Test: Class 12 Fundamentals Of Human Geography NCERT Based - 1


20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT based Tests for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 12 Fundamentals Of Human Geography NCERT Based - 1


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QUESTION: 1

Which of the following is not related to the human geography?

Solution: Human Geography is concerned with the study of Cultural or Man-made features such as houses, villages, towns, cities, railways, roads, bridges etc. Human Geography is a vast subject and has the largest number of branches. Some of the important branches of human geography are

1. Social/Cultural

2. Population and Settlement

3. Historical

4. Political

5. Economic

QUESTION: 2

Which of the following statements is not related to the dichotomy of Human Geography?

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

According to Census 2011, which of the following states has the lowest population density in India?

Solution: According to Census-2011, the population density of Arunachal Pradesh is only 17 people per square km.

QUESTION: 4

What is the unit of population density measurement?

Solution: Population density is measured in person per km. It is measured that how many people live in one km.

QUESTION: 5

Which is the correct sequence of the decreasing population density of union territories?

Solution: Delhi: 11320, Chandigarh: 9528, Puducherry: 2547, Daman and Diu: 2191

QUESTION: 6

According to Census 2011, what was the population growth rate of India from 2001 to 2011?

Solution: According to Census 2011, the population of India has increased from 17.71% in 2001 to 2011.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statement (s) is/ are related to the Population composition

1. Population is divided into two parts-rural and urban on the basis of the size and occupation of settlements.

2. The distribution within a group of people of specified individual attributes such as sex, age, marital status, education, occupation, and relationship to the head of household.

Which of the following statement(s) is true?

Solution:
  • The distribution within a group of people of specified individual attributes such as sex, age, marital status, education, occupation, and relationship to the head of household is called Population composition.

  • Population is divided into two parts-rural and urban on the basis of the size and occupation of settlements.

  • The rural population consists of small sized settlements scattered over the countryside. Urban population is one that lives in large size settlements i.e. towns and cities.

  • Rural – Urban Composition: An important indicator of social and economic characteristics is the composition of population by their respective places of residence. For the first time since Independence, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas than in rural areas. Rural – Urban distribution: 68.84% & 31.16%.

QUESTION: 8

Which of the following attributes supplement when the geographer defines patterns and processes of spatial interaction?

Solution:
  • SPATIAL INTERACTION IS A dynamic flow process from one location to another. It is a general concept that may refer to the movement of human beings such as intra urban commuters or intercontinental migrants, but may also refer to traffic in goods such as raw materials or to flows of intangibles such as information.

  • While the origin of the term may be traced to French geographers of the early 20th century, Edward Ullman's Geography as Spatial Interaction is normally cited as the seminal statement of the concept.

  • In Ullman's conception there were “three bases for spatial interaction” or more fundamentally, three reasons for why things move: complementarity, transferability, and intervening opportunity.

QUESTION: 9

Which of the following states has the highest population growth rate?

Solution: Uttar Pradesh has the highest population growth rate of 20.23% among all the state

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statement (s) related to composition of population.

1. The population is usually divided into three age groups- children (0-14yrs), adults (15-59yrs) and aged (60 and over).

2. Population of males and females, children, young and old comprises the population of a country.

Which is / are correct option?

Solution:
  • Population of males and females, children, young and old comprises the population of a country. The population is usually divided into three age groups- children (0-14yrs), adults (15-59yrs) and aged (60 and over).

  • This is called the age-group of the population. The proportion of the adult population is the least variable in the three groups. The main difference is found in the population of children and old people.

  • The proportion of children is quite low in first world countries like Sweden whereas in countries like Japan, the proportion of old people is high. When it comes to India, the sex ratio, the number of females per thousand males is very low.

  • Only Kerala is an exception with a higher number of females per thousand males and also has a good literacy rate. A person who is above 7yrs and can read and write any language with understanding is called a literate. Literacy, the percentage of literate people, is one of the indicators of the quality of population.

QUESTION: 11

Consider the following statements:

1. When we produce a good by exploiting natural resources, it is an activity of the primary sector.

2. The secondary sector covers activities in which natural products are changed into other forms through ways of manufacturing that we associate with industrial activity.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • When we produce a good by exploiting natural resources, it is an activity of the primary sector, because it forms the base for all other products that we subsequently make. Since most of the natural products we get are from agriculture, dairy, fishing, forestry, this sector is also called agriculture and allied sector.

  • The secondary sector covers activities in which natural products are changed into other forms through ways of manufacturing that we associate with industrial activity. It is the next step after primary. The product is not produced by nature but has to be made and therefore some process of manufacturing is essential. This could be in a factory, a workshop or at home.

QUESTION: 12

In this farming the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock?

Solution: Mixed farming exists in many forms depending on external and internal factors. External factors are weather patterns, market prices, political stability, technological developments, etc. Internal factors relate to local soil characteristics, composition of the family and farmers' ingenuity.

QUESTION: 13

The type of agriculture practiced in India is:

Solution: Intensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of cultivation using large amounts of labour and capital relative to land area. Large amounts of labour and capital are necessary to the application of fertilizer, insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides to growing crops, and capital is particularly important to the acquisition and maintenance of high-efficiency machinery for planting, cultivating, and harvesting, as well as irrigation equipment where that is required. Optimal use of these materials and machines produces significantly greater crop yields per unit of land than extensive agriculture, which uses little capital or labour.
  • As a result, a farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit.

  • QUESTION: 14

    Which of following is not true regarding India’s first Green Revolution:

    Solution:
    • It is the introduction of new techniques of agriculture which became popular by the name of the Green Revolution (GR) around the world in early 1960s—at first for wheat and by the next decade for rice, too. It revolutionised the very traditional idea of food production by giving a boost by more than 250 per cent to the productivity level.

    • The Green Revolution was centred around the use of the High Yielding variety (HYV) of seeds developed by the US agro-scientist Norman Borlaug doing research on a British Rockefeller Foundation Scholarship in Mexico by the early 1960s.The new wheat seeds which he developed in vivo claimed to increase its productivity by more than 200 per cent. By 1965, the seeds were successfully tested and were being used by farmers in food deficient countries such as Mexico, Taiwan.

    QUESTION: 15

    With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?

    1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.

    2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.

    3. In some areas of farming, receding of the groundwater table can be checked.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    Solution:
    • Micro irrigation is a modern method of irrigation; by this method water is irrigated through drippers, sprinklers, foggers and by other emitters on the surface or subsurface of the land. Major components of a micro irrigation system are as follows.

    • Water source, pumping devices (motor and pump), ball valves, fertigation equipment, filters, control valves, PVC joining accessories (Main and sub main) and emitters. In this system water is applied drop by drop nearer the root zone area of the crop.

    QUESTION: 16

    What percentage of Indian population is dependent on agriculture?

    Solution:
    QUESTION: 17

    How much percentage is contributed by the industry sector in the economy of india?

    Solution:
    • Industry Sector: This sector includes 'Mining & quarrying', Manufacturing (Registered & Unregistered), Gas, Electricity, Construction, and Water supply.

    • This is also known as the secondary sector of the economy. Currently, it is contributing around 29.6 % of the Indian GDP (at current prices) in 2018-19.

    QUESTION: 18

    How many setters are covered in the calculation of the Index of Industrial Production (IIP)?

    Solution: The Central Statistics Office (CSO) which comes under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, revised the base year of the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) from 2004-05 to 2011-12.It is revised to not only reflect the changes in the industrial sector but to also align it with the base year of the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In the calculation of Index of Industrial Production (IIP), the data of the following 8 sectors is measured.

    These sectors are;

    1. Coal: Its weight is 10.33%.

    2. Crude oil: Its weight is 8.98%.

    3. Natural gas: Its weight is 6.88%.

    4. Refinery Product: Its weight is 28.04%.

    5. Steel: Its weight is 17.92%.

    6. Cement: Its weight is 5.37%.

    7. Fertilizer: Its weight is 2.63%.

    8. Power: Its weight is 19.85%.

    QUESTION: 19

    Which among the following does not belong to India's major large scale industries?

    Solution: Industries which requires huge infrastructure and manpower with an influx of capital assets are Large Scale Industries. In India, large-scale industries are the ones with a fixed asset of more than one hundred million rupees or Rs. 10 crores. The Indian economy relies heavily on such industries for economic growth, generation of foreign currency, and the creation of job opportunities for millions of Indians. Here are some advantages of large scale industries

    1. They provide an impetus to the industrialization of the country.

    2. Large scale industries, usually, produce capital and basic goods (instruments, machines, chemicals, etc.)

    3. They are capable of generating funds for the research and development of new technologies.

    4. Due to the large scale of operations, they have the potential to lower the cost of goods.

    5. Further, they create opportunities for small-scale and cottage industries to evolve and flourish.

    6. Also, the employment opportunities created by large scale industries are huge.

    QUESTION: 20

    Consider the following statements and identify the right ones.

    1. The 1991 industrial reforms exempted all industries from compulsory licensing

    2. There are six industries under compulsory licensing today

    Solution:
    • The Industrial Development and Regulation Act (IDRA), 1951 provides a basic framework for the growth and development of industries in India. The Act mandates every existing or new industrial undertaking to register itself with the federal government.According to the law, an ‘industrial undertaking’ is a planned industry that is carried on in one or more factories owned by an individual or authority, including the government. Industrial licensing in India: Since the liberalization and deregulation of the Indian economy in 1991, most industries have been exempt from obtaining an industrial license to start manufacturing in India.