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The output contents along with the DC components the AC harmonics which does no useful work & reduces the efficiency.
A rectifier is used to convert AC to DC. Lower the AC (NonDC) components in the output lower are the ohmic losses.
Inductor (L) has a very important property that the current through it cannot change rapidly. We can make use of this property by connecting it in series.
In case of an L filter connected with a rectifier in series with the load, it offers ________ impedance to ac whereas _______ resistance to dc respectively.
It offers high impedance to AC such as the AC ripples do not pass through the load.
AC ripples are not allowed to pass, by S.C the AC ripples as the C is always connected in parallel with the load.
A capacitor filter or C filter can be used in a rectifier by connecting it
AC ripples are not allowed to pass, by S.C the AC ripples as the C is always connected in parallel with the load.
Examine the below shown circuit.
While D7 & D10 are reversed biased the
When the two are reversed biased and the other two SCR’s are not yet gated, the stored energy in the capacitor is supply the load R.
When a certain type of filter is connected across the R load of a full wave bridge type diode biased rectifier, the following output voltage waveform is obtained
The filter connected is most likely to be a/an
It is to be noted that the waveform is that of a voltage parameter. The voltage goes up for a very small time and than goes down (discharges) for longer time. For every half wave the peak of the waveform is to the left, if it were to be on the right it would be more likely to be a L filter.
For the below given circuit,
When the output current rises, the capacitor current
When the load current is increasing, the capacitor is charging through the source voltage & its current keeps on falling & voltage rises.
A singlephase diode B2 rectifier is fed from a 250 V, 50 Hz source & connected to a load of R = 400 Ω.
Design a capacitor filter such that the ripple factor of the output voltage is less than 5 %. Find the value of the capacitance of the C filter.
Use,
C = K * [1 + 1/√2RF] Where, K = 1/4fR.
A diode rectifier with a C filter will have average output voltage _______ than that obtained by a rectifier without the C filter.
C filter improves the efficiency and eliminates ripples by keeping the output voltage constant.
An inductor filter connected in series with a resistive load provides a
Filter is always connected to the load side (output). Inductor has the property of keeping the current smooth and constant.
In the below given configuration, L is connected as a filter across the R load.
The average ammeter current is
: I = Vo/R
Vo = 2Vm/π.
CRF = Ir/Io.
When the load is reduced the resistance R is increased & ripple current increases.
The time constant RC is increased therefore the ripple factor is reduced.
When a certain type of filter is connected across the R load, of a full wave bridge diode biased rectifier the following output current waveform is obtained.
The filter connected is most likely a
The above waveform is that of the output current. The peak per half cycle is on the right, hence it is more likely to be an L filter.
C filters are suitable for ___________ load resistances and L filters are suitable for _____________ load resistances.
In case of L filter, if R is lowered, the time constant (L/R) increases, therefore ripple factor reduces. In case of a C filter, the time constant RC is increased, therefore, ripple factor is reduced.
An LC filter will have ripple factor value___________ (For the same value of L & C)
Simply, an LC filter combines both the advantages of L and C filters.
In a singlephase full wave rectifier ___________ order harmonics are the most dominant
The output voltage is given by,
Vo = (2Vm/π) – (4Vm/3π)cos 2ωt – (4Vm/15π)cos 4ωt . . . .
Hence the other values after the second factor (4Vm/3π) become very very small hence they can be eliminated.
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