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20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Understanding Secularism

Test: Understanding Secularism for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Understanding Secularism questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Understanding Secularism MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Understanding Secularism below.
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Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 1

With respect to the Indian Constitution, there is no discrimination on the basis of religion. Ie, All religions are treated equally, Which one of the following term refers to the above statement from the given list of options ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 1
Secular means all religion in our country have same status(irrespective of their strength) and support.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 2

Which term refers to All citizens of India have political rights which mean that they can elect their representatives in the government. with special reference to the Indian Constitution ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 2
Answer:
The term that refers to all citizens of India having political rights to elect their representatives in the government, with special reference to the Indian Constitution, is Democratic.
Here is a detailed explanation:
Democratic:
- The term "Democratic" refers to the form of government in which power is vested in the people, and they have the right to elect their representatives to make decisions on their behalf.
- In the Indian Constitution, India is described as a "Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic".
- The term "Democratic" emphasizes the principles of equality, freedom, and participation of citizens in the political process.
- It ensures that all citizens have the right to vote, and their votes are counted equally, without any discrimination.
- India follows a parliamentary system of democracy, where citizens elect members of the Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies through free and fair elections.
- The elected representatives form the government and make decisions on behalf of the people.
Other options:
Secular:
- Secularism refers to the principle of separating religion and state.
- It ensures that the state does not favor any particular religion and treats all religions equally.
- While secularism is an important principle in the Indian Constitution, it does not specifically refer to the political rights of citizens to elect their representatives.
Liberty:
- Liberty refers to the freedom and rights enjoyed by individuals in a society.
- While the Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms to its citizens, including the right to vote, the term "Liberty" does not specifically refer to the political rights of citizens to elect their representatives.
Socialist:
- Socialism refers to the socio-economic system characterized by the collective ownership and control of resources and means of production.
- The term "Socialist" signifies the commitment of the Indian Constitution to achieve social and economic justice.
- While the Indian Constitution adopts socialist principles, it does not specifically refer to the political rights of citizens to elect their representatives.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 3

India is a Republic country. What exactly is the meaning of this statement ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 3

A republic  is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. Therefore,The Indian Constitution proclaims that the head of the state will be elected and not be a hereditary ruler.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 4

Fundamental rights refer to ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 4

Fundamental rights are a group of rights that have been recognized by the Supreme Court as requiring a high degree of protection from government encroachment. These rights are specifically identified in the Constitution (especially in the Bill of Rights), or have been found under Due Process.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 5

The important fundamental rights to Equality is mentioned in which article of the constitution ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 5
Right to Equality is the first fundamental right assured to the people of India. Article 14-18 of the Constitution guarantees this right to every citizen of India. Equality is one of the magnificent corner-stones of the Indian democracy.

Article 14 embodies the idea of equality expressed in the preamble. It lays down the general principles of equality before the law and prohibits unreasonable discrimination between the persons. The Succeeding Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 lays down specific applications of the general rules laid down in Article 14. 
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 6

In which article of the Constitution of India has the Joint Sitting of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha been provided ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 6

The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President (Article 108) and is presided over by the Speaker or, in his absence, by the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha or in his absence, the Deputy-Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 7

The directives to the government which ensure social and economic reforms are called ___________

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 7

Directive principles of state policy of our constitution talks about the welfare of state. which means that it's main agenda is to provide/ensure socio-economic equality of its people. there will be no discrimination on the grounds of their status, caste, religion, birth place , property, wealth and income in society .

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 8

A few statements regarding the significance of fundamental rights are given below. Pick out the one that is not TRUE

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 8

Correct option is D.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 9

The federal structure of the Indian government is governed at _______ levels.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 9
Answer:
The federal structure of the Indian government is governed at three levels.
Explanation:
The federal structure of the Indian government refers to the distribution of powers and responsibilities between the central government and the state governments. It is governed at three levels:
1. Central Government: The central government, also known as the Union government, is responsible for handling matters of national importance. It has the authority to make laws on subjects listed in the Union List, such as defense, foreign affairs, and currency.
2. State Governments: India has 28 states and 8 Union territories. Each state has its own government, headed by a Chief Minister. The state governments have the authority to make laws on subjects listed in the State List, such as police, public order, and agriculture. They also have the power to make laws on subjects in the Concurrent List, which are shared with the central government.
3. Local Governments: The third level of government in India is the local government, which includes municipalities, panchayats, and other local bodies. These bodies are responsible for the administration of local areas and cater to the needs of the local population. They have the power to make decisions on matters related to local governance, such as infrastructure development, healthcare, and education.
In conclusion, the federal structure of the Indian government is governed at three levels: the central government, state governments, and local governments.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 10

The three- tier federal structure of the Indian government are

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 10
The three-tier federal structure of the Indian government:
The correct answer is B: One government at the centre, another at the state level, and another at the local level.
Explanation:
The Indian government follows a three-tier federal structure, which means that the powers and responsibilities are divided between three levels of government:
1. Central Government:
- The central government is located at the centre and is responsible for the entire country.
- It has the authority to make decisions on national issues and policies that affect the entire nation.
- It is headed by the President of India and consists of various ministries and departments.
2. State Government:
- Each state in India has its own government.
- The state government is responsible for governing the state and implementing policies and programs at the state level.
- It is headed by the Chief Minister of the state and consists of various departments and administrative bodies.
3. Local Government:
- The local government is the third tier of the federal structure and is responsible for governing at the local level.
- It includes municipalities, municipal corporations, panchayats, and other local bodies.
- The local government is closest to the people and is responsible for addressing local issues and providing basic services like water supply, sanitation, education, etc.
This three-tier federal structure ensures a distribution of power and responsibilities between the central, state, and local governments, allowing for effective governance and decision-making at different levels.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 11

A few statements with respect to the secular state as specified in the Indian constitution are given below. Pick out the one that is not applicable.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 11

B is the correct option.A secular state is an idea pertaining to secularity, whereby a state is or purports to be officially neutral in matters of religion, supporting neither religion nor irreligion. secularism does not mean that the state has absolute powers regard to the religion.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 12

Why is it important to separate state from religion?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 12

It is important to separate state from religion to prevent domination of the majority religious group and violation of Fundamental Rights. Every individual has the freedom to embrace other religions and has the freedom to interpret other religions differently.

  • To prevent domination of the majority religious group.
  • To avoid the violation of Fundamental Rights.
  • Every individual has the freedom to embrace other religions.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 13

The following statements consolidates the fact that only a secular state can realise its objectives. However one of these statements is not TRUE. Pick out the incorrect one.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 13

All the statements given are the definitions of secularism whereas the statement C is definition of sovereignty.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 14

Name the country that passed a law in February 2004, banning students from wearing any conspicuous religious or political signs or symbols such as the Islamic headscarf, the Jewish skullcap or the large Christian crosses.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 14

Country that passed a law banning students from wearing religious or political signs or symbols


Answer: France


France passed a law in February 2004 that banned students from wearing any conspicuous religious or political signs or symbols in public schools. This law aimed to maintain the principle of secularism (laïcité) and ensure the neutrality of public institutions.


Key Points:



  • The law affected various religious symbols including the Islamic headscarf (hijab), Jewish skullcap (kippah), large Christian crosses, and other conspicuous signs.

  • It was seen as a controversial decision, sparking debates and protests both within France and internationally.

  • Supporters of the law argued that it promoted equality, prevented religious discrimination, and preserved the secular nature of public institutions.

  • Opponents viewed it as a violation of religious freedom and an infringement on individual rights, particularly targeting Muslim students.

  • The law has faced legal challenges, but it still remains in effect.


It is important to note that this answer is based on the information provided and may be subject to further updates or changes.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 15

Which one would be the most appropriate term from the given list that explains :To force someone to do something ie the force used by a legal authority like the state

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 15

To force someone to do something, the most appropriate term from the given list is "Coercion." Here's a detailed explanation:
1. Intervene:
- Intervene means to come between or interfere in a situation.
- It doesn't specifically imply the use of force by a legal authority like the state.
2. Interpret:
- Interpret means to explain the meaning or understand the significance of something.
- It doesn't involve forcing someone to do something.
3. Arbitrate:
- Arbitrate means to settle a dispute or conflict by an impartial third party.
- It doesn't necessarily involve the use of force to make someone do something.
4. Coercion:
- Coercion refers to the act of using force or threats to make someone do something against their will.
- It is the most appropriate term as it specifically describes the use of force by a legal authority like the state.
Therefore, the correct answer is D: Coercion as it accurately represents the use of force by a legal authority to compel someone to do something.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 16

Name the country where most children in government schools begin their school day reciting the Pledge of Allegiance.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 16
The country where most children in government schools begin their school day reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is the USA.

Here is a detailed explanation of why the answer is D (USA):
- Pledge of Allegiance: The Pledge of Allegiance is a patriotic oath of loyalty to the United States. It is commonly recited by students in government schools across the country as a daily routine.
- Government schools: The term "government schools" typically refers to public schools, which are funded and operated by the government. In the USA, public schools are attended by the majority of students.
- Begin their school day: The Pledge of Allegiance is usually recited at the beginning of the school day as a way to instill a sense of patriotism and unity among students.
- Most children: While it is not mandatory for students to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, it is a common practice in many public schools. Therefore, it can be assumed that the majority of children in government schools participate in this activity.
- Country: The United States is known for its strong emphasis on patriotism and national pride. The Pledge of Allegiance is deeply ingrained in American culture and is a symbol of loyalty to the country.
In conclusion, the country where most children in government schools begin their school day reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is the USA.
Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 17

Analyse the image given and identify, which countrys flag is shown here:

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 18

Who were persecuted in Hitler’s Germany?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 18

Corrected answer is D. Jews were persecuted in Hitler’s Germany

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 19

The following image is an artwork by Brazilian artist Octavio Roth. What does this imply ? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 19

Article 10 of the Universal Declaration Rights is the answer. Under the Article 10, everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 20

A few differences between the Directive Principles and Fundamental rights are given below. Pick out the one that is not CORRECT.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Secularism - Question 20

The non-justiciability of DPSPs has always been a moot point in India legal system. DPSPs are the non-justiciable part of the Constitution which suggests that a person cannot enforce them in the Court.

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