Test: Challenges of Nation-Building - Assertion and Reason Type Questions


7 Questions MCQ Test Political Science Class 12 | Test: Challenges of Nation-Building - Assertion and Reason Type Questions


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Attempt Test: Challenges of Nation-Building - Assertion and Reason Type Questions | 7 questions in 14 minutes | Mock test for Humanities/Arts preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Political Science Class 12 for Humanities/Arts Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: The interim government took a firm stance against the possible division of India into small principalities of different sizes.

Reason: Before 15 August 1947, peaceful negotiations had brought almost all states whose territories were contiguous to the new boundaries of India, into the Indian Union.

Solution: The interim government took a firm stance against the possible division of India into smaller principalities of different sizes. The Muslim League opposed the Indian National Congress and took the view that the States should be free to adopt any course they liked.
QUESTION: 2

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: India adopted representative democracy based on the parliamentary form of government.

Reason: These features ensure that the political competition would take place in a democratic framework.

Solution: India is a parliamentary Democratic Republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. It is based on the federal structure of government, although the word is not used in the Constitution itself. It assures a healthy and democratic political competition.
QUESTION: 3

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: It was decided to follow the principle of religious majorities for the partition.
Reason: The process of partition was smooth and none of the violence took place.

Solution:

During the Partition of India, violence against women was an extensive issue. It is estimated that during the partition between 75,000 and 100,000 women were kidnapped and raped. India and Pakistan later worked to repatriate the abducted women. Muslim women were to be sent to Pakistan and Hindu and Sikh women to India.

QUESTION: 4

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: The British Government took the view that all these 565 states were free to join either India or Pakistan or remain independent if they so wished.

Reason: This was a very serious problem and could threaten the very existence of a united India.

Solution:

The official policy statement of the Government of India made by Sardar Patel on July 5, 1947 made no such threats. It reassured the princely states about the Congress’ intentions, and invited them to join independent India.

QUESTION: 5

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: The Nizam of Hyderabad never negotiated with Sardar Patel. He did not at all agreed to accept any offer to join India.

Reason: The Nizam wanted an independent status for Hyderabad.

Solution: Nizam entered into what was called the Standstill Agreement with India in November 1947 for a year while negotiations with the Indian government were going on.
QUESTION: 6

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: The Constitution also set out in the Directive Principles of State Policy the welfare goals that democratic politics must achieve.

Reason: On 14-15 August 1947, not one but two nation-states came into existence – India and Pakistan.

Solution: On 14-15 August 1947, not one but two nation-states came into existence India and Pakistan. This was a result of ‘partition’, the division of British India into India and Pakistan. Thus it was decided that what was till then known as ‘India’ would be divided into two countries, ‘India’ and ‘Pakistan’.
QUESTION: 7

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion: The problem was that two of the Muslim majority provinces of British India, Punjab and Bengal, had very large areas where the nonMuslims were in majority. E

Reason: It was decided that these two provinces would be bifurcated according to the religious majority at the district or even lower level.

Solution:

Since there was no possibility of large-scale migration of the people, the decision was taken to divide it according to the religious majority.

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