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Which one of the following statements is correct?
The curve for unsteady state cooling or heating of bodies
Ans. (b)
Heisler charts are used to determine transient heat flow rate and temperature distribution when:
Ans. (d)
The properties of mercury at 300 K are: density = 13529 kg/m^{3}, specific heat at constant pressure = 0.1393 kJ/kgK, dynamic viscosity = 0.1523 ×10^{2} N.s/m^{2} and thermal conductivity = 8.540 W/mK. The Prandtl numberof the mercury at 300 K is:
Ans. (a)
= 0.0248
Free convection flow depends on all of the following EXCEPT [
Ans. (d)
A cube at high temperature is immersed in a constant temperature bath. It loses heat from its top, bottom and side surfaces with heat transfer coefficient of h_{1}, h_{2} and h_{3} respectively. The average heat transfer coefficient for the cube is:
Ans. (d)
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
Match the velocity profiles labelled A, B, C and D with the following situations:
1. Natural convection
2. Condensation
3. Forced convection
4. Bulk viscosity ≠ wall viscosity
5. Flow in pipe entrance
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Codes: A B C D A B C D
(a) 3 2 1 5 (b) 1 4 2 3
(c) 3 2 1 4 (d) 2 1 5 3
Ans. (a) It provides right matching
Match ListI (Dimensionless quantity) with ListII (Application) andselect the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
Ans. (b) The correct matching for various dimensionless quantities is provided by
code (b)
When there is a flow of fluid over a flat plate of length 'L', the average heat transfer coefficient is given by (Nux = Local Nusselt number; other symbols have the usual meaning)
Ans. (c)
For steady, uniform flow through pipes with constant heat flux supplied to the wall, what is the value of Nusselt number?
Ans. (a)
For steady, uniform flow through pipes with constant heat fluxsupplied to the wall, what is the value of Nusselt number?
Ans. (a)
A fluid of thermal conductivity 1.0 W/mK flows in fully developed flow with Reynolds number of 1500 through a pipe of diameter 10 cm. The heat transfer coefficient for uniform heat flux and uniform wall
temperature boundary conditions are, respectively.
A 320 cm high vertical pipe at 150°C wall temperature is in a room withstill air at 10°C. This pipe supplies heat at the rate of 8 kW into theroom air by natural convection. Assuming laminar flow, the height ofthe pipe needed to supply 1 kW only is
Ans. (b) For vertical pipe characteristic dimension is the length of the pipe.
For laminar flow Nu = (Gr.Pr)^{1/4}
h become independent of length
L_{2} = 40cm
The average Nusselt number in laminar natural convection from avertical wall at 180°C with still air at 20°C is found to be 48. If the wall temperature becomes 30°C, all other parameters remaining same, the average Nusselt number will be:
Correct Answer : c
Explanation : Nu_{2}/Nu_{1} = Δt_{2}/Δt_{1}
= 60/160
Nu_{2} = 24
Nusselt number for a pipe flow heat transfer coefficient is given by the equation NuD = 4.36. Which one of the following combinations ofconditions does exactly apply for use of this equation?
Ans. (d)
Nusselt number for fully developed turbulent flow in a pipe is given by The values of a and b are:
Ans. (c) Fully developed turbulent flow inside tubes (internal diameter D):
DittusBoelter Equation:
Nusselt number, Nu_{D} = = 0.023
where, n = 0.4 for heati=g (T_{w} > T_{f}) and n = 0.3 for cooling (T_{w} < T_{f})
Which one of the following numbers represents the ratio of kinematic viscosity to the thermal diffusivity?
Ans. (b)
In free convection heat transfer transition from laminar to turbulentflow is governed by the critical value of the
Ans. (d)
Which one of the following nondimensional numbers is used fortransition from laminar to turbulent flow in free convection?
Ans. (d) Laminar to Turbulent Transition: Just as for forced convection, a boundary layer will form for free convection.
The insulating film will be relatively thin toward the leading edge of the surface
resulting in a relatively high convection coefficient. At a Rayleigh number of about 10^{9 }the flow over a flat plate will transition to a turbulent pattern. The increased
turbulence inside the boundary layer will enhance heat transfer leading to relative high convection coefficients, much like forced convection.
Ra < 10^{9}Laminar flow [Vertical flat plate]
Ra > 10^{9} Turbulent flow [Vertical flat plate]
In free convection heat transfer transition from laminar to turbulent flow is governed by the critical value of the
Ans. (d)
Match ListI (Type of heat transfer) with ListII (Governing dimensionless parameter) and select the correct answer:
ListI ListII
A. Forced convection 1. Reynolds, Grashof and Prandtl number
B. Natural convection 2. Reynolds and Prandtl number
C. Combined free and forced convection 3. Fourier modulus and Biot number
D. Unsteady conduction with 4. Prandtl number and Grash of convection at surface number
Codes: A B C D A B C D
(a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 3 4 1 2
(c) 2 4 1 3 (d) 3 1 4 2
Ans. (c)
Match ListI (Process) with ListII (Predominant parameter associated with the process) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
ListI ListII
A. Mass transfer 1. Reynolds Number
B. Forced convection 2. Sherwood Number
C. Free convection 3. Mach Number
D. Transient conduction 4. Biot Number
5. Grashoff Number
Codes: A B C D A B C D
(a) 5 1 2 3 (b) 2 1 5 4
(c) 4 2 1 3 (d) 2 3 5 4
Ans. (b)
Data are given below. Solve the problems and choose correct answers.
Heat is being transferred by convection from water at 48°C to a glass plate whose surface that is exposed to the water is at 40°C. The thermal conductivity of water is 0.6 W/mK and the thermal conductivity of
glass is 1.2 W/mK. The spatial Water gradient of temperature in the water at the waterglass interface is dT/dy =1 × 10^{4} K/m.
Q. The value of the temperature gradient in the glass at the waterglass interface in k/m is:
Ans. (c) K_{w} = 0.6W/mK; K_{G} =1.2 W/mK
The spatial gradient of temperature in water at the waterglass interface
At Water glass interface,
or
Data are given below. Solve the problems and choose correct answers.
Heat is being transferred by convection from water at 48°C to a glass plate whose surface that is exposed to the water is at 40°C. The thermal conductivity of water is 0.6 W/mK and the thermal conductivity of
glass is 1.2 W/mK. The spatial Water gradient of temperature in the water at the waterglass interface is dT/dy =1 × 10^{4} K/m.
Q. The heat transfer coefficient h in W/m^{2}K is:
Ans. (d) Heat transfer per unit area q = h ( T_{f }– T_{i})
or
Match ListI (Phenomenon) with ListII (Associated dimensionless parameter) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:
Ans. (c)
For natural convective flow over a vertical flat plate as shown in the given figure, the governing differential
equation for momentum is:
If equation is nondimensionalized by
then the term gβ (T  T_{∞}) , is equal to:
Ans. (d)
gives dimensionless number which signifies whether flow is forced or free connection.
Forced convection
Natural convection
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