Test: Plant Tissue - 2

30 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 | Test: Plant Tissue - 2

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Collenchyma is found in -


Collenchyma occurs in climbing stems. Collenchyma occurs in the stem and petioles of dicot herbs. Due to deposition of pectin, it has high water retaining capacity. Since pectin appears at the angles, it becomes a spongy tissues.


A simple mechanical tissue devoid of lignin is -


The is "mechanical tissue". Both sclerenchyma and collenchyma are mechanical tissues, but sclerenchyma contains lignin. Hence the simple mechanical tissue without lignin is chollenchyma. 


Mechanical tissue consisting of living cells is -


Collenchyma cells are mechanical tissue, they possess thickening of corners of cells.


Collenchyma differs from sclerenchyma in -


Collenchyma tissue is composed of elongated cells with irregularly thickened walls. They provide structural support and flexibility to the growing stems.

Sclerenchyma is the supporting tissue in plants. It is composed of dead cells which is completely devoid of protoplasm.

Therefore, the correct answer is option A.


Shoot-apex protected by


Root cap is parenchymatous, cap-like multicellular structure that covers the root apical meristem. It secretes mucilage to lubricate the path of root in soil. Shoot cap is not found in any plant. Shoot apex has shoot apical meristem which is conical structure and gives rise to primordial leaves at intervals. The primordial leaves in turn protect the shoot apex. Calyptra is the protective covering of sporogonium which is sporophytic plant body of bryophyte. Thus, the correct answer is option D.


Which one of the following is an effective tissue of growing organs with sufficient elasticity


The tissue is elastic, extensible and has capacity to expand and gives a tensile strength to the organ.


Which of the following plant organs do not contain collenchyma


Collenchyma is simple living tissue with thick non-lignified walls and uneven deposition of cellulose and pectin. They are derived from parenchyma and are present in groups under epidermis to provide flexible support to the growing plant's organs and thus are present in young dicot stem, pedicel, and petioles, not in leaf base and roots, which are not the growing part. It is not present in monocots.


Angular collenchyma occurs in


Collenchyma is a type of plant tissue in which cells are elongated in shape with the irregularly thickened primary cell wall. It provides mechanical support to the plant.

Collenchymatous cells are present at the periphery of herbaceous stems, petioles and the ribs of some leaves. They are also present in floral parts, fruits and aerial roots.,

Collenchyma develops from the ground meristem or procambium.

Types of collenchyma are

(a) Angular: The thickening materials deposit at the angles or corners of the cells where several cells meet e.g., petioles of Cucurbita, beta etc.

(b) Lamellar: The thickening material deposits heavily on the tangential walls of the cell than the radial walls e.g. stem of Sambucus.

(c )Lacunar : The thickening material deposits at those places of the cell wall which are in direct contact with the intercellular spaces. e,g, petioles of SalviaMalva.

(d) Annular: In this type, the cell lumen more or less appears to be circular. This is mature tissue where cell shape changes with heavy deposits of pectin and hemicellulose in walls.

Thus, the correct answer is option D.


Sclerenchymatous cells in their cell walls have large percentage of -


Safranin stains which element of a tissue -


Safranin O is a regressive dye and requires destaining and differentiation with picric acid or HCl. The Safranin-stained tissues are counterstained with Fast Green — a progressive dye.


Fibre (longest plant cell), belongs to which tissue -


Sclerenchyma is a simple permanent tissue which is mainly composed of dead cells. The walls consist of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. These are the principal supporting cells in plant tissues that have ceased elongation. 
Sclerenchyma fibres are of great economical importance, since they constitute the source material for many fabrics (flax, hemp, jute, ramie).
So, the correct answer is option D.


Tissue which develops more due to scarcity of water


Tissue which develops more due to the scarcity of water is sclerenchymaSclerenchyma is the supporting tissue in plants. Two types of sclerenchyma cells exist: fibres and sclereids. Their walls consist of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Sclerenchyma cells are the principal supporting cells in plant tissues that have ceased elongation. Sclerenchyma is composed of dead cells with extremely thick cell walls -secondary walls that make up to 90% of the whole cell volume.
Thus, the correct answer is option A.


Plastids absent in


Rod shaped elongated sclereids found in the seed coats of pulses are known as         

 [CPMT 1979]


Sclereids are commonly found in fruit wall, seed coat, epidermal scales. There are many types of sclereids. 

1. Asterosclereids are star shaped.

2. Macrosclereids are elongated rod shaped similar to palisade cells. 

3. Osteosclereids are bone like which are enlarged at their ends.

4. Brachysclereids are isodiametric like parenchyma.

Thus, the correct answer is option B.


"Patua" is obtained from Hibiscus sabdariffa is


Patua is obtained from the secondary phloem of  Hibiscus sabdariffa. The secondary phloem from the stem of  Hibiscus sabdariffa is harvested for the production of bast fibers. These fibers are used as a substitute to jute. 
Therefore, the correct answer is option A. 


In pteridophytes and gymnosperms which cells are present in place of companion cell


The analogous cells adjacent to the sieve cells of gymnosperms are called as albuminous cells. They are long, slender, conducting cells of the phloem. Sieve cells are found in gymnosperms. Albuminous cells are also called as Strasburger cells. They lack starch, thus making it possible to differentiate them from phloem parenchyma.
Therefore, the correct answer is option B.


Which of following plant cells are without vacuoles and without nuclei -


Cambium cells,root hairs and companion cells are living cells.

Hence (B) is the correct answer.


Bordered pits are very common among tracheids of -


During cell wall thickening, deposition of lignin covers the whole primary cell wall of tracheid, except at gaps termed as bordered pit-pairs. The pit pairs represent the small regions of un-lignified primary wall from two adjacent cells and are concentrated at end walls between cells, forming a pitted region called as pitted end walls. A pit pair shares a common membrane of primary wall and middle lamella and the raised wall around the pit aperture serve as border. Presence of bordered pits is considered as primitive character which has evolved into lateral, alternate pits as found in flowering plants. Since, gymnosperms are primitive to angiosperms (monocots and dicots), they have more abundant bordered pits. Since, pteridophytes are the first vascular plants, less advanced than gymnosperms, they have less developed bordered pits.

Therefore, the correct answer is option A


Vessels differ from tracheids -


The tissue responsible for translocation of food material is -


Translocation occurs within a series of cells known as the phloem pathway, or phloem transport system, with phloem being the principal food-conducting tissue in vascular plants. Nutrients are translocated in the phloem as solutes in a solution called phloem sap.


Phloem of angiosperm is different from that of pteridophytes and gymnosperm in -


Angiospermic phloem is a composed of four elements namely, sieve elements, companion cell, phloem fibres and phloem parenchyma. The pteridophytes and gymnopserms have sieve cells and phloem parenchyma only; however few gymnosperms have phloem fibres also. Thus, angiosperms have companion cells which are absent in pteridophytes and gymnosperms.
Companion cells are structurally and functionally associated with sieve tube elements which are not present in pteridophytes and gymnosperms; thus no companion cells. Enzymes are not present in phloem. Function of phloem is to food conduction through pressure flow mechanism, not endocytosis which is defined as active import of molecules by cells.
Thus, the correct answer is option C.


Sieve tubes are suited for translocation of food because they possess


Phloem is a conducting tissue that transports food materials, usually from leaves to other part of the plants. In phloem, sieve elements arranged one above the other in distinct linear rows and have sieve plates (oblique or transverse perforated septa) on their end walls. These are associated with companion cells.


Tracheids and vessels are present  in all except ​


Tracheids are elongated cells in the xylem of vascular plants that serve in the transport of water and mineral salts. Tracheids are Cycas one of two types of tracheary elements, vessel elements being the other. Tracheids, unlike vessel elements, do not have perforation plates.


A mature sieve tube differs from a vessel -


Sieve tube cells does not have lignin in their walls whereas the cell walls of vessels have many secondary thickenings in their walls.
Therefore, the correct answer is option B.


Vessels and companion cells are respectively present in the xylem and phloem of


The sieve tubes are closely associated with companion cells which provide strength and nourishment for the general metabolic functions. It is present only in angiosperms. A vessel element or vessel member is one of the cell types found in xylem, the water conducting tissue of plants. Vessel elements are typically found in flowering plants (angiosperms) but absent from most gymnosperms such as conifers.


Phloem parenchyma is absent in -


Dicot root – phloem parenchyma is present.
Dicot leaf – Phloem parenchyma is present.
Monocot stem – phloem parenchyma is absent.
Dicot stem – Phloem parenchyma is present.
So, the correct answer is 'Monocot stem'.


Edible part of pear fruit is gritty due to -


Sclereides are much harder due to presence of higher amount of lignin and are grouped according to their various shapes.
Macrosclereids are rod shaped elongated sclereids which are present in leaves, outer seed coat and serve to restrict water uptake by hard-seeded legumes.
Brachysclereids resemble parenchyma cells in shape they are non-living stone cells with empty lumen in the center surrounded by secondary cell walls. They form the grit in pear fruit. 
Osteosclereids which are bone or barrel shaped with dilated ends which are present in leaf of Hakea. 
The inner most germinative layer of epidermis is called as the malpighian layer and the cells are malpighian cells ability to divide.
Therefore, the correct answer is option A.


Which type of fibres mainly occur in phloem


Fibres are greatly elongated cells whose long, tapering ends interlock, thus providing maximum support to a plant. They often occur in bundles or strands and can be found almost anywhere in the plant body, including the stem, the roots, and the vascular bundles in leaves.


Sieve plates in angiosperms -


Sieve tubes are long, slender tube shaped structures which are arranged in longitudinal manner with perforated end walls that make sieve plates. The sieve area or sieve plates are the depressed areas in their oblique end walls with cluster of pores that connect the protoplast of adjacent sieve element
So, the correct answer is 'Oblique and in end wall'.


Bordered pits occur in -


Tracheid is the fundamental single elongated dead cell of xylem. During cell wall thickening, deposition of lignin covers the whole primary cell wall of tracheid, except at gaps termed as 'bordered pit-pairs'. The pit pairs represent the small regions of the unlignified primary wall from two adjacent cells and are concentrated at end walls between cells, forming a pitted region called as pitted end walls. A pit pair shares a common membrane of the primary wall and middle lamella and the raised wall around the pit aperture serve as a border. The xylem which is formed first is present is termed as protoxylem, while metaxylem is the xylem that develops afterwards. Protoxylem is characterised by the presence of annual, spiral, scalariform vessels and no tracheids, while metaxylem has reticulated and pitted vessels and some tracheids.

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