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Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion


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10 Questions MCQ Test Physics Class 11 | Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion

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Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 1

A constant force acting on a body of mass 3 kg changes its speed from 2 m/s to 3.5 m/s in 10 second. If the direction of motion of the body remains unchanged, what is the magnitude and direction of the force?

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 1

Given : Mass, m = 3 kg;

Initial Velocity, u = 2m/s;

Final velocity, v = 3.5 m/s

Time taken, t = 10 seconds

v = u+at

3.5 = 2 +a x 10

F = ma = 3 x 0.15 = 0.45 N

Since the applied force increase the speed of the body, it acts along the direction of motion.

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 2

The product of mass and velocity is known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 2

The product of velocity and mass is known as momentum which is a vector quantity.

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 3

In cgs system the gravitational unit of force is gram weight (g wt).Then 1g wt (or g f) =_______ dyne.

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 3

For SI to CGS conversion,

1 Kg = 103 g

1 m = 102 cm

=> In CGS System,

1 N (Kg.m/s2) = 105 dynes (g.cm/s2)

=> 1 g.wt = 9.8 m/s2 x 102 cm / 1 s2 x 10-3 g x 10-2 cm / 1 s x 105 dynes

= 980 dynes (g.cm/s2)

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 4

The dimensional formula of Plancks’s constant and angular momentum are

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 4

Planck's Constant (h)  = 6.626176 x 10-34  m2 kg/s
So, Unit of planck constant=  m2 kg/s

Dimensions =M L2 T −1   ________ (1)

Angular momentum l = mvr

Where, m-mass

v-velocity

r-radius

Dimensions of angular momentum  =  M L T −1 L   = M  L2  T −1  _______________ (2)
From (1) and (2). 

Planck's constant and angular momentum have the same dimensions.

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 5

Which of the following quantity has the unit of newton-second?

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 5

Net external force F = dp/dt, so using dimensional analysis, unit of momentum should be the same as unit of force times unit of time which is Newton second.

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 6

 If newton is the unit of force in MKS system then, in CGS system 1N= ______ dyne

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 6

1N = kg m /sec
1 dyne = gram cm/sec
Thus 1N in CGS system = 1000 gram 100 cm/sec
That is 1N = 100000 dyne

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 7

Three forces 2570_image008 act on an object of mass m = 2 kg. The acceleration of the object in m/s2 is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 7

Force vector follows the principle of superposition which says all the force vectors can be vectorially added if applied on one point to get the net force vector. Hence we get
F = F1 + F2 + F3 
= (-2 + 3) i + (1 - 2) j
 F = i - j = ma
Thus we get a = (i - j) /m
= (i - j) / 2

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 8

 Newton’s second law of motion relates

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 8

Newton's 2nd Law of motion states that rate of change of momentum is directly proportional to external force applied. Hence, it relates rate of change of momentum to external force applied.

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 9

A cyclist of mass 30 kg exerts a force of 250 N to move his cycle. The acceleration is 4 ms−2. The force of friction between the road and tyres will be

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 9

F = ma so a= 250/30

a = 8.34

now the result is 4mt/secsqure so reduction is 4.34

so friction force will b 4.34 ×30

 F is 130.2 n

Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 10

The time rate of change of momentum is called:

Detailed Solution for Test: Newton’s Second Law of Motion - Question 10

Time rate of change of angular momentum represents torque. Hence force is known as rate change of momentum. The rate of change of momentum is called force by Newton's second law of motion.

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