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# Test: Mensuration- 3 - UPSC

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## 15 Questions MCQ Test CSAT Preparation - Test: Mensuration- 3

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Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 1

### There is a right circular cone with base radius 3 units and height 4 units. The surface of this right circular cone is painted. It is then cut into two parts by a plane parallel to the base so that the volume of the top part (the small cone) divided by the volume of the frustum equals the painted area of the top part divided by the painted area of the bottom part. The height of the small cone is

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 1

Take the total surface area of the initial cone into consideration and then proceed.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 2

### ABCD is a square of side 10 cm. What is the area of the least-sized square that may be inscribed in ABCD with its vertices on the sides of ABCD?

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 3

### The cost of white washing one m2 is Rs 50. What will be the maximum amount saved in painting the room in the most economical way, if the sum of the length, breadth and height is 21 m and all the sides are integers (floor is not to be white washed)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 3

The amount saved would be maximum only when the difference of maximum area and minimum area to be painted is maximum.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 4

A cube is inscribed in a hemisphere of radius R, such that four of its vertices lie on the base of the hemisphere and the other four touch the hemispherical surface of the half-sphere. What is the volume of the cube?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 4

Let ABCDEFGH be the cube of side a and O be the centre of the hemisphere.

AC = √2 a

OD = OC = R
Let P be the mid-point of AC

OP = a

Now in  Δ AOC Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 5

The maximum distance between two points of the unit cube is

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 5

The distance from any vertex at the base of the cube to the vertex that is perpendicular along height to the diametrically opposite vertex is required.
We have to calculate DF. Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 6

All five faces of a regular pyramid with a square base are found to be of the same area. The height of the pyramid is 3 cm. The total area of all its surfaces (in cm2) is

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 6

Equate the area of the square ABCD and triangle PDC and find a relation between the slant height and the length of the base of the pyramid     Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 7

Under the Indian Posts and Telegraph Act 1885, any package in the form of a right circular cylinder will not be accepted if the sum of its height and the diameter of its base exceeds 10 inches. The height (in inches) of a package of maximum volume that would be accepted is

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 7

Volume is maximum when radius is equal to height.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 8

A cuboid of length 20 m, breadth 15 m and height 12 m is lying on a table. The cuboid is cut into two equal halves by a plane which is perpendicular to the base and passes through a pair of diagonally opposite points of that surface. Then, a second cut is made by a plane which is parallel to the surface of the table again dividing the cuboid into two equal halves. Now this cuboid is divided into four pieces. Out of these four pieces, one piece is now removed from its place. What is the total surface area of the remaining portion of the cuboid?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 8

Since we don’t know that the cut is made parallel to which face, we cannot determine the surface area.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 9

The area of a rectangular field is 52000 m². This rectangular area has been drawn on a map to the scale 1 cm to 100 m. The length is shown as 3.25 cm on the map. The breadth of the rectangular field is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 9 Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 10

What is the area of an equilateral triangle of side 16 cm?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 10

Area of an equilateral triangle = √3/4 S2

If S = 16, Area of triangle = √3/4 * 16 * 16 = 64√3 cm2

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 11

Four spheres each of radius 10 cm lie on a horizontal table so that the centres of the spheres form a square of side 20 cm. A fifth sphere also of radius 10 cm is placed on them so that it touches each of these spheres without disturbing them. How many cm above the table is the centre of the fifth sphere?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 11

OA= 10  OA= 10
To find the value of PA, go through the options now.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 12

The square of side 1 cm are cut from four comers of a sheet of tin (having length = 1 and breadth = b) in order to form an open box. If the whole sheet of tin was rolled along its length to form a cylinder, then the volume of the cylinder is equal to (343/4) cm3. Find the volume of the box. (1 and b are integers)

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 12

The length of the rectangle will be equal to the circumference of the base of the cylinder.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 13

John Nash, an avid mathematician, had his room constructed such that the floor of the room was an equilateral triangle in shape instead of the usual rectangular shape. One day he brought home a bird and tied it to one end of a string and then tied the other end of the string to one of the corners of his room. The next day, he untied the other end of the string from the corner of the room and tied it to a point exactly at the center of the floor of the room. Assuming that the dimensions of the room are relatively large compared to the length of the string, find the number of times, by which the maximum possible space in which the bird can fly, increase.

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 13

Consider the length of the string less than or equal to the inradius of the floor. At the comer of the floor you will find a sixth part of a hemisphere and at the centre it will be a hemisphere.

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 14

The perimeter of a triangle is 28 cm and the inradius of the triangle is 2.5 cm. What is the area of the triangle?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 14

Area of a triangle = r * s

Where r is the inradius and s is the semi perimeter of the triangle.

Area of triangle = 2.5 * 28/2 = 35 cm2

Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 15

An order was placed for the supply of a carpet whose breadth was 6 m and length was 1.44 times the breadth. What be the cost of a carpet whose length and breadth are 40% more and 25% more respectively than the first carpet. Given that the ratio of carpet is Rs. 45 per sq m?

Detailed Solution for Test: Mensuration- 3 - Question 15

Length of the first carpet = (1.44)(6) = 8.64 cm

Area of the second carpet = 8.64(1 + 40/100) 6 (1 + 25/100)

= 51.84(1.4)(5/4) sq m = (12.96)(7) sq m

Cost of the second carpet = (45)(12.96 * 7) = 315 (13 - 0.04) = 4095 - 12.6 = Rs. 4082.40

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