Practice Test: Logical Reasoning - 1


30 Questions MCQ Test Logical Reasoning for CLAT | Practice Test: Logical Reasoning - 1


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Attempt Practice Test: Logical Reasoning - 1 | 30 questions in 40 minutes | Mock test for CLAT preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Logical Reasoning for CLAT for CLAT Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

First discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Horn : Blow :: ?

Solution:

Horn is used for blowing so pen is used for writing.

QUESTION: 2

First discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Loss : Regain :: Mistake : ?

Solution:

As loss is regained similarly mistaken are rectified.

QUESTION: 3

First discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Whisper : Shout :: ?

Solution:

Whisper is opposite of shouting so stay is opposite of moving.

QUESTION: 4

First discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Love : Friendship :: ? : Hospitality

Solution:

As love leads to friendship so hospitality leads to care

QUESTION: 5

First discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Water : River :: ?

Solution:

water flows in river as air flows in sky.

QUESTION: 6

First discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Rung : Ladder :: ?

Solution:

Ladder is made up of rung so staircase is made up of step.

QUESTION: 7

First, discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. Mumbai: Gateway of India :: ?

Solution:

As Gateway of India is in Mumbai. Statue of Liberty is in New York.

QUESTION: 8

First, discover the relationship between the first two words and then try to find the same relationship amongst the given options which follow the pattern of the first two words. Select the right answer.

​Q. 25: 30 –

Solution:

As 25: 30 difference is 5
O: T difference is 5

QUESTION: 9

How many meaningful three letter English words can be formed with the letters AER, using each letter only once in each word?

Solution:

Three words can be formed Ear, Are, Era

QUESTION: 10

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. ​There are thousands of people who drive two-wheelers without wearing helmets. This is so despite the government’s order making the wearing of helmet compulsory. Reluctantly, one has to draw the conclusion that the law has had no effect. Which one of the following, if true, would refute the arrangement in the above passage?

Solution:

Statements A and B follow the arrangement of the given passage, which mentions how thousands of people drive without helmets despite the government making it mandatory. Statement C does not go with the passage logically.

QUESTION: 11

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. Electrons orbit around the nucleus of an atom in the same way as the Earth orbits around the Sun. The Laws of Gravitation determine the Earth’s movement around the sun. We may, therefore, expect that gravity determines the orbit of electrons as well. The above is an instance of:

Solution:

A, C and D can be easily eliminated.

(A) applying well-known general laws to a specific case

Laws not applied to specific case

(B) appealing to an apparently similar case

yes appealing to Similar case
 

QUESTION: 12

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. No one who is suffering from a common cold needs to consult a doctor, because the cold will subside on its own. In recent times, however, there have been number of instance of typhoid, beginning as common cold, would soon aggravate and endanger the life of patient. The treatment at a later stage is extremely difficult and painful. It is highly advisable, therefore that sufferers seek medical attention when the first symptoms occur.The flaw in the above reasoning is that-

Solution:

Appropriate as here author assume.the effects are similar so causes would be the same but actually it is not true and similar effects can be due to completely different causes.

QUESTION: 13

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q.There is something irrational about our system of laws. The criminal law punishes a person more severely for having successfully committed a crime than it does a person who fails in his attempt, even though the same evil intention is present in both the cases. On the other hand required to pay damages.Which of the following, if true, would weaken the author’s argument?

Solution:

All the given statements strenghthen the agruement. 

QUESTION: 14

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. Vegetarians by religious conviction argue that it is wrong to rank humans above other animal species; because for God, all living beings are equal. But then, what is the retainable for ranking animal species above plants! Why not try to protect vegetables against animals that would eat them? May be we should stop eating altogether to protest against the brutal rule of nature that requires living beings to eat other living things to stay alive.The speaker above argues primarily by –

Solution:

Vegetarians are taking base of morality and humanism which are virtues only of human beings as above than the survival instinct of living beings , which is far more relevant. And making absurd conclusions with it.

QUESTION: 15

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. Ram in fact was the eye witness to the crime committed by his brother Sham. But he did not open his mouth, when Karan, the servant in the house, was wrongly prosecuted and convicted. Ram lived quite happily thereafter, and this only proves that Rani must have colluded sham in committing the crime.The underlying assumption of the above conclusion is that –

Solution:

From the given piece of infomation it is clear that Ram did not feel the pangs of conscience although he was also a guilty party.

QUESTION: 16

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. Evenhandedness is very important while dealing with children. It is generally noticed that parents are too quick to bestow rewards for good deeds, but they procrastinate while imposing punishments for bad deeds. This is likely to create the following impression in the child’s mind:

Solution:

" It is generally noticed that parents are too quick to bestow rewards for good deeds, but they procrastinate while imposing punishments for bad deeds. " this information makes clear that It is the sign of weakness in parents which he can exploit.

QUESTION: 17

Select the most appropriate answer.

Q. Why can’t we abolish public education system altogether and allow schools to operate as autonomous units competing for students? Students will receive government funds in the form of vouchers which they can spend at the schools of their choice. As a result, only those schools that provide customer satisfaction will survive; and eventually we will see an overall improvement in the quality of education.There is an unsupported assumption built into the above argument. This assumption is –

Solution:

The passage says “only those schools that provide customer satisfaction will survive “ here the word customer indicates that schools are being compared to companies that cater to the needs of their customers. 

QUESTION: 18

Six students A, B, C, D, E, and F are to make a presentation, each on a day. Three of them will make their presentations in the morning session before the lunch break whereas, the other three will be presenting it in the afternoon session. The presentations have to be scheduled in such a way that they comply with the following restrictions:           

B should make his presentation immediately before C’s presentation.           

Their presentations cannot be separated by the lunch break.          

 D must be either the first or the last student to make the presentation.

Q. B could be placed for any of the following places in the order of presenters except

Solution:

Already given that 'D' must be in First or last, so ignore option (a)&(d). lf B takes the third position then C have to takes the fourth position which is contridiction. so option (c) is correct

QUESTION: 19

Six students A, B, C, D, E, and F are to make a presentation, each on a day. Three of them will make their presentations in the morning session before the lunch break whereas, the other three will be presenting it in the afternoon session. The presentations have to be scheduled in such a way that they comply with the following restrictions:           

B should make his presentation immediately before C’s presentation.           

Their presentations cannot be separated by the lunch break.          

 D must be either the first or the last student to make the presentation.

Q. In case F is to make his presentation immediately after D makes his presentation, C could be scheduled for which of the following places in the order of presenters?

Solution:

The queue would like be :-
D F A - B C E
so position of c be 5th in the presenters
 

QUESTION: 20

Six students A, B, C, D, E, and F are to make a presentation, each on a day. Three of them will make their presentations in the morning session before the lunch break whereas, the other three will be presenting it in the afternoon session. The presentations have to be scheduled in such a way that they comply with the following restrictions:           

B should make his presentation immediately before C’s presentation.           

Their presentations cannot be separated by the lunch break.          

 D must be either the first or the last student to make the presentation.

Q. In case F and E are the fifth and sixth presenters respectively then which of the following must be true?

Solution:

he queue would be like....
D B C - A F E

A is the 4th one to give presentation

 

QUESTION: 21

An employee has been assigned the task of allotting offices to six of the staff members. The offices are numbered 1-6. The offices are arranged in a row and they are separated from each other by six foot high dividers. Hence, voices, sounds and cigarette smoke flow easily from one office to another .

Miss Rani needs to use the telephone quite often throughout the day. Mr. Mohan and Mr.Boman need adjacent offices as they need to consult each other often while working. Miss Hema, is a senior employee and has to be allotted the office number 5, having the biggest window.

Mr. Dhiraj requires silence in the offices next to his Mr. Tony, Mr. Mohan and Mr. Dhiraj are all smokers. Miss Rani finds tobacco smoke allergic and consecutively the offices next to hers to be occupied by non-smokers.

Unless specifically stated all the employees maintain an atmosphere of silence during office hours.

​Q.
ideal candidate to occupy the office farthest from Mr. Boman would be

Solution:

Rani is allergic to tobacco smoke and uses telephone frequently while Dhiraj needs silence and he smoke.

QUESTION: 22

An employee has been assigned the task of allotting offices to six of the staff members. The offices are numbered 1-6. The offices are arranged in a row and they are separated from each other by six foot high dividers. Hence, voices, sounds and cigarette smoke flow easily from one office to another .

Miss Rani needs to use the telephone quite often throughout the day. Mr. Mohan and Mr.Boman need adjacent offices as they need to consult each other often while working. Miss Hema, is a senior employee and has to be allotted the office number 5, having the biggest window.

Mr. Dhiraj requires silence in the offices next to his Mr. Tony, Mr. Mohan and Mr. Dhiraj are all smokers. Miss Rani finds tobacco smoke allergic and consecutively the offices next to hers to be occupied by non-smokers.

Unless specifically stated all the employees maintain an atmosphere of silence during office hours.

​Q. 

The ideal office for Mr. Mohan would be

Solution:

From the given information the ideal office for Mr. Mohan would be 3. 

QUESTION: 23

An employee has been assigned the task of allotting offices to six of the staff members. The offices are numbered 1-6. The offices are arranged in a row and they are separated from each other by six-foot-high dividers. Hence, voices, sounds, and cigarette smoke flow easily from one office to another.

Miss Rani needs to use the telephone quite often throughout the day. Mr. Mohan and Mr.Boman need adjacent offices as they need to consult each other often while working. Miss Hema, is a senior employee and has to be allotted the office number 5, having the biggest window.

Mr. Dhiraj requires silence in the offices next to Mr. Tony, Mr. Mohan, and Mr. Dhiraj are all smokers. Miss Rani finds tobacco smoke allergic and consecutively the offices next to hers to be occupied by non-smokers.

Unless specifically stated all the employees maintain an atmosphere of silence during office hours.

​Q. In the event of what occurs, within a period of one month since the assignment of the offices, would a request for a change in office be put forth by one or more employees?

Solution:

The correct answer is D. Mr. Tony taking over the duties formely taken care of by Miss Rani.

QUESTION: 24

Meera: Mohan has become a better boxer since he started meditating.
Sohan: Impossible, a boxer’s most important assets is his aggressiveness.

Solution:

The statements given gives an idea thatMeditation tends to make a person less aggressive.

QUESTION: 25

3, 12, 27, 48, 75, 108, (___)

Solution:

 3,      12,     27,     48,      75,     108       147

 3´1     3´4    3´9  3´16   3´25   3x36    3´49

    (1)2  (2)2   (3)2   (4) (5)2     (6)2    (7)2   

QUESTION: 26

Neelam who is Rohit’s daughter tells to Indu, “Your mother Rita is the younger sister of my father, who is the third child of Sohanji” how is Sohanji related to Indu?

Solution:

QUESTION: 27

There is a certain relation between two given words on one side of::and one word is given on another side of::while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair are. Choose the best alternative.

Q. ​Well: Deep :: Word: _____

Solution:

The correct answer is D because deep is a characteristic of well when having a Meaning is a characteristic of a word.

QUESTION: 28

In each of the following questions, Four words have been given, out of which four are alike in some manner and the fifth one is different. Choose out the odd one out.   

Solution:

All, except Whale, lay eggs.

QUESTION: 29

Ashish walks 40m to the North and reaches a temple. He walks back to where he was and continuing in the same direction goes for another 60m, then turns left and walks 40m, turns right and walks another 20m. He now reaches his house. How far is his house from the temple and in which direction?

Solution:

EXP:

        

Prep = 40 + 60 + 20 = 120

            Base = 40 m

= 40√10 South East

QUESTION: 30

Rajan is 10th from the left and Nipun is 17th from the right end of the row. There is one person in between them. What is the total no of persons in the row?

Solution:

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