|1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?|
Mindfulness is related to?
Mindfulness derives from sati, a significant element of Buddhist traditions, and is based on Zen, Vipassanā, and Tibetan meditation techniques.
Which of the following are the example of specific skills?
The skills that are needed for a specific job are also known as a skill set. When hiring, employers will usually include the skill set required to be able to perform the job in the job posting. The applicants who most closely match the required skills will have the best chance of getting selected for a job interview.
Which of the following are not the section of basic skills?
Specific Skills are those skills which are needed to perform a specific job that requires certain specific compatibilities for that work. Communication skills, Leadership skills, Interview skills all come under specific skills.
Which of the following is not the example of general skills?
Very simply, a skills assessment is an evaluation of an individual’s ability to perform a specific skill or set of skills. Usually, it’s an evaluation of skills specific to a job or role. Ideally, the assessment captures the level of proficiency for each skill, so you know which participants are new to a skill and which have mastered it.
The initial step in the listening process is:
Reception of the stimuli is the first step in the listening process. because the first of all our senses able to receive the stimulus. Attending occurs when you perceive and focus on stimuli. Interpreting involves assigning meaning to sounds and symbolic activity.
Which perspective emphasizes that the environment is something to be respected and valued?
It refers to the view of the environment as something to be respected and valued rather than exploited. Physical environment and human relationship are interdependent. The traditional Indian view about the environment supports spiritual perspective, worshipping Pipal, respect for rivers and mountains. Chipko Aandolan and movement by Bisnoi Community are examples of Indian perspective
_______ occurs most readily for strong responses in situations where the presence of others is motivating.
Social facilitation is a social phenomena in which being in the presence of others improves individual task performance. That is, people do better on tasks when they are with other people rather than when they are doing the task alone.
_______ is a process by which information about others is converted into more or less enduring cognitions or thoughts about them.
In social psychology, a stereotype is a fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people. By stereotyping we infer that a person has a whole range of characteristics and abilities that we assume all members of that group have. For example, a “hells angel” biker dresses in leather.
_______ is the process by which an individual comes to define himself in terms of his nation, social class, religious group etc.
Social identity is the portion of an individual's self-concept derived from perceived membership in a relevant social group.
Feeling of togetherness, that keeps a group intact, is called_____
More formally, cohesiveness denotes the strength of all ties that link individuals to a group. These ties can be social or task oriented in nature. Specifically, a group that is tied together by mutual friendship, caring, or personal liking is displaying social cohesiveness.
The defining characteristic of________ is that they express an evaluation of some object.
Attitude is a state of the mind, a set of views or thoughts, regarding some topic (called the ‘attitude object’), which have an evaluative feature (positive, negative or neutral quality).
In 1957, Leon Festinger published his theory of_____
Leon Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance has been widely recognized for its important and influential concepts in areas of motivation and social psychology.
_______ is a technique to treat Phobia.
Systematic desensitisation, or graduated exposure therapy, is a behaviour therapy developed by the psychiatrist Joseph Wolpe. It is used when a phobia or anxiety disorder is maintained by classical conditioning. It shares the same elements of both cognitive-behavioural therapy and applied behaviour analysis.
In _______, the aim is establishing a relationship between undesirable behaviour with painful consequences.
Aversion therapy is a form of psychological treatment in which the patient is exposed to a stimulus while simultaneously being subjected to some form of discomfort.’
In _______ approach, the therapist uses pointed but friendly questioning to root out depressed people’s faulty, depressogenic cognitions.
Cognition refers to mental activity including thinking, remembering, learning and using language. When we apply a cognitive approach to learning and teaching, we focus on the understanding of information and concepts.
Logotherapy is given by___
Logotherapy was developed by neurologist and psychiatrist Viktor Frankl and is based on the premise that the primary motivational force of an individual is to find a meaning in life. Frankl describes it as "the Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy" along with Freud's psychoanalysis and Adler's individual psychology.
______ is used to describe the unpleasant emotional state that results from blocked goal seeking, rather than the event itself.
In psychology, frustration is a common emotional response to opposition, related to anger, annoyance and disappointment. Frustration arises from the perceived resistance to the fulfilment of an individual's will or goal and is likely to increase when a will or goal is denied or blocked.
The general adaptation syndrome consists of three stages which include____
This stage is the result of prolonged or chronic stress. Struggling with stress for long periods can drain your physical, emotional, and mental resources to the point where your body no longer has strength to fight stress. You may give up or feel your situation is hopeless.
_______ are also major stressors.
A stressor is an event or situation that causes stress. Just about anything can be a stressor as long as it is perceived as a danger. Frustration and conflict are a type of major stressors.
The reaction to external stressors is called____
Stressors are events that cause our body to give the stress response. Such events include noise, crowding, a bad relationship, or the daily commuting to school or office. The reaction to external stressors is called 'strain'.
The cognitive theory of stress was proposed by____
The concept of cognitive appraisal was advanced in 1966 by psychologist Richard Lazarus in the book Psychological Stress and Coping Process. According to this theory, stress is perceived as the imbalance between the demands placed on the individual and the individual's resources to cope.
The three types of stress are___
Broadly, stress is divided into these 3 categories and the resulting subtypes of stress are a subset of one these classifications only
Frustration, conflicts, internal and social pressures are sources of which of the following kinds of stress?
Psychological stress is a popular term denoting processes believed to contribute to a variety of mental and physical conditions. Despite widespread interest in the construct and its consequences for health and well-being, there is little consensus on definitions for psychological stress.
The study of links between the brain, the mind and the immune system is known as
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is a discipline that has evolved in the last 40 years to study the relationship between immunity, the endocrine system, and the central and peripheral nervous systems.
Disease-causing agents are known as______
A pathogen is an organism that causes disease. Your body is naturally full of microbes. However, these microbes only cause a problem if your immune system is weakened or if they manage to enter a normally sterile part of your body. Pathogens are different and can cause disease upon entering the body.
The coping strategies given by Endler and Parker is____
A coping style is a characteristic manner of responding to stressful situations. There are three basic coping styles: task-oriented coping, emotion-oriented coping, and avoidance-oriented coping.
Which of the following coping behaviours are problem-focused?
Problem-focused coping includes all the active efforts to manage stressful situations and alter a troubled person-environment relationship to modify or eliminate the sources of stress via individual behaviour.
Who among the following psychologists divided all personalities into introverts and extraverts?
Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Jung's work has been influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, psychology, and religious studies.
A ______ refers to any characteristics in which one individual differs from another in a relatively permanent and consistent way.
Trait theory in psychology rests on the idea that people differ from one another based on the strength and intensity of basic trait dimensions. There are three criteria that characterise personality traits: (1) consistency, (2) stability, and (3) individual differences.
The _______ is the original source of personality, present in the newborn infant.
According to Freud's psychoanalytic theory, the id is the primitive and instinctual part of the mind that contains sexual and aggressive drives and hidden memories, the super-ego operates as a moral conscience, and the ego is the realistic part that mediates between the desires of the id and the super-ego.
Which of the following systems the internalised representation of the values and morals of society is as taught to the child by the parents and others?
The superego is the ethical component of the personality and provides the moral standards by which the ego operates. The superego's criticisms, prohibitions, and inhibitions form a person's conscience, and its positive aspirations and ideals represent one's idealized self-image, or “ego ideal.”
In which of the following psycho-sexual stage of the development pleasure is obtained through stimulation of the mouth?
During the five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital stages, the erogenous zone associated with each stage serves as a source of pleasure. The psychosexual energy, or libido, was described as the driving force behind behavior.
Which of the following is most widely used projective technique?
Perhaps the most commonly used projective techniques are the Rorschach, the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), figure drawings, and sentence completion tests. The Rorschach consists of a set of inkblots to which the respondent provides responses.
______ defined personality as the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psycho-physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment.
Gordon Willard Allport was an American psychologist. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology.
Which of the following scales has been useful in measuring anxiety, hostility, and hallucination, phobias and suicidal impulses?
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a psychological test that assesses personality traits and psychopathology. It is primarily intended to test people who are suspected of having mental health or other clinical issues.
According to psycho-analytic theory, the sexual energy that underlines the biologically based urges is called the
Libido is a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity. Libido is influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors. Biologically, the sex hormones and associated neurotransmitters that act upon the nucleus accumbens regulate libido in humans.
Which of the following levels of consciousness or awareness is proposed by Freud?
Sigmund Freud divided human consciousness into three levels of awareness: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. Each of these levels corresponds and overlaps with his ideas of the id, ego, and superego.
Which of the following parts of body Freud referred as erogenous zones?
An erogenous zone is characterized as an area of the body that is particularly sensitive to stimulation. During the five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital stages, the erogenous zone associated with each stage serves as a source of pleasure.
Which of the following periods of psycho-sexual development was not considered by Freud to be very important to the development of personality?
The period of reduced sexuality that Freud believed occured between approximately age seven and adolescence. Freud claimed that children went through a "latency period" during which "we can observe a halt and retrogression in sexual development".
According to dynamic theorists, people use _____ to reduce their anxiety and guilt.
In psychoanalytic theory, a defence mechanism (American English: defence mechanism), is an unconscious psychological operation that functions to protect a person from anxiety-producing thoughts and feelings related to internal conflicts and outer stressors.