Test: The Mughal Empire - 3


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: The Mughal Empire - 3


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QUESTION: 1

What was the most import ant result of Aurangzeb’s Rajput policy?

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QUESTION: 2

Aurangzeb wanted to put an end to the independent states of Bijapur and Golconda because

Solution:

B is the correct option.The Safavid dynasty made it its political project to convert Iran into a Shia country,the Mughal Muslims to the east in India, as Sunni. Bijapur was bounded on the West by the Portuguese state of Goa and on the East by the Sultanate of Golconda, ruled by the Qutb Shahi dynasty, which came to be shia. Aurangzeb being a muslim ruler, wanted to put an end on independent states of Bijapur and Golconda .

QUESTION: 3

Aurangzeb also went to the Deccan to capture his rebellious son, Akbar, who had taken shelter in the court of

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QUESTION: 4

Which Deccan states was conquered by Aurangzeb through treachery of one Abdulla Pani who belonged to the concerned power?

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QUESTION: 5

Which of the following is incorrect about Aurangzeb?

Solution:

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation : Aurangzeb felt that he was superior not only had he become superior to administer the empire in a better way but also to protect and strengthen Islam particularly its Sunni faith. He was a strict follower of the Sunni sect not Shia.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following historians has opined that Aurangzeb cannot be called a stateman?

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QUESTION: 7

Among the following who was an illiterate?

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QUESTION: 8

The first Mughal ruler to enter Kabul was

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In 1504 Bābur seized Kabul (Afghanistan) with his personal followers, maintaining himself there against all rebellions and intrigues. His last unsuccessful attempt on Samarkand (1511–12) induced him to give up a futile quest and to concentrate on expansion elsewhere. In 1522, when he was already turning his attention to Sindh (now a province in Pakistan) and India, he finally secured Kandahār, a strategic site (now in Afghanistan) on the road to Sindh.

QUESTION: 9

The Mughal empire reached its territorial climax under

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QUESTION: 10

During the reign of Akbar, which fort was considered to be the strongest in the Deccan?

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QUESTION: 11

Which is correct about Aurangzeb?

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QUESTION: 12

Match the foreign travellers with the Mughal rulers in whose reigns they came to India:

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The correct option is D as Thomas Roe stands before Emperor Jahangir, Ralph Fitch before Akhbar, Bernier before Shahjahan, William Hawkins before Auarenzeb.

QUESTION: 13

Sir Jadunath Sarkar has suggested that Aurangzeb wanted to pose as an orthodox Muslim because

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QUESTION: 14

The reimposition of jeziya by Aurangzeb was

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QUESTION: 15

Aurangzeb got some temples destroyed. Which one of the following was one of them?

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QUESTION: 16

Which of the following is true?

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Aurangzeb did not just build an isolated mosque on a destroyed temple, he ordered all temples destroyed, among them the Kashi Vishwanath temple, one of the most sacred places of Hinduism, and had mosques built on a number of cleared temple sites.
Aurangzeb  gave grants to some Hindu temple and maths.

QUESTION: 17

Under Aurangzeb, the amin collected:

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QUESTION: 18

Which of the following is true?

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QUESTION: 19

The Hindus formed about one-third of the nobility during the reign of

Solution:

The correct option is C as the Hindus formed about one-third of the nobility during the reign of aurangzeb.

QUESTION: 20

Khaifi Khan and Abul Fazl were the court historians respectively of

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QUESTION: 21

There was a long drawn out war between the Mughals and the Ahoms of Assam during the reign of

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QUESTION: 22

Which Mughal ruler donated land for the construction of Golden Temple at Amritsar?

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QUESTION: 23

Which of the following about Chand Bibi is/are correct?

(I) She was killed while fighting the Mughals.
(II) She was a Bijapuri ruler’s widow.
III) She ruled Ahmadnagar on behalf of a nephew called Bahadur.
(IV) She concluded a treaty with Akbar whereby Mughal suzerainty was recognised.

Solution:

The correct option is B.
Mughal Emperor Akbar attacked and conquered Gondwana in 1564. Chand Bibi ruled Ahmednagar from 1596–1599. In 1599, the forces of Akbar captured Ahmednagar fort, and she was killed by her troops.

QUESTION: 24

The Treaty of Purandar , 1665 was concluded between Shivaji and

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QUESTION: 25

How did the internal administration of the Mughals contribute to the decline of the empire?

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QUESTION: 26

The Mughal Emperors dependent for the purposes of war and internal defence upon different classes of troops. Which one of the following classes of troops were used by them?

Solution:

Ahadis:These superb heavy cavalry are important shock troops in any Mughal army.
Dressed in the finest uniforms, their saddles encrusted in precious gems, their weapons and equipment likewise, their horses perfectly turned out and decorated with tassels, the Ahadis would look entirely at home guarding a magnificently-appointed palace. They are capable of that, but they are also capable of so much more. These are practical warriors for a working battle, with a good grasp of tactics and the skills needed to cut almost any enemy to ribbons. As they charge home the tassels make each horse appear winged!
Each man is hand picked, trained to ride without thinking about it, and given the very best horse and equipment Mughal money can buy.
“Ahadi” literally means “royal messenger”, and the message they delivered on the battlefield was a devastating one of terror and violence!

QUESTION: 27

Which of the following was not a part of Akbar’s empire?

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QUESTION: 28

The step by Akbar, which has led some historians to remark that he wanted to establish a secular state, was

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QUESTION: 29

Which Rajput state did not follow the policy of reconciliation with Akbar?

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QUESTION: 30

Akbar was blessed with a son by a Sufi saint.Identify him.

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