Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1


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10 Questions MCQ Test GATE ECE (Electronics) 2023 Mock Test Series | Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1

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Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 1

As compared to an open loop system, a closed loop system is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 1

Open loop system always follows the input but closed loop system always reduces the error irrespective of the input applied. So closed loop system is more accurate but less stable.

Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 2

Linear system obeys:

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 2

Linear system obeys both reciprocity theorem and principle of maximum power transfer.

Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 3

The most commonly used input signal(s) in a control system is/are:

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 3

A step function is commonly used as a input signal in a control system because:

  • If we go through first order system, here we calculate steady-state error by providing input function then we got zero steady-state error.
  • Actually in step function, output follows input always that means steady error is minimum.

Step Function:

Step Function

Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 4

The Laplace transform of a transportation Iag of 10 seconds is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 4

Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 5

Consider the following statements regarding control systems:
1. In open loop control system, the control action depends upon the desired output.
2. All control systems operated by present timing mechanism are open loop.
3. in a closed loop control system feedback signal is usually negative.
4. In open-loop control system stability cannot be ensured.

Q. Which of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 5
  • There is no-control action in open loop systems. Hence, statement 1 is false.
  • Generally, all control systems operated by present timing mechanism are open loop because they are more stable than closed loop control system. Hence, statement-2 is true.
  • Due to various advantages of negative feedback systems (except reduction in gain), feedback signal is usually negative in a closed loop control system. Hence, statement-3 is true.
  • In open-loop control systems stability can be ensured because they are more stable than closed-loop control system.
  • Thus, only statements 2 and 3 are true.
Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 6

Assertion (A): Closed loop control systems are known as feedback control systems.
Reason (R): In closed loop control systems, the control action is dependent on the desired output.

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 6
  • In closed loop system there is the presence of a feedback path and this feedback path has connected from output of the system to the input of the system.
  • The whole operation is controlled by the output of the system.
Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 7

As compared to a closed loop system, an open loop system is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 7
  • The main difference between an open-loop system and a closed-loop system is that the closed-loop system has the ability to self-correct while the open-loop system doesn't.
  • Consequently, closed-loop systems are often called feedback control systems while open-loop systems are also known as non-feedback controls.
Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 8

 Which of the following are the not characteristics of the closed loop systems?

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 8

Feedback refers to the comparison of the final output to the desired output at respective input so as to get an accurate and error-free results and in the system improves the transient response of the system.

Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 9

Assertion (A): The control system which operates on the time basis is an open loop system.
Reason (R): A field control d.c. motor is an example of open loop system.

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 9
  • The control system which operates on the time basis is an open loop system. For example, in automatic control of traffic, the time for each lamp (red, yellow and green) is fixed.
  • The operation of each lamp does not depends upon the density of the traffic but depends upon the fixed time. Hence, assertion is true.
  • Reason is also true but, it is not the correct explanation of assertion.
Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 10

A ramp function occurs at t = a. It's Laplace transform is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Introduction to Control Systems - 1 - Question 10

Ramp function occurring at t = 0 is denoted by r(t) = tu(t).
Ramp function occurring at t - a will be denoted: 

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