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Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22)


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60 Questions MCQ Test CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Humanities | Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22)

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Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 1

According to Census of India, migration is enumerated on which of the following basis?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 1

In the Census of India migration is enumerated on two bases:

(i) place of birth, if the place of birth is different from the place of enumeration (known as life-time migrant).

(ii) place of residence, if the place of last residence is different from the place of enumeration known as migrant by place of last resident.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 2

Through which of the following, functional relations establish between rural and urban areas?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 2

Urban centres have factories which process the raw materials obtained from the surrounding rural areas or buy goods in bulk from importers and sell them to rural dwellers. On the other hand, rural settlements offer the market for the products manufactured, produced or purchased in bulk by the urban centres.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 3

Coffee Plantations in Brazil are known as:

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 3

A Fazenda is a plantation found throughout Brazil; during the colonial period. They were concentrated primarily in the northeastern region, where (sugar) was produced. During the 19th century they spread into the southeastern region coffee production.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 4

Which of the following areas of our country are deficient in rainfall and are drought prone?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 4

The Deccan plateau is a large triangular region that covers about 43% of India, and spans eight states – Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. The highest frequency of the severe droughts  are observed in the Deccan region.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 5

Who among the following is related to ‘capability approach’?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 5

The economist and philosopher Amartya Sen, who is associated with the  'capability approach' provide the philosophical basis of human development. The Sen capability approach is a moral framework. It proposes that social arrangements should be evaluated primarily according to the extent of freedom people have to promote as well as achieve functions they value.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 6

Which of the following colonial super power had monopoly over sugarcane plantation in Indonesia?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 6

The Dutch once had monopoly over sugarcane plantation in Indonesia. The Dutch instituted a sugargrowing system in some areas, building 94 sugar-processing factories, as well as roads and railroads to transport materials and products. Generally the Dutch exported high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lowerquality sugar in the country. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 7

Which of the following is a good example of Fort town?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 7

Famous forts in Jaipur are Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort and Jaigarh Fort . 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 8

Which one of the following concepts is related to Naturalization of Humans?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 8

The environmental determinism suggests that humans are not a product of their environment, rather they possess the skills necessary to change their environment to satisfy human needs.
OR
The humans were dictated by nature and its forces. Thus, humans were naturalised because they were afraid of nature and worshipped it. This is known as naturalisation of humans. This naturalisation of humans is termed as environmental determinism.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 9

Which one of the following is the main feature of rural settlement?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 9

The rural settlements derive their life support or basic economic needs from land based primary economic activities. Communities living in rural settlement are predominantly involved in primary activities such as farming, lumbering and mining.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 10

 Which of the following sectors has used the highest percentage of total water in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 10

The share of agricultural sector in total water utilisation is much higher than other sectors. Agriculture accounts for most of the surface and groundwater utilisation. Agriculture accounts for 89 per cent of the surface water and 92 per cent of the groundwater utilisation. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 11

Who among the following has introduced the concept of Neo-determinism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 11

Griffith Taylor introduced the concept of Neo- determinism which reflects a middle path between the two ideas of environmental determinism and possibilism. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 12

Which of the following attributes has not been adversely affected by Age and Skill selective migration?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 13

The state with the highest population in India is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 13

The population of Uttar Pradesh continues to grow at a high rate. Because of that high growth rate and a substantial reduction in infant mortality in the 20th century, there has been a significant increase in the proportion of young adults and children. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 14

The sparsely located small settlements are called:

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 15

The river basin which makes the maximum utilisation of groundwater is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 15

Ganga has about 46 per cent of the total replenishable groundwater resources. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in northeastern region and parts of south India.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 16

The first complete population Census was conducted in India in:

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 17

Who among the following pioneered  the concept of ‘human development’?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 17

Mahbub-ul-Haq was the pioneer in developing the concept of human development. He not only articulated the human development philosophy for making economic development plans but he also provided the world with a statistical measure to quantify the indicators of economic growth with human development. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 18

Subsistence agriculture can be grouped into:

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 19

Match and arrange column II with Column I.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 20

Traditional ________ in rural areas is done by using surface storage bodies like lakes, ponds, irrigation tanks.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 20

Rainwater harvesting is the collection and storage of rain, rather than allowing it to run off. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 21

Larger settlements which are specialising in secondary and tertiary activities are known as :

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 21

Urban settlement often has a large population size and high population density. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 22

Nomadic herding or pastoral nomadism is a:

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 22

Nomadic herding or pastoral nomadism is a primitive subsistence activity, in which the herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools and transport. They move from one place to another along with their livestock, depending on the amount and quality of pastures and water. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 23

The clustered rural settlement is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 23

A clustered rural settlement is a rural settlement where a number of families live in close proximity to each other. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 24

Development means:

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 24

Development is basically a concept that has positive connotations. It involves the application of certain economic and technical measures to utilize available resources to instigate economic growth and improve people's quality of life. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 25

This age was marked by use of computers and sophisticated statistical tools. Laws of physics were often applied to map and analyze. Select the correct option.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 25

Spatial organization, as one of the basic themes of geography, focuses on how to recognize and organize geographic space in which human activities occur, giving rise to spatial structures. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 26

In which of the following streams of migration, females pre-dominate in both intra-state and inter-state migration?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 26

The females predominate the streams of short distance rural to rural migration in both types of migration. The most common reason for migration in India is marriage.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 27

Which of the following column is not matched correctly?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 27

Viticulture is the scientific study of grapes, most often with a focus on growth and production.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 28

Consider the following features and choose the correct title after associating them.

1. More often such a pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation of large compact village.

2. The land- owning and dominant community occupies the central part of the main village whereas people of lower strata of society and menial workers settle on the outer flanks of the village.

3. They are found in Gujarat plains and some parts of Rajasthan.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 28

Semi-clustered settlements result from the tendency of clustering in a limited region associated with a dispersed settlement. More often such a pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation of a large compact village.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 29

Consider the following and choose the correct answer from the given options

I. Work participation rate tend to be higher in the areas of lower levels of economic development.
II. Number of manual workers are needed to perform the subsistence or near subsistence economic activities

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 29

Work participation rate is the number of people engaged in economic activities. The work participation rate tends to be higher in the areas of lower levels of economic development since number of manual workers are needed to perform the subsistence or near subsistence economic activities in the absence of other opportunities.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 30

Consider the following statements and choose the correct option for the same:

I. Grape cultivation is the speciality of the Mediterranean agriculture.
II. Wines are produced from high quality grapes and the inferior grapes are dried into raisins and Currants.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 30

Viticulture or grape cultivation is a speciality of the Mediterranean region. It represents a very intensive form of farming requiring not only good conditions of moisture, temperature and soil but also much personal care, if the grapes are to be of high quality.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 31

Match the column I with column II and choose the correct answer with the help of given Codes.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 32

In the year 2015, a policy was formulated for the adolescents to give them proper guidance and the better development of their talent. Select the correct answer.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 32

In 2015, Prime Minister Narender Modi, launched Skill India Programme on World Youth Skill Day. This paved a way for formulation of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015. The objective of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship was   to meet the challenge of skilling at scale with speed and standard (quality). This policy linked skills development to improved employability and productivity.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 33

Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 33

Kolkata developed as a major port city. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 34

Match the column I with column II and choose the correct answer with the help of given Codes

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 35

Consider and evaluate the following statements and choose correct options for them from the given options.

1. Many species now have become extinct or endangered due to illegal hunting.

2. The early hunters used primitive tools made of stones, twigs or arrows so the number of animals killed were limited.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 36

Make correct pairs of the following two columns and select the correct option.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 37

Question are based on map and are mandatory to attempt.

Which is an important area of subsistence gathering in South America?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 38

Question are based on map and are mandatory to attempt.

Which area in Europe specialises in growing flowers in Europe?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 39

Question are based on map and are mandatory to attempt.

Which area in Asia is known  for nomadic herding ?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 40

Question are based on map and are mandatory to attempt.

Which is an important area of commercial livestock rearing in South America?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 41

Question are based on map and are mandatory to attempt.

Which is an important area of subsistence farming in Asia?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 42

Consider the following statements and choose the correct option from the given options:

1. Each unit of land has limited capacity to support people living on it.

2. It is necessary to understand the ratio between the numbers of people to the size of land

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 43

Arrange the countries from highest HDI to lowest HDI.

(i) Norway

(ii) Ireland

(iii) Switzerland

(iv) Hong kong

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 43

A well-functioning and relatively uncorrupted state. A high level of economic development, good medical facilities have helped Norway to have the highest HDI. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 44

The practice of nurturing the animals for food and for other human uses is known as:

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 44

Commercial livestock rearing is a specialized activity in which only one type of animal is reared. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 45

Arrange the following agglomeration in the sequence of their ranks i.e., 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th.

(i) Delhi

(ii) Chennai

(iii) Greater Mumbai

(iv) Kolkata

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 45

An urban agglomeration is identified and ranked according to its size, population, occupations and economic activities. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 46

predominate the rural-to-urban stream of inter-state migration due to economic reasons.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 46

During the distribution of male and female migrants in different streams of intra-state and inter-state migration, females predominate the streams of short distance rural to rural migration in both types of migration. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 47

Several countries of Africa and few of south America and Asia have over fifty per cent of the earnings from_________ alone.

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 47

Several countries of Africa, few of South America and Asia extracts an immense wealth of minerals, of which its mineral fuels— coal, petroleum, and natural gas—are of greatest value. These areas are rich in minerals.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 48

Cities having more than 10 million population are known as :

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 48

Mega city refers to metropolitan areas with a total population of more than 10 million people. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 49

Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions:

How does the natural increase in population occur, as per the graph?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 49

The difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a country or place causes the natural increase. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 50

Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions:

What does the transition from high fluctuating stage to low fluctuating stage indicate?

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 51

Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions:

From the given graph, what condition can you infer about the developing countries?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 51

The social structure, religious beliefs, economic prosperity and urbanisation within each country leads to high birth rates and low death rates in developing countries. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 52

Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions:

In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosion took place–

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 52

Stage II is characterized by a rapid decrease in a country's death rate while the birth rate remains high. The fall in the death rate is due to drastic improvement in the medical facilities, vaccinations, etc. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 53

Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with State Pollution Control Boards has been monitoring water quality of national aquatic resources at 507 stations. The data obtained from these stations show that organic and bacterial contamination continues to be the main source of pollution in rivers. The Yamuna river is the most polluted river in the country between Delhi and Etawah. Other severely polluted rivers are: the Sabarmati at Ahmedabad, the Gomti at Lucknow, the Kali, the Adyar, the Cooum (entire stretches), the Vaigai at Madurai and the Musi of Hyderabad and the Ganga at Kanpur and Varanasi. Ground water pollution has occurred due to high concentrations of heavy/toxic metals, fluoride and nitrates at different parts of the country.

 

Q. Why the available water resources are degrading rapidly?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 53

Water pollution happens when toxic substances enter water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans and so on, they get dissolved in them and lie suspended in the water or get deposited on the bed. This degrades the quality of water.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 54

Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with State Pollution Control Boards has been monitoring water quality of national aquatic resources at 507 stations. The data obtained from these stations show that organic and bacterial contamination continues to be the main source of pollution in rivers. The Yamuna river is the most polluted river in the country between Delhi and Etawah. Other severely polluted rivers are: the Sabarmati at Ahmedabad, the Gomti at Lucknow, the Kali, the Adyar, the Cooum (entire stretches), the Vaigai at Madurai and the Musi of Hyderabad and the Ganga at Kanpur and Varanasi. Ground water pollution has occurred due to high concentrations of heavy/toxic metals, fluoride and nitrates at different parts of the country.

 

Q. What is the main role of CPCB?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 54

The primary objective/ goal of the CPCB is to promote cleanliness and restore wholesomeness of water in wells and streams .

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 55

Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with State Pollution Control Boards has been monitoring water quality of national aquatic resources at 507 stations. The data obtained from these stations show that organic and bacterial contamination continues to be the main source of pollution in rivers. The Yamuna river is the most polluted river in the country between Delhi and Etawah. Other severely polluted rivers are: the Sabarmati at Ahmedabad, the Gomti at Lucknow, the Kali, the Adyar, the Cooum (entire stretches), the Vaigai at Madurai and the Musi of Hyderabad and the Ganga at Kanpur and Varanasi. Ground water pollution has occurred due to high concentrations of heavy/toxic metals, fluoride and nitrates at different parts of the country.

 

Q. When was the CPCB established?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 55

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 56

Read the case study given below and answer the questions that follow:

Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with State Pollution Control Boards has been monitoring water quality of national aquatic resources at 507 stations. The data obtained from these stations show that organic and bacterial contamination continues to be the main source of pollution in rivers. The Yamuna river is the most polluted river in the country between Delhi and Etawah. Other severely polluted rivers are: the Sabarmati at Ahmedabad, the Gomti at Lucknow, the Kali, the Adyar, the Cooum (entire stretches), the Vaigai at Madurai and the Musi of Hyderabad and the Ganga at Kanpur and Varanasi. Ground water pollution has occurred due to high concentrations of heavy/toxic metals, fluoride and nitrates at different parts of the country.

 

Q.  Why does the concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 56

The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 57

Study the data based carefully and answer the following questions:

India – Trends of Urbanisation 1901-2011

In which decade the growth rate of urban population was lowest in the country?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 57

The growth rate was low  due to the high mortality during this period and this was because of large scale abnormal deaths due to epidemics of influenza, plague, small pox, cholera, etc.

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 58

Study the data based carefully and answer the following questions:

India – Trends of Urbanisation 1901-2011

In which year the decennial growth rate of urban population was the highest?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 58

There are many reasons for increased urban growth in 1981.  The employment opportunities were greater within urban areas, better paid jobs in the cities, an expected higher standard of living, etc all collectively lead to increased urban population. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 59

Study the data based carefully and answer the following questions:

India – Trends of Urbanisation 1901-2011

Why are the number of towns growing in India ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 59

The perceived boundaries of certain cities, known as urban agglomeration that includes densely built-up areas outside the official municipal boundary is expanding at a fast pace. This has led to the fast growth of cities in India. 

Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 60

Study the data based carefully and answer the following questions:

India – Trends of Urbanisation 1901-2011

What does decennial growth rate mean?

Detailed Solution for Test: Geography CBSE Sample Question Paper (2021-22) - Question 60

The decennial growth rate gives an overview of the total population growth in a particular decade. This is simple growth rate calculation between two population observations that are 10 years apart.

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