Which of the following is not a resonance structure of the others?
Option 'D' is correct because there in no conjugation of negative charge and without conjugation resonance is not possible.
The number of sigma and pi-bonds in 1-butene 3-yne are:
Single bond contains only a sigma bond, One double bond contains a sigma and a pi bond, whereas a triple bond contains a sigma bond and 2 pi bonds.
So, CH2 = CH – C ≡ CH
No of σ bonds = 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 +1 + 1 = 7;
No of π bonds = 1 + 2 = 3.
Which of the following molecules has all the effects : inductive, mesomeric and Baker Nathan effect ?
In CH3CH=CHC(=O)CH3, presence of CH3CH= group shows no bond resonance (Baker nathan effect), presence of alternate π bond and electron negative O shows mesomeric effect and CH3 positive inductive effect and C=O group shows negative inductive effect.
Which one is strongest acid among following options?
CHF2−COOH. Difluoroacetic acid is strongest because presence of two F atoms increases its acidic nature.
Most stable resonating structure of the given carbocation is:
Because in option 'C' all the atoms have their octets fulfilled which is not in the case with the other options.
Which of the following resonance structures contributes the most to the resonance hybrid?
Resonating structures with all the atoms having complete octate. Therefore, more stable.
It will contribute to the resonance hybrid.
Stability order of the following resonating structure will be:
Therefore the order will be I > II > III > IV
Hyperconjugation is best described as:
Hyperconjugation is the stabilizing interaction that results from the interaction of the electrons in a σ-bond (usually C-H or C-C) with an adjacent empty or partially filled p-orbital or a π-orbital to give an extended molecular orbital that increases the stability of the system.
The correct stability order for the following species is:
Carbocation is resonance stabilized when it is adjacent to an oxygen atom.
Therefore, 1 and 3 are more stable than 2 and 4 and among 1 and 3 1 is more stable due to +I effect of -CH3 also.
Stability of hydrocarbons increase in the order of primary,secondary and then tertiary. Therefore 2 is more stable than 4.
Increasing order of pKa values (pKa = –log Ka) of H2O, CH3OH and C6H5OH is:
pKa values are -logKa.
Ka is the dissociation constant of the acid.
Smaller the Ka value, weaker is the acid.
Therefore, pka values will go on decreasing from strong acid to weak acid.
Identify order of per ring resonance energies of each of the following:
As the number of the rings increases, the resonance energy per ring decreases.
Identify the correct C-O bond length order:
Which of the following systems are resonance contributors of the radical shown below?
Option A is the contributor of the radical as it is the only structure going in delocalization.
Which of the following statements about the resonance structures is false?
Hydrogens must have two electrons and elements in the second row cannot have more than 8 electrons. If so, the resonance structure is not valid. Always look at the placement of arrows to make sure they agree.
Which comparison is not correct as indicated?
CH3NH2 is more basic than C6H5NH2 due to +I effect in methylamine, electron density in methylamine at nitrogen increases whereas in aniline resonance takes place and electron density on nitrogen decreases.
The acidity order for the following compound follows the order:
Acidity of a compound depends upon the stability of the conjugate base.Decreasing order of the stability is aromatic, homoaromatic, non aromatic, anti aromatic.
In the following compounds the order of acid strength is:
Nitro and chlorine act as electro withdrawing group which increases the acidic character in compound where as NH2 acts as electron donating which decreases the acidic character. Further nitro is strong withdrawing group so first priority is given to para nitro phenol ,afterwards para chloro phenol. So correct answer is (a).
The acidity of protons H in each of the following is:
In case of molecule 1 nitrogen captures the negative charge after protonation i.e. delocalization of the -ve charge in aromatic polycyclic ring will be less but in case of molecule 2, P have less electronegativity and hence delocalization of -ve charge can occur more easily within the aromatic rings. and in case of 3 the +I effect of CH3 disturbs the stability of -ve charge form after protonation.
Identify the correct acidic strength order in the following compounds?
In 1, the ortho effect is highly effective and hence is most acidic among II AND III . In option II, the tertiary butoxy group increases the electrohillic nature of benezene ring and hence the negative charge formed on phenoxide ion after the removal of proton gets more dispersed in the ring and thus the anion gets stable and becomes more acidic then III.( benzoic acid).
Thus Correct option is A
Identify the correct order of boiling points of the following compounds:
Carboxylic acids, similar to alcohols, can form hydrogen bonds with each other as well as van der Waals dispersion forces and dipole-dipole interactions. So Max. boiling point. is of carboxylic acid.
The boiling point of aldehydes and ketones are lower than alcohols due to absence of intermolecula hydogen bonding. Alcohol Contains an OH Group Allowing For Hydrogen Bonding Which Is Stronger Than Other Intermolecular Forces.