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Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium)


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20 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 8 | Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium)

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) for Class 8 2022 is part of Science Class 8 preparation. The Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 8 exam syllabus.The Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) MCQs are made for Class 8 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) below.
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Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 1

Cow dung is appropriately used as

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 1 Cow dung is available in plenty in India. It is used as manure or pattings for fuel. The cow dung solution has antifungal and insecticide properties. The application of cow dung also improves soil salinity and alkalinity. The presence of this manure helps in better nitrogen fixation through rhizobia.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 2

Bt toxin protein crystals present bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, do not kill the bacteria themselves because

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 2 Soil bacterium Bacillus thruingiensis (Bt) produces proteins that kill certain insects like lepidopterans (tobacco budworm, armyworm), coleopterans (beetles), and dipterans (flies, mosquitoes). Bacillus thuringinesis forms some intracellular protein crystals. These crystals contain a toxic insecticidal protein. The Bt toxin protein exists as an inactive toxin and is converted into an active form due to the alkaline pH of the alimentary canal that solubilities the crystals. The activated toxin binds to the surface of midgut epithelial cells and creates pores which cause cell swelling and lysis and finally cause the death of the insect.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 3

Pathogenicity of bacteria causing tuberculosis and leprosy is due to

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 3 The cell wall structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis deserves special attention, because it is unique among prokaryotes, and it is a major determinant of virulence for the bacterium. The cell wall complex contains peptidoglycan, but otherwise, it is composed of complex lipids. Over 60% of the mycobacterial cell wall is a lipid. The lipid fraction of MTB's cell wall consists of three major components, mycolic acids, cord factor, and wax-D. Bacteria that cause tuberculosis and leprosy produce a wax (wax D), that repels ordinary laboratory stains and contributes to their pathogenicity.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 4

Which among the following is the most reason for storing green coloured apples at low temperatures?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 4 When green coloured apples are stored at a low temperature the cellular process in the apples also gets reduced for conserving energy due to which the rate of respiration is reduced and the aging process is slowed down.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 5

The most quickly available source nitrogen to plants are

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 5 The chemical compound ammonium nitrate, the nitrate salt of ammonium. It is a white crystalline solid and is highly soluble in water. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 6

Which one is not correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 6 Smut of pearl millet is caused by Tolyposporium penicillariae, which is an important and widespread disease.

Root-knot is a major nematode disease problem in tobacco worldwide. Four species of root-knot are found on tobacco, including Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, Meloidogyne Arenaria, Meloidogyne hapla.

The covered smut of barley is caused by the fungus, Ustilago hordei.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 7

State whether the given statement is True or False: Nitrogen Fixation In Leguminous plants increases soil fertility.

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 7

Soil fertility can be improved by incorporating crops that add organic matter to the soil, which leads to improved soil structure and promotes healthy, fertile soil. This can be done by growing legumes to fix nitrogen from the air through the process of biological nitrogen fixation. When these plants decompose, they get converted to nitrogenous compounds which increase nutrient content in the soil. The given statement is True.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 8

Additive-stabilizer used in butter is ________________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 8 Stabilizing agents are used for a number of functions in foods and the main function is to act as a thickening agent to gel the foods into the required consistency. Most stabilizing and thickening agents are polysaccharides (a kind of carbohydrate) examples of which are starches, gums, or proteins like gelatin.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 9

Typhoid Is caused by

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 9

Typhoid is a bacterial disease caused by Salmonella typhi.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 10

Salmonella bacterium causes

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 10 Salmonella infection is usually caused by eating raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs, or egg products. The incubation period ranges from several hours to two days. Most salmonella infections can be classified as stomach flu (gastroenteritis).

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 11

Trichoderma species are potentially useful as

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 11 Members of the Trichoderma genus are known as imperfect fungi. It is used to treat seeds and soils to eliminate the pathogens such as fungi. These species have long been recognized as biological agents to control plant diseases. The first application of these species was in the 1930s. Since then, Trichoderma species became a popular biological agent to protect crops against plant pathogens all over the world.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 12

Name the single-celled microorganism which found in the glacier to deserts and hot spring.

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 12

Bacteria are the single-celled microorganism which found in the glacier to deserts and hot spring.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 13

Following are a few characters of a disordering human body.

(i) Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasal passage

(ii) Watery Secretion By Mucous Glands

(iii) Continuous Sneezing

(iv) Eye Watering

(v) The rise in body temperature

Identify the disorder from the choices given below.

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 13 Rhinitis is a viral infection that results in the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose of an individual. It often causes the release of watery secretions from the mucous glands, continuous sneezing, eye-watering, and a rise in the body temperature.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 14

Which of the following contains preservatives in it?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 14 Processed, packaged foods like some crackers, cereals, breads, snacks, ready-to-eat meals, cheese, yogurt, deli meats, sauces and soups may contain preservatives.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 15

Penicillin is bacteriolytic because

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 15 Penicillin is a group of antibiotics derived from Penicillium fungi. Penicillin inhibits the formation of peptidoglycan cross-links in the bacterial cell wall thereby inhibiting cell wall formation. So, the correct answer is option C.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 16

Antibiotics are obtained from

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 16 Antibiotics are chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria and are used to treat bacterial infections. They are produced in nature by soil bacteria and fungi.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 17

The carnivorous fish Gambusia, introduced in the lakes, ponds, etc., control a deadly disease in India, feeds on the larvae of

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 17 Gambusia affinis, a native of coastal waters of the United States from New Jersey southwards, introduced into India about 40 years ago from Italy and Thailand.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 18

Most common preservative?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 18 Sodium benzoate and sodium metabisulphite are common preservatives. These are also used in the jams and squashes to check their spoilage.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 19

Cholera

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 19 Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae.

Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 20

Name the multicellular, heterotrophic microorganisms found in colonies.

Detailed Solution for Test: Microorganisms : Friend Or Foe (Medium) - Question 20 Microorganisms may be single-celled like bacteria, some algae, and protozoa, or multicellulars such as algae and fungi. They can survive under all types of environment, ranging from ice cold climate to hot springs and deserts to marshy lands. They are also found inside the bodies of animals including humans. Some microorganisms grow on other organisms while others exist freely. Microorganisms like amoeba can live alone, while fungi and bacteria may live in colonies.
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