Test: Democracy And Diversity


25 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) | Test: Democracy And Diversity


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QUESTION: 1

In dealing with social divisions which one of the following statements is not correct about democracy?

Solution:

The correct answer is A as Democracy always leads to disintegrate of  society on the basis of social division is not a true statement about democracy

QUESTION: 2

Political body of France:

Solution:

The Estates General was a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives. In France of the Old Regime, the monarch did not have the power to impose taxes .

QUESTION: 3

Society based on freedom, equal laws and opportunities was advocated by:

Solution:

Society based on freedom,equal laws and opportunities was advocated by philosopher such as John Locke and Rousseau..

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following are the national colours of France ?

Solution:

The national colours of France ae Blue, Red and White. These colours are present in the national flag of France.

QUESTION: 5

“Regular, free and fair elections” are the identity of…

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Members of the Third Estate were led by :

Solution:

Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar was a Texas politician, poet, diplomat and soldier. He was the second President of the Republic of Texas. He played an important role in the Texas Revolution and distinguished himself with bravery at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes or Abbe Sieyes was a French Roman Catholic abbe, clergyman and political writer. He was one of the chief political theorists of the French Revolution. He played an important role in the French Consulate and First French Empire. What is the Third Estate?, a pamphlet written by him, became the de facto manifesto of the Revolution. It helped to transform the Estates General into the National Assembly in June 1789.  

QUESTION: 7

When and where Estates General Convened?

Solution:

The Estates-General convened in the Grands Salles des Menus-Plaisirs in Versailles on 5 May 1789 and opened with a three-hour speech by Necker. The Third Estate demanded that the credentials of deputies should be verified by all deputies, rather than each estate verifying the credentials of its own members; but negotiations with the other estates failed to achieve this. The commoners appealed to the clergy, who asked for more time. 

QUESTION: 8

France on 21st September, 1792 was declared a?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

King in France at the time of the Revolution  

Solution:

Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined.

QUESTION: 10

Bundle of rods or fasces symbolize :

Solution:

Fasces suggest strength through unity. A bundle of rods bound together possesses more strength than its consistuent rods. The rods themselves symbolised the state's power to punish delinquents - beatings were carried out using birch rods, sometimes rods taken from a fascis. The axe represented the ultimate power to execute people, by decapitating them. It has a long history in eastern Mediterranean countries.

QUESTION: 11

Who advocated government based on Social Contract? 

Solution:

Government (1690) by Locke and The Social Contract (1762) by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–78) proposed justifications of political association grounded in the newer political requirements of the age.

QUESTION: 12

Storming of the Bastille :

Solution:

On 14 July 1789, a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy's dictatorial rule, and the event became one of the defining moments in the Revolution that followed.

QUESTION: 13

18th century French society was divided into :

Solution:

During the eighteenth century the French Society was divided into three groups. These groups were called estates. The three types of groups were - First estate, Second estate and Third estate.

First Estate: Clergy belonged to 1st estate of then French Society. Clergy were the group of persons who were invested with special functions in the church,e.g. fathers, and other members of church.

Second Estate: Nobility belonged to 2nd estate of then French Society. Nobility was hereditary and hence a person could get nobility by birth. However, new members were also awarded nobility by monarchy after paying heavy taxes or outstanding service to the monarchy, i.e. nobility could be purchased also.

Third Estate: The 3rd estate of then French society was further divided into three categories. Big businessmen, merchants, court officials, lawyers, etc. belonged to the first category of 3rd estate. Peasants and artisans belonged to the second category. And small peasants, landless labours and servants belonged to third category, and were considered as the lowest class in the society. Members of the third state had to pay all types of taxes including tithes and taille.

QUESTION: 14

A broken chain symbolized :

Solution:

Chains were used to fetter slaves.
A broken chain stands for the act of becoming free.

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following symbolizes Eternity?

Solution:

Eternity is often symbolized by the image of a snake swallowing its own tail, known as the Ouroboros (or Uroboros). The circle is also commonly used as a symbol for eternity, as is the mathematical symbol of infinity, . Symbolically, it suggests that Eternity has no beginning or end.

QUESTION: 16

Division of power within the government was put forth in :

Solution:

Montesquieu in his book 'The Spirit of the Laws',  proposed a division of power within the government between the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. This model of government was put into force in the USA, after the thirteen colonies declared their independence from Britain.

QUESTION: 17

Which of the following refuted the doctrine of divine and absolute right? 

Solution:

Locke refuted the doctrine of the divine and absolute rights of the monarch because he was inspired by the humanistic and enlightened viewpoint that all individuals are equal. No individual is created superior by God. Hence, no individual can have any absolute and divine right to rule over others.

QUESTION: 18

Which of the following constituted the privileged class? 

Solution:

The clergy and nobility enjoyed exemption from paying redemption taxes to the state. They had political rights and social status.

QUESTION: 19

 The Bastille symbolised

Solution:

Actually the Bastille had many prisoners who were put in jail without any trial.The rich, poor everyone who opposed the policies of Louis XVI was imprisoned. So The Bastille stood for the despotic power of the king. 

QUESTION: 20

National Anthem of France ?

Solution:

"La Marseillaise" is the national anthem of France.

QUESTION: 21

The Bastille symbolized :

Solution:

The Bastille had many prisoners who were put in jail without any trial.The rich, poor everyone who opposed the policies of Louis XVI was imprisoned. So The Bastille stood for the despotic power of the king. 

QUESTION: 22

The most important of the privileges enjoyed by the clergy and nobility :

Solution:

Some privileges enjoyed by the clergy and nobility are: They are not liable to pay taxes to the government. Third estate or the peasants provide services to them. They collect tax and levies from the third estate parties that is, the peasants for tithes.

QUESTION: 23

Voting in the Estates General was conducted on the principle of :

Solution:

Voting in the Estates General in the past had been conducted 

1. According to the principle that each estate had one vote. 

2. Members of the Third Estate demanded that voting must now be conducted by the assembly as a whole, where each member would have one vote. 

3. This was according to the democratic principles put forward by philosophers like Rousseau in his book, The Social Contract

QUESTION: 24

Members of the Jacobin Club were known as:

Solution:

They were known as sans-culottes because they wore the long striped pants worn by dockworkers.

QUESTION: 25

What is the most basic outcome of democracy?

Solution:

The most basic outcome of democracy is that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.

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