For an ideal 3000 Hz channel, S/N ratio is
= 26000/3000 - 1 = 3.
Which of the following types of noise assumes greater importance at high frequencies?
At high frequencies time period of wave and transit time become comparable.
In transistor radio receivers the number of IF amplifier stages are
Two IF amplifier stages are very commonly used.
To relay outdoor remotely located live programs, TV transmitter use
Microwave links are used.
If each short element of signal occupies 20 ms, the speed is
It is found that in a telephone system 60 subscribers initiate calls during a 30 minute interval and the total duration of all the calls is 100 minutes. The load is
E and H fields are perpendicular to each other.
Radio waves have very high speed equal to that of light but speed of sound waves is very low.
Consider the following:
The band should not be narrow.
If transmission bandwidth is doubled in FM, SNR is
SNR changes in the ratio of square of change in bandwidth.
Directivity means maximum directive gain.
If the oscillator output is modulated by audio frequencies upto 10 kHz, the frequency range occupied by the side bands will be
L = 50 mH, C = ln F
The power to the portable unit of a cordless telephone is provided by
Rechargeable cells feed the portable unit.
In a AM wave the carrier and one of the side bands is suppressed. If m = 0.5, the percentage saving in power is
Computer communication networks have
All the three configurations are used.
Assertion (A): A balun is an RF impedance matching transformer.
Reason (R): Sometimes a booster amplifier is used with a TV set.
Balun gives a 4 : 1 impedance transformation. In areas where TV reception is poor, booster is used to strengthen a TV signal.
In an FM system, when the AF is 500 Hz and the AF voltage is 2.4 V, the deviation is 4.8 kHz. If the AF voltage is now increased to 7.2 V, the new deviation will be
Δf' = 2 x 7.2 14.4 kHz
New frequency donation will be 14.4 kHz.
Modulation is also called detection.
Demodulation is called detection.
The maximum range of a transmitter depends on
Both power and frequency determine the maximum range.
Consider the following statements about Yagi Uda antenna
This antenna is for UHF and VHF bands.
In a two stage cascade amplifier, each stage has a gain of 10 dB and noise figure of 10 dB. The overall noise factor is
Fields are said to be circularly polarised if their magnitudes are
Magnitudes should be equal and phase angle 90º.
In a CD player the speed of CD is
Since the circumference of outer tracks is more than that of tracks near the centre, the speed of disc is varied from 200 rpm to 500 rpm.
Three analog signals, having bandwidths 1200 Hz, 600 Hz, 600 Hz are sampled at their Nyquist rates, encoded with 12 bit words, and time division multiplexed. The bit rate for the multiplexed signal is
The total message bandwidth = 1200 Hz + 600 Hz + 600 Hz = 2400 Hz
Sampling frequency = 4800 samples/sec.
Hence, Bit rate = 4800 x 12
In the output of a DM speech encoder, the consecutive pulses are of opposite polarity during time interval t1 < t < t2. This indicates that during this interval
In delta modulator, when consecutive pulses of polarity are opposite then signal is constant.
A fascimile reproduction has a specification of 200 lines per frame, progressive scanning and 5 frames per second. The time to scan one line is