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The actual time read from the stop watch for carrying out a work or an element of work is called
The idleness of an operator due to certain peculier characteristics of a process is compensated by providing an allowance referred to as
Standard time is obtained from normal time by adding the policy allowance and
The standard time for an operation has been calculated as 20 min. The worker was rated at 80%. If the relaxation and other allowances were 25%, then the observed time would be
Standard time = Normal time + Allowances
= (observed time x rating factor) + allowances
Which one of the following chart gives simultaneous information about the progress of work and machine loading:
A diagram showing the path followed by men and materials while performing a task is known as
Consider the following work sampling data: Working time = 60%, average rating = 90%, relaxation allowance = 12.5% actual output during the study = 1000 units and study duration = 480 minutes. The standard time per unit (in minutes) will be
Observed time = 480 x 0.6
= 288 mins.
Normal time = Observed time x rating factor
= 288 x 0.9
= 259.2 mins.
Standard time = Normal time x allowances
= 259.2 x 1.125
= 291.6 minutes
∴ The standard time per unit
What term is used for the procedure of modifying work constant where by more meaning and enjoyment is given to the job by involving employees in planning, organization and control of their work?