Test: The Rise Of Nationalism In Europe - 3


15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 | Test: The Rise Of Nationalism In Europe - 3


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QUESTION: 1

The most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe, after 1871, was an area called

Solution:

The Balkans was a region of geographical and ethnic variations. It includes modern Romania, Balgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro.
The resident of this region were known as "The Slaves"

  1. The large part of the Balkans was under the control of the Ottoman Empire.
  2. The spread of the ideas of romantic nationalism in the Balkans together with the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire made this region very explosive.
  3. One by one, its European subject nationalities broke away from Ottoman’s control and declared independence.
  4. The Balkan peoples based their claims for independence and used history to prove that they had once been independent.
  5. The Balkan states were fiercely jealous of each other and each hoped to gain more territory at the expense of the others.
  6. Each power - Russia, Germany, England, Austro-Hungary was keen on countering the hold of other powers over the Balkans.
  7. This led to a series of wars in the region and finally the First World War.
QUESTION: 2

Assertion: Ideas of national unity in early-nineteenth-century Europe were closely allied to the ideology of liberalism.
Reason: So in 1834, a customs union or Zollverein was formed at the initiative of Prussia.

Solution:

In 1834, a customs union or zollverein was formed at the initiative of Prussia and joined by most of the German states. The union abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two. The creation of a network of railways further stimulated mobility, harnessing economic interests to national unification. A wave of economic nationalism strengthened the wider nationalist sentiments growing at the time.

QUESTION: 3

Who were the ‘Junkers’?

Solution:

Junkers was a common word to denote all the landed nobility who owned great estates. These estates were owned by small peasants who had few rights. Even Otto von Bismarck, the Chancellor of Germany was  a Junker himself. After World War II, the concept of junkers ceased to exist and the junkers had to either flee or were expelled with all of their lands were taken away.

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following did the European conservatives not believe in?

Solution:

European Conservatives believed in Monarchy. They were against the revolutionary ideas and ideals. They wanted the state or nation to be ruled by a monarch and the common people cannot have a say in the formation or decision making. 

QUESTION: 5

Assertion: Conservatives believed that established, traditional institutions of state and society like the monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family should be preserved.
Reason: In 1815, representatives of the European powers - Britain, Russia, Prussia and Austria drew up the Treaty of Vienna of 1815. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Which treaty recognised Greece as an independent nation?

Solution:

The "Treaty of Constantinople of 1832" recognised Greece as an independent nation.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following was not a part of Napoleon’s defeat?

Solution:

Four Countries were responsible for Napoleon's Defeat

B= Britain

R= Russia

A= Austria

P= Prussia

QUESTION: 8

Which of the following is not true with reference to Napoleon?

Solution:

Napoleon was a good administrator and a dictator whose proficiency led to the smooth functioning of the administrative system. He introduced the Napoleonic code of 1804 which was considered as a main step in enforcing the rule of law.

1. The old royal and feudal laws which were very conflicting and confusing were reformed.

2. The Napoleonic code was transmitted to all the regions which were under the control of the French.

QUESTION: 9

By which of the following treaties was the United Kingdom of Great Britain formed?

Solution:

The United Kingdom of Britain was formed when Scotland and England made a treaty in 1707 to incorporate Scotland into England. However, this treaty imposed English language and English culture on Scotland. It was the start of the formation of United Kingdom. It is also known as the Act of Union of 1707.

QUESTION: 10

Treaty of Constantinople recognised ____________ as an independent nation.

Solution:

The "Treaty of Constantinople of 1832" recognised Greece as an independent nation.

QUESTION: 11

When “France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold.” Who said these words?

Solution:

If France sneezesrest of Europe catches cold' was said by Metternich, the Austrian Chancellor. He opined that the political developments in France were stimulative to other countries of Europe. like the French Revolution and the ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity.

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following group of powers collectively defeated Napoleon?

Solution:

Four Countries were responsible for Napoleon's Defeat

B= Britain

R= Russia

A= Austria

P= Prussia

QUESTION: 13

Which of the following did not play a role to develop nationalist sentiments?

Solution:

Climate did not play a role in the development of national sentiments.

QUESTION: 14

Which one of the following is true regarding how the new artists depicted liberty during the French Revolution?

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Romanticism refers to a:

Solution:

The term romanticism refers to the period in history during which an artistic and philosophical movement changed the perceptions of people in the Western world.

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