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Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4


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30 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 | Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 for NEET 2022 is part of Biology Class 11 preparation. The Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 below.
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Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 1

Auxins are abundantly produced in -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 1

Auxins are the phytohormones present in plants which has several important roles to play in plant life. It is usually seen at the tip of  shoots, at the meristematic region.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 2

Clinostat is used in study for -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 2

The effect of gravity on the plant can be demonstrated using an apparatus called as clinostat. The clinostat has a rotating pot like container mounted on an axial rod. A potted plant is fitted horizontally on the clinostat and is slowly rotated at about four rotations per hour. By this, the effect of gravity is completely eliminated, as all the sides of the plant are equally stimulated by gravity. If the rotation of the clinostat is stopped for a considerable period of time, then the tip of the stem is observed to curve and grow upwards. This proves that the stem tip is negatively geotropic.
Thus, the correct answer is option C.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 3

Which of the following exerts profound effect on the reproductive growth of a flowering plant ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 3

A general rule of thumb is that 1% more light will give similar percentage increase in plant growth, resulting in a 1% higher yield. All plants require light and CO2 for photosynthesis.
Photomorphogenesis relies on various photo pigments to sense and respond to light colors, which range from ultraviolet to near- infrared and include all the colors of the rainbow that humans see as reflected light.
 

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 4

What is the cause of excurrent habit in pinus?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 4 See , Pinus tree has pyramid like shape....in simple words... Elder branches are larger than younger branches, so its looks like a cone...this pattern is called excurrent habit....this is due to..apical dominance in plant, auxin produced in the apical meristem inhibits axillary buds near the apical meristem from developing into actively growing shoots.. so this type of pattern developsso option Band the ..most.. important thing is that it helps in the..wind pollination.
Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 5

Which one of the following hormone is concerned chiefly with root initiation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 5

Auxin is a group of several natural (and artificial) plant hormones; the most common and physiologically important auxin is indoleacetic acid (IAA). Some manufactured, or synthetic, auxins have structures similar to that of IAA. The synthetic auxin naphthalene acetic acid stimulates root development on stem cuttings and is used for asexual propagation, particularly of woody plants with horticultural importance.
Thus, the correct answer is option A.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 6

If the tip of a seedling is cut off growth as well as bending ceases because it hampers

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 7

What causes a green plant to bend towards light as it grows?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 7

Auxin is a plant hormone that plays important role in phototropism, growth movement in response to light. It promotes cell elongation. It is unequally distributed in the plant cells. It is transported towards the shady side and thus present in higher concentration. However, less auxin is transported towards the illuminated side. Due to this, the plant to grow more on the shaded side and bend in the direction of the light source. It shows phototropic response where faster cell elongation is seen on the shaded side than on the illuminated side. 

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 8

An apparatus used to demonstrate phototropism is :-

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 8

Phototropism was first studied by Charles Darwin in 1880 in Canary Grass and oat coleoptiles. Later on F.W. Went in 1923, suggested the involvement of auxins in this phenomenon. Experimental approach to demonstrate positive phototropism in shoot tips is a darkened black box. The black box is having a small window at one side. A well-watered potted plant is placed inside the box. The is referred to as a phototropic chamber or heliotropic chamber. The window is kept closed for about 24 hours and the plant shows normal growth. If the window is kept opened, it is found after two days, that the shoot tip bends and grows towards light proving that it is positively phototropic.

*Multiple options can be correct
Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 9

Phytohormone term was coined by -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 9

Went and Thimann coined the term "phytohormone" and used it in the title of their 1937 book. Phytohormones occur across the plant kingdom, and even in algae, where they have similar functions to those seen in higher plants.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 10

Growth hormone acts -

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 11

The movement of auxin is largely -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 11 Auxins are weakly acidic growth hormones having an unsaturated ring structure and capable of promoting cell elongation, especially of shoots. ... The movement of auxins is basipetal in stem ie, from apex to base and acropetal in roots ie, from tip towards shoot. This type of movement is called polar movement.
Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 12

The formula of Auxin–A is -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 12

Auxins are plant hormones and essential for the development of the plant as these play an important role in plant growth through cell elongation. On a molecular level, auxins are compounds with an aromatic ring and a carboxylic acid group and its chemical structure is indole -3-acetic acid (C10H9NO2).

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 13

Which growth hormone is responsible for apical dominance ?

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 14

2 , 4 - D is a synthetic -

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 15

Which of the following induces femaleness in plants ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 15

Ethylene is a fruit ripening hormone. It also induces femaleness in plants. Auxins are the hormones responsible for cell elongation in plants. High auxin concentration increases the synthesis of ethylene and hence help to promote femaleness in dioecious plants. Thus the correct answer is option A.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 16

Which of the following prevents the fall of fruits ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 16

NAA prevents the fall of fruits.
NAA (Naphthalene acetic acid) is a synthetic auxin. It is produced artificially. It inhibits the abscission. It prevents the formation of a layer called an abscission layer which is formed between the organs like fruits, flowers, etc. and the stem.  It is a layer of dead cells which causes fruit fall. As NAA prevents the formation of this layer, so it prevents the fall of fruits.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 17

Which of the following is weed killer ?

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 18

Which one is prevents over–ripening of banana and browning of cut fruits ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 18 In artificial ripening of banana, uncontrolled application of ethylene gas may cause over ripening of banana. It can be prevented from over-ripening by dipping in ascorbic acid solution.
Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 19

Which weedicide can defoliate the complete forest ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 19

Weedicides or herbicides are weed killers or pesticides used to control weeds in agricultural farms. AMO 1618  or (2-isopropyl-5-methyl-4-trimethylammonium chloride)-phenyl-1-piperidine carboxylate is an  inhibitor of gibberellin biosynthesis which leads to retarded germination. Higher concentrations will lead to  reduced sensitivity of seeds.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 20

Agent orange is

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 20

Agent orange refers generally to all the phenoxy weedicide sprayed that contain dioxin. Dioxin is a toxic substance causing cancer and genetic damage. It is so called from the colour of the identifying strip in which it was stored.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 21

Phytotron is a device by which ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 21 Phytotron is a experimental setup of green house which is used to study interaction between plant and environment it is used for controlled experiments.
Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 22

Lateral axillary buds are not allowed to grow by

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 23

Richmond - Lang effect is due to :-

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 23

Cytokinin causes delay of senescence called Richmond Lang effect. It checks disappearance of chlorophyll and degradation of protein synthesis in leaves.
Senescense of leaves leads to yellowing and finally leads to the fall from the plant.  If a young excised leaf is kept in water, it slowly changes its color to yellow and dies.  If such leaves are provided with cytokinin, the yellowing is significantly delayed and such an effect is called Richmond and Langs effect; named after the discoverers.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 24

A hypothetical chemical belived to be involved in flowering is :-

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 24

Florigen is a hypothetical flower-inducing growth hormone. It is produced in response to a specific period of day length typical of a plant. Florigen is considered to be the same in all the flowering plants.It induces only flowering. It is neither a growth promoter nor a growth inhibitor.

Thus, the correct answer is option C.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 25

DCMU is a herbicide which kills the plant by -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 25 Option A is correct.. amides and ureas inhibit photo sytem 2 DCMU(3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea) or Diuron.
Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 26

Supra optima (more than 10 PPM) concentration of Auxins -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 26

Auxin are growth promoting phytohormones. They promote growth in extremely minute quantities. At higher concentration, they are harmful and may kill the plant. The exact mechanism by which this effect is caused is not known, but it is believed that higher concentration of auxins increases growth promotion to such an extent that plant is killed, i.e., plant grows to meet its end.

Thus, the correct answer is option B.

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 27

Growth curve is -

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 28

Which of the following auxins are widely used as herbicides -

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 29

The compounds that inhibit the action of auxin are known as -

Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 30

Premature fall of fruit can be stopped by -

Detailed Solution for Test: Plant Growth & Development - 4 - Question 30

Auxin is a growth promoter, generally produced by the growing apex of stem and root of the plants.

Auxins, help to initiate rooting in stem cuttings, an application widely used for plant propagation. Auxins promote flowering, e.g., in pineapples. Auxins also help to prevent fruit and leaf drop at early stages but promote the abscission of older mature leaves and fruits.

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