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Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids


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15 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 | Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids for NEET 2022 is part of Biology Class 11 preparation. The Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids below.
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Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 1

The prime source of taxonomic studies is

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 1
  • All the living organisms are classified and placed in different taxa based on the different characters of living organisms. This is called taxonomy. Basic concepts of taxonomy are identification, characterization, and nomenclature.
  • Taxonomic studies of various species of plants, animals, and other organisms are useful in agriculture, forestry, industry, and knowing information about our bio reserves and their diversity.
  • Correct classification and identification are required for these studies. The collection of actual specimens of plants and animal species is the essential and prime source of taxonomic studies.

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NCERT Reference: Page no. 11 topic “1.4 Taxonomical aids” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 2

All living organisms are linked to one another because ______ .

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 2
  • All organisms share common genetic material, i.e., DNA and RNA. However, it can vary to certain degrees.
  • In fact, the whole theory of evolution is based on the similarity of genetic materials which indicates common ancestry for living organisms. Variations in the similarity of genetic material give biodiversity which we see all around us.

Hence, the Correct Answer is B

NCERT Reference: Page no. 5 last paragraph of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 3

Information on any one taxon can be taken out by

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 3
  • Monographs contain information on any one taxon. 
  • The monograph represents the detailed study of the organism including its important characters that were used to classify it.
  • This is used for identification purposes as well as to study various aspects of the organism.
  • It is a detailed comprehensive study that relies on the given taxon or taxonomic group.
  • A catalogue is a list of things or data kept or stored in a single book or object. It can be a list of anything, arranged in some order, and when you list things, you catalogue them.
  • Flora is a taxonomical aid which maintains an account of exact habitat and distribution of plants of the particular given area.
  • Flora helps in the correct identification of plants.
  • Manuals are the taxonomic aid which maintains the information for identification of names of species found in an area.

Hence, the Correct Answer is A

NCERT Reference: Page no. 14 of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 4

The scientific name of mango is written as Mangifera indica L. Pickup the correct statement about the significance of the letter 'L'.

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 4
  • Carl Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of biological nomenclature.
  • He is known as the father of taxonomy and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology.
  • In botany, the author abbreviation used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for the species name. In older publications, sometimes the abbreviation "Linn" is found. Hence, L signifies the taxonomist, Linneaus.

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NCERT Reference: Page no. 7 of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 5

As we go from species to kingdom in a taxonomic hierarchy, the number of common characteristics:

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 5
  • As we go higher from species to kingdom, the number of common characteristics goes on decreasing.
  • Lower the taxa, more are the characteristics that the members within the taxon share.
  • Higher the category, greater is the difficulty of determining the relationship to other taxa at the same level.

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NCERT Reference: Page no. 11 of topic “1.3.7 Kingdom” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 6

Museums preserve larger animals and birds ________

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 6
  • Larger animals and birds are preserved in museums by compressing them into boxes.
  • In zoological parks, animals are provided with an environment that is similar to their habitat so that they can survive for a long period.

Hence, the Correct Answer is A

NCERT Reference: Page no. 12 of topic “1.4.3 Museum” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 7

The correct sequence of taxonomic categories is _________________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 7

Taxonomic classification is a multi-step process, these taxons are in order and hence also called taxonomic hierarchy. It depends upon the characteristics of the organisms and includes their similarities and differences in them.

  • Species: This taxonomic category contains a group of individuals that have common fundamental similarities. Species can be distinct from one another by morphological differences.
  • Genus: This taxonomic classification contains a group of related species. These species have a few common characters among themselves. For example, the genus Felis includes all cats. The genus Panthera includes P.tigris, P.pardus, P.leo; these are tiger, leopard, and lion respectively.
  • Family: This taxonomic category contains a group of related genera; in plants, families are divided into two categories: vegetative and reproductive structures. In animals, they are based on physical similarities between two genera, which are fewer than at the species and genus level. For example, house cats and lions both belong to the Felidae family, and dogs and wolves both belong to the Canidae family.
  • Order: This taxonomic category has a group of related families, these are identified based on aggregated characters. Families that exhibit similar characters are placed under a single order. Felidae and Canidae both come under the order Carnivora.
  • Class: This taxonomic category comprises related orders. The class Mammalia includes Primata and Carnivora which are composed of monkeys, humans, gorillas, gibbons, and tiger dogs, cats, and wolves. The class Mammalia has many more orders on it.
  • Phylum/Division: This taxonomic category comprises many classes. These phyla are classified on the basis of fundamental features like the presence of the notochord and are classified under phylum Chordata. In the case of plants, this taxonomic category is called Division.
  • Kingdom: This is the highest taxonomic classification and consists of many phyla. The Kingdom Animalia consists of all heterotrophic multicellular eukaryotic animals.

Hence, the Correct Answer is D

NCERT Reference: Page no. 9, 10 and 11 of topic “1.3 Taxonomic categories” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 8

The taxon 'family' ends with

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 8

In fungal, algal, and botanical nomenclature, the family names of plants, fungi, and algae end with the suffix "-ceae".

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NOTE: This question is based on the overall understanding of the Taxonomic Categories.

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 9

Match Column I with Column II and select the correct option from the given codes:

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 9
  • Royal Botanical Garden, Kew  - England
  • Indian Botanical Garden - Howrah
  • National Botanical Research Institute - Lucknow
  • Lloyd Botanical Garden - Darjeeling

Hence, the Correct Answer is A

NCERT Reference: Page no. 12 of topic “1.4.2 Botanical Gardens” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 10

Binomial nomenclature of Potato is _________

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 10
  • Solanum tuberosum (Potato) (Species: Tuberosum; Genus: Solanum)
  • Ipomoea batatas (Sweet potato) (Species: Batatas; Genus: Ipomoea)
  • Phaseolus vulgaris (Beans) (Species: Vulgaris; Genus: Phaseolus)
  • Daucus carota subsp. Sativus (Carrot) (Species: Carota; Genus: Daucus).

Hence, the Correct Answer is A

NCERT Reference: Page no. 9 of topic “1.3.1 Species” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 11

Binomial nomenclature of Wheat is _________

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 11
  • Tritica aestivum (Wheat) (Species: Aestivum; Genus: Tritica)
  • Musca domestica (House fly) (Species: Domestica; Genus: Musca)
  • Oryza sativa (Rice) (Species: Sativa; Genus: Oryza)
  • Glycine max (Soybean) (Species: Max; Genus: Glycine).

It’s necessary that binomial nomenclature is written in italics with generic epithet starting with capital letter and specific epithet written in small letter.

Hence, the Correct Answer is A

NCERT Reference: Page no. 11 of “TABLE 1.1 Organisms with their Taxonomic Categories” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 12

Homo sapiens belong to the genus ________

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 12
  • As the first word in a binomial nomenclature refers to the generic epithet and the second word to specific epithet, here Homo becomes the genus and Sapiens will be the Species. 
  • Homo sapiens belong to the family Hominidae and class Mammalia.

Hence, the Correct Answer is B

NCERT Reference: Page no. 11 of “TABLE 1.1 Organisms with their Taxonomic Categories” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 13

Herbarium is a _______

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 13
  • Herbarium sheets are used to preserve dried plant specimens that are pressed against the sheets and are helpful in taxonomical study.
  • Also, these are one of the most familiar taxonomical aids used by taxonomists.

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NCERT Reference: Page no. 11 of topic “1.4.1 Herbarium” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 14

Pick the odd one out.

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 14
  • Zoological parks are taxonomical aids to study and categorise animals.
  • Herbarium, Botanical Garden and Flora are taxonomical aids to study plant kingdom.

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NCERT Reference: Page no. 13 of topic “1.4.4 Zoological Parks” of chapter 1 of NCERT

Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 15

Cats and lions belong to the family called ________

Detailed Solution for Test: Taxonomic Categories & Taxonomical Aids - Question 15
  • Felidae is the family to which lion, tiger, leopard and cats etc. belong to.
  • Canidae refers to the family to which wolves, dogs, jackals and foxes etc. belong to.
  • Panthera refers to the genus to which lion, tiger and leopard belong to.
  • Mammalia is a class of animals which includes all the milk-feeding animals like dogs, cats, humans, bats etc.

Hence, the Correct Answer is C

NCERT Reference: Page no. 9 of topic “1.3.3 Family” of chapter 1 of NCERT

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