and often contradictory wills of individuals and groups. In The Social Contract (1762), Rousseau argues that freedom and authority are not contradictory, since legitimate laws are founded on the general will of the citizens. In obeying the law, the individual citizen is thus only obeying himself as a member of the political community.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 12

The public opinion need be sound; it should be based on

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 12

Public opinion needs to be sound and based upon accurate information and reason otherwise it will lead to chaos and problems.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 13

Press is able to win popular support only if it is

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 13

The correct answer is D as all the above  mentioned are reasons for Press is able to win popular support.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 14

According to the date of formation arrange the following in chronological order

A. Akali Dal

B. National conference

C. DMK

D. AIADMK

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 14

Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body.

The Jammu & Kashmir National Conference is a political organisation in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It was formed on 11 June 1939.

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, is a political party in India, particularly in the state of Tamil Nadu and Union Territory of Puducherry. It was formed on 17 september 1949.

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam is an Indian regional political party in the state of Tamil Nadu and in the union territory of Puducherry. It was formed on 17 october 1972.

Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 15

When legislature and executive are of different parties, there is a constant danger of dead lock This is a negative feature of

Detailed Solution for Practice Test: Indian Polity - 4 - Question 15

Demerits of the Presidential Form of Government

-The executive is not responsible to the legislature and can do whatever it pleases.

-There is always the possibility of deadlocks between the legislature and the executive.

-It is not a flexible form of government.

-The Presidential executive finds it difficult to follow a vigorous foreign policy, as there is no harmonious relationship between the executive and the legislature. The executive may follow a policy which may not be acceptable to the legislature.

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