NEET  >  Biology Class 12  >  Test: Reproductive Health - 1 Download as PDF

Test: Reproductive Health - 1


Test Description

25 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 12 | Test: Reproductive Health - 1

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 for NEET 2022 is part of Biology Class 12 preparation. The Test: Reproductive Health - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Reproductive Health - 1 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 below.
Solutions of Test: Reproductive Health - 1 questions in English are available as part of our Biology Class 12 for NEET & Test: Reproductive Health - 1 solutions in Hindi for Biology Class 12 course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for NEET Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Test: Reproductive Health - 1 | 25 questions in 25 minutes | Mock test for NEET preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Biology Class 12 for NEET Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?
Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 1

RCH stands for:

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 1

RCH stands for Reproductive and Child Health care.

Main aim of this program: Creating awareness among the people about different aspects of reproduction and available facilities for child health care.

Hence, the correct option is A.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 58 of topic “4.1 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH – PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 2

Reproductive health includes:

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 2
  • Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity", reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene, addresses the reproductive processes, functions, and system at all stages of life.
  • The different aspects of the reproductive phase include knowledge and precaution against STDs, different available contraceptive methods as well as assisted reproductive technologies for infertile couples.
Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 3

Which one is not a sexually transmitted disease?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 3

Encephalitis (en-sef-uh-LIE-tis) is inflammation of the brain.

  • There are several causes, but the most common is viral infection. 
  • Encephalitis often causes only mild flu-like signs and symptoms — such as a fever or headache — or no symptoms at all.
  • Common vectors include mosquitoes.
Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 4

In ET technique embryo is transferred into _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 4

In ET (embryo transfer) technique, in vitro fertilized embryo is transferred into the fallopian tube or uterus for further development.

  • In this type of technique, male and female gametes are fused outside the mother's body. It is used either when the male cannot produce enough sperms to fertilize the ovum or the females can not release ova for the purpose.
  • After the embryo reaches 8 celled stages, known as the morula, it is transferred to the female fallopian tubule. If it is in the 16 celled stages, known as blastomere, it is transferred directly to the female uterus

Embryo Transfer technique:
CHA Fertility Center

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 5

Introduction of sex education in schools should be encouraged to _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 5
  • Sex education in schools should be encouraged to provide right information to young and to discourage children from believing in myths and misconceptions about sex related aspects.
  • Proper information about reproductive organs, adolescence and related changes, safe and hygienic sexual practices, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), AIDS, etc., would help people, especially those in the adolescent age group to lead a reproductively healthy life.

Hence, the correct option is C.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 58 of topic “4.1 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH – PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 6

Disease or infections which are transmitted through sexual intercourse are collectively called?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 6
  • The disease or infection which are transmitted through sexual intercourse are called VD (venereal disease) or STDs.
  • Examples for STD: Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Genital herpes, Chlamydiasis, Genital wart, Trichomoniasis, Hepatitis-B and AIDS.

Hence, the correct option is A.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 63 of topic “4.4 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS)” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 7

Lactational amenorrhea is a kind of periodic abstinence in which chances of fertilization is prevented upto a maximum period after parturition is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 7
  • The lactational amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) method is based on the fact that ovulation and therefore the cycle does not occur during the period of intense lactation following parturition.
  • Therefore, as long as the mother breast-feeds the child fully, chances of conception are almost nil. However, this method has been reported to be effective only upto a maximum period of six months following parturition.

Hence, the correct option is D.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 60 of topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 8

What restriction has been posed by the Government of India on the use of MTP?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 8
  • India has a high rate of illegal female foeticides. With the advent of sex determination, this number has only increased.
  • In order to prevent MTP from resulting in female foeticides, the Government of India has posed a restriction to check this issue.

Hence, the correct option is B.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 62 of topic “4.3 MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY (MTP)” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 9

Which of the following contraceptive methods is useful to control STDs as well as unwanted pregnancy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 9
  • Condoms are protective covering of penis that does not allow the passage of semen into the vagina of female during sexual intercourse.
  • This contraceptive prevents the fusion of body fluid of male and female and protects from STDs.
  • In tubectomy, a small part of the fallopian tube is removed or tied up through a small incision in the abdomen or through vagina in females.
  • Copper T is a copper-releasing IntraUterine Device. IUDs increase phagocytosis of sperms within the uterus and the Cu ions released suppress sperm motility and the fertilising capacity of sperms.
  • Oral administration of small doses of either progestogens or progestogen–estrogen combinations is a contraceptive method used by females. They are used in the form of tablets and hence are popularly called pills. They inhibit ovulation and implantation as well as alter the quality of cervical mucus to prevent/ retard entry of sperms. Pills are very effective with lesser side effects and are well accepted by females.

Hence, the correct option is B.
NCERT Reference: Topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 10

What is the mode of transfer of infections for STDs?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 10

STDs are transmitted via sexual contact. They are not transferred from one person to another via touch or exchange of clothes or by having unclean water and food.

Hence, the correct option is C.

NCERT Reference: Page no. 63 of topic “4.4 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS)” of chapter 3.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 11

Contraceptive oral pills help in birth control by:

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 11
  • Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) can be taken to change the hormonal balance of the body so that the ovum is not released from the ovary.
  • The pills may contain combinations of the hormones estrogen and progestin or progestin alone.
  • Combinations of estrogen and progestin prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the release of the hormones luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the pituitary gland.
  • LH and FSH play key roles in the development of the egg and preparation of the lining of the uterus for implantation of the embryo.
  • Progestin also makes the uterine mucus that surrounds the egg more difficult for sperm to penetrate.

Since the ovum does not come into the Fallopian tube, it is not fertilized.

Hence, the correct option is A.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 61 of topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 12

Which period of menstrual cycle is called  the risky period of conception?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 12
  • 10th to 17th day of menstrual cycle is called the risky period of conception as during which ovulation takes place.
  • If sexual intercourse occurs during this period, there is a very high chance of fertilisation that may leads to pregnancy.

Hence, the correct option is D.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 59 of topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 13

What is not the correct step in preventing transmission of STD?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 13
  • STD can be transmitted via sexual contact or contact of body fluids like blood.
  • Sharing needles or blades can lead to the sharing of blood, and thus the infectious agent if anyone using it is infected.
  • Hence, shaving blades must not be shared with friends and should be thrown away after each use.

Hence, the correct option is D.

NCERT Reference: Page no. 63 of topic “4.4 SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS)” of chapter 3.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 14

Identify the intra-uterine contraceptive device from the figure given below

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 14
  • Copper T is a small, T-shaped intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD).
  • The horizontal bar of which fits into the wide top of the uterus and the vertical bar extends down the uterus. It makes the uterus and fallopian tubes produce fluid that kills sperm. This fluid contains white blood cells, copper ions, enzymes, and prostaglandins.
  • Copper ions, released by the IUD, is a spermicide and it kills sperm before it can fertilize the egg.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) - Women's Health Issues - MSD Manual Consumer  Version

Hence, the correct option is A.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 60 of topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 15

Saheli is _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 15

Saheli is an oral contraceptive for females contain non-steroidal preparation. It is different from the other pills as it should be taken once in a week irrespective of daily in case of other pills.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 16

Preventive birth control measure is _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 16

Preventive birth control measures is preventing union of ovum and sperm.

Some of the methods which helps in Birth control are:

  • Barrier methods of contraception: Diaphragms, Sponges, and Cervical caps that prevent the sperm from entering the uterine cavity.
  • Another effective and popular method is the use of Intrauterine Devices (IUDs). These devices are inserted by doctors or expert nurses in the uterus through vagina. These Intra Uterine Devices are presently available as the non-medicated IUDs (e.g., Lippes loop), copper-releasing IUDs (CuT, Cu7, Multiload 375) and the hormone releasing IUDs (Progestasert, LNG-20).
  • Oral administration of small doses of either progestogens or progestogen–estrogen combinations is another contraceptive method used by the females. They are used in the form of tablets and hence are popularly called the pills.
  • Surgical methods, also called sterilisation, are generally advised for the male/female partner as a terminal method to prevent any more pregnancies. Surgical intervention blocks gamete transport and thereby prevent conception.

Hence, the correct option is A.
NCERT Reference: Topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 17

Absence of menstruation during a period of intense lactation following parturition is called as?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 17
  • In some females, just after childbirth, there is a phase of amenorrhea or absence of menstruation.
  • It is also the phase of intense lactation. In this during breastfeeding the child fully prevents conception.
  • This method is, however, effective only up to a maximum period of 6 months. 

Hence, the correct option is C.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 60 of topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 18

Birth control measures should be _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 18
  • Good birth control measures should be easily available and cheaper.
  • There should not be any interference with sexual desire without any side effect.

Hence, the correct option is C.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 59 of topic “4.2 POPULATION EXPLOSION AND BIRTH CONTROL” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 19

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) is considered safe up to how many weeks of pregnancy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 19
  • When egg and sperm fuse, pregnancy occurs. The normal period of pregnancy is 40 weeks which is divided into 3 trimesters.
  • The 3 trimesters are:
    (i) First Trimester: First 3 months
    (ii) Second Trimester: 4th to 6th months
    (iii) Third Trimester: 6th to 9th months
  • MTP is considered safe up to the first trimester so, 6, 8, 12 weeks would be okay, but 18 weeks comes under the second trimester and MTP at this stage would be a huge risk for mother.

Thus, the MTP Act allows for the termination of pregnancy up to 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Hence, the correct option is C.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 62 of topic “4.3 MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY (MTP)” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 20

In IVF technique, fusion of ovum and sperm takes place in _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 20

In vitro fertilization technique involves fertilization outside the body in culture media followed by embryo transfer in the fallopian tube or uterus.

Hence, the correct option is A.

NCERT Reference: Page no. 64 of topic “4.5 INFERTILITY” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 21

The average number of children which an average couple has or would have during their lifetime is called as?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 21
  • The total fertility rate is the average number of children an average couple has or would have during their lifetime.
  • It is different from the reproductive potential of a healthy female.

Hence, the correct option is C.
NCERT Reference: Topic “4.1 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH – PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 22

Nowadays, there are fewer childless couples. This is due to _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 22

The couples can be assisted to have children through certain special techniques called the assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

The applications of reproductive technology are:
(i) Test tube baby
(ii) Artificial insemination technique (AIT)
(iii) Gamete intra Fallopian transfer (GIFT)
(iv) lntra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

Hence, the correct option is A.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 64 of topic “4.5 INFERTILITY” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 23

Inability to conceive or produce children even after two years of unprotected sexual co-habitation is called?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 23
  • The inability to conceive even after two years of unprotected sexual co-habitation is called infertility. This may be due to not functioning of the male or female reproductive system properly.
  • The couples can be assisted to have children through certain special techniques called the assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

The applications of reproductive technology are:
(i) Test tube baby
(ii) Artificial insemination technique (AIT)
(iii) Gamete intra Fallopian transfer (GIFT)
(iv) lntra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

Hence, the correct option is B.
NCERT Reference: Page no. 63 of topic “4.5 INFERTILITY” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 24

Amniocentesis is a method to _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 24

Amniocentesis is a method to know the chromosome type of the foetus.

  • It is used to detect the genetic disorder of foetus by analyzing chromosomes.
  • It is misused to known the sex of foetus.

NCERT Reference: Page no. 58 of topic “4.1 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH – PROBLEMS AND STRATEGIES” of chapter 4 of NCERT.

Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 25

_________ involve the transfer of embryo at the 8-celled stage in the fallopian tube of female.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 - Question 25
  • The transfer of embryo at 8-celled stage in the fallopian tube of female is called ZIFT (zygote intra fallopian transfer).
  • During test tube baby programme egg fertilized in vitro is transferred to fallopian tube for further growth and development.

ZIFT - W3spoint

169 videos|331 docs|241 tests
Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code
Information about Test: Reproductive Health - 1 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Test: Reproductive Health - 1 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Test: Reproductive Health - 1, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice