Ethene and ethyne can be distinguished by:
The two hydrocarbons can be easily distinguished by simple chemical tests, as ethyne molecule is supposed to have acidic hydrogen.
Ethyne forms a red precipitate of copper acetylide (Cu2C2) when it is passed through ammoniacal cuprous chloride solution.
Ethene does not react with Cu2Cl2 solution.
Hence C is the correct answer.
Photochemical chlorination of alkane is initiated by process called:
Photochemical chlorination of alkane take place by free radical mechanism which are possible by Homolysis of C - C bond
When H+ attacks CH3 – CH = CH2 , carbonation which is more stable is
CH3 – CH = CH2 → CH3 – CH+ – CH2
The reason for this is only that carbocation is formed which has maximum stability. In this case, we have 6 α-H while for option a, b and d; we have 0, 2 and 2 α-H respectively. So only carbocation in option c forms.
Propene reacts with sulphuric acid to form:
CH3 - CH= CH2 + HOSO2OH→CH3—CH(OSO2OH)—CH3
Ethylene reacts with HBr to give:
Ethylene reacts with HBr to form Ethyl bromide. The reaction propagates as follow:-
H2C=CH2 + HBr → H2C+-CH3 →H2BrC-CH3
Since π cloud is electron rich, so HBr dissociates into H+ and Br-. H+ attacks on alkene to give a carbocation and then Br- attacks to get ethyl bromide.
Propene on ozonolysis forms:
When propene on ozonolysis it yields a new structure called ozonide
and there cleavage takes place and it yields two products namely
The alkene which on ozonolysis gives only acetone is:
The reductive ozaonalysis of 2,3 -Dimethyl-2-butene yields acetone.The reaction is as follows: 2,3 -Dimethyl-2-butene acetone
Alkenes react with water in presence of a few drops of conc. sulphuric acid to form:
They form vicinal glycols as shown below:
Addition of halogens to alkenes is an example of:
In organic chemistry, an electrophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where, in a chemical compound, a π bond is broken and two new σ bonds are formed. The substrate of an electrophilic addition reaction must have a double bond or triple bond.
Cis isomer have:
Boiling point depends upon intermolecular interactions which over here is more in cis due to its net dipole moment . The dipole moment enables electronic interactions which hold molecules together . Trans 2-Butene has more symmetry thanits cis isomer which results in better packing and hence higher melting point .