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# SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41

## 100 Questions MCQ Test SSC CGL Tier 1 Mock Test Series | SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41

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This mock test of SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41 for SSC helps you for every SSC entrance exam. This contains 100 Multiple Choice Questions for SSC SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. SSC students definitely take this SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other SSC CGL Tier-I Mock Test - 41 extra questions, long questions & short questions for SSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Solution:

QUESTION: 2

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

### Today is Thursday. After 52 days, it will be:

Solution:

Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days. So, after 49 days, it will be Thursday. Hence, after 52 days it will be Monday

QUESTION: 4

A man is facing towards East and turns through 60⁰ anticlockwise, again 180⁰ anticlockwise and then turns through 270⁰ clockwise. In which direction is he facing now?

Solution:

QUESTION: 5

Find the missing term.

Solution:

2² + 1 = 5
4² - 1 = 15
6² + 1 = 37
8² - 1 = 63
10² + 1 = 101

QUESTION: 6

Pick the odd one out:

Solution:

Second number is a result of square and then addition of the first number except for option 2

QUESTION: 7

81:65::121: ?

Solution:

x² : (x - 1)² + 1 or
= 9²: (9 – 1)² + 1
= 81: 65
Similarly,
= 11²: (11 – 1)² + 1
= 121:101

QUESTION: 8

How many meaningful 3 or more lettered words can be formed by using the below given letters:
CEYORRVE

Solution:

Recover, cover, core, recovery, eve, very, ore, eye, rover, over, every, ever….

QUESTION: 9

Find the missing term:

Solution:

(27 ÷ 9) + 3 = 3 + 3 = 6
(16 ÷ 4) + 3 = 4 + 3 = 7
(45 ÷ 5) + 3 = 9 + 3 = 12

QUESTION: 10

If 9732 = 69 and 8248 = 48, then 7927 =?

Solution:

(9 × 7) + (3 × 2) = 63 + 6 = 69
(8 × 2) + (4 × 8) = 16 + 32 = 48
Similarly,
(7 × 9) + (2 × 7) = 63 + 14 = 77

QUESTION: 11

If > denotes +, < denotes -, + denotes <, - denotes ×, × denotes ÷, ÷ denotes =, then choose the correct statement of the following

Solution:

18 ÷ 12 > 14 × 7 – 7 < 8
18 = 12 + 14/7 × 7 – 8
18 = 12 + 14 – 8
18 = 18

QUESTION: 12

The given equation has been solved on the basis of a certain rule. Find the correct answer for the unsolved equation on that basis:

If a ÷ b = (a + b) ÷ (a – b) then (8 ÷ 4) × (14 ÷ 7)

Solution:

(8 ÷ 4) × (14 ÷ 7)
= [(8+4)÷(8-4)] × [(14+7)÷(14-7)]
= [ 12÷4] × [ 21÷7]
= 3 × 3
= 9

QUESTION: 13

What is the reflex angle between the hands of a clock at 8:30?

Solution:

Angle traced by hour hand 17/2 hours = (360/60× 17/2)^⁰ = 255⁰
Angle traced by minute hand in 30 minutes = (360/60× 30)^⁰ = 180⁰
∴ Reflex angle = 360⁰ - (255⁰ - 180⁰)
= 360⁰ - 75⁰ = 285⁰

QUESTION: 14

Find the missing term in the series:

69        68             ?             2349            37520

Solution:

69 × 1² - 1³ = 68
68 × 2² - 2³ = 264
264 × 3² - 3³ = 2349
2349 × 4² - 4³ = 37520

QUESTION: 15

The number of students in a music class is increasing month after month as follows. Find the number of students in June from the following information.

Solution:

January = 15
February 15 + 1³ = 16
March = 16 + 2³ = 24
April = 24 + 3³ = 51
May = 51 + 4³ = 115
June = 115 + 5³ = 240

QUESTION: 16

P, Q, R, S and T are sitting in a row facing South. Q sits exactly in the middle of the row. Only one person sits between Q and R and R is not a neighbour of S, who sits second to the left of T. Who sits at the extreme end of the row?

Solution:

QUESTION: 17

In the following question, how many such vowels are there in the arrangement each of which is immediately following by consonant and also immediately preceded by a symbol?

%  3  4  \$  Q  R  2  T  6  @  E  K  6  D  W  7  9  #  V  8  W

Solution:

@EK

QUESTION: 18

Five girls – Suhani, Prerna, Priyanka, Anshika and Pooja are of different heights. Priyanka is taller than only two of them but not as tall as Anshika. Suhani is not the shortest and Prerna is taller than Anshika. Who is the shortest in the group?

Solution:

Prerna > Anshika > Priyanka > Suhani > Pooja

QUESTION: 19

Arrange the following words in a meaningful order.

A. Tropic of cancer

B. Arctic circle

C. Tropic of Capricorn

D. Equator

E. Antarctic Circle

F.  Arctic Pole

Solution:

Earth from North to South : Arctic Pole → Arctic circle Tropic of cancer → Equator → Tropic of Capricorn → Antarctic Circle.
Meaningful arrangement would also have been from South to North but since it’s not one of the options, we will discard it.

QUESTION: 20

DP : 4 : : HX : ?

Solution:

QUESTION: 21

How many triangles are embedded in the figure given below?

Solution:

QUESTION: 22

If a cube is made using given above arrangement which word will be in opposite face of the word one?

Solution:

Five will be opposite to Four.
One will be opposite to Three.
Two will be opposite to Six.

QUESTION: 23

Choose from the following diagrams (1), (2), )3) and (4) the one that illustrates the relationship among three given classes:

North America, Unites states of America , New York.

Solution:

New York is a city of North America. North America comes under United States of America

QUESTION: 24

The columns and rows of Matrix I are numbered from 0 to 4 and that of Matrix II are numbered from 5 to 9. A letter from these matrices can be represented first by its row and next by its column. e.g. ‘R’ can be represented by 01, 44 etc. and ‘U’ can be represented by 66, 78 etc. Identify the set for the word FORK.

Solution:

F – 04, 11, 23, 30, 42
0 - 55, 67, 79, 86, 98
R – 01, 13, 20, 32, 44
K – 58, 65, 77, 89, 96

QUESTION: 25

Which answer figure will complete the pattern in the question figure?

Question figure:

Solution:

Answer figure (3) will complete the question figure. In the third row the number of horizontal lines is increasing by one.

QUESTION: 26

India replaced which of the following country to become the second largest importer of LPG in the world?

Solution:

According to the report in Bloomberg, India’s import of LPG, mostly used as cooking fuel, increased 23 percent during the financial year that ended Mar 31, to 11 mn tonnes. India replaced Japan from the second position whose imports slipped 3.2 percent during the same period to 10.6 mn tonnes

QUESTION: 27

Mahmoud Abbas, who visited New Delhi recently is the President of

Solution:

Mahmoud Abbas, the president of Palestine came to New Delhi on a for day state visit. India reiterated its “political support” to the Palestinian cause. It was his third state visit to India after 2008 and 2012.

QUESTION: 28

World No – Tobacco Day is observed on

Solution:

World No – Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on May 31. It is intended to encourage a 24 hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe.

QUESTION: 29

Winner of the men’s singles title of the 2017 Madrid Open is

Solution:

Rafael Nadal went on to win his 5 Madrid Open title, beating Dominic Thiem in the Final. With the win Nadal ties Djokovic wit 30 Masters 1000 single titles.

QUESTION: 30

S.I unit of Luminous Intensity is

Solution:

Luminous intensity is a measure of the wavelength –weighted power emitted by a light source in a particular direction per unit solid angle, based on the luminosity function, a standardized model of the sensitivity of the human eye. The SI unit of luminous intensity is the candela (cd), an SI base unit.

QUESTION: 31

Who is the first president of New Development Bank?

Solution:

The New Development Bank (NDB), formely referred to as the BRICS Development Bank, is as Multilateral development Bank established by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). According to the agreement on the NDB, “the bank shall support public or private projects through loans, guarantees, equity participation and other financial instruments. K.V Kamath was elected as the first President of the Bank on May 11, 2015.

QUESTION: 32

Which of the pairs of dance forms and the states to which these are associated is INCORRECT?

Solution:

Mohiniyattam – Kerala

QUESTION: 33

Currency of United Arab Emirates (UAE) is

Solution:

Currency of United Arab Emirates is UAE Dirham.

QUESTION: 34

Who is known as father of Internet?

Solution:

Vinton Gray Cerf is an American Internet Pioneer, who is recognized as one of the fathers of the internet, sharing this title with TCP/IP co- inventor Bob Kahn.

QUESTION: 35

The headquarter of Canara Bank is located at

Solution:

Solution : Canara Bank is one of the major public sector banks owned by the Government of India. Its headquarters is in Bengaluru. It was established at Mangalore in 1906, making it one of the oldest public sector banks in the country.

QUESTION: 36

Khangchendzonga National Park is situated in the Indian state of

Solution:

Khangchendzonga National Park also Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve is a National Park and a Biosphere reserve located in Sikkim, India. It was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list on July 17, 2016 becoming the first “Mixed Heritage” site of India. The park gets its name from the mountain Kanchenjunga which is 8,586 meters tall, the third highest peak in the world.

QUESTION: 37

The First Indian Woman who owns the gold medal in Asian Games was

Solution:

Kamaljit Sandhu is a former woman Indian athlete who won gold medal at 1970 Bangkok Asian Games in 400 m race. She ran the Distance in 57.3 seconds. She was the first Indian woman athlete to win a gold medal at any Asian games.

QUESTION: 38

The concept of Sampoorna Kranti (Total Revolution) was given by

Solution:

Jai Prakash Narayan popularly referred as Lok Nayak was an Indian Independence activist, theorist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he called a “total revolution”

QUESTION: 39

Which of the following Instrument is used to measure humidity?

Solution:

A hygrometer is an Instrument used for measuring the water vapour in the atmosphere. Humidity measurement instruments usually rely on measurements of some other quantity such as temperature, pressure, mass or a mechanical or electrical change in a substance as moisture is absorbed.

QUESTION: 40

Whose experiments supports Abiotic synthesis?

Solution:

The Miller-Urey experiment was a chemical experiment that stimulated the conditions thought at the time to be present on the early Earth, and tested the chemical origin of life under those conditions.

QUESTION: 41

The Firm maximises profit by producing that quantity of output where

Solution:

The general rule is that firm maximises profit by producing that quantity of output where marginal revenue equals marginal costs. The profit maximization issue can also be approached from the input side.

QUESTION: 42

Which part of the constitution contains Emergency Provisions?

Solution:

Emergency Provisions are contained in Part Eighteen of the Constitution of India. The President of India has the power to impose emergency rule in any or all the Indian states if the security of part or all of India is threatened by “war or external aggression or armed rebellion”

QUESTION: 43

Takla Makan desert is situated in which of the following country?

Solution:

The Taklamakan Desert is a desert in southwest Xinjing Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwest China.

QUESTION: 44

Foucault Experiment is the proof of

Solution:

The Foucault pendulum , named after the French physicist, is a simple device conceived as an experiment to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth.

QUESTION: 45

The Twenty-Point Programme was first launched by

Solution:

The Twenty Point Programme (TPP) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1975 and restructured in 1982.

QUESTION: 46

TRIPS is the term associated with

Solution:

The Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international agreement administered by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) that sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property (IP) regulation.

QUESTION: 47

The Largest saline water lake in India is-

Solution:

The largest salt water lake is Chilka Lake, lake and lagoon in eastern Odisha state, eastern India. It is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a narrow spit.

QUESTION: 48

The Indian Flag was designed by

Solution:

Gandhiji first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in 1921. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. In the centre was a traditional spinning wheel, symbolising Gandhi’s goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.

QUESTION: 49

In which year Vasco-Da-Gama discovered the Sea route in India?

Solution:

Solution : The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route to India in 1497-98.

QUESTION: 50

IOM stands for

Solution:

International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.

QUESTION: 51

A man divides his property so that his son’s share to his wife’s and wife’s share to his daughter are both in the ratio of 4 :

Solution:

QUESTION: 52

A  wire circle of radius 56 cm is bent in the form of a rectangle whose sides are in the ratio of 13 : 9. The smaller side of the rectangle is

Solution:

Perimeter of rectangle = Circumference of circular wire
2(a + b) = 2πr
2(9x + 13x ) = 2 × 22/7 × 56
2× 22x = 2 × 22/7 × 56
x = 8 cm.
Smaller side = 9 × 8 = 72 cm.

QUESTION: 53

Two types of rice costing Rs. 160 per kg and Rs. 260 per kg. In what ratio should these be mixed so that obtained mixture sold at Rs. 300 per kg to earn a profit of 20%? is

Solution:

SP of the mixture = Rs. 300
Gain = 20%
∴ CP of the mixture = 300 × 100/120 = 250
Now, using the allegation method

QUESTION: 54

Rs. 12,300 is divided between Akash and Vikas so that the amount Akash receives in 2 years is same as that what Vikas receives in 4 years. If the interest is compounded annually at the rate of 25% per annum then Akash’s share is

Solution:

Let Akash get x and Vikas get (12300 - x)
Then amount received get by Akash after two years = x × (1 + 25/100)²
And amount received get by Shyam after 4 years = (12300 - x) × (1 + 25/100)⁴
Both get equal amount = x (1 + 25/100)² = (12300 - x) × (1 + 25/100)⁴
x = (12300 - x) (1 + 25/100)²
x/(12300-x)= 25/16
16 x = 25 × 12300 - 25 x
41 x = 3,07,500
x = 7,500
So, Akash will get Rs. 7,500

QUESTION: 55

If cosec θ - cot θ = 5/4 , the value of cosec θ is

Solution:

cosec θ - cot θ = 5/4 ……. (i)
cosec² θ - cot² θ = 1
(cosec θ - cot θ ) (cosec θ + cot θ )= 1
(Cosec θ + cot θ )= 1/(cosec θ - cot θ )
Cosec θ + cot θ = 1/(5/4) = 4/5 …………… (ii)
Adding both equations, we get
Cosec θ + cot θ + cosec θ - cot θ = 4/5 + 5/4
2 cosec θ = (16+25)/20 = 41/20
Cosec θ = 41/40

QUESTION: 56

The distance between two pillars is 80 metres. The height of one pillar is twice of the other pillar. The angles of elevation of their top from the midpoint of the line connecting their feet are complementary to each other. The height of the big pillar is

Solution:

In ∆ABP tan θ = x/40 ……………. (i)
In ∆ BCQ tan (90 – θ) = 2x/40
Cot θ = 2x/40 ………. (ii)
Multiplying both the equations,
Tan θ. cot θ = x/40 × 2x/40
1 = x²/800
x² = 800
x = 20√2
Height of the big pillar = 2 × 20√2 = 40√2

QUESTION: 57

Rehman buys 360 apples for Rs. 800. Some of these apples are rotten and are thrown away. He sells the remaining apples at Rs. 4.50 each and makes a profit of Rs. 739. The percent of apples thrown away are?

Solution:

Let the number of bad apples = x
Cost price of (360 – x) apples = 800
Selling price (360 - x) apples = 4.5 × (360 - x ) = 1620 – 4.5 x
According to the question,
1620 – 4.5 x – 800 = 739
4.5 x = - 81
x = 18
Required percent = 18/360 × 100 = 5%

QUESTION: 58

The average of 8 numbers is 5.95. The average of two of them is 5.4, while the average of the other two is 5.86. the average of the remaining four numbers is

Solution:

Let the eight numbers be a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h
According to the question,
(a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h)/8 = 5.95
a + b + c + d + e + f + g + h = 47.6 ……………. (i)
(a+b)/2 = 5.4
a + b = 10.8 ……. (ii)
(c +d)/2 = 5.86
c + d = 11.72 …… (iii)
put the value of eq (ii) and (iii) in (i)
e + f + g + h = 47.6 – 10.8 – 11.72 = 25.08
Average = 25.08/4 = 6.27

QUESTION: 59

A swimmer swims from a point A against a current for 12 minutes and then swims backwards in favour of the current for next 12 minutes and comes to the point B. If AB is 200 metres, the speed of current (in km per hour) is

Solution:

OA = distance covered by upstream speed in 12 minutes = 12/60 (x – y )
OB = distance covered by downstream speed in 12 minutes = 12/60 (x + y )
According to the question,
OB – OA = AB
12/60 (x + y ) - 12/60 (x - y ) = 200/1000
1/5 (x + y - x + y) = 200/1000
2y = 2/10 × 5
Y = 0.5 km/hr.
Speed of current = 0.5 km/hr.

QUESTION: 60

PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral of which PQ is the diameter. Diagonals PR and QS intersect at A. If SQR = 25 , the PAS measures

Solution:

∠PSQ = 90° 9angle made from the diameter)
So ∆PQS is a right angled triangle.
Similarly, ∠PRQ = 90°
Now in ∆ARQ
∠ARQ + ∠AQR + ∠QAR = 180°
90°+ 25° + ∠QAR = 180°
∠QAR = 65°
∠QAR = ∠PAS = 65°

QUESTION: 61

3 sisters divided Rs. 9900 among them in such a way that the share of second is equal to 7/15 of share of other two combined. What is the share of the second one?

Solution:

Given share of 2nd = 7/15 of 1st and 3rd
Or (2nd )/(1st+3rd) = 7/15
1st + 2nd + 3rd = 7 + 15 = 22
22units = 9900
1 unit = 9900/22 = 450
Share of 2nd = 450 × 4 = 3150

QUESTION: 62

∆PQR is an isosceles right angled triangle with ∠Q = 90°. On the sides PR and PQ, two equilateral triangles PRS and PQT have been constructed. The ratio of area of ∆ PQT and ∆PRS is

Solution:

Let PQ = PR = 1
PR = √(1^2+1²) = √2 (using Pythagoras)
(Area of (∆PRT))/(Area of (∆PRS)) = (√3/4 (1)²)/(√3/4 (1)²) = 1/2 = 1 : 2

QUESTION: 63

If cos²α + cos²β = 2, then the value of tan⁴α + sin⁸β is

Solution:

cos2α + cos2β = 2
Put the value of α = β = 0⁰
cos20⁰ + cos20⁰ = 2
1² + 1² = 2
2 = 2 ( it satisfies the equation)
Now, tan⁴ α + sin⁵ β = tan⁴ 0⁰ + sin⁵0⁰
⇒ 0 + 0 = 0

QUESTION: 64

Ballu gets 5 marks for each correct answer and loses 3 marks for each wrong answer. If he attempts 40 sums and obtains 80 marks. The number of sum solved correctly is

Solution:

Let the ballu correct sums be x
According to the question
Correct marks – incorrect marks = Total marks
5 x – 3(40 - x) = 80
5x – 120 - 3x = 80
8x = 200
x = 25

QUESTION: 65

A rectangular paper sheet of dimensions 33cm × 16cm is folded in the form of a cylinder along its length. What will be the volume of the cylinder?

Solution:

Cylinder is folded along the length of rectangle
2πR= 33
R = 33/(2 × 22)×7 = 21/4 cm
Volume of cylinder = πR²h
= 22/7 × 21/4×21/4 × 16
= 1386 cm³

QUESTION: 66

14 Indians and 8 Chinese finish a job in 8 days. 14 Japanese and 6 Chinese finish the same job in 14 days. Given that the efficiency of each person of a particular nationality is same but different from others. One Indian, one Chinese and one Japanese will complete the work in?

Solution:

One day work of 14 Indians and 8 Chinese = 1/8
One day work of 14 Japnese and 6 Chinese = 1/14
Therefore, one day’s work of 14 Indian, 14 Chinese and 14 Japanese = 1/8 + 1/14 = (7 + 4)/56
= 11/56
Therefore, one day’s work of 1 Indian, 1 Chinese and 1 Japanese = 11/56 × 1/14 = 11/784
Therefore, number of days required by 1 Indian, 1 Chinese and 1 Japanese = 784/11 = 71*3/11 days

QUESTION: 67

If (x+1/x)^2 = 3 Then the value of

x^96 + x^66 + x^42 + x^18 + x^12 + 1 is

Solution:

QUESTION: 68

The first and last digit of a 99 digit number is 4 and the remaining digit is same. What will be the remaining digit so that the number exactly divided by 11?

Solution:

4 ........................................ 4
Divisibility rule of 11
Take the alternative sum of the digit in the number, read from left to right. If that is divisible by 11, so is the original number.
According to question,
4 8 4
4 8 8 8 4
is divisible by 11
= 8

QUESTION: 69

A, B and C are three pipes connected to a tank. A and B together fill the tank in 15 hrs. B and C together fill the tank in 20 hrs.  A and C together fill the tank in 30 hrs. In how much time will C alone fill the tank?

Solution:

A + B fill in 15 hrs
B + C fill in 20 hrs
A + C fill in 30 hrs
⇒ 2 (A + B+ C) fill in (15 × 20 × 30)/(30 × 20 + 15 × 30 + 15 ×20) = 20/3 hours
∴ A + B + C fill the tank in 40/3 hours
Now, A = (A + B+ C) – (B + C) ] fills in
3/40 - 1/15 = 1/120 or 120 hours
Similarly, B fills in 3/40 - 1/20 = 1/40 or 40 hours
And C fills in 3/40 - 1/30 = 1/24 or 24 hours

QUESTION: 70

A fraction becomes 1/6 when 4 is subtracted from its numerator and 1 is added to its denominator. If 2 and 1 are respectively added to its numerator and the denominator, it becomes 1/3. Then, the LCM of the numerator and denominator of the said fraction, must be

Solution:

QUESTION: 71

If the simple interest on a certain sum of money for 13 months at 7*1/2% per annum exceeds the simple interest on the same sum for 7 months at 12*1/2% per annum by Rs. 42.50, then the sum of money (in Rs.) is.

Solution:

QUESTION: 72

Directions

The following bar diagram shows total number of boys and girls in five different schools. Study it carefully to answer the following questions.

Q. What is the difference between the total number of girls and the total number of boys from all school together?

Solution:

Total number of boys = 350 + 450 + 475 + 225 + 325 = 1825
Total number of girls = 300 + 350 + 400 + 150 + 375 = 1575
∴ Required difference = 1825 – 1575 = 250

QUESTION: 73

Directions

The following bar diagram shows total number of boys and girls in five different schools. Study it carefully to answer the following questions.

Q. By bow much percentage is the average number of girls from all the school together is more/less than the number of boys in Bal Bharti School?

Solution:

Average number of girls = 1575/5 = 315
Percentage of girls with respect to boys in Bal Bharti School = 315/450× 100 = 70%

QUESTION: 74

Directions

The following bar diagram shows total number of boys and girls in five different schools. Study it carefully to answer the following questions.

Q.  What is the ratio of the number of girls from the school Bal Bharti and Convent to the number of boys from the school DPS and Edutech?

Solution:

Girls in Bal Bharti and Convent = 350 + 400 = 750
Boys in DPS and Eductech = 225 + 325 = 550
∴ Required ratio = 750: 550 = 15:11

QUESTION: 75

Directions

The following bar diagram shows total number of boys and girls in five different schools. Study it carefully to answer the following questions.

Q.  Boys from Aryan and Bal Bharti School together is what percent of total number of girls from Convent school, DPS and Edu tech school?

Solution:

Boys in Aryan school and Bal Bharti School = 350 + 450 = 800
Girls in Convent, DPS and Edu tech school = 400 + 150 + 375 = 925
∴ Required percentage = 800/925× 100 = 86.5 %

QUESTION: 76

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based on it.

The revision of antibiotics classes by the World Health Organisation in its list of essential medicines is a welcome step in the global initiative to push back against antimicrobial resistance, the phenomenon of bacteria becoming resistant even to the most potent drugs. With a graded approach to the use of antibiotics, under which some medicines are reserved for the most resistant microbes, the WHO list can stop their misuse as broad-spectrum treatments. The Indian Council of Medical Research issued a warning two years ago, based on studies conducted in hospitals that resistance to antibiotics was found in 50% of patients. A large number of infants were dying due to infections that did not respond to treatment. Antibiotics have had great success, extending the frontiers of medicine for over 70 years. But Alexander Fleming, who discovered the first antibiotic, himself foresaw the danger of relying too much on them. The revised WHO classification can mitigate the problem if the many issues associated with use of the drugs can be monitored and regulated. Within the realm of medical practice, the prescription of antibiotics is often guided by such factors as patient demand, competing alternative treatment systems, and even financial incentives. Close scrutiny of these by national stewardship programmes such as those initiated by the ICMR is needed. There are also environmental factors, including the widespread use of antibiotics on farm animals that require more research to determine their role in building resistance.

One of the key aspects of the WHO’s guidance is the availability of a first-line ‘access’ group of antibiotics at all times. Other drugs are placed under a ‘watch’ category as second choice, or as ‘reserve’ to be deployed as a last resort. Clearly, this system underscores the need for universal access to essential medicines both in the public health system and for patients cared for by private practitioners. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, which has promised health assurance for all, must come out with a framework to ensure this. Access to speedy and accurate diagnosis is equally important in order to deploy the correct antibiotic early. While the medical community can be sensitised to its responsibility to prevent antimicrobial resistance, it will take enlightened policies on housing, sanitation and hygiene education to prevent new infections and the spread of disease-causing organisms: hand-washing, for instance, is extremely beneficial. Drug-resistant microbes pose a serious challenge today to treat, among other things, pneumonia, infection of blood and surgical sites, and meningitis. The quest for new classes of drugs goes on. An effective response demands scrupulous adherence to prescription discipline of the kind advocated by the WHO. India has severe asymmetries in the delivery of health care: rural-vs-urban, and poor-vs-affluent patients, to name just two. It will take good public health policies, sufficient funding and determined leadership to overcome antibiotic resistance.

Q. What factors led to the building of the resistance in antibiotics?

Solution:
QUESTION: 77

Directions
Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based on it.

The revision of antibiotics classes by the World Health Organisation in its list of essential medicines is a welcome step in the global initiative to push back against antimicrobial resistance, the phenomenon of bacteria becoming resistant even to the most potent drugs. With a graded approach to the use of antibiotics, under which some medicines are reserved for the most resistant microbes, the WHO list can stop their misuse as broad-spectrum treatments. The Indian Council of Medical Research issued a warning two years ago, based on studies conducted in hospitals that resistance to antibiotics was found in 50% of patients. A large number of infants were dying due to infections that did not respond to treatment. Antibiotics have had great success, extending the frontiers of medicine for over 70 years. But Alexander Fleming, who discovered the first antibiotic, himself foresaw the danger of relying too much on them. The revised WHO classification can mitigate the problem if the many issues associated with use of the drugs can be monitored and regulated. Within the realm of medical practice, the prescription of antibiotics is often guided by such factors as patient demand, competing alternative treatment systems, and even financial incentives. Close scrutiny of these by national stewardship programmes such as those initiated by the ICMR is needed. There are also environmental factors, including the widespread use of antibiotics on farm animals that require more research to determine their role in building resistance.

One of the key aspects of the WHO’s guidance is the availability of a first-line ‘access’ group of antibiotics at all times. Other drugs are placed under a ‘watch’ category as second choice, or as ‘reserve’ to be deployed as a last resort. Clearly, this system underscores the need for universal access to essential medicines both in the public health system and for patients cared for by private practitioners. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, which has promised health assurance for all, must come out with a framework to ensure this. Access to speedy and accurate diagnosis is equally important in order to deploy the correct antibiotic early. While the medical community can be sensitised to its responsibility to prevent antimicrobial resistance, it will take enlightened policies on housing, sanitation and hygiene education to prevent new infections and the spread of disease-causing organisms: hand-washing, for instance, is extremely beneficial. Drug-resistant microbes pose a serious challenge today to treat, among other things, pneumonia, infection of blood and surgical sites, and meningitis. The quest for new classes of drugs goes on. An effective response demands scrupulous adherence to prescription discipline of the kind advocated by the WHO. India has severe asymmetries in the delivery of health care: rural-vs-urban, and poor-vs-affluent patients, to name just two. It will take good public health policies, sufficient funding and determined leadership to overcome antibiotic resistance.

Q. Which is the strongest category group of antibiotics as characterized by the list issued by WHO?

Solution:

‘reserve’ to be deployed as a last resort.

QUESTION: 78

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based on it.

The revision of antibiotics classes by the World Health Organisation in its list of essential medicines is a welcome step in the global initiative to push back against antimicrobial resistance, the phenomenon of bacteria becoming resistant even to the most potent drugs. With a graded approach to the use of antibiotics, under which some medicines are reserved for the most resistant microbes, the WHO list can stop their misuse as broad-spectrum treatments. The Indian Council of Medical Research issued a warning two years ago, based on studies conducted in hospitals that resistance to antibiotics was found in 50% of patients. A large number of infants were dying due to infections that did not respond to treatment. Antibiotics have had great success, extending the frontiers of medicine for over 70 years. But Alexander Fleming, who discovered the first antibiotic, himself foresaw the danger of relying too much on them. The revised WHO classification can mitigate the problem if the many issues associated with use of the drugs can be monitored and regulated. Within the realm of medical practice, the prescription of antibiotics is often guided by such factors as patient demand, competing alternative treatment systems, and even financial incentives. Close scrutiny of these by national stewardship programmes such as those initiated by the ICMR is needed. There are also environmental factors, including the widespread use of antibiotics on farm animals that require more research to determine their role in building resistance.

One of the key aspects of the WHO’s guidance is the availability of a first-line ‘access’ group of antibiotics at all times. Other drugs are placed under a ‘watch’ category as second choice, or as ‘reserve’ to be deployed as a last resort. Clearly, this system underscores the need for universal access to essential medicines both in the public health system and for patients cared for by private practitioners. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, which has promised health assurance for all, must come out with a framework to ensure this. Access to speedy and accurate diagnosis is equally important in order to deploy the correct antibiotic early. While the medical community can be sensitised to its responsibility to prevent antimicrobial resistance, it will take enlightened policies on housing, sanitation and hygiene education to prevent new infections and the spread of disease-causing organisms: hand-washing, for instance, is extremely beneficial. Drug-resistant microbes pose a serious challenge today to treat, among other things, pneumonia, infection of blood and surgical sites, and meningitis. The quest for new classes of drugs goes on. An effective response demands scrupulous adherence to prescription discipline of the kind advocated by the WHO. India has severe asymmetries in the delivery of health care: rural-vs-urban, and poor-vs-affluent patients, to name just two. It will take good public health policies, sufficient funding and determined leadership to overcome antibiotic resistance.

Q. In the sentence “An effective response demands scrupulous adherence to prescription discipline of the kind advocated by the WHO.” , response to what is being talked about?

Solution:
QUESTION: 79

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based on it.

The revision of antibiotics classes by the World Health Organisation in its list of essential medicines is a welcome step in the global initiative to push back against antimicrobial resistance, the phenomenon of bacteria becoming resistant even to the most potent drugs. With a graded approach to the use of antibiotics, under which some medicines are reserved for the most resistant microbes, the WHO list can stop their misuse as broad-spectrum treatments. The Indian Council of Medical Research issued a warning two years ago, based on studies conducted in hospitals that resistance to antibiotics was found in 50% of patients. A large number of infants were dying due to infections that did not respond to treatment. Antibiotics have had great success, extending the frontiers of medicine for over 70 years. But Alexander Fleming, who discovered the first antibiotic, himself foresaw the danger of relying too much on them. The revised WHO classification can mitigate the problem if the many issues associated with use of the drugs can be monitored and regulated. Within the realm of medical practice, the prescription of antibiotics is often guided by such factors as patient demand, competing alternative treatment systems, and even financial incentives. Close scrutiny of these by national stewardship programmes such as those initiated by the ICMR is needed. There are also environmental factors, including the widespread use of antibiotics on farm animals that require more research to determine their role in building resistance.

One of the key aspects of the WHO’s guidance is the availability of a first-line ‘access’ group of antibiotics at all times. Other drugs are placed under a ‘watch’ category as second choice, or as ‘reserve’ to be deployed as a last resort. Clearly, this system underscores the need for universal access to essential medicines both in the public health system and for patients cared for by private practitioners. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, which has promised health assurance for all, must come out with a framework to ensure this. Access to speedy and accurate diagnosis is equally important in order to deploy the correct antibiotic early. While the medical community can be sensitised to its responsibility to prevent antimicrobial resistance, it will take enlightened policies on housing, sanitation and hygiene education to prevent new infections and the spread of disease-causing organisms: hand-washing, for instance, is extremely beneficial. Drug-resistant microbes pose a serious challenge today to treat, among other things, pneumonia, infection of blood and surgical sites, and meningitis. The quest for new classes of drugs goes on. An effective response demands scrupulous adherence to prescription discipline of the kind advocated by the WHO. India has severe asymmetries in the delivery of health care: rural-vs-urban, and poor-vs-affluent patients, to name just two. It will take good public health policies, sufficient funding and determined leadership to overcome antibiotic resistance.

Q.  Find the word from the given options which has its meaning most similar to the word mitigate as used in the passage.

Solution:
QUESTION: 80

Directions

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based on it.

The revision of antibiotics classes by the World Health Organisation in its list of essential medicines is a welcome step in the global initiative to push back against antimicrobial resistance, the phenomenon of bacteria becoming resistant even to the most potent drugs. With a graded approach to the use of antibiotics, under which some medicines are reserved for the most resistant microbes, the WHO list can stop their misuse as broad-spectrum treatments. The Indian Council of Medical Research issued a warning two years ago, based on studies conducted in hospitals that resistance to antibiotics was found in 50% of patients. A large number of infants were dying due to infections that did not respond to treatment. Antibiotics have had great success, extending the frontiers of medicine for over 70 years. But Alexander Fleming, who discovered the first antibiotic, himself foresaw the danger of relying too much on them. The revised WHO classification can mitigate the problem if the many issues associated with use of the drugs can be monitored and regulated. Within the realm of medical practice, the prescription of antibiotics is often guided by such factors as patient demand, competing alternative treatment systems, and even financial incentives. Close scrutiny of these by national stewardship programmes such as those initiated by the ICMR is needed. There are also environmental factors, including the widespread use of antibiotics on farm animals that require more research to determine their role in building resistance.

One of the key aspects of the WHO’s guidance is the availability of a first-line ‘access’ group of antibiotics at all times. Other drugs are placed under a ‘watch’ category as second choice, or as ‘reserve’ to be deployed as a last resort. Clearly, this system underscores the need for universal access to essential medicines both in the public health system and for patients cared for by private practitioners. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, which has promised health assurance for all, must come out with a framework to ensure this. Access to speedy and accurate diagnosis is equally important in order to deploy the correct antibiotic early. While the medical community can be sensitised to its responsibility to prevent antimicrobial resistance, it will take enlightened policies on housing, sanitation and hygiene education to prevent new infections and the spread of disease-causing organisms: hand-washing, for instance, is extremely beneficial. Drug-resistant microbes pose a serious challenge today to treat, among other things, pneumonia, infection of blood and surgical sites, and meningitis. The quest for new classes of drugs goes on. An effective response demands scrupulous adherence to prescription discipline of the kind advocated by the WHO. India has severe asymmetries in the delivery of health care: rural-vs-urban, and poor-vs-affluent patients, to name just two. It will take good public health policies, sufficient funding and determined leadership to overcome antibiotic resistance.

Q. Find the word from the given options which has its meaning most opposite to the word scrupulous as used in the passage.

Solution:

Scrupulous means dependable and Capricious means undependable

QUESTION: 81

Directions

In each question below, a sentence is given with a part of it printed in bold type. That part may contain a grammatical error. Each sentence is followed by phrases 1), 2) and 3). Find out which phrase should replace the phrase given in bold to correct the error, if there is any, and to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’,  mark 4) as the answer.

Catholicism, the state religion, has a far-reaching influencing many aspects of Irish life, including birth, death and marriage.

Solution:

To have “influence on” means to have effect on something

QUESTION: 82

Directions

In each question below, a sentence is given with a part of it printed in bold type. That part may contain a grammatical error. Each sentence is followed by phrases 1), 2) and 3). Find out which phrase should replace the phrase given in bold to correct the error, if there is any, and to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’,  mark 4) as the answer.

The Republic of Ireland is in contagious with Northern Ireland, and therefore the only EU country that shares a land border with the U.K.

Solution:

“is contiguous with” means “is in continuation with”

QUESTION: 83

Directions

In each question below, a sentence is given with a part of it printed in bold type. That part may contain a grammatical error. Each sentence is followed by phrases 1), 2) and 3). Find out which phrase should replace the phrase given in bold to correct the error, if there is any, and to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’,  mark 4) as the answer.

The Prime Minister will have to manage the economic’s impact of Brexit on trade and jobs.

Solution:

“manage the economic impact” means “to deal with the impact Brexit has had on the economy”

QUESTION: 84

Directions

In each question below, a sentence is given with a part of it printed in bold type. That part may contain a grammatical error. Each sentence is followed by phrases 1), 2) and 3). Find out which phrase should replace the phrase given in bold to correct the error, if there is any, and to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark 4) as the answer.

By putting her faith in the hands of the voters, she thought a strong, unequivocal mandate to take the fight to Brussels.

Solution:

Here “she sought” means “to seek a strong mandate”. Sought is the past of seek.

QUESTION: 85

Directions

In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase printed in bold. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase and mark it as your answer.

A penny for your thoughts

Solution:
QUESTION: 86

Directions

In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase printed in bold. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase and mark it as your answer.

Be glad to see the back of

Solution:
QUESTION: 87

Directions

In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase printed in bold. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase and mark it as your answer.

Cut the mustard

Solution:
QUESTION: 88

Directions

In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase printed in bold. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase and mark it as your answer.

Hear it on the grapevine

Solution:
QUESTION: 89

Directions

In each question, there are three sentences. Each has a pair of words that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

The new Prime Minister will now have to build on his successor’s (A) / predecessor’s (B) success and address his failures.

The country was steered (A) / stere (B) out of the financial collapse.

The focus on quick fixes has pushed aside the real structural issues behind the cringe (A) / crisis (B).

Solution:

Successor means the one who will come after
Predecessor means the one who was earlier in that position
steer means to row, drive stere is a unit of volume meaning one cubic meter
cringe means to pull back
crisis means difficult times

QUESTION: 90

Directions

In each question, there are three sentences. Each has a pair of words that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

The new rules are supposed to enable farmers to sell their produce at remunerative (A) /remonstrative (B) prices.

The initial 20 points lead held by the presidential candidate when the election was announced has withered (A) / writhed (B) into a mere five points.

The only long-term solution is to gradually align (A) / alight (B) crop production with genuine price signals.

Solution:

remunerative means lucrative
remonstrative means complaining
withered means diminish
writhed means respond with discomfort
align means to synchronize
alight means to get down from (bus or train)

QUESTION: 91

Directions

In each question, there are three sentences. Each has a pair of words that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

The state of national politics may offer the Conservative leadership fewer reasons to feel genuine (A) / sanguine (B).

It brought a host of domestic policy issues on to the table for them to diligent (A) / dissect (B) and criticise.

The variations in poll projections (A) / propaganda (B) must be considered alongside the setbacks endured by the polling industry.

Solution:

genuine means real sanguinemeans optimistic
diligent means to show care towards one’s duties
dissect means analyse
projections means forecast
propaganda means information, promotion

QUESTION: 92

Directions

In each question, there are three sentences. Each has a pair of words that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

Any prolonged (A) / impersonating (B) attempt to isolate the country would not only have economic consequences but also complicate the fight against the terrorism yet more.

A suspension of diplomatic ties as well as air and sea travel to and from the country is unprecedented (A) / precarious (B) .

With private investment remaining elusive (A) / abrasive (B), the States’ focus on bolstering capital expenditure in sectors such as transport, irrigation and power is welcom

Solution:

prolonged means stretched
impersonating means pretending to be someone else
unprecedented means never happened earlier
precarious means uncertain
elusive means lost
abrasive means biting

QUESTION: 93

Directions

In each question, there are three sentences. Each has a pair of words that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

Tepid (A) / timid (B) economic growth hasn’t helped, and states have had to resort to higher market borrowings.

The Centre has been short-changing States by relying on special levies (A) / lien (B) such as surcharges and cesses.

The potential stress points are Pay Commission hikes and the boisterous (A) / bolster (B) clamour for ad hoc loan waivers

Solution:

Tepid means warm
timid means shy
levies means taxes
lien means right to hold someone’s else’s property
boisterous means energetic
bolster means to reinforce

QUESTION: 94

Directions

In the following sentences, given blanks are to be filled with the appropriate words. Four alternatives are suggested for each question.  Choose the correct alternative and mark your answer:

The reason they have given for __________ the principal is hardly convincing.

Solution:
QUESTION: 95

Directions

In the following sentences, given blanks are to be filled with the appropriate words. Four alternatives are suggested for each question.   Choose the correct alternative and mark your answer:

He has been _______ for quite some time about local basil playing second fiddle to chia seeds.

Solution:
QUESTION: 96

Directions

In the following sentences, given blanks are to be filled with the appropriate words. Four alternatives are suggested for each question.   Choose the correct alternative and mark your answer:

Though open to the sky, it still _______ its majesty.

Solution:
QUESTION: 97

Directions

In the following sentences, given blanks are to be filled with the appropriate words. Four alternatives are suggested for each question.   Choose the correct alternative and mark your answer:

Just as I began to get _________ about the surroundings, she applied the brakes.

Solution:
QUESTION: 98

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation).

We must not allow the clock, the calendar, and external pressures to rule our life and blind us to the fact that each individual moment of our lives is a beautiful mystery.

Solution:
QUESTION: 99

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation).

As I closed my eyes, I heard the rustle of the monks’ habits, the chanting of prayers and some clanging of vessels through the kitchens.

Solution:
QUESTION: 100

Directions

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark "No Error" as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation).

Behind the remain of the inside walls are the cloisters and dormitories, where weary monks lay their heads after a hard day at work and prayer.

Solution:

‘remain’ will be replaced by ‘remains’