Organism which depend on dead and decaying organic matter is
Saprophytes like fungi are dependent on dead and decaying matter.
Energy is stored in the form of
The energy stored to synthesise a larger number of ATP molecules.
The TCA cycle starts with
The TCA cycle starts with the condensation of acetyl group with oxaloacetic acid (OAA) and water to yield citric acid.
During anaerobic respiration less energy is produced than aerobic respiration because
During anaerobic respiration, incomplete oxidation of glucose takes place but during aerobic respiration complete oxidation of glucose occurs in which less energy is produced.
The enzyme that interconnects the glycolysis and kreb cycle is
The two molecules of pyruvic acid (produced from one glucose molecule during glycolysis). The acetyl CoA then enters a cyclic pathway, tricarboxylic acid cycle, more commonly called as Krebs’ cycle. Thus, acetyl-CoA interconnecting between two cyclic pathways.
In plants, the gaseous exchange take place in
Plants unlike animals have no special systems for breathing or gaseous exchange. Stomata and lenticels allow gaseous exchange by diffusion.
Glycolysis is conversion of
In this process, glucose undergoes partial oxidation to form two molecules of pyruvic acid.
Aerobic respiration is common in
Aerobic respiration is the process that leads to a complete oxidation of organic substances in the presence of oxygen, and releases carbon dioxide, water and a large amount of energy present in the substrate. This type of respiration is most common in higher organisms
Dough kept overnight in warm place becomes soft and spongy due to
Fermentation is a kind of anaerobic respiration in absence of oxygen to produce ethanol and carbon dioxide gas. Dough kept overnight in warm place becomes soft and spongy due to carbon dioxide gas released during fermentation.
The respiratory ratio of protein is
When proteins are respiratory substrates the ratio would be about 0.9.
Because the respiratory pathway is involved in both anabolism and catabolism, it would hence be better to consider the respiratory pathway as an amphibolic pathway rather than as a catabolic one.
In animal cells, the first stage of glucose break down is
In animal cells, like muscles during exercise, when oxygen is inadequate for cellular respiration pyruvic acid is reduced to lactic acid by lactate dehydrogenase. The reducing agent is NADH+ and H+ which is reoxidised to NAD+ in both the processes.
In kreb cycle, isocitric acid is converted into α-keto glutaric acid by
Citrate is first isomerised to isocitrate and then followed by decarboxylation, leading to the formation of α-ketoglutaric acid.
When and where anaerobic respiration does occurs in man and yeast?
Anaerobic respiration in man occurs in muscle cells during sudden activity in cells to form lactic acid. In yeast anaerobic respiration occurs in absence of oxygen to form ethanol.
Krebs cycle is both catabolic and anabolic because it provides
During breakdown and synthesis of protein too, respiratory intermediates form the link. Breaking down processes within the living organism is catabolism, and synthesis is anabolism. Because the respiratory pathway (Kreb’s cycle) is involved in both anabolism and catabolism, it would hence be better to consider the respiratory pathway.
Pasture effect can be studied in case of
Reduction in consumption of respiratory substrate when the mode of respiration is changed from aerobic to anaerobic is called pasture effect. It is studied in case of Sccharmomyces.
F0−F1 particles participate in the synthesis of
Oxysomes refers to small round structures present within the folds of the cristae of the inner mitochondrial membrane.
It is also known as F0-F1 particles.
F0 and F1 particles are found in the inner mitochondrial region and are attached to the cristae and help in ATP production and oxidation.
In Kreb cycle conversion of succinyl-CoA to succinic acid by
During conversion of succinyl-CoA to succinic acid a molecule of GTP is synthesised.
Acetyl CoA combine with oxalo-acetate in presence of condensing enzyme citrate synthase to form 6-C compound called
Acetyl CoA combine with oxalo-acetate in presence of enzyme citrate synthase to form 6-C compound called citric acid during Kreb’s cycle.
The respiratory quotient(RQ) is defined as
The ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide evolved to the volume of oxygen consumed in respiration is called the respiratory quotient(RQ) or respiratory ratio
Glycolysis occurs in
Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell and is present in all living organisms.
Which one is NOT a preparatory phase or energy spending phase of Glycolysis
Formation of pyruvate is not a prerparatory phase or energy spending phase of Glycolysis. In this phase one ATP molecule is released.
Fermentation is the process of anaerobic respiration in which incomplete oxidation leads to formation of ethanol in absence of oxygen. Fermentation occurs in yeast.
The CORRECT sequential order of pathway is
There is a sequential, orderly pathway functioning, with one substrate forming the next and with glycolysis, TCA cycle and ETS pathway following one after another.
The respiratory quotient depends upon
The respiratory quotient depends upon the type of respiratory substrate used during respiration.