Any condition that causes a processor to stall is called as _____
Explanation: An hazard causes a delay in the execution process of the processor.
The periods of time when the unit is idle is called as _____
Explanation: The stalls are a type of hazards that affect a pipe-lined system.
The contention for the usage of a hardware device is called as ______
Explanation: The processor contends for the usage of the hardware and might enter into a deadlock state.
The situation where in the data of operands are not available is called ______
Explanation: Data hazards are generally caused when the data is not ready on the destination side.
The stalling of the processor due to the unavailability of the instructions is called as ____
Explanation: The control hazard also called as instruction hazard is usually caused by a cache miss.
The time lost due to branch instruction is often referred to as _____
Explanation: This time also retards the performance speed of the processor.
The pipeline bubbling is a method used to prevent data hazard and structural hazards.
Explanation: The periods of time when the unit is idle is called as Bubble.
_____ method is used in centralized systems to perform out of order execution.
Explanation: In a scoreboard, the data dependencies of every instruction are logged. Instructions are released only when the scoreboard determines that there are no conflicts with previously issued and incomplete instructions.
The algorithm followed in most of the systems to perform out of order execution is ______
Explanation: The Tomasulo algorithm is a hardware algorithm developed in 1967 by Robert Tomasulo from IBM. It allows sequential instructions that would normally be stalled due to certain dependencies to execute non-sequentially (out-of-order execution).
The problem where process concurrency becomes an issue is called as ______