Test: Poverty As A Challenge - 3


25 Questions MCQ Test Economy and Indian Economy (Prelims) by Shahid Ali | Test: Poverty As A Challenge - 3


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QUESTION: 1

Every _________ person in India is poor.

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

Vulnerability to poverty is determined by the options for finding an alternative living in terms of

Solution:
  • Vulnerability to poverty is a measure which describes the greater probability of certain communities or individuals of becoming or remaining poor in the coming years.
  • Vulnerability is determined by the options available to different communities for finding an alternative living in terms of assets, education, health and job opportunities.
  • Vulnerability describes the greater probability of being more adversely affected than other people when bad times prevails for everybody, whether a flood or an earthquake or simply a shortage in the availability of jobs.
QUESTION: 3

Social exclusion denies certain individuals the

Solution: Social exclusion is the process in which individuals or people are systematically blocked from (or denied full access to) various rights, opportunities and resources that are normally available to members of a different group, and which are fundamental to social integration and observance of human rights.
QUESTION: 4

How many people in India live below the poverty line?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Which organisation carries out survey for determining the poverty line?

Solution:
The poverty line is estimated periodically once in five years, by conducting sample surveys. These surveys are carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO). The World Bank uses it own uniform standard for the poverty line world over. 
For your information : The National Sample Survey Organisation or NSSO is an organization in the ministry of statistics of the Government of India. It is the largest surveying body in India, with a staff of round 10000. 
The major activities of the NSSO pertain to Survey Design, Field Operations, Processing of data collected and releasing of the results based on surveys. It also carries out surveys on unemployment and poverty. 

QUESTION: 6

Which social group is most vulnerable to poverty in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Which two states of India continue to be the poorest states?

Solution:

Odisha ranks second among the poorest states in the country, with Bihar topping the chart. 33.7 percent of Odisha's population is poor, the report said. However, the figure is much higher in the Rangarajan committee report.

QUESTION: 8

Poverty line in rural areas is (As per 1999 – 2000 prices)

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Who are the poorest of the poor?

Solution:

Women, elderly people and female infants are the poorest of the poor is society. Women, elderly people and the girl child are systematically denied equal access to the resources available in the family. That is why they and considered the poorest of the poor.

QUESTION: 10

What is the poverty ratio in the state of Orissa?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

In which state has the high agricultural growth helped to reduce poverty?

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

In which state have the land reform measures helped to reduce poverty?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Which state has focused more on human resource development?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

In which state is the public distribution system responsible for the reduction in poverty?

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

What is the main cause of poverty in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Which of the following is responsible for high poverty rates?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

In rural areas, which of the following are not poor?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Nutritional level of food energy is expressed in the form of

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

As per Planning Commission, minimum daily intake of calories for determining poverty line for rural area is

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Poverty ratio in India as compared to Pakistan is

Solution:

Even after 1990, when Indian economy grew at a faster pace(India even overtook Pakistan in per capita income in 2010), poverty decreased slowly till 2005. In 2005, Poverty rate (<$1.25 per day) was 41.6% for India and 22.6% for Pakistan

QUESTION: 21

What is the poverty line for the Urban areas in India at present?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Swarna jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana was launched in -           

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QUESTION: 23

Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana was started in -           

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

The population of India in 2000-01 was -           

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Contribution of agriculture in Indian economyis -      

Solution:

India is an agricultural country where the major occupation is to practice agricultural related activities. However, its  contribution to GDP  is as low as 35%.

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