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Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Class 9 MCQ


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7 Questions MCQ Test Information & Computer Technology (Class 9) - Notes & Video - Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1

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Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 1

When a DNS server accepts and uses incorrect information from a host that has no authority giving that information, then it is called

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 1
THEY ALL ARE PROGRAMS
According to a recent online survey conducted by SoftDisk Magazine, K7 TotalSecurity has been awarded the No.1position in the Antivirus Industry, competing against  leading brands like QuickHeal, Kaspersky, McAfee & Norton

K7 TotalSecurity, an integrated product featuring Antivirus, Antispyware, Firewall, Privacy and Anti-spam, developed by K7 Computing, has been ranked as India’s best anti-virus product in an online survey conducted by Softdisk magazine. Released in August 2009, the online survey included responses from users across the country, and aimed to analyze the level of understanding that users have when it came to choosing anti-virus software products.
Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 2

 All of the following are examples of real security and privacy threats except:

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 2
Real Security and Privacy Threats
Introduction:
When it comes to security and privacy, there are various threats that individuals and organizations need to be aware of. However, not all threats are real or legitimate. In this case, we need to determine which of the given options is not a real security and privacy threat.

The correct answer is A: Hackers. Hackers are indeed a real security and privacy threat, and they can infiltrate systems to gain unauthorized access and steal sensitive information. However, the question asks for an example of a threat that is not real, so the other options need to be considered.
The following options are real security and privacy threats:
B: Spam: Spam refers to the unsolicited and often unwanted messages sent in bulk, typically through email. It can contain malicious links, phishing attempts, or malware, posing a threat to users' security and privacy.
C: Virus: A virus is a type of malware that can replicate itself and spread to other systems. It can cause damage to files, steal information, or disrupt the normal functioning of a computer or network, thus posing a security and privacy threat.
D: Worm: Similarly to viruses, worms are also a type of malware. They can self-replicate and spread across networks, causing harm and compromising security and privacy.
In conclusion, the only option that is not a real security and privacy threat is A: Hackers.
Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 3

Trojan horses are very similar to virus in the matter that they are computer programs that replicate copies of themselves.

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 3
Trojan horses and viruses
Trojan horses and viruses are both types of malicious computer programs, but they have some key differences. Here's a detailed explanation:
Trojan Horses:
- Trojan horses are computer programs that appear harmless or useful to the user but actually contain hidden malicious code.
- They are named after the story of the Trojan Horse in Greek mythology, where a giant wooden horse was used to deceive and infiltrate the city of Troy.
- Trojan horses do not replicate themselves like viruses do.
- Once a Trojan horse is executed on a system, it can perform various harmful actions, such as stealing sensitive information, providing unauthorized access to the attacker, or damaging files.
Viruses:
- Viruses, on the other hand, are self-replicating computer programs that infect other files or systems.
- They attach themselves to host files and spread when those files are executed or accessed.
- Viruses can replicate themselves by creating copies of their code and attaching it to other files.
- When a virus infects a file, it can modify or delete data, spread to other files, or perform other malicious actions.
- Some viruses also have the ability to hide themselves from antivirus software or disable security measures.
Summary:
In summary, Trojan horses and viruses are both types of malicious computer programs, but they differ in their behavior. While Trojan horses do not replicate themselves, viruses do. It is important to have proper security measures in place, such as antivirus software, to protect against both Trojan horses and viruses.
Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 4

____________ monitors user activity on internet and transmit that information in the background to someone else.

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 4
Answer:
Spyware is the type of software that monitors user activity on the internet and transmits that information in the background to someone else. Here is a detailed explanation:
Definition:
- Spyware is a type of malware that is specifically designed to gather information about a person or organization without their knowledge or consent.
- It is often installed on a computer or device without the user's knowledge, typically through deceptive methods such as bundled software or malicious websites.
Functionality:
- Spyware monitors user activity on the internet, including browsing history, keystrokes, and online transactions.
- It collects personal and sensitive information such as login credentials, credit card details, and social security numbers.
- The collected data is then transmitted to a remote server or a third party, who can use it for various purposes, including identity theft, fraud, or targeted advertising.
Characteristics:
- Spyware operates silently in the background, without the user's knowledge or consent.
- It can be difficult to detect and remove, as it often disguises itself as legitimate software or hides within system files.
- Spyware can significantly impact the performance of a computer or device, causing it to slow down, crash, or freeze.
Prevention and Protection:
- Regularly update your operating system and software to ensure you have the latest security patches.
- Use reputable antivirus and anti-spyware software to scan and remove any potential threats.
- Be cautious when downloading and installing software from unknown or suspicious sources.
- Avoid clicking on suspicious links or opening attachments from unknown senders.
- Enable firewalls and use secure network connections to protect your devices from unauthorized access.
In conclusion, spyware is a type of software that monitors user activity on the internet and transmits that information to someone else without the user's knowledge or consent. It is important to take preventive measures and use security software to protect against spyware and other types of malware.
Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 5

Viruses are__________.

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 5
Viruses are naturally occurring.
- Viruses are microscopic infectious agents that can only replicate inside the cells of living organisms.
- They are considered to be the most abundant biological entities on Earth.
- Viruses can infect all types of life forms, including animals, plants, and even bacteria.
- They have been around for billions of years and have co-evolved with their hosts.
- Viruses are not considered to be alive because they lack the ability to reproduce and carry out metabolic processes on their own.
- They are composed of genetic material (DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein coat called a capsid.
- Viruses have a simple structure and are much smaller than cells.
- They can cause a wide range of diseases in their hosts, including the common cold, influenza, HIV/AIDS, and COVID-19.
- Some viruses can also have beneficial effects, such as their role in shaping the immune system and controlling populations of other organisms.
- Viruses can evolve rapidly through mutation and recombination, making them challenging to control and treat.
- Vaccines and antiviral medications have been developed to prevent and treat viral infections.
In conclusion, viruses are naturally occurring entities that have existed for billions of years. They have a significant impact on the health and evolution of all living organisms.
Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 6

Firewall is a type of ____________.

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 6
Firewall is a type of ____________.
Firewall is a type of security measure used to protect computer networks from unauthorized access and potential security threats. It acts as a barrier between a trusted internal network and an untrusted external network, filtering and monitoring incoming and outgoing network traffic.
Firewall is not:
- Virus: A virus is a malicious software program that can replicate itself and infect other computers. Firewalls are designed to protect against viruses, but they are not viruses themselves.
- Worm: A worm is a self-replicating program that can spread across a network without any user intervention. While firewalls can help block worms from entering a network, they are not worms themselves.
- Security threat: Firewalls are actually a security measure implemented to mitigate security threats, not a security threat in themselves. They help prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, and other security risks.
In summary:
Firewalls are a type of security measure used to protect computer networks from unauthorized access and potential security threats. They are not viruses, worms, or security threats themselves, but rather a tool to enhance network security.
Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 7

Unsolicited commercial email is knownas ____________.

Detailed Solution for Security Threats And Safety Measures MCQ Test - 1 - Question 7
Unsolicited commercial email is known as spam.
Spam refers to unsolicited commercial email that is sent to a large number of recipients without their consent. It is often used for advertising purposes, but can also contain malicious content or scams. Here is a detailed explanation of spam:
Definition:
- Unsolicited commercial email sent to a large number of recipients without their consent.
Characteristics:
- Spam emails are sent in bulk and often contain repetitive or irrelevant content.
- They may come from unknown or suspicious sources.
- Spam emails often try to deceive recipients by using misleading subject lines or disguising the sender's identity.
Impact:
- Spam emails can overload email servers and cause inconvenience to users.
- They can be a source of phishing attacks, where scammers attempt to trick recipients into revealing sensitive information such as passwords or financial details.
- Spam can also contain malware or viruses that can harm computer systems.
Prevention and Countermeasures:
- Use spam filters provided by email service providers to automatically detect and block spam emails.
- Be cautious when providing personal information online and avoid responding to or clicking on suspicious emails.
- Regularly update antivirus software to protect against potential threats.
- Report spam emails to your email service provider to help improve their spam detection algorithms.
In conclusion, spam refers to unsolicited commercial email that is sent to a large number of recipients without their consent. It is important to be cautious and take measures to protect against spam to ensure a safe and secure online experience.
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