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Which of the following is the smallest 4bit negative number stored in its 2's complement representation?
The smallest negative number is the largest binary value.
1111 is 1, 1110 is 2, 1101 is 3, etc down to 1000 which represents 8.
The I's complement of the binary number (101100)_{2} is:
Concept:
1's complement of Binary: 1's complement of a Binary number is defined by the value obtained by inverting all the bit, i.e, 0 as 1 and 1 as 0.
Calculation:
The 1's complement of the given binary digit will be:
(101100) → (010011)
Perform the subtraction and represent your answer in 2’s complement form (10010)_{2}  (10111)_{2}
Concept:
If number is positive; MSB = 0
Then 2’s complement will be the same
If number is negative; MSB = 1
Then 2’s complement will be different from its obtained result
Calculation:
Given,
(10010)_{2}  (10111)_{2}
(10010)_{2} + 2’s complement of (10111)_{2}
i.e. (11011)_{2} = [2’s complement of 11011]
= [00101]
∴ (10010)_{2}  (10111)_{2} = (00101)_{2}
The difference in the dynamic range of 32bit binary number(B) and floatingpoint number(F) is?
Standard Format for B and F as given below :
B=
F=
Concept:
The dynamic range in
In fixed point, unsigned integer representation using Nbit, the range of Max to Min is 2^{N} to 1
In fixedpoint signed integer representation using Nbit, the range of Max to Min number is 2^{N1} to 1
Calculation:
The dynamic range of a 32bit binary number B is:
Exponent = e – 127 varies from –127 to 128,
e = 0 = all bits (b30  b23) are zero.
Now, the dynamic range is determined by the size of the exponent, which is
1 × 2127(min) to 2128 (max).
Dynamic range:
Difference in Dynamic Ranges = 6.03 (28 – 31)
So, Option (2) is correct.
No of bits required to represent 64_{10} in 2’s complement form:
64 in binary form is represented as:
64_{10} = (1000000)_{2}
Taking the 1's complement of the above, we get 0111111
Adding 1 to the 1's complement, we get the 2's complement representation of the number, i.e. 1000000.
Since there is a 1 in the LSB, the number is a negative number with value 64.
∴ The 2's complement of 64_{10} contains 7 bits.
The number of 1’s in the 8bit unsigned representation of 127 in its 2’s complement form is m and that in 1’s complement form is n. What is the value of m : n?
Concept:
1’s complement representation of a binary number is obtained by toggling all the bits, i.e. replacing 1 with 0, and 0 with 1.
2’s complement representation of a binary number is obtained by adding 1 to the 1’s complement representation.
Application:
(127)10 = (01111111)_{2}
1’s complement representation will be:
1’s complement = 10000000
Number of 1’s is the 1’s complement is, n = 1
Now, the two (2’s) complement representation will be:
2’s complement = 10000000 + 1
= 10000001
Number of 1’s in 2’s complement is, m = 2
∴ The required ratio is m : n = 2 : 1
Signed magnitude representation uses the most significant bit (MSB) a sign bit.
1) If the sign bit is ‘0’ then the number is positive.
2) If the sign bit is ‘1’ then the number is negative.
The remaining bits represent the magnitude of the binary number.
1000101 represents a negative number as the MSB bit is '1'
0101001 represents a positive number as the MSB bit is '0'
A register contains a 2’s complement no 10100. Find the value of a register if it is divided by 2
Given Number is 10100
The Right shift of the content in register is same as the content divided by 2
Apply Right Shift ⇒ 11010
Operation right shift is equivalent to divided by 2
X = 01110 and Y = 11001 are two 5bit binary numbers represented in two’s complement format. The sum of X and Y represented in two’s complement format using 6 bits is
To represent a given 5bit number using 6 bits in a 2's complement representation, we simply copy the MSB bit as it is till we get the required 6 bits, i.e.
X = 01110 = 001110
Y = 11001 =111001
Ignoring the carry, we get the addition of the two in 2's complement number as:
∴ x + y = 000111
X = 00110 and Y = 10011 are two binary numbers represented in 2's complement format. The sum of X and Y represented in 2's complement format using 5 bits is _____
X = 00110
since, the MSB = 0
∴ it is a positive number.
Decimal equivalent: 0 + 1 × 22 + 1 × 21 + 0 × 20 = + 6
Y = 10011
since, the MSB = 1
∴ it is a negative number,
We need to take the 2's complement of Y, that is.
1's complement (Y) + 1
01100 + 1
⇒ 01101
Decimal equivalent → 0 + 1 × 23 + 1 × 22 + 0 + 1 × 20 → 13
The sum of X and Y is
+6  13 =  7
The 2's complement of  7
→ 1's complement of 7 + 1
→ 1's complement of 00111 + 1
→ 11000 + 1 → 11001
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