Which of the following refers to any covert or overt action/reaction or response of an organism that can be observed or measured in some ways?
Behavior is an activity that is observable and measurable. Behavior is noticeable. It is what we see or hear, such as a student sitting down, facing up, speaking, whispering, screaming, or writing. It refers to one's actions sooner or toward others, especially on a distinct occasion.
► Active: always working with something.
► Ambitious: strongly needs to succeed.
Which of the following statement best expresses the differences between psychologist and a psychiatrist?
Statement I: A psychologist possesses the knowledge of psychology and holds recognized degree in the field. Whereas a Psychiatrist are qualified medical practitioners who are concerned with psychological well-being of individuals.
Statement II: Both psychiatrists and psychologists understand how the brain works, our emotions, feelings, and thoughts.
Statement III: Psychiatrists are known as medical doctors, whereas psychologists are not.
There are many differences between a psychologist and a psychiatrist which are as such:
► Psychiatrists are medical doctors, psychologists are not.
► Psychiatrists prescribe medication, psychologists cannot.
► Psychiatrists diagnose illness, manage treatment, and provide a range of therapies for complex and serious mental illness. Psychologists focus on providing psychotherapy (talk therapy) to help patients.
► A psychologist is someone who possesses the knowledge of psychology and holds recognized degree in the field; they work in diverse areas, like teaching, counselling, community etc. Psychiatrists are qualified medical practitioners who are concerned with psychological well-being of individuals.
Describe some of the areas of everyday life where understanding of psychology can be put to practice.
Areas where psychology can be put to practice in an everyday life are as such:
► Psychology is used to understand various problems like family, marriage and work sphere and it also helps to arrange with bigger problems related to community, society, national or international.
► Psychology set up an individual to understand oneself in a balanced and positive way without being rigid, to deal with everyday challenges and accommodate along personal assumptions.
► It also put solutions to a variety of problems associated to children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly people.
► It also helps in considering basic social problems associating to social change and development, population, poverty, social or intergroup disturbance, and environmental deterioration.
How can knowledge of the field of environmental psychology be used to promote environment friendly behaviour?
The reason that how the knowledge of the field of environmental psychology be used to promote environment friendly behaviour are as such:
► It studies the communication of physical factors such as temperature, humidity, pollution, and natural calamity on human behaviour.
► It studies the influence of physical arrangements at organization on the health, emotional state, and social relations of the individual.
► Issues like disposal of waste, population, outbreak, conservation of energy, etc. are associated to behaviour of human beings as well as its effect.
► Thus, an understanding of human behaviour in affinity to the environment develop awareness and imparts safe environmental practices.
Which of the following are the approaches to psychological study?
There are various approaches to psychological study which are as such:
► The basic approach to study psychology was established on contemplation or structuralism in which the individuals were asked to define their experiences.
► It was pursued by functionalism that considered the employed of the mind and the brunt of behaviour consequent to people’s communications with their environment.
► Gestalt psychology appeared as a feedback to structuralism in the early 20th century and focused on the organization of the perceptual experiences.
► Another opinion was the evolution of behaviorism that studied behaviour or responses in a perceptible and objective form.
► This was pursued by the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud that considered human behaviour as a dynamic manifestation of unconscious desires, conflicts, and their gratification.
► In contradict, the permissive perspective emphasized the free will of human beings and their natural conation to grow and spread their inner potential.
► Further, Cognitive context was a combination of the gestalt access and structuralism and concentrate on how an individual perceived the world.
► Later, Constructivism viewed human beings as actively constructing their resent through the exploration of physical and the social world.
► It was pursued by Vygotsky’s view that the human mind evolved through social and cultural processes in which the mind is anticipated as culturally constructed by joint interaction between children and adults.
Which of the following is known as the method of contemplation to analyze the necessary aspects or “structures” of psychological experience?
Structures are characterized as the emulate and forms of social relations and consolidation among a set of sequence social elements or component parts such as positions, units, levels, regions and locations, and social arrangements.
The key features of Structuralism are as such:
► Structuralism try to consider world as a construction of ideas.
► It estimates that the world has a logical design.
► There is death of the subject, that is, the individual in basic analyses is no more.
Who proposed Psychoanalysis?
Psychoanalytic theory is the theory of identity organization and the acts of personality development that mentor psychoanalysis, an analytical method for treating psychopathology. First laid out by Sigmund Freud in the late 19th century, psychoanalytic theory has endured many refinements since his work.
Sigmund Freud (1856—1939) Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, was a physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist, and authoritative thinker of the early twentieth century.
Which of the following helps in assisting and guiding clients, especially by a trained person to firm especially personal, social, or psychological issues and complications?
The phenomenon of ancillary and accompanying clients, exclusively by a trained person on a professional basis, to resolve exclusively personal, social, or psychological issues and difficulties.
There is a big change in a specialist counsellor and a person who needed some counselling skills as part of their role, for example as a friend or colleague. A specialist counsellor is a highly trained individual who is capable to handle a different length of counselling approaches with their clients.