24 telephone channels, each band limited to 3.4 kHz are to be time division multiplexed using PCM. If sampling frequency is 10 kHz and number of quantization levels is 128, the required bandwidth of PCM is
Bandwidth ≈ 24 (ln2 128) 10 kHz = 1.68 MHz.
Resonant circuits are used in
RF amplifiers use resonant loads (L and C in parallel).
The bandwidth of DSB suppressed carrier modulation system when the modulating frequency varies between 500 Hz and 5 kHz is
fm = 5 kHz - 500 Hz 4.5 kHz
Bandwidth = 2 fm 2 x 4.5 kHz = 9 kHz.
Linear diode detector utilizes
Detection (also called demodulation) is due to rectification property of diode.
In the equivalent circuit of a moving coil cone type loudspeaker, the mass of the moving system is represented by
Mass has inertia and is analogous to inductance.
Assertion (A): In India we use CCIR-B standard
Reason (R): Video signals are frequency modulated.
Video signals are amplitude modulated.
CATV stands for
In USA the first cable service was called community antenna television.
A geostationary satellite
It orbits the earth in a 24 hour period. Thus it appears to be stationed over one spot of the globe.
Household tape recorders use
For reasons of economy only one motor is used.
A 400 W carrier is modulated to a depth of 75 percent. The total power in modulated wave will be
Sideband frequencies will be fc fm.
A line has L = 0.8 µH/m and C = 32 pF/m. Z0 =
A line has standing waves with a voltage maximum of 35 mV and minimum of 17.5 mV VSWR is
For a bit rate of 8 kbps, the best possible values of the transmitted frequencies in a coherent binary FSK system are
where i is integer, and nc is fixed integer.
fi = Rb(nc + i) (3 + 1) x 8 32 kHz
(4 + 1)0.8 40 kHz.
If luminance signal Y = 0.3 R + 0.59 G + 0.11 B, the hue of R - Y colour is
R - Y = R - 0.3R - 0.59C - 0.11B = 0.7R - 0.59G - 0.11B.
Trap circuits used in video IF amplifier of colour TV are
High Q LC resonant circuit provides high selectivity.
A 1000 kHz carrier is simultaneously modulated with 300 Hz, 800 Hz and 2 kHz audio sine waves. Which of the following frequency is least likely to be present in the output?
Frequency present in the sidebands is equal to = fc fm, fc 2fm, fc 3fm .
An analog signal is band limited to B Hz sampled at Nyquist rate and samples are quantized into 4 levels each with probability . The information rate is
Signal should be sampled at frequency 2B Hz.
Hence, information rate = 2 (2B) = 4B bits/s.
A 300 Hz sound wave of intensity 20 dB is transmitted by a 1500 kHz radio wave by frequency modulation. It is seen that instantaneous frequency varies between 1500.2 kHz and 1499.8 kHz, 300 times a second. If the intensity of sound wave is 100 dB.
Since, the intensity of audio wave has been increased five times, the instantaneous frequency variation is also increased five times.
If the average power of radar transmitters is 2 kW and the peak power of the transmitter is 1000 kW, what will be the duty cycle?
The HV supply to a TV receiver is 25 kV and the total beam current for the three electron guns is 2000 μA. The power handled by IHVT is
25 x 103 x 2000 x 10-6 = 50 W.
Some advantages of optical fibre cables are
Fibre optic cables have all these advantages.
The contrast control in colour TV receiver is done by
Luminance amplifier changes the luminance levels and provides contrast control.
The received signal frequency at any time of a super-heterodyne receiver having IF = 456 kHz is 1 MHz. The corresponding image signal is
Image signal frequency = Received signal frequency - 2 x Intermediate frequency.
= 1 MHz - 2 x 456kHz
1 MHz - 912 kHz 88 kHz
which lies in medium bond.
The requirements of carrier frequency are
Both should have a precise value and low drift.
If N bits are lumped together to get an N-bit symbol, the possible number of symbols is
Each bit can have two levels. Hence 2N.