Test: Circulatory System- 1

30 Questions MCQ Test Zoology for Class 11 - Notes and Tests | Test: Circulatory System- 1

Attempt Test: Circulatory System- 1 | 30 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for NEET preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Zoology for Class 11 - Notes and Tests for NEET Exam | Download free PDF with solutions

Cells forming the wall of blood capillaries are called

Solution: Because Of " simple squamous epithelium".. endothelium comes under it's.

Blood pressure and heart beat is regulated by:-

Solution: Adrenalin controls BP and heart rate. when it present in excess the BP shoots up and also acts as a vasosilator.

The pace maker in frog heart is :-

Solution: We know that the frog heart is myogenic . In amphibians like frog sinoatrial node acts as pacemaker.

Heart beat is controlled by which cranial nerve :-


There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves. A few of the cranial nervesI, II, and VIll contain only sensory fibers; some III, IV, VI, XI and Xll contain all or mostly motor fibers. The remainder V, VII, IX, and X contain both sensory and motor fibers; they are known as mixed nerves. The tenth cranial nerve (X) is the vagus nerve. It is the longest cranial nerve. (Its name means "wanderer"). The vagus nerve is responsible for such varied tasks as regulating heart rate, gastrointestinal peristalsis, sweating, and quite a few muscle movements in the mouth, including speech. 


Blood Capillaries are made of :-

Solution: Capillaries are much thinner than arteries and veins, because their walls are made up of only a single layer of endothelial cells, the flat cells that line all blood vessels......

If the vagus branch of frog is stimulate the heart will show :-


Vagus nerve(Xth CN) is a paired cranial nerve , having both sensory and motor properties. In the Autonomic Nervous System of the body it shows Parasympathetic activities.

Heart:- increased heart rate as the vagal tone( inhibitory effect) is abolished.

Respiratory tract :- Bronchial dilation and decreased tracheo-bronchial secretions.

Gastrointestinal tract:- decreased secretions, gut motility and peristalsis decreased resulting in constipation and over- eating as stomach fullness can't be appreciated.

Sweat glands:- decreased secretions thus dry skin and raised body temperature.

Urinary bladder:- relaxed bladder and tightened sphincter, so retention of urine.

Eye:- pupils are dilated thus blirred vision and photo phobia due increased amount of light entering the eye and also loss accommodation causes blurring.so there is decreased heart beat if it is stimulated.


The heart sound "DUP" is Produced when :-


The heart sound ‘’DUP’’ is produced when a semilunar valve at the base of aorta classes.
Two distinct sounds can be heard during a heart beat with the help of a stethoscope. These are 'lubb' and 'dup'.Lubb is the first sound which has a low pitch and produced by the closure of tricuspid and bicuspid valves (collectively called atrioventricular valves) at the beginning of ventricular systole.
Dup is the second sound which is sharp and has a high pitch. It is produced by closure of semilunar valves by the end of ventricular systole.


Red pulp and white pulp are histological structure found in :-

Solution: The red pulp of the spleen is composed of connective tissue known also as the cords of Billroth and many splenic sinusoids that are engorged with blood, giving it a red color. Its primary function is to filter the blood of antigens, microorganisms, and defective or worn-out red blood cells.

White pulp is a histological designation for regions of the spleen (named because it appears whiter than the surrounding red pulp on gross section)..white pulp consists entirely of lymphoid tissue.

Where is the pace maker situated  :-


Sino-atrial node is the natural pacemaker of the heart. These are a group of small, flattened and ellipsoid strip cardiac muscle fiber situated in the upper lateral wall of the right atrium near the Eustachian valve (valve of the inferior vena cava).
So, the correct answer is option B.


Papillary muscles are found in :-

Solution: The papillary muscles are muscles located in the ventricles of the heart. They attach to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves (also known as the mitral and tricuspid valves) via the chordae tendineae and contract to prevent inversion or prolapse of these valves on systole (or ventricular contraction)

In mammalian embryo the pulmonary aorta communicates with carotico-systemic aorta by a narrow ductus arteriosus, in the adult this connection closes leaving :-

Solution: Ligamentum arteriosus in adults is the reminant of ductus arteriosus of embryo.

Right atrium or auricle in mammalian heart receives blood From :-

Solution: Pre caval and post caval are alternative names for superior and inferior vena cava,de oxygenated blood is delivered to right auricle by vena cava.

Blood circulation take following course in heart of man :-


The blood pumped by the right ventricle enters the pulmonary artery, whereas the left ventricle pumps blood into the aorta. The deoxygenated blood pumped into the pulmonary artery is passed onto the lungs from where the oxygenated blood is carried by the pulmonary veins into the left atrium. This pathway constitutes the pulmonary circulation. The oxygenated blood entering the aorta is carried by a network of arteries, arterioles, and capillaries to the tissues from where the deoxygenated blood is collected by a system of venules, veins and vena cava and emptied into the right atrium. This is the systemic circulation. The systemic circulation provides nutrients, O2 and other essential substances to the tissues and takes CO2 and other harmful substances away for elimination.
So, the correct answer is option A.


Pulmonary veins are those which :-


Veins carry the deoxygenated blood from the body to the heart.
Any arteries or veins that originate from the heart are known as pulmonary veins and arteries.
Pulmonary veins are the only veins in the entire body that carries the pure blood from the lungs through the heart after the purification.
The oxygenation of the blood takes place in the lungs and this oxygenated blood is done carried by the pulmonary veins.


To reach the left side of heart the blood must pass through :-

Solution: Blood enters the heart through two large veins, the inferior and superior vena cava, emptying oxygen-poor blood from the body into the right atrium of the heart. ... As the ventricle contracts, blood leaves the heart through the pulmonic valve, into the pulmonary artery and to the lungs where it is oxygenated.

How many contraction nodes are found in heart of Human :-


A node is a specialized type of tissue that behaves as both muscle and nervous tissue. There are 2 nodes present in the human heart. SA node and AV node. 
The sinoatrial node, also referred to as the pacemaker of the heart, coordinates heart contractions. Located in the upper wall of the right atrium, it generates nerve impulses that travel throughout the heart wall causing both atria to contract.
The atrioventricular node lies on the right side of the partition that divides the atria, near the bottom of the right atrium. When the impulses generated by the SA node reach the AV node, they are delayed for about a tenth of a second. This delay allows the atria to contract, thereby emptying blood into the ventricles. The AV node then sends the impulses down the atrioventricular bundle. This bundle of fibers branches off into two bundles and the impulses are carried down the center of the heart to the left and right ventricles. 
Hence, the correct answer is option B.


Characteristics of cardiac muscles are that they :-


Cardiac muscle is characterized by striped muscle fibers, connected together by intercalated disks, where the membranes are specialized to allow electrical signals to pass easily. Like smooth muscles, cardiac muscles can remain in contraction for a sustained period. Like skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles also contract quickly. The formation of contractile proteins in cardiac muscle cells also allows for stronger contractions when the fibers are stretched, which makes the heart pump more efficiently.


Largest amount of urea in blood is found in:-


The hepatic portal vein leads from the small intestine to the liver. The hepatic vein carries blood away from the liver to the vena cava which transports it back to the heart. The hepatic vein has the highest concentration of urea. This is because urea is a by-product of amino acid catabolism, that occurs in the liver. Hence liver is the primary site for urea production

So, the correct answer is 'Hepatic Vein'.


Oxygenated blood is carried by :-


During cardiac cycle in humans, the blood pumped by the right ventricle enters the pulmonary artery, whereas the left ventricle pumps blood into the aorta. The deoxygenated blood pumped into the pulmonary artery is passed onto the lungs from where the oxygenated blood is carried by the pulmonary veins into the left atrium. This pathway constitutes the pulmonary circulation.


Lymph can be defined as :-


Lymph is a colorless fluid, containing specialized lymphocytes, which are responsible for the immune responses of the body. 

Lymph is also an important carrier for nutrients, hormones, etc. Fats are absorbed through lymph in the lacteals present in the intestinal villi. 

Lymph lacks RBCs and platelets. Lymph contains white blood cells. So option D is correct.


Sphygmomanometer measures :-


An instrument for measuring blood pressure, typically consisting of an inflatable rubber cuff which is applied to the arm and connected to a column of mercury next to a graduated scale, enabling the determination of systolic and diastolic blood pressure by increasing and gradually releasing the pressure in the cuff.


Chordae tendinae are found in :-


The chordae tendineae known as the heartstrings are tendon resembling fibrous cords of collective tissue that connects the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the tricuspid valve in the heart.
So the correct option is "Ventricles of heart".


William Harvey is credited with discovery of :-


The study of blood vascular system or circulatory system is called angiology. William Harvey is known as father of angiology. He called heart as pumping station of body. Double circulation and systemic circulation was first discovered by William Harvey.


A Pace maker or S.A. Node is found in :-


The SA node is the heart's natural pacemaker. 
The SA node is a muscular tissue where electrical impulses are generated for the rhythmic contractions of the heart.
Hence, option D is correct.


The blood during diastole :-


Diastole This should really be called “ventricular diastole”, but don't worry about this for GCSE. During diastole the thick muscular walls of the ventricles relax. Again, this happens to both sides of the heart. The pressure of the blood in the ventricles falls low enough for the bicuspid valve to open.


Rate of heart beat is under the control of :-

Solution: Heart rate is controlled by the two branches of the autonomic(involuntary) nervous system. Thesympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS). The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) releases the hormones (catecholamines - epinephrine and norepinephrine) to accelerate the heart rate.

Eustachian valve occurs in :-


The valve of the inferior vena cava also called as a Eustachian valve lies at the junction of the inferior vena cava and right atrium. It prevents the backflow of the deoxygenated blood from the lower part of the body to the right atrium.


Heart of Man is :-


The human heart is an example of myogenic heart, it possesses cardiac muscle helping the heart to automatically contract spontaneously; which do not need any stimuli as in neurogenic heart. A myogenic heart is capable of generating a cardiac contraction independent of nervous input. In a myogenic heart, contraction is initiated by the cells called myocyte  (Pacemakers)itself instead of an outside occurrence or stimulus such as nerve innervation.


In heart of Human bicuspid valve is situated in :-


In the human heart, the opening between the right atrium and the right ventricle is guarded by a valve formed of three muscular flaps or cusps, the tricuspid valve, whereas a bicuspid or mitral valve guards the opening between the left atrium and the left ventricle.
So, the correct answer is option C.


Which has no muscular walls :-

Solution: Yes capillary has no muscular wall because it is smallest blood vessels and made up of single layer wall not that of muscular type...
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