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Which of the following statements is correct about friction?
Identify the correct statement.
Which of the following is a self adjusting force?
Static friction is a self adjusting force.
Which one of the following can also act as a lubricant in machines?
In the machines, the flow of compressed and purified air lowers the friction.
Hence it acts as a lubrican
A girl presses her physics textbook against a rough vertical wall with her hand. The direction of the frictional force on the book exerted by the wall is:
Friction forces are always parallel to the surfaces in contact, which in this case, are the wall and the cover of the book. This tells us that the friction force is either upwards or downwards. Because the tendency of the book is to fall due to gravity, the friction force must be in the upwards direction.
A car accelerates on a horizontal road due to the force exerted by
A car accelerates on a horizontal road due to the force exerted by the road on the car.
A block of mass m rests on a rough inclined plane. The coefficient of friction between the surface and the block is µ. At what angle of inclination theta of the plane to the horizontal will the block just start to slide down the plane?
The various forces acting on the block are as shown in the figure. From figure
mgsinθ = f ....(i)
mgcosθ = N ....(i)
Divide (i) by (ii), we get
tanθ = or
θ = tan−1(μ)
When a body slides down from rest along a smooth inclined plane making an angle of 30∘ with the horizontal, it takes time 20s. When the same body slides down from rest along a rough inclined plane making the same angle and through the same distance, it takes time 20p s, where p is some number greater than 1. The coefficient of friction between the body and the rough plane is
The acceleration of the body sliding down smooth inclined plane is
a = gsinθ …(i)
The acceleration of the same body sliding down a rough inclined plane is
a′ = gsinθ − μgcosθ
= g (sinθ−μcosθ) ...(ii)
As the body slides a distance d in each case,
∴ (∵ u = 0)
∴ (∵ t′ = 20ps,t=20s)
(Using (i) and (ii))
sinθ = p2sinθ − μp2 cosθ; μp2 cosθ
= p2sinθ − sinθ
Here, θ=30∘ ∴ μ =
The minimum force required to start pushing a body up a rough (frictional coefficient μ) inclined plane is F1 while the minimum force needed to prevent it from sliding down is F2. If the inclined plane makes an angle θ from the horizontal such that tan θ = 2μ then the ratio F1/F2 is :
The minimum force required to start pushing a body up a rough inclined plane is F1 = mgsinθ + μgcosθ ......(i)
Minimum force needed to prevent the body from sliding down the inclined plane is F2 = mgsinθ − μgcosθ .....(ii)
Divide (i) by (ii), we get
= 3 (tanθ=2μ (given))
A block of mass 10kg is placed on rough horizontal surface whose coefficient of friction is 0.5. If a horizontal force of 100N is applied on it, then acceleration of the block will be(Take g = 10 m s-2)
Here, m = 10 kg, g= 10 m s-2, μ = 0.5, F = 100N
Force of friction
f = μN = μMg = (0.5)(10)(10) = 50N
Force that produce acceleration
F' = F - f = 100 N - 50 N = 50 N
a = F'/ m = 50 N / 10 kg = 5 m s-2
The coefficient of static friction between the box and the train's floor is 0.2. The maximum acceleration of the train in which a box lying on its floor will remain stationary is (Take g = 10 ms−2)
As acceleration of the box is due to static friction,
∴ ma = fs ≤ μs N = μs mg
a ≤ μsg
∴ amax = μg = 0.2 × 10ms−2
A block of mass 1 kg lies on a horizontal surface in a truck. The coefficient of static friction between the block and the surface is 0.6. If the acceleration of the truck is 5ms−2. The frictional force acting on the block is then
Limiting friction, f = μmg = 0.6 × 1 × 9.8
= 5.88 N
Applied force, F = ma = 1 × 5 = 5N
As F < f, so force of friction = 5 N
A block of mass 2kg rest on a plane inclined at an angle of 30∘ with the horizontal. The coefficient of friction between the block and the surface is 0.7. What will be the frictional force acting on the block?
Here, frictional force, f = μR
= μmgcosθ = 0.7 × 2 × 9.8cos30∘
= 0.7 × 2 × 9.8 × 0.866 = 11.9 N
A block of mass M is held against a rough vertical wall by pressing it with a finger. If the coefficient of friction between the block and the wall is μ and the acceleration due to gravity is g, what is the minimum force required to be applied by the finger to hold the block against the wall?
Let F be the force applied by the finger on the block. N is normal reaction of the wall on the block. Mg is weight of block acting vertically downwards. f is the force of friction between the wall and the block which acts upwards as shown in the figure.
The block will not fall, if f = Mg
μN = Mg (∵ f = μN)
μF = Mg (∵ N = F) = F = Mg/μ
A trolley of mass 20kg is attached to a block of mass 4kg by a massless string passing over a frictionless pulley as shown in the figure. If the coefficient of kinetic friction between trolley and the surface is 0.02, then the acceleration of the trolley and block system is(Take g = 10ms−2)
As the string is inextensible, and the pulley is smooth, therefore both the 4kg block and the 20kg trolley have the same acceleration a.
Let T be tension in the string.
The equation of motion of the block is
40 − T = 4a …(i)
The equation of motion of the trolley is
T − fk = 20a
fk = μk N
Here, μk =0.02, N = 20 × 10 = 200N
∴ T − 0.02 × 200 = 20a or
T − 4 = 20a …(ii)
Adding (i) and (ii), we get,
a = 36 / 24 m s−2 = 1.5 m s−2
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